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use holistic therapies
- that minimize side effects, that make treatments more tolerable, and that
- rebuild the patient's physiology to provide the best odds of long term cancer
- survival with a good quality of life.
- required for
- multistage carcinogenesis, the development of new blood vessels.
one of two types of drugs in a new class of medicines that restores health by controlling blood vessel growth.The other medication is called pro-angiogenic therapy
molecule that inhibits the
- oxidation of other molecules, Oxidation reactions can produce free
- radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions
occurs when one or several
- cells of a living organism are infected with a virus, leading to cell death,
- necessary for the normal development of cells and the cell cycle maturation.
a type of cancer therapy that uses agents to stimulate the body's own immune system to kill cancer. Examples include interleukins,interferons, and hematopoietic growth factors. The term is sometimes used interchangeably with targeted therapy
multifactorial syndrome defined by an ongoing loss of skeletal
- muscle mass (with or without loss of fat mass) that cannot be fully reversed
- by conventional nutritional support and leads to progressive functional
belong to a class of
- substances known as biological response modifiers, that work by stimulating or restoring the immune
- system’s ability to fight infections and disease
producing or tending to
all types of physical,
- chemical ....carcinogenesis stage
- need to act together to generate cancer
the use of natural,
- synthetic or biological agents to reverse, suppress or prevent either the
- initial phases of carcinogenesis or the progression of premalignant cells to
- invasive disease
- treatment, meaning that the drugs flow through the
- bloodstream to nearly every part of the body
Cancers are classified in
- two ways: by the type of tissue in which the cancer originates (histological
- type) and by primary site, or the location in the body where the cancer first
such as acupuncture, aromatherapy, art therapy, massage therapy, reflexology
- and yoga, provide psychological, emotional and spiritual support, and help
- with symptom control.
The reduction of cancer incidence, morbidity, and mortality
- through an orderly sequence from research on interventions and their impact
- in defined populations to the broad,
- systematic application of the research results.
In a complete remission,
- all signs and symptoms of cancer have disappeared. If you remain in
- complete remission for 5 years or more, some doctors may say that you are cured
A small protein released
- by cells that has a specific effect on the interactions between cells, on
- communications between cells or on the behavior of cells.
is the reduction in
effectiveness of a drug , in curing a disease or condition
- group of symptoms, including weakness, abdominal discomfort, and sometimes
- abnormally rapid bowel evacuation, occurring after meals in some patients who
- have undergone gastric surgery.
Having the capacity to
induce emesis (vomiting), a common property of anticancer agents
is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects
of health and disease conditions in defined populations
Graft-versus-host disease GVHD
- following an allogeneic tissue transplant. It is commonly associated with
- stem cell or bone marrow transplant
Hematopoietic cell transplantation HCT
- transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stemcells, usually derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or
- umbilical cord blood. It may be autologous (the patient's own stem cells are used) or allogeneic (the stem cells come from a donor).
Hematopoietic growth factors
- The HGFs are chemicals, generally cytokines and
- interleukins, that interact with developing immature marrow cells and lead to
- greater numbers of red cells, white cells, or platelets or combinations of these
- The term hospice refers to an approach to
- end-of-life care as well as to a type of facility for supportive care of
- terminally ill patients
- a process in which normal cells are changed so that
- they are able to form tumors
- healing-oriented medicine that takes account of the whole
- person, including all aspects of lifestyle
- , is adietary regimen which involves eating grains as a staple food, supplemented
- with otherfoods such
- as local vegetables, and avoiding the use of highly processed or refined foodsand most
- animal products
- Prior to the abnormal growth of tissue, as neoplasia, cells often undergo an abnormal pattern of growth, such as
- metaplasia or dysplasia.
- vary from practitioner to practitioner and may
- include a "natural food" diet, coffee enemas, vitamins, minerals,
- glandulars, enzymes, laetrile
- the development of secondary malignant growths
- at a distance from a primary site of cancer.
