Abdomen & GI studies 2

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
302856
Filename:
Abdomen & GI studies 2
Updated:
2015-05-17 13:20:12
Tags:
tegistry
Folders:

Description:
Imaging Procedures
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the structure indicated by the number 8 in Figure 2–18?








     
    Common hepatic duct 



     
    Common bile duct 



     
    Cystic duct 



     
    Pancreatic duct
    •  
    •  
    • Common bile duct
  2. A flat and upright abdomen is requested on an acutely ill patient, to demonstrate the presence of air-fluid levels. Because of the patient's condition, the x-ray table can be tilted upright only 70° (rather than the desired 90°). How should the central ray be directed?




     
    Perpendicular to the IR 



     
    Parallel to the floor 



     
    20° caudad 



     
    20° cephalad
    •  
    •  
    • Parallel to the floor
  3. What is the position of the gallbladder in an asthenic patient?




     
    Superior and medial 



     
    Superior and lateral 



     
    Inferior and medial 



     
    Inferior and lateral
    •  
    •  
    • Inferior and medial
  4. All the following statements regarding large bowel radiography are true except




     
    the large bowel must be completely empty prior to examination. 



     
    retained fecal material can obscure pathology. 



     
    single-contrast studies help to demonstrate intraluminal lesions. 



     
    double-contrast studies help to demonstrate mucosal lesions.
    •  
    •  
    • single-contrast studies help to demonstrate intraluminal lesions.
  5. Fluoroscopic imaging of the ileocecal valve is generally part of a(n)




     
    esophagram. 



     
    upper GI series. 



     
    small-bowel series. 



     
    ERCP.
    •  
    •  
    • small-bowel series.
  6. The type of ileus characterized by cessation of peristalsis is termed




     
    mechanical 



     
    paralytic 



     
    asymptomatic 



     
    sterile
    •  
    •  
    • paralytic
  7. During endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) examination, contrast medium is injected into the




     
    hepatic duct 



     
    cystic duct 



     
    pancreatic duct 



     
    common bile duct
    •  
    •  
    • common bile duct
  8. Which of the following radiographic examinations require(s) the patient to be NPO 8–10 hours prior to examination for proper patient preparation?

    1. Abdominal survey

    2. Upper GI series

    3. BE






     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  9. Which of the following barium-filled anatomic structures is bestdemonstrated in the LPO position?




     
    Hepatic flexure 



     
    Splenic flexure 



     
    Sigmoid colon 



     
    Ileocecal valve
    •  
    •  
    • Hepatic flexure
  10. The image shown in Figure 7–4 was made in the following recumbent position




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.






     
    RAO 



     
    Lateral 



     
    LPO 



     
    PA
    •  
    •  
    • LPO
  11. Which cholangiographic procedure uses an indwelling drainage tube for contrast medium administration?




     
    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiographic pancreatography (ERCP) 



     
    Operative cholangiography 



     
    T-tube cholangiography 



     
    Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
    •  
    •  
    • T-tube cholangiography
  12. During an upper gastrointestinal (GI) examination, a stomach of average shape demonstrates a barium-filled fundus and double contrast of the pylorus and duodenal bulb. The position used is most likely




     
    AP erect 



     
    PA 



     
    RAO 



     
    LPO
    •  
    •  
    • LPO
  13. Correct preparation for a patient scheduled for a lower GI series ismost likely to be




     
    iodinated contrast evening before examination; water only in the morning. 



     
    NPO after midnight. 



     
    cathartics and cleansing enemas. 



     
    NPO after midnight, cleansing enemas, and empty bladder before scout image.
    •  
    •  
    • cathartics and cleansing enemas.
  14. The structure indicated as number 4 in Figure 2–9 is the




    Courtesy of Stamford Hospital, Department of Radiology.






     
    terminal ileum 



     
    appendix 



     
    cecum 



     
    sigmoid
    •  
    •  
    • cecum
  15. Which of the following structures will usually contain air, in the PA recumbent position on a sthenic patient, during a double-contrast upper GI (UGI) examination?




     
    Duodenal bulb 



     
    Descending duodenum 



     
    Pyloric vestibule 



     
    Gastric fundus
    •  
    •  
    • Gastric fundus
  16. Which projection(s) of the abdomen would be used to demonstrate pneumoperitoneum?















    1. Right lateral decubitus
    2. Left lateral decubitus
    3. Upright






     
    2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 2 and 3 only
  17. The stomach of an asthenic patient is most likely to be located




     
    high, transverse, and lateral. 



     
    low, transverse, and lateral. 



     
    high, vertical, and toward the midline. 



     
    low, vertical, and toward the midline.
    •  
    •  
    • low, vertical, and toward the midline.
  18. Free air in the abdominal cavity is best demonstrated in which of the following positions?




     
    AP projection, left lateral decubitus position 



     
    AP projection, right lateral decubitus position 



     
    PA recumbent position 



     
    AP recumbent position
    •  
    •  
    • AP projection, left lateral decubitus position
  19. The pyloric canal and duodenal bulb are best demonstrated during an upper GI series in which of the following positions?




