Wildland Fire Questions

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Wildland Fire Questions
2015-05-19 00:10:57

wildland firefighting questions
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  1. Safety glasses are acceptable to substitute for goggles?
  2. Pulaski is what kind of tool?
  3. McLeod is what kind of tool?
  4. LCES and what it is
    • Lookouts
    • Communications
    • Escape Routes
    • Safety Zone
    • It is the minimum level of hazard mitigation for initial attack
  5. What is a spot fire
    fire burning outside of the perimeter of the main fire, usually caused by winds and firebrands
  6. what do you wear under nomex?
    100% cotton
  7. who orders burning ops.?
    • burning out- crew boss or above
    • backfiring- ops. section chief
  8. What is black and yellow flagging used for?
    life threatening hazard
  9. What is an anchor point?
    • usualy a fire barrier, from which to start constructing fireline
    • used to minimize chance of being flanked by the fire
    • Small fires or isolated areas of large fires
    • In light fuels such as grass and brush
    • When fire responds to topography an runs uphill
    • When there is unexpected shift in wind direction/speed
  11. 18 watch out situations #1
    fire not scouted and sized up
  12. 18 watch out situations #2
    in country not seen in daylight
  13. 18 watch out situations #3
    safety zones and escapes routes not identified
  14. 18 watch out situations #4
    unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior
  15. 18 watch out situations #5
    uninformed on stategy and tactics
  16. 18 watch out situations #6
    instructions and assignments not understood
  17. 18 watch out situations #7
    no communication link with crewmembers or supervisor
  18. 18 watch out situations #8
    constructing line without a safe anchor point
  19. 18 watch out situations #9
    building fireline downhill with fire below
  20. 18 watch out situations #10
    attempting frontal assault on fire
  21. 18 watch out situations #11
    unburned fuel between you and the fire
  22. 18 watch out situations #12
    cannot see main fire not in contact with someone who can
  23. 18 watch out situations #13
    on a hillside where rolling materials can ignite fuel below
  24. 18 watch out situations #14
    weather is getting hotter and dryer
  25. 18 watch out situations #15
    wind increases and or changes direction
  26. 18 watch out situations #16
    frequent spot fires across line
  27. 18 watch out situations #17
    terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult
  28. 18 watch out situations #18
    taking a nap near fireline
  29. 10 standing orders #1
    keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts
  30. 10 standing orders #2
    know what your fire is doing at all times
  31. 10 standing orders #3
    base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire
  32. 10 standing orders #4
    identify escape routes and safety zones, make them known
  33. 10 standing orders #5
    post lookouts when there is possible danger
  34. 10 standing orders #6
    be alert. keep calm. think cleary. act decisively.
  35. 10 standing orders #7
    maintain prompt communication with your forces, your sup. and adjoining forces
  36. 10 standing orders #8
    give clear instructions and insure they are understood
  37. 10 standing orders #9
    maintain control of your forces at all times
  38. 10 standing orders #10
    fight fire aggresively having provided for safety first
  39. What are good safety zones?
    • the burn
    • natural features
    • constucted features
  40. out of county bag should be packed for...
    14 days
  41. how do fire shelters protect you/ main functions
    • reflect radiant heat
    • provide cooler breathable air to protect airway
  42. when to check shelters and most common damage
    • when issued to you
    • beginning of each season
    • every two weeks during season
    • when you suspect damage
  43. What is the most common damage to the fire shelter?
    abrasion and tears longer than 1/2"
  44. area size to be cleared for deployment
  45. What are subjective and objective hazards
    • sub- one has control over
    • obj- one has no control over
  46. How do you position an engine when protecting a structure
    back in to position
  47. How far should you stay away from a dozer?
    50 ft. away from dozer
  48. What is the risk management process
    • situation awareness
    • hazard assesment
    • hazard control
    • decision point
    • evaluate
  49. What is the proper spacing during handline construction
    • 10 ft.
    • supervisor sets pace and selects route
  50. Who do you reports hazards to...
  51. How often do you inspect a gasket
    everytime you roll the hose
  52. how much water does backpack pump hold
    5 gallons
  53. What is the difference between backfiring and burning out?
    • backfiring is defensive attack when line is constructed starting fire at line to burn back towards fire and clear fuels
    • burning out is offensive when you burn pockets of fuel to prevent fire from building up and jumping line
    • Hhow often should you place a tee
    • every 200 ft.
  54. bump up
    2 crews one jumps ahead when they meet the line of the other
  55. What are 2 mop up methods
    • dry mop up- no water, boneyarding, dirt
    • wet mop up- foam, water, mixing dirt
  56. What are the different attack methods
    • direct- right along the fire
    • indirect- bump off to use natural barrier, ridgeline
    • flanking or parallel attack- similar to indirect
  57. difference between trench and water bars
    • water bar towards the green
    • trenches to the black
  58. *universal sign to stop during mobile attack
    3 honks with horn or one long horn
  59. drip torch mix
    2 parts diesel 1 part gasoline
  60. how full should a drip torch be
  61. *downslope winds
    • can occur when ridgeline drops into a canyon
    • most occur after midnight cool air sinks fasters than air in valley
  62. fuel and six basic types
    • any burnable material
    • grass
    • grass shrub
    • shrub
    • timber understory
    • timber litter
    • slash/blowdown
  63. *safest area to work on fire
    ridgeline or the black
  64. slope
    percent of incline on a hill