- an antibody produced
- by a single clone of cells or cell line and consisting of identical antibody
- is the painful inflammation and ulceration of
- the mucous membranes lining the digestive tract, usually as an adverse effect
- of chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment for cancer
- Bone marrow suppression is the decrease
- in production of cells responsible for providing immunity (leukocytes),
- carrying oxygen (erythrocytes), and/or those responsible for normal blood
- clotting (thrombocytes).
N-nitroso compounds NOCs
- Carcinogenic chemical compounds that are used in
- the manufacture of some cosmetics, pesticides, and in most rubber products
- a new and abnormal growth of tissue in a part of
- the body, especially as a characteristic of cancer
- the presence of
- abnormally few neutrophils in the blood, leading to increased susceptibility to
Nutrition impact symptoms
- are those symptoms that delay oral intake, They include, but are not limited to,
- anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
- a gene which in certain circumstances can
- transform a cell into a tumour cell
- the study and
- treatment of tumours
- is a condition of nonvital bone in a site of
- radiation injury. ORN can be spontaneous, but it most commonly results from
- tissue injury. The absence of reserve reparative capacity is a result of the
- prior radiation injury.
Palliate (palliative care)
- make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe
- without removing the cause.
- deficiency of all
- three cellular components of the blood (red cells, white cells, and platelets).
- any of various biologically
- active compounds found in plants
- is the third and last phase in tumor development.
- This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the
- tumor cells
- various factors permit the descendents of a
- single initiated cell
- to survive and expand in number
- Inflammation of the small intestine caused by
- radiation therapy to the abdomen, pelvis, or rectum
- The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays,
- gamma rays, neutrons, protons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and
- shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body
- (external-beam radiation therapy), or it may come from radioactive material
- placed in the body near cancer cells (internal radiation therapy
Rate of tumor growth
- a measure, quantity, or frequency, typically one
- measured against another quantity or measure
Sinusoidal obstructive syndrome SOS
- is a distinctive and
- potentially fatal form of hepatic injury that occurs predominantly, if not
- only, after drug or toxin exposure, Liver histology demonstrates obstruction
- of sinusoids in central areas with hepatocyte necrosis
- and hemorrhage
- Performing exams and tests to learn the extent
- of the cancer within the body, especially whether the disease has spread from
- the original site to other parts of the body. It is important to know the stage
- of the disease in order to plan the best treatment
TNM staging system
- A system to describe the amount and spread of
- cancer in a patient’s body, using TNM. T describes the size of the tumor and
- any spread of cancer into nearby tissue; N describes spread of cancer to nearby
- lymph nodes; and M describes metastasis (spread of cancer to other parts of the
- spasm of the jaw
- muscles, causing the mouth to remain tightly closed, typically as a symptom of
- An abnormal mass of tissue that results when
- cells divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Tumors may
- be benign (not cancer), or malignant (cancer). Also called neoplasm.
- Refers to the number of cancer cells, the size of
- a tumor, or the amount of cancer in the body. Also called tumor load.
- A substance found in tissue, blood, or other
- body fluids that may be a sign of cancer or certain benign (noncancerous)
- conditions. Most tumor markers are made by both normal cells and cancer cells,
- but they are made in larger amounts by cancer cells. A tumor marker may help to
- diagnose cancer, plan treatment, or find out how well treatment is working or
- if cancer has come back.
Tumor necrosis factor-a (cachectin)
- A protein made by white blood cells in response
- to an antigen (substance that causes the immune system to make a specific
- immune response) or infection. Tumor necrosis factor can also be made in the
- laboratory. It may boost a person’s immune response, and also may cause
- necrosis (cell death) of some types of tumor cells. Tumor necrosis factor is
- being studied in the treatment of some types of cancer. It is a type of
- cytokine. Also called TNF.
Tumor suppressor genes
- A type of gene that makes a protein called a
- tumor suppressor protein that helps control cell growth. Mutations (changes in
- DNA) in tumor suppressor genes may lead to cancer. Also called antioncogene.
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