Abdomen & GI studies

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Anonymous
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302850
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Abdomen & GI studies
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2015-05-17 12:13:46
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Imaging ProceduresP
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  1. Abdominal viscera located in the retroperitoneum include the

    1. kidneys.

    2. duodenum.

    3. ascending and descending colon.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  2. Double-contrast examinations of the stomach or large bowel are performed to better visualize the




     
    position of the organ. 



     
    size and shape of the organ. 



     
    diverticula. 



     
    gastric or bowel mucosa.
    •  
    •  
    • gastric or bowel mucosa.
  3. What is the structure indicated by the number 7 in Figure 2–18?








     
    Common hepatic duct 



     
    Common bile duct 



     
    Cystic duct 



     
    Pancreatic duct
    •  
    •  
    • Cystic duct
  4. What is the structure indicated by the number 5 in Figure 2–18?

    the right and left hepatic ducts
  5. which join to form the common hepatic duct (number 6). Bile enters the gallbladder through the cystic duct (number 7). The neck of the gallbladder is indicated by the number 4, its body by the number 3, and its fundus by the number 2. The gallbladder stores and concentrates bile, and when it contracts, bile flows out through the cystic duct and down the common bile duct (number 8). The common bile duct and pancreatic duct (number 9) unite to form the short hepatopancreatic ampulla (of Vater), which empties into the duodenum (number 1). (Tortora and Derrickson, 11th ed., p. 917)






  6. The structure indicated by the number 2 in Figure 6–11 is the




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology






     
    ascending colon. 



     
    descending colon. 



     
    transverse colon. 



     
    sigmoid colon.
    •  
    •  
    • descending colon.
  7. The structure indicated by the number 2 in Figure 6–11 is the




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology
    The figure shown is a double-contrast BE, oblique position. Since the left colic/splenic flexure (number 1) is “open,” this is either a RPO or LAO position. Also demonstrated are the descending colon (number 2), and transverse colon (number 3). Barium has refluxed into the ileum (number 5).
  8. To demonstrate esophageal varices, the patient must be examined in




     
    the recumbent position 



     
    the erect position 



     
    the anatomic position 



     
    the Fowler position
    •  
    •  
    • the recumbent position
  9. Which of the following positions may be used to effectively demonstrate the hepatic flexure during radiographic examination of the large bowel?















    1. RAO
    2. LAO
    3. LPO






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 3 only
  10. Which of the following statements is (are) correct with respect to postoperative cholangiography?

    1. A T-tube is in place in the common bile duct.

    2. Water-soluble contrast material is injected.

    3. The patency of biliary ducts is evaluated.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  11. Ingestion of barium sulfate is contraindicated in which of the following situations?

    1. Suspected perforation of a hollow viscus

    2. Suspected large bowel obstruction

    3. Preoperative patients






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  12. The AP Trendelenburg position is often used during an upper GI examination to demonstrate




     
    the duodenal loop 



     
    filling of the duodenal bulb 



     
    hiatal hernia 



     
    hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    •  
    •  
    • hiatal hernia
  13. Esophageal varices are best demonstrated in which of the following positions?




     
    Erect 



     
    Recumbent 



     
    Fowler 



     
    Sims
    •  
    •  
    • Recumbent
  14. In which of the following positions was the radiograph in Figure A taken?

    Figure A. Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.





     
    RAO 



     
    LAO 



     
    AP axial 



     
    Right lateral decubitus
    •  
    •  
    • RAO
  15. The ileocecal valve normally is located in which of the following body regions?




     
    Right iliac 



     
    Left iliac 



     
    Right lumbar 



     
    Hypogastric
    •  
    •  
    • Right iliac
  16. Compared with that of the hypersthenic and sthenic body types, the gallbladder of an asthenic patient is most likely to be located




     
    higher and more medial 



     
    lower and more medial 



     
    higher and more lateral 



     
    lower and more lateral
    •  
    •  
    • lower and more medial
  17. the very large individual with short, wide heart and lungs, high transverse stomach and gallbladder and peripheral colon.  body habitus describe 
     hypersthenic,
  18. The radiograph pictured in Figure A may be used to evaluate

    Figure A. Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.















    1. polypoid lesions.
    2. the lateral wall of the descending colon.
    3. the posterior wall of the rectum.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  19. During an air-contrast BE, in what part of the colon is air most likely to be visualized with the body in the AP recumbent position?




     
    Transverse colon 



     
    Descending colon 



     
    Ascending colon 



     
    Left and right colic flexures
    •  
    •  
    • Transverse colon
  20. The patient usually is required to drink barium sulfate suspension in order to demonstrate which of the following structures?

    1. Descending duodenum

    2. Ilium

    3. Splenic flexure






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    3 only
    •  
    •  
    • 1 only
  21. Which of the following positions can be used to effectively demonstrate the left colic flexure during radiographic examination of the large bowel?

    1. RAO

    2. LAO

    3. RPO






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  22. Which of the following are characteristics of the hypersthenic body type?

    1. Short, wide, transverse heart

    2. High and peripheral large bowel

    3. Diaphragm positioned low






     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  23. Another name for Hirschsprung's disease, the most common cause of lower GI obstruction in neonates, is




     
    intussusception. 



     
    volvulus. 



     
    congenital megacolon. 



     
    pyloric stenosis.
    •  
    •  
    • congenital megacolon.
  24. During an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination, the AP recumbent projection of a stomach of average shape will usually demonstrate















    1. anterior and posterior aspects of the stomach.
    2. barium-filled fundus.
    3. double-contrast body and antral portions.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  25. In which of the following positions was the radiograph in Figure 2–9 taken?




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.






     
    RPO 



     
    LPO 



     
    AP axial 



     
    Right lateral decubitus
    •  
    •  
    • RPO

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