Chem 122 Ch 15
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Arrhenius acid solutions contain an
excess H ion
An Arrhenius base contains an excess of
A Bronsted-Lowery acid is a
proton (H) donor
A Bronsted-Lowery base is a
proton (H) acceptor
a Lewis acid is an
electron pair acceptor
a Lewis base is an
electron pair donor
In the Bronsted system, a species may gain a proton to become a ____, or lose a proton to become a _____
conjugate acid, conjugate base
acid solutions taste ___, and base solutions taste___
Compounds which are sensitive to acid or base and change color are called _____
Reactions of acids and bases in solutions are _____ and an indicator is used to tell the ____ -____
The equivalent of the acid equals the equivalent of the base at the _______
The concentration of solutions may be given in _____, ____, _____, _____
volume%, weight%, molarity, normality.
the definition of molarity is
2 Formulas for mass percent
(g solute/(g solute+g solvent)) X100
(g solute/ g solution) X 100
Normality is what, less/greater/or equal to Molarity?
Greater than or equal to molarity.
Formula for Normality?
(# of equivalents of solute/ Liters of solution)
Formula for Equivalent weight
Mole weight/ number of H ions.
3 strong acids with halogens
HCL, HBr, HI
4 strong acids with polyatomic acids
- HCLO3 chloric acid
- HCLO4 Perchloric acid
- HNO3 Nitric acid
- HSO4 Sulfuric acid
Formula for Ph from [H+]?
Formula for pOH?
How do you get [OH-] from pOH?
add - to exponent
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