Psci 203 exam 2

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Psci 203 exam 2
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2015-05-16 14:12:00
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PSCI 203 EXAM 2
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  1. In his definition of public opinion, Patterson claims that the opinions of private individuals become public opinion when they
    are revealed to others
  2. How do we measure the accuracy of a poll?
    Sampling error
  3. Which ideological types favor government activism in the economic realm?
    liberalism
  4. What group is the most powerful religious force in contemporary American society?
    Religious Right
  5. Why are election results NOT effective as opinion polls?
    Reveal only the choices of voters, not their reasons.
  6. what are the sources of polling error?
    • Increasing refusal to participate in telephone polls
    • polled individuals unfamiliar with issues/non opinions
    • dishonesty by respondents
    • poorly worded questions and poor question order
  7. A survey that measures day to day changes in public opinion by updating the sample each day is called what?
    tracking poll
  8. what are the different types of secondary socializing agents?
    • peers
    • media
    • leaders
    • events
  9. According to Patterson, what does the term party identification refer to?
    Enrollment loyalty to a political party, and formal membership
  10. which party is the oldest party in existence today?
    democratic party
  11. what term do pollsters use for a purported opinion offered by a respondent who is, in truth, has no view on a specific issue
    non attitudes
  12. attending a political meeting, contributing time or money to a campaign, and simply talking to others about politics are forms of what?
    political participation
  13. the term generational effect is used to describe the influence of watershed events on the political outlook of who?
    younger citizens
  14. How did some states get around the fifteenth amendment that forbade denying voting rights based on race?
    imposing poll taxes or literacy tests
  15. Women gained the right to vote through which act or amendment?
    19th
  16. The primary responsibility for registration of the individual voter rests with who in the United states?
    States responsible for maintaining list of registered voters
  17. what did the motor voter laws do?
    make it easier for americans to register to vote
  18. Harvard's Robert Putnam argues what in his book Bowling Alone ? America has been undergoing a long term decline in its social capital.
    Putnam attributes that decline largely to television and other activities that draw people away from involvement in civic and political groups.
  19. What purposes do political parties serve?
    • Parties recruit candidates into the electoral process and nominate them for office
    • Parties ensure that the will majority faction can be expressed
    • parties bring citizens into the electoral process
  20. What are the three levels of a political party?
    • Party in the electorate 
    • Party in government 
    • Party organization
  21. The first American political parties emerged from the conflict between who?
    Federalist and democratic republicans
  22. What term refers to the periods of extraordinary party change?
    Partisan Realignment
  23. What is Murray Edeman's claim about elections?
    Elections are a symbolic reassurance
  24. What type of primary limits participation to voters registered or declared at the polls as members of the party whose primary is being held?
    closed primary
  25. Which theory holds that, if there are two parties, the parties can maximize their vote only if they position themselves at the location of the voter whose preferences are exactly in the middle?
    Median voter theory
  26. Public opinion =
    opinions of citizens that are openly stated
  27. political culture =
    the characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about government and politics
  28. Party identification=
    Emotional loyalty to a political party; not formal membership
  29. Tracking polls =
    these polls survey day to day changes in public opinion by updating samples every day
  30. exit polls =
    surveys that measure the opinions of voters as they leave polling places
  31. Political efficacy =
    • Internal: sometimes politics and government seems complicated. nigga like me can't get it. 
    • External: people like me don't get  a say in government.
  32. Progressivism =
    • one of the primary goals that brought about the progressive movement was their opposition against political machines: 
    • civil service freedom
    • adoption of primary elections 
    • Australian ballot
  33. Why did republicans come about?
    to combat the issue of slavery
  34. Open primary =
    any voter can cast a ballot in any party's primary
  35. closed primary =
    only voters who are formally registered with a party can vote in their primary
  36. semiclosed/ modified open:
    like a closed primary, except unaffiliated voter can vote in either party's primary
  37. Top - two
    a primary that displays all candidates in a single ballot without regard to party. The two candidates with the highest amounts of voters go on to the general election, regardless of party.
  38. Runoff =
    The top two finishers face-off against each other if no one has above a certain percentage (set by state or municipality) of the vote in a first round primary
  39. Reapportionment:
    the drawing of boundaries for legislative districts in line with population changes
  40. redistricting =
    • the drawing of boundaries for legislative districts; usually takes place after federal census 
    • state gov draw the district lines 
    • some states have state commissions drawing the lines, but rely on state legislatures to redraw congressional and state legislative district lines
  41. initiative =
    people bring forth a bill; get enough signature it appears on the ballot for people to vote on
  42. referendum =
    • a bill passed in a legislature that need voter approval to take affect 
    • only happens on state level
  43. divided government =
    when one house of congress is of a different party than the president
  44. tools of direct democracy =
    initiative, referendum, recall
  45. What are the types of primaries?
    open, closed, semi closed/modified open, top two, runoff

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