Wildland Fire Questions

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Author:
sdrake99
ID:
302934
Filename:
Wildland Fire Questions
Updated:
2015-05-19 00:10:57
Tags:
bsa47
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Description:
wildland firefighting questions
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  1. Safety glasses are acceptable to substitute for goggles?
    False
  2. Pulaski is what kind of tool?
    cutting
  3. McLeod is what kind of tool?
    scraping
  4. LCES and what it is
    • Lookouts
    • Communications
    • Escape Routes
    • Safety Zone
    • It is the minimum level of hazard mitigation for initial attack
  5. What is a spot fire
    fire burning outside of the perimeter of the main fire, usually caused by winds and firebrands
  6. what do you wear under nomex?
    100% cotton
  7. who orders burning ops.?
    • burning out- crew boss or above
    • backfiring- ops. section chief
  8. What is black and yellow flagging used for?
    life threatening hazard
  9. What is an anchor point?
    • usualy a fire barrier, from which to start constructing fireline
    • used to minimize chance of being flanked by the fire
  10. COMMON DENOMINATORS OF FATAL, NEAR MISS FIRES
    • Small fires or isolated areas of large fires
    • In light fuels such as grass and brush
    • When fire responds to topography an runs uphill
    • When there is unexpected shift in wind direction/speed
  11. 18 watch out situations #1
    fire not scouted and sized up
  12. 18 watch out situations #2
    in country not seen in daylight
  13. 18 watch out situations #3
    safety zones and escapes routes not identified
  14. 18 watch out situations #4
    unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior
  15. 18 watch out situations #5
    uninformed on stategy and tactics
  16. 18 watch out situations #6
    instructions and assignments not understood
  17. 18 watch out situations #7
    no communication link with crewmembers or supervisor
  18. 18 watch out situations #8
    constructing line without a safe anchor point
  19. 18 watch out situations #9
    building fireline downhill with fire below
  20. 18 watch out situations #10
    attempting frontal assault on fire
  21. 18 watch out situations #11
    unburned fuel between you and the fire
  22. 18 watch out situations #12
    cannot see main fire not in contact with someone who can
  23. 18 watch out situations #13
    on a hillside where rolling materials can ignite fuel below
  24. 18 watch out situations #14
    weather is getting hotter and dryer
  25. 18 watch out situations #15
    wind increases and or changes direction
  26. 18 watch out situations #16
    frequent spot fires across line
  27. 18 watch out situations #17
    terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult
  28. 18 watch out situations #18
    taking a nap near fireline
  29. 10 standing orders #1
    keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts
  30. 10 standing orders #2
    know what your fire is doing at all times
  31. 10 standing orders #3
    base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire
  32. 10 standing orders #4
    identify escape routes and safety zones, make them known
  33. 10 standing orders #5
    post lookouts when there is possible danger
  34. 10 standing orders #6
    be alert. keep calm. think cleary. act decisively.
  35. 10 standing orders #7
    maintain prompt communication with your forces, your sup. and adjoining forces
  36. 10 standing orders #8
    give clear instructions and insure they are understood
  37. 10 standing orders #9
    maintain control of your forces at all times
  38. 10 standing orders #10
    fight fire aggresively having provided for safety first
  39. What are good safety zones?
    • the burn
    • natural features
    • constucted features
  40. out of county bag should be packed for...
    14 days
  41. how do fire shelters protect you/ main functions
    • reflect radiant heat
    • provide cooler breathable air to protect airway
  42. when to check shelters and most common damage
    • when issued to you
    • beginning of each season
    • every two weeks during season
    • when you suspect damage
  43. What is the most common damage to the fire shelter?
    abrasion and tears longer than 1/2"
  44. area size to be cleared for deployment
    4'x8' 
  45. What are subjective and objective hazards
    • sub- one has control over
    • obj- one has no control over
  46. How do you position an engine when protecting a structure
    back in to position
  47. How far should you stay away from a dozer?
    50 ft. away from dozer
  48. What is the risk management process
    • situation awareness
    • hazard assesment
    • hazard control
    • decision point
    • evaluate
  49. What is the proper spacing during handline construction
    • 10 ft.
    • supervisor sets pace and selects route
  50. Who do you reports hazards to...
    supervisor
  51. How often do you inspect a gasket
    everytime you roll the hose
  52. how much water does backpack pump hold
    5 gallons
  53. What is the difference between backfiring and burning out?
    • backfiring is defensive attack when line is constructed starting fire at line to burn back towards fire and clear fuels
    • burning out is offensive when you burn pockets of fuel to prevent fire from building up and jumping line
    • Hhow often should you place a tee
    • every 200 ft.
  54. bump up
    2 crews one jumps ahead when they meet the line of the other
  55. What are 2 mop up methods
    • dry mop up- no water, boneyarding, dirt
    • wet mop up- foam, water, mixing dirt
  56. What are the different attack methods
    • direct- right along the fire
    • indirect- bump off to use natural barrier, ridgeline
    • flanking or parallel attack- similar to indirect
  57. difference between trench and water bars
    • water bar towards the green
    • trenches to the black
  58. *universal sign to stop during mobile attack
    3 honks with horn or one long horn
  59. drip torch mix
    2 parts diesel 1 part gasoline
  60. how full should a drip torch be
    75%
  61. *downslope winds
    • can occur when ridgeline drops into a canyon
    • most occur after midnight cool air sinks fasters than air in valley
  62. fuel and six basic types
    • any burnable material
    • grass
    • grass shrub
    • shrub
    • timber understory
    • timber litter
    • slash/blowdown
  63. *safest area to work on fire
    ridgeline or the black
  64. slope
    percent of incline on a hill

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