vocab 3

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Author:
Teodor
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303048
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vocab 3
Updated:
2015-05-20 20:06:07
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eng
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eng
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  1. mesmerize
    hypnotize (someone)
  2. mettlesome
    having a proud and unbroken spirit, courage
  3. microcosm
    The world or universe on a small scale.
  4. mien
    The external appearance or manner of a person.
  5. mischievous
    (of a person, animal, or their behavior) causing or showing a fondness for causing trouble in a playful way.
  6. miscreant
    a person who behaves badly or in a way that breaks the law.
  7. miser
    • a person who hoards wealth and spends as little money as possible
    • pinchpenny, skinflint, money grubber,cheapskate, tightwad, piker
  8. hoard
    a stock or store of money or valued objects, typically one that is secret or carefully guarded.
  9. molt
    • When an animal molts, it loses its feathers, fur, skin or maybe even outer skeleton. People don't molt, but plenty of animals do as a normal part of their life cycle.
    • exuviate, moult, shed, slough
  10. monomania
    exaggerated or obsessive enthusiasm for or preoccupation with one thing
  11. mordant
    • (especially of humor) having or showing a sharp or critical quality; biting
    • caustic, trenchant, biting, cutting, acerbic, sardonic
  12. multifarious
    Having great diversity or variety.
  13. nadir
    the lowest point in the fortunes of a person or organization
  14. noisome
    having an extremely offensive smell.
  15. nostrum
    • Though you try many medicines that claim to cure your cold, none of them work. They turn out to be nostrums, or ineffective drugs.
    • Any scheme or recipe of a charlatan character.
  16. nugatory
    of no value or importance
  17. obtrude
    become noticeable in an unwelcome or intrusive way.
  18. odium
    A feeling of extreme repugnance, or of dislike and disgust.
  19. opprobrium
    • harsh criticism or censure.
    • vilification, abuse, vituperation, condemnation
  20. ostracism
    Exclusion from intercourse or favor, as in society or politics.
  21. ostracize
    To exclude from public or private favor.
  22. palate
    The roof of the mouth.
  23. palatial
    • resembling a palace in being spacious and splendid
    • Magnificent
  24. palliate
    • To cause to appear less guilty.
    • make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause.
  25. panegyric
    • a public speech or published text in praise of someone or something
    • eulogy
  26. panoply
    • A full set of armor.
    • a complete or impressive collection of things
  27. penurious
    • extremely poor; poverty-stricken.
    • Excessively sparing in the use of money.
  28. peregrination
    A peregrination is a long journey or period of wandering.
  29. peremptory
    • Precluding question or appeal.
    • not open to appeal or challenge; final
  30. permeate
    spread throughout (something); pervade.
  31. pervade
    To pervade means to be present throughout, to exist in every part of. If you have too many cats, the horrible smell of cat pee will pervade your house
  32. persiflage
    light and slightly contemptuous mockery or banter
  33. mockery
    • teasing and contemptuous language or behavior directed at a particular person or thing.
    • sarcasm, contempt, scorn
  34. banter
    the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks
  35. perturbation
    Mental excitement or confusion.
  36. phlegmatic
    having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition
  37. physiognomy
    a person's facial features or expression
  38. platitude
    A written or spoken statement that is flat, dull, or commonplace
  39. plenary
    unqualified; absolute; entire; full or complete
  40. plumb
    • A weight suspended by a line to test the verticality of something.
    • vertically
  41. polyglot
    knowing or using several languages.
  42. predominate
    be the strongest or main element; be greater in number or amount.
  43. presage
    • A presage is a sign that something bad is about to happen
    • portend, augur, foreshadow, foretell
  44. prescience
    the fact of knowing something before it takes place; foreknowledge
  45. preternatural
    beyond what is normal or natural; extraordinary
  46. prevalent
    widespread in a particular area at a particular time
  47. prim
    • Stiffly proper.
    • feeling or showing disapproval of anything regarded as improper.
  48. probity
    • the quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency
    • integrity, honesty, uprightness, decency
  49. procrastination
    the action of delaying or postponing something
  50. profligacy
    Shameless viciousness.
  51. cheeky
    • impudent or irreverent, typically in an endearing or amusing way.
    • a cheeky grin
  52. irreverent
    • showing a lack of respect for people or things that are generally taken seriously
    • she is irreverent about the whole business of politics
    • disrespectful, disdainful, scornful, contemptuous, derisive
  53. inquisitive
    • If you are inquisitive that means you love to inquire; you’re always asking questions. 
    • Don’t become a private detective if you don’t have an inquisitive personality.
