Parasitology - external

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Parasitology - external
2015-06-26 14:39:41

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  1. Parasitic Arthropods make up ___ of the species that inhabit the planet.
  2. What is the most common parasitic vector in the world? In US?
    • Ticks
    • Mosquitoes
  3. What is the study of arthropods called
  4. an individual that spend their life studying all arthropods throughout the world where
  5. and individual that studies arthropods that effect only humans
    Medical entomologist
  6. Term for total blood loss due to natural means without normal replacement at a normal rate by the bone marrow.
    Aplastic Anemia
  7. what are the three avenues of communication in the body
    • Lymphatics
    • Circulation
    • Nervous system
  8. Term for total blood loss by a parasite faster than bone marrow can replace them working at a normal replacement rate. Usually caused by parasites
    Clinical Anemia
  9. An individual that studes arthropods that effect humans and animals
    Veterinary Entomologist
  10. A maggot is what stage
    1st stage larvae
  11. What are 6 harmful effects of external parasites
    • blood loss
    • immunity, hyupersensitivity and toxicity
    • worry
    • Secondary Infection
    • Vectors
    • Myiasis
  12. Term for molting in the intermediate host.
    Biological vector
  13. Term for no multiplication or molting of the etiological agent in the vector
    Mechanical vector
  14. The skull cap of a tick
  15. The 'cape' on the back of ticks
  16. Although its not as common for cats to contract Erlichiosis, what two can the be infected with
    • Anaplasma phagocytophilia
    • Erlichia canis
  17. What are the nicknames for
    Bovine Piroplasmosis
    Canine Piroplasmosis
    • Texas Fever, Bovine Babesiosis
    • Canine Babesiosis, Vietnam War Disease
  18. What are the four types of Erilichia that can infect dogs
    • Ehrilichia canis
    • Ehrilicha chaffeensis
    • Ehrilichia ewingii
    • Ehrilichia ruminantium
  19. Protozoan disease caused by ticks
    • Bovine Piroplasmosis
    • Canine Piroplasmosis
  20. What are two agents commonly used by terrorist
    • Tuleremia
    • Anthrax
  21. What is the etiology for Q fever
    Coxiella burnetti
  22. What are the two most common ticks in Texas
    • Rhipicephallus sanquineus
    • Boophilus annulatus
  23. American screw worm
    Cochliomyia hominivorax
  24. What are two nick names for Bovine Piroplasmosis
    • Texas fever
    • bovine babesiosis
  25. What tick is considered a 1 host tick
    Boophilus annulatus
  26. What tick is considered a 3 host tick
    Rhipicephallus sanquineus
  27. What are two Rickettsial diseases caused by ticks
    • Rocky mountain spotted fever
    • Q fever
    • Ehrlichiosis
  28. What are the two most common signs of Ehrilichiosis
    • Pyrexia
    • Thrombocytapenia
  29. What is two nick name for Ehrlichiosis
    • Vietnam War Disease
    • Potomic fever
  30. term that means bleeding from the nose
  31. Where was Ehrlichia canis first recognized and what year? What year was if first found in the united states?
    • Algeria
    • 1965
    • 1963
  32. What tick is the vector for Ehrlichia canis and what is its nickname
    • Rhipicephalus sanguineous
    • the brown dog tick
  33. viral diseases spread by ticks
    • Louping Ill
    • Western Equine Encephalitis
  34. Bacterial diseases spread by ticks
    • Tuleremia
    • Bartonellosis
  35. Spirochetes spread by ticks
    Lyme disease
  36. Lyme disease was first discovered where and in what year?
    • Old Lyme Connecticut
    • 1975
  37. What are the 4 symptoms for Lyme disease
    • Verified tick bite
    • Flu-like symptoms (head chills/back aches)
    • Positive blood test (Immunoblot test)
    • Erythema migrans "Bulls eye"
  38. Explain the pathogenesis of Lyme disease
    Borrelia burgdorferi multiplies in the Ixodes tick and localizes in the saliva. Tick take a blood meal and injects the spirochete into the host.
