Wildland Fire Questions
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. What would you like to do?
Safety glasses are acceptable to substitute for goggles?
Pulaski is what kind of tool?
McLeod is what kind of tool?
LCES and what it is
- Escape Routes
- Safety Zone
- It is the minimum level of hazard mitigation for initial attack
What is a spot fire
fire burning outside of the perimeter of the main fire, usually caused by winds and firebrands
what do you wear under nomex?
who orders burning ops.?
- burning out- crew boss or above
- backfiring- ops. section chief
What is black and yellow flagging used for?
life threatening hazard
What is an anchor point?
- usualy a fire barrier, from which to start constructing fireline
- used to minimize chance of being flanked by the fire
COMMON DENOMINATORS OF FATAL, NEAR MISS FIRES
- Small fires or isolated areas of large fires
- In light fuels such as grass and brush
- When fire responds to topography an runs uphill
- When there is unexpected shift in wind direction/speed
18 watch out situations #1
fire not scouted and sized up
18 watch out situations #2
in country not seen in daylight
18 watch out situations #3
safety zones and escapes routes not identified
18 watch out situations #4
unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior
18 watch out situations #5
uninformed on stategy and tactics
18 watch out situations #6
instructions and assignments not understood
18 watch out situations #7
no communication link with crewmembers or supervisor
18 watch out situations #8
constructing line without a safe anchor point
18 watch out situations #9
building fireline downhill with fire below
18 watch out situations #10
attempting frontal assault on fire
18 watch out situations #11
unburned fuel between you and the fire
18 watch out situations #12
cannot see main fire not in contact with someone who can
18 watch out situations #13
on a hillside where rolling materials can ignite fuel below
18 watch out situations #14
weather is getting hotter and dryer
18 watch out situations #15
wind increases and or changes direction
18 watch out situations #16
frequent spot fires across line
18 watch out situations #17
terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult
18 watch out situations #18
taking a nap near fireline
10 standing orders #1
keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts
10 standing orders #2
know what your fire is doing at all times
10 standing orders #3
base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire
10 standing orders #4
identify escape routes and safety zones, make them known
10 standing orders #5
post lookouts when there is possible danger
10 standing orders #6
be alert. keep calm. think cleary. act decisively.
10 standing orders #7
maintain prompt communication with your forces, your sup. and adjoining forces
10 standing orders #8
give clear instructions and insure they are understood
10 standing orders #9
maintain control of your forces at all times
10 standing orders #10
fight fire aggresively having provided for safety first
What are good safety zones?
- the burn
- natural features
- constucted features
out of county bag should be packed for...
how do fire shelters protect you/ main functions
- reflect radiant heat
- provide cooler breathable air to protect airway
when to check shelters and most common damage
- when issued to you
- beginning of each season
- every two weeks during season
- when you suspect damage
What is the most common damage to the fire shelter?
abrasion and tears longer than 1/2"
area size to be cleared for deployment
What are subjective and objective hazards
- sub- one has control over
- obj- one has no control over
How do you position an engine when protecting a structure
back in to position
How far should you stay away from a dozer?
50 ft. away from dozer
What is the risk management process
- situation awareness
- hazard assesment
- hazard control
- decision point
What is the proper spacing during handline construction
- 10 ft.
- supervisor sets pace and selects route
Who do you reports hazards to...
How often do you inspect a gasket
everytime you roll the hose
how much water does backpack pump hold
What is the difference between backfiring and burning out?
- backfiring is defensive attack when line is constructed starting fire at line to burn back towards fire and clear fuels
- burning out is offensive when you burn pockets of fuel to prevent fire from building up and jumping line
- Hhow often should you place a tee
- every 200 ft.
2 crews one jumps ahead when they meet the line of the other
What are 2 mop up methods
- dry mop up- no water, boneyarding, dirt
- wet mop up- foam, water, mixing dirt
What are the different attack methods
- direct- right along the fire
- indirect- bump off to use natural barrier, ridgeline
- flanking or parallel attack- similar to indirect
difference between trench and water bars
- water bar towards the green
- trenches to the black
*universal sign to stop during mobile attack
3 honks with horn or one long horn
drip torch mix
2 parts diesel 1 part gasoline
how full should a drip torch be
- can occur when ridgeline drops into a canyon
- most occur after midnight cool air sinks fasters than air in valley
fuel and six basic types
- any burnable material
- grass shrub
- timber understory
- timber litter
*safest area to work on fire
ridgeline or the black
percent of incline on a hill
What would you like to do?
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