Latin America Final Week 10
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Who is Eduardo Galeano?
- From Uruguay
- wrote the book open veins in LA
- reflects on past history and injustices
- anti capitalist
- left wing supporter
- his book was banned by right wing supporters
- Hugo Chavez gave this book to Barack Obama during a summit meeting
What are the effects of Hurricane Mitch in Central America, and how has reconstruction efforts in Honduras failed to connect with people’s aspirations?
- neoliberal policies and reduction of state services already in place when hurricane Mitch hit
- agricultural production and infrastructure was lost to mass flooding
- this negatively caused those already suffering to meet their needs to suffer even more
What are some of the causes of and response to environmental problems in Latin America and what this has meant for different groups?
- some very important leaders in charge were accused of stealing US aid money for the disaster
- along with the disaster and lack of resources people decided to illegally migrate to the US and other places
- NGO's took it upon themselves to build brick houses that were not desired by the locals
- local people built their shelters right near the NGO buildings
1.) what are some of the “rural pushes” involved with urbanization?
connections with agrarian structures, neoliberal policies, and environmental destruction.
- the modernization of agriculture is linked to new machinery that could do most of the work, which leaves those reliant on those jobs vulnerable
- those displaced with jobs and landless peasants have been known to migrate to the city
- government has been known to put these policies in place encouraging campesinos to move to new areas
- by improving rural infrastructures and deforesting areas of lands it forces people in the countryside to leave to these urban places in search of jobs and new subsistence strategies
What are some “urban pulls” involved with urbanization?
- urban pulls of the rural community is due to the possibility of new jobs offered in the city
- governments produce new jobs such as construction and the police force that attract people because they need more labor in these areas
- they entice rural people with urban schools, basic services, and this fantasy of an "ideal" "convenient" way to live provided by the government
1.) What are some of the decision to remain Campesino and some of the contrasts in poverty from the urban vs. rural sector?
- people in the country side choose to stay because of injustices in the workforce caused by this labor surplus, the idea that workers are expendable
- in the country side they are closer to the water source and get more water than those in the city
- they contrast in poverty between urban and rural sectors is this idea that those in the city are living well and those in the countryside are living poor
- the choice to stay in the countryside is due to the amount of land and the ability to cultivate an "x" amount of food for security compared to those living in the city
What are the dynamics of urban “shanty towns,” and the informal employment sector in LA urban centers?
- in urban shanty towns the government is not willing to help provide basic services such as water and electricity
- often times the residents there are responsible for the improvements made in these areas such as illegally connecting up a source of power supply from nearby power lines
- an informal sector is created when people make up their own jobs such as selling pirated movies, vitamins, socks, and food on the bus or streets. Small family enterprises like Bodegas.
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