  39. What is the etiology for Lyme's disease
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  40. What is the drug of choice for the treatment of Lyme disease
    Doxycycline (Clindamycin)
  41. What is the bruise like rash that develops from a tick bite called
    Erythema migrans
  42. Tick paralysis is said to cause a
    ascending paralysis
  43. what two flies are said to cause worry
    • horn flies/back fly - Haematobia irritans
    • face flies - Musca autumnalis
  44. The first stage larvae produced by an egg for a fly is called a
  45. Term for a infection of fly larvae by any Genus and species
  46. Another term for biological vector
    Parantinic host
  47. another term for mechanical vector
    intermediate host
  48. term for an organism that does no multiplication or molting, just pretty much moves it from place to place
    Mechanical vector (intermediate host)
  49. Term for an organism molts in the host
    Biological vector (Parantinic host)
  50. What is the etiology and vector for Bovine Piroplasmosis
    • Etiology: Babesia bigemina, B. bovis
    • Vector: Boophilus annulatus (1 host tick)
  51. What is the number one vector for disease in the US? What is the second?
    • Mosquitoes
    • Ticks
  52. What are two diseases that destroy RBC's resulting in loosing Hemoglobin and cause yellow gums and cause anemia
    • Piroplasmosis
    • Babesiosis
  53. what is the etiology and vector for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
    • Etiology: Rickettsia rickettsi
    • Vectors: Dermacentor andersoni and Dermacenteor varialbles
  54. What is the etiology and vector for Canine Piroplasmosis
    • Etiology: Babesia canis
    • Vector: Rhipicephallus sanquineus
  55. What is the etiology and vector for Q Fever
    Coxellla burnetti
  56. What is the nickname for Q Fever?
    Heart water - it causes fluid accumulation in the heart
  57. what are 4 types of Ehrlichiosis
    • Ehrlichia canis -
    • Ehrlichia chaffeensis -
    • Ehrlichia ewingii
    • Ehrlichia ruminantium
  58. What is the nickname for Ehrlichia
    Vietnam War Disease
  59. What are the two most common symptoms for Ehrlichia
    • Pyrexia
    • Thrombocytopenia
  60. what is the vector for Ehrlichiosis
    Rhipicephalus sanguineous
  61. The brown dog tick is
    Rhipicephalus sanguieneous
  62. American screw worm
    Cochliomyia hominivorax
  63. Louping Ill is caused by
    Ixodes ricinus
  64. Western Equine Encephalitis is transmitted by
    Rhipicephalus sanguieneous
  65. The etiology and vector for Tularemia
    • etiology: Francisella tularensis (gram negative bacteria)
    • Vector: Dermacentors and Amblyomma
  66. Cat scratch disease
    Bartonella hindsii
  67. The etiology and vector for Canine Bartonellosis
    • Bartonella vinsonii
    • Vector: Rhipicephalus sanguieneous
  68. Etiology and vector for Lyme disease
    • Borrelia burgdorferi
    • Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus
  69. What is the nick name for Ixodes scapularis
    East coast tick
  70. What is the vector for EEE
  71. What is the vector for WEE
    Rhipicephalus sanguieneous
  72. What are the three most common signs for hematologic abnormalities
    • Thrombocytopenia
    • anemia
    • neutrophilic leukocytosis
  73. what is a spirochete transmitted by ticks
    Lyme disease
  74. What is the etiology for lyme disease
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  75. What is the vector for Lyme disease
    • Ixodes scapularis - primary (east coast tick)
    • Ixodes pacificus
  76. What is the test used for diagnosing Lyme disease
    Immunoblot test - using serum
  77. What is a protozoan disease spread by mosquitos?
  78. What is the etiology for Malaria
    Plasmodium malariae
  79. what is a virus spread by mosquitoes
    Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
  80. Nematode that is transmitted by mosquitoes
    Dirofilaria immitis (heartwroms)
  81. What is a bacteria transmitted by fleas
    Yersinia pestis (Bubonic plague)
  82. what is the blood filarid transmitted by fleas
    Acanthochelonema reconditum
  83. what is the most common cestode transmitted by fleas
    Diplydium caninum
  84. What is the distal segment of the antennae called on flies (like hands at the end of arms)
  85. Common house fly - genus and species -
    Musca domestica
  86. Face fly - genus and species
    Musca autumnalis
  87. Stablefly
    Stomoxys calcitrans
  88. Horn fly/back fly
    Haematobia irritans
  89. Tsetse fly