     
    RAO 



     
    Left lateral 



     
    Recumbent PA 



     
    Recumbent AP
    •  
    •  
    • RAO
  20. What instructions might a patient be given following an upper GI examination?















    1. Drink plenty of fluids.
    2. Take a mild laxative.
    3. Increase dietary fiber.






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  21. Which of the following is the preferred scheduling sequence?




     
    Lower GI series, abdomen ultrasound, upper GI series 



     
    Abdomen ultrasound, lower GI series, upper GI series 



     
    Abdomen ultrasound, upper GI series, lower GI series 



     
    Upper GI series, lower GI series, abdomen ultrasound
    •  
    •  
    • Abdomen ultrasound, lower GI series, upper GI series
  22. What is the position of the stomach in a hypersthenic patient?




     
    High and vertical 



     
    High and horizontal 



     
    Low and vertical 



     
    Low and horizontal
    •  
    •  
    • High and horizontal
  23. With the patient recumbent on the x-ray table with the head lower than the feet, the patient is said to be in the




     
    Trendelenburg position 



     
    Fowler position 



     
    decubitus position 



     
    Sims position
    •  
    •  
    • Trendelenburg position
  24. In the _____ position,the patient's head is positioned higher than the feet.
    Fowler
  25. Operative cholangiography may be performed to















    1. visualize biliary stones or a neoplasm.
    2. determine function of the hepatopancreatic ampulla.
    3. examine the patency of the biliary tract.






     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1, 2, and 3
  26. A patient is usually required to drink barium sulfate suspension to demonstrate which of the following structures?















    1. Esophagus
    2. Pylorus
    3. Ilium






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  27. Following the ingestion of a fatty meal, what hormone is secreted by the duodenal mucosa to stimulate contraction of the gallbladder?




     
    Insulin 



     
    Cholecystokinin 



     
    Adrenocorticotropic hormone 



     
    Gastrin
    •  
    •  
    • Cholecystokinin
  28. Double-contrast examinations of the stomach or large bowel are performed to better visualize the




     
    position of the organ 



     
    size and shape of the organ 



     
    diverticula 



     
    gastric or bowel mucosa
    •  
    •  
    • gastric or bowel mucosa
  29. Which of the following structures will be filled with barium in the AP recumbent position of a sthenic patient during an upper GI examination?




     
    Duodenal bulb 



     
    Descending duodenum 



     
    Pyloric vestibule 



     
    Gastric fundus
    •  
    •  
    • Gastric fundus
  30. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) usually involves

    1. cannulation of the hepatopancreatic ampulla

    2. introduction of contrast medium into the common bile duct

    3. introduction of barium directly into the duodenum






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    1 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  31. All the following positions are likely to be employed for both single- and double-contrast examinations of the large bowel except




     
    lateral rectum. 



     
    AP axial rectosigmoid. 



     
    right and left lateral decubitus abdomen. 



     
    RAO and LAO abdomen.
    •  
    •  
    • right and left lateral decubitus abdomen.
  32. he body habitus characterized by a long and narrow thoracic cavity and low midline stomach and gallbladder is the




     
    asthenic 



     
    hyposthenic 



     
    sthenic 



     
    hypersthenic
    •  
    •  
    • asthenic
  33. For the average patient, the CR for a lateral projection of a barium-filled stomach should enter




     
    midway between the midcoronal line and the anterior abdominal surface 



     
    midway between the vertebral column and the lateral border of the abdomen 



     
    at the midcoronal line at the level of the iliac crest 



     
    perpendicular to the level of L2
    •  
    •  
    • midway between the midcoronal line and the anterior abdominal surface
  34. Which of the following structures is (are) located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)?

    1. Hepatic flexure

    2. Gallbladder

    3. Ileocecal valve






     
    1 only 



     
    1 and 2 only 



     
    2 and 3 only 



     
    1, 2, and 3
    •  
    •  
    • 1 and 2 only
  35. Which of the following techniques would provide a posteroanterior (PA) projection of the gastroduodenal surfaces of a barium-filled high and transverse stomach?




     
    Place the patient in a 35- to 40-degree right anterior oblique (RAO) position. 



     
    Place the patient in a lateral position. 



     
    Angle the CR 35 to 45 degrees cephalad. 



     
    Angle the CR 35 to 45 degrees caudad.
    •  
    •  
    • Angle the CR 35 to 45 degrees cephalad.
  36. Which of the following radiologic examinations requires preparation consisting of a low-residue diet, cathartics, and enemas?




     
    Upper GI series 



     
    Small bowel series 



     
    Barium enema (BE) 



     
    Intravenous (IV) cystogram
    •  
    •  
    • Barium enema (BE)
  37. To radiograph an infant for suspected free air within the abdominal cavity, which of the following projections of the abdomen will demonstrate the condition with the least patient exposure?




     
    PA erect with grid 



     
    Left lateral decubitus with grid 



     
    Left lateral decubitus without grid 



     
    Recumbent AP without grid
    •  
    •  
    • Left lateral decubitus without grid

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview