Hem Final

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Hem Final
2015-05-15 09:05:30
hem final

Hem final
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  1. Name three most common causes of anemia?
    • Blood loss
    • Accelerated red cell destruction
    • Impaired Red cell production
  2. Clinical singes and symptoms of anemia can results from?
    • diminished delivery of oxygen to the tissue
    • Lowered hemoglobin concentration
  3. which are significant laboratory findings in anemia?
    Decreased hemoglobin
  4. If you are grading changes in erythrocyte size or shape using scale of 0 to 4+ and many erythrocyte deviate from the normal per microscope field, the typical score would be ?
  5. What are the 3 categories anemia is categorized into?
    • Blood lass
    • Hemolytic
    • Impaired production
  6. Anemia caused by chronic blood lass is characterized by?
    • Hypochromic and microcytic erythrocytes
    • decreased packed cell volume
  7. Aplastic anemia is one of a group of disorders known as________________ disorder, that are characterized by reduced growth or production of blood cells
  8. Acquired aplastic anemia may be caused by?
    • Benzine or benzine derivatives
    • Purine and pyrimidine analogous
    • Ionized radiation and Vitamin B12
  9. a sudden appear of aplastic anemia or pure red cell aplasia is often caused by_________?
    and immune process
  10. aplastic anemia can accrue years before a diagnosis of?
    • paroxismal nocturnal hemoglobenuria
    • myelodysplasia
    • acute myelogenous leukemia
  11. If a patient with aplastic anemia is refereed to as exhibiting pancytopinea, which cell lines are effected?
    • Erythrocytes
    • Lymphocytes
    • thrombocytes
  12. Name two of the five causes of iron deficiency anemia
    • decrease iron intake
    • increased iron utilization
    • iron lass
  13. A patient with iron deficiency anemia will have serum iron level that is
    significantly decrease
  14. Etiology of IDA is?
    • nutrition deficiency
    • faulty iron absorption
    • excessive lass of iron
  15. iron deficiency is stil common in ?
    • toddlers
    • adolescent girls
    • woman of childbearing age
  16. the average adult has ________ g of total iron?
  17. most functional iron in humans is found in _____?
    Hemoglobin molecules of erythrocytes
  18. approximately _______ of iron from food is in the form of ______ iron?
    • 90%
    • non hem
  19. most injected iron is readily absorbed into the body in the ________, and ___________
    • duodenum
    • upper jejunum
  20. Transferrine represents a?
    beta globuline and glycoprotein that moves iron
  21. the peripheral blood smear demonstrates _________ red blood cells in IDA?
    • hypochromin
    • microcytic
  22. Anemias of inflammation/chronic disease  can be caused by?
    • Inflomation
    • Infection
    • Malignancy
  23. typical peripheral blood film of a patient with  AOI typically reveals __________ erythrocytes
    • normochromic
    • normocytic
  24. whta is the most appropriate treatment for AOI?
    treatment of inflammatory condition
  25. the greatest portion of operational body iron is normally contained in that compound?
  26. the most sensitive essay for the diagnosis of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is?
    transferrin saturation
  27. megaloblastic anemia is clasified into two major categories based on etiology, and they are________ and __________?
    • Folic Acid deficiency
    • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  28. A person who has iron deficiency anemia will have RBC that are _____________and WBC that are ______?
    • decreased
    • normal
  29. a person who has Aplastic anemia will have hemoglobin that is __________ and a RBC that is _______?
    • severely decreased
    • decreased
  30. Megaloblastic anemia can be caused by ?
    • tapewarm
    • gastric resection
    • nutrition deficiency