  54. tend
    • 1. have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
    • 2. have care of or look after
  55. fortify
    • strengthen (a place) with defensive works so as to protect it against attack
    • the whole town was heavily fortified
  56. lace
    fasten or tighten (a shoe or garment) by tying its laces.
  57. mutton, hogget
    lamb
  58. proponent
    • a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project
    • advocate, champion, supporter, backer
  59. gizmo
    A gizmo is a device used for a specific job. A vacuum is a gizmo that cleans the floor.
  60. curl up
    • to lie in a comfortable curved position
    • shape one's body into a curl
  61. dissonance
    Disagreeable sounds can be called dissonance. You know it's dissonance if you have the strong desire to cover your ears with your hands
  62. scrumptious
    (of food) extremely appetizing or delicious
  63. persevere
    Use the verb persevere when you want to persist in anything and continue despite difficulties or obstacles.
  64. forgo
    The verb forgo means to give up or lose the right to something
  65. transcendence
    • existence or experience beyond the normal or physical level
    • the possibility of spiritual transcendence in the modern world
    • excellence, supremacy
  66. girth
    the distance around a person's body
  67. famine
    • extreme scarcity of food
    • drought could result in famine throughout the region
  68. barrage
    • a concentrated artillery bombardment over a wide area.
    • bombardment, cannonade
  69. loathing
    • Loathing is a feeling of complete disgust. 
    • Your loathing of the feeling of sand between your toes means that going to the beach isn't much fun for you.
  70. beholden
    • owing thanks or having a duty to someone in return for help or a service
    • I don't like to be beholden to anybody
  71. frown
    • a facial expression of dislike or displeasure
    • Because you frown on smoking, you probably frown at smokers too!
  72. upbringing
    the treatment and instruction received by a child from its parents throughout its childhood.
  73. vaunt
    • to brag and boast and flaunt and go on and on about how great something is. 
    • show off
  74. conjure
    • make (something) appear unexpectedly or seemingly from nowhere as if by magic
    • Anne conjured up a most delicious homemade stew
  75. perpetual
    never ending or changing
  76. blaze
    A blaze is a bright, strong flame. A raging fire is blazing and you can also say other types of shining, like with talent, are types of blazing.
  77. carnage
    • Carnage is mass murder
    • butchery, mass murder, massacre, slaughter
  78. decimation
    • destroying or killing a large part of the population
    • destruction, devastation
  79. flair
    • 1. a natural talent
    • he has a flair for science
    • 2. a shape that spreads outward
  80. subdue
    To subdue is to hold back, put down, or defeat. A Doberman can be subdued with a bone, but subduing a yapping toy poodle can be a mail carrier's greatest daily challenge.
  81. ascend
    • go up or climb
    • she ascended the stairs
  82. conformation
    • the shape or structure of something, especially an animal
    • Conformation has its base in the word conform, which means to follow the rules, or behave in such a way that you fit in, in a social or a spatial way
    • a symmetrical arrangement of the parts of a thing
  83. womb
    uterus
  84. prenatal
    Use the adjective prenatal to describe something that happens prior to a baby's birth, like a special prenatal yoga class for pregnant women.
  85. obstetrics
    the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  86. disposition
    • someone's general attitude about life
    • your usual mood
  87. crib
    • 1. A crib is a bed with high sides that babies sleep in. 
    • 2. To crib is to cheat, like copying off someone else during an exam. How babyish!
  88. extracurricular
    Something extracurricular takes place in addition to your regular school or work duties. Being involved in extracurricular activities in high school — like sports or journalism — can help you get accepted to the college of your choice.
  89. drip
    When water flows slowly in tiny drops, it drips. The movement of water in this way is called a drip.
  90. foster
    • encourage or promote the development of (something, typically something regarded as good).
    • the teacher's task is to foster learning
    • promote the growth of; nurture
  91. munch
    chew noisily; crunch
  92. grin
    smile broadly, especially in an unrestrained manner and with the mouth open
  93. raging
    • showing violent uncontrollable anger
    • angry, furious, enraged
  94. yap
    bark in a high-pitched tone; yelp
  95. arbiter
    • one who can resolve a dispute, make a decision
    • The divorce court judge will serve as the arbiter between the estranged husband and wife.
  96. estrange
    cause (someone) to be no longer close or affectionate to someone; alienate
  97. arbitration
    • the process or act of resolving a dispute
    • The employee sought official arbitration when he could not resolve a disagreement with his supervisor.
  98. arrogate
    • to take without justification
    • The king arrogated the right to order executions to himself exclusively.
  99. artifact
    • a remaining piece from an extinct culture or place
    • The scientists spent all day searching the cave for artifacts from the ancient Mayan civilization
  100. ascertain
    • to perceive, learn
    • With a bit of research, the student ascertained that some plants can live for weeks without water

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