vocab 4

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Author:
Teodor
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303049
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vocab 4
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2015-05-20 20:14:16
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eng
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  1. aspersion
    • a curse, expression of ill-will
    • he rival politicians repeatedly cast aspersions on each others’ integrity
  2. aspire
    • direct one's hopes or ambitions toward achieving something
    • The young poet aspires to publish a book of verse someday.
  3. verse
    A poem — especially one that rhymes — is called verse. The children's author Dr. Seuss wrote in verse, and the regular rhymes of "The Cat in the Hat" helped generations of children learn to read.
  4. assail
    • to attack
    • At dawn, the war planes assailed the boats in the harbor.
  5. assess
    • to evaluate
    • A crew arrived to assess the damage after the crash
  6. atypical
    • not typical, unusual
    • Screaming and crying is atypical adult behavior.
  7. audible
    • able to be heard
    • The missing person’s shouts were unfortunately not audible
  8. bashful
    • shy, excessively timid
    • Frankie’s mother told him not to be bashful when he refused to attend the birthday party
  9. battery
    • 1.(n.) a device that supplies power
    • 2. (n.)assault, beating
    • Her husband was accused of assault and battery after he attacked a man on the sidewalk.
  10. behemoth
    • something of tremendous power or size
    • The new aircraft carrier is among several behemoths that the Air Force has added to its fleet
  11. bereft
    • devoid of, without
    • His family was bereft of food and shelter following the tornado
  12. bereave
    • be deprived of a loved one through a profound absence, especially due to the loved one's death.
    • take away possessions from someone through death
  13. beseech
    • to beg, plead, implore
    • The servant beseeched the king for food to feed his starving family
  14. bias
    • a tendency, inclination, prejudice
    • The judge’s hidden bias against smokers led him to make an unfair decision
  15. blandish
    • to coax by using flattery
    • Rachel’s assistant tried to blandish her into accepting the deal.
  16. blight
    • 1. a plague, disease
    • The potato blight destroyed the harvest and bankrupted many families.
    • 2. something that destroys hope
    • His bad morale is a blight upon this entire operation
  17. boon
    • a gift or blessing
    • The good weather has been a boon for many businesses located near the beach
  18. brazen
    • excessively bold, brash, shameless, unabashed
    • Critics condemned the novelist’s brazen attempt to plagiarize Hemingway’s story
  19. buffet
    • (v.) to strike with force
    • The strong winds buffeted the ships, threatening to capsize them
  20. capsize
    To capsize is to overturn, and it usually happens to boats. Don't rock the boat, baby, or you might just capsize.
  21. cadence
    • a rhythm, progression of sound
    • The pianist used the foot pedal to emphasize the cadence of the sonata
  22. camaraderie
    • brotherhood, jovial unity, good friendship and loyalty
    • Camaraderie among employees usually leads to success in business.
  23. canvas
    • 1. (n.) a piece of cloth on which an artist paints 
    • Picasso liked to work on canvas rather than on bare cement.
    • 2. (v.) to cover, inspect 
    • We canvassed the neighborhood looking for clues
  24. carouse
    • to party, celebrate
    • We caroused all night after getting married
  25. carp
    • to annoy, pester
    • The husband divorced his wife after listening to her carping voice for decades.
  26. cavort
    • jump, leap or dance around excitedly.
    • The adults ate their dinners on the patio,while the children cavorted around the pool
  27. cherish
    • to feel or show affection toward something
    • She continued to cherish her red plaid trousers, even though they had gone out of style and no longer fit her
  28. plaid
    a cloth having a crisscross design
  29. chide
    • to voice disapproval
    • Lucy chided Russell for his vulgar habits and sloppy appearance
  30. cleave
    Cleave, a verb, has two very different meanings. It can describe cutting or splitting something apart with a sharp instrument, or — oddly enough — it can describe sticking to something like glue.
  31. retch
    • an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting, feel like vomiting
    • the sour taste made her retch
  32. cloying
    • disgust or sicken (someone) with an excess of sweetness, richness, or sentiment
    • Though Ronald was physically attractive, Susan found his constant compliments and solicitous remarks cloying
  33. cobbler
    • a person who makes or repairs shoes
    • I had my neighborhood cobbler replace my worn-out leather soles with new ones.
