“Communism” = no private property (and eventually no state, according to Marx…)
Aiming to create an economic system in which the means of production (eg. land) are collectively owned and wherein distribution and exchange is to be collectively controlled and based on the needs of community members.
What is the Socialist state theory in the truest Marxist sense
State ownership of the basic means of production
State assumes responsibility for ensuring well-being of the population and equal distribution of wealth
Centralized, planned economy
Does not necessarily have to do with strategies of governance (i.e. “dictatorship”), but…
We usually see this with a one-party system; one party represents the entire population (e.g. Cuba)
What have these dynamics meant in LA for different groups?
different social movements have formed because of the left in latin america
Guerrilla movements also formed because of these dynamics
Which countries are associated with the left?
1.) How has the Left in Latin America risen to power historically and in contemporary context?
2.) What are some of the politics behind these histories?
historically, Guerrilla warfare created to topple the government
the only way to get to power is believed to be through Guerrilla warfare
recently, democratic elections have made the left come in to power
generally it is about actively contesting neoliberal policies and electing a government in power through democratic mean
What has been the major threat to Left governments?
The US and Right winged governments intervening in the countries internal affairs
1.) What are the general characteristics of the Cuban revolution?
2.) Who was Che Guevara
3.) What is meant by the “Hombre Nuevo" (new man)
cuban revolution became a symbol of success for the left in LA
Fidel Castro attempted to form leftist movements in cuba against a right wing dictator, but was jailed
Che Guevara was a medical student who got inspired by all the political activities taking place in latin america
he got inspired by fidel castro and his brother according to his motorcycle diaries
he becomes leader of a guerrilla movement tasked to overthrow the dictorship in cuba
Hombre Nuevo, the new man, is che's vision of this new socialist citizen in cuba working for the good of society rather than for profit
in 1961 cuba became a socialist state
What is ALBA?
Bolivarian Alliance of the Americas
Grew out of Simon Bolivar's idea of a powerful latin america
it is a trade agreement by different LA nations who elect to be a part of this
Not based on monetary value of things, but what each country needs and is able to export
being a part of AlBA is also being a part of the new LA left
What kind of principles does ALBA have? (what does it aim to do for the region)
fight against poverty
create resources for society
commercial interests should not have supreme rule over human rights
How does ALBA contrasts with the free trade agreement?
FTAA - wants to eliminate agricultural subsidies to imporve the market
ALBA - wants to prioritize food security and agricultural production
FTAA - access to markets wants to eliminate tariffs
ALBA - access to markets wants to defend tariffs
FTAA - improve quality of life through free trade
ALBA - fight social exclusion and protect autonomy
how and why did urban agriculture come about in Havana?
How, according to Premat, is this a success for the ongoing Cuban socialist state?