1.) what are some of the “rural pushes” involved with urbanization?
connections with agrarian structures, neoliberal policies, and environmental destruction.
- the modernization of agriculture is linked to new machinery that could do most of the work, which leaves those reliant on those jobs vulnerable
- those displaced with jobs and landless peasants have been known to migrate to the city
- government has been known to put these policies in place encouraging campesinos to move to new areas
- by improving rural infrastructures and deforesting areas of lands it forces people in the countryside to leave to these urban places in search of jobs and new subsistence strategies