  34. colossus
    The original colossus was an enormous statue that was supposed to have guarded the ancient Greek island and city of Rhodes. Now, though, we use the noun colossus for someone of huge importance, reputation, or influence.
  35. commendation
    • a notice of approval or recognition
    • Jared received a commendation from Linda, his supervisor, for his stellar performance
  36. commensurate
    The word commensurate has to do with things that are similar in size and therefore appropriate. Many people think the death penalty is a commensurate punishment for murder. In other words, the penalty fits the crime.
  37. commodious
    • roomy
    • Holden invited the three women to join him in the back seat of the taxicab, assuring them that the car was quite commodious.
  38. concede
    to accept as valid–usually in an unwilling way and often in the context of a competition, as in "At midnight, the candidate finally conceded defeat."
  39. concoct
    When you concoct something, you mix up different ingredients. If you want to become a mad scientist or a wizard, you'll have to learn how to concoct strange potions.
  40. condolence
    • an expression of sympathy in sorrow
    • Brian lamely offered his condolences on the loss of his sister’s roommate’s cat
  41. confidant
    a person entrusted with secrets
  42. conformist
    • a person who conforms to accepted behavior or established practices
    • traditionalist, conservative, stickler
    • Julian was such a conformist that he had to wait and see if his friends would do something before he would commit.
  43. congenial
    A congenial person is easy to get along with. If you're trying to decide which of your friends to take on a road trip, choose the most congenial one; easygoing
  44. congregation
    • a gathering of people, especially for religious services
    • The priest told the congregation that he would be retiring
  45. congruity
    • the quality of being in agreement
    • Bill and Veronica achieved a perfect congruity of opinion
  46. connive
    • To connive is to plan or plot to do something illegal or wrong. Conniving is considered dishonest and cowardly
    • She connived to get me to give up my future plans
  47. consensus
    • an agreement of opinion
    • The jury was able to reach a consensus only after days of deliberation
  48. consign
    • to give something over to another’s care
    • Unwillingly, he consigned his mother to a nursing home
  49. consonant
    • in harmony
    • The singers’ consonant voices were beautiful
  50. constituent
    • an essential part
    • The most important constituent of her perfume is something called ambergris.
  51. impiety
    • Impiety is a disrespect for the sacred
    • Irreverence toward God.
  52. implacable
    Incapable of being pacified.
  53. importunate
    persistent, especially to the point of annoyance or intrusion.
  54. importune
    importune is to beg, but use it only when you're talking about going beyond mere begging into more urgent territory
  55. improvident
    • Lacking foresight or thrift.
    • improvident and undisciplined behavior
  56. impugn
    To impugn means to call into question or attack as wrong
  57. insinuations
    • an unpleasant hint or suggestion of something bad
    • I've done nothing to deserve all your vicious insinuations
  58. vicious
    Vicious is an adjective that means intentionally harmful or nasty.
  59. impute
    represent (something, especially something undesirable) as being done, caused, or possessed by someone; attribute
  60. inane
    silly; stupid; senseless
  61. inchoate
    Incipient
  62. inculcate
    To teach by frequent repetitions. useful technique for vocabulary study
  63. indistinct
    Vague
  64. ineluctable
    Impossible to avoid
  65. infuse
    To instill, introduce, or inculcate, as principles or qualities.
  66. ingenuous
    Candid, frank, or open in character or quality.
  67. inimical
    To be inimical is to be harmful, antagonistic, or opposed to — like smoking two packs a day is to healthy lungs; Adverse
  68. insensible
    without one's mental faculties, typically a result of violence or intoxication; unconscious
  69. insinuate
    To imply; suggest or hint  in an indirect way.
  70. insouciant
    showing a casual lack of concern; indifferent.
  71. insurrection
    The state of being in active resistance to authority.
  72. interdict
    • Authoritative act of prohibition.
    •  If your parents find out you're planning a party for a time when they're away , they will interdict it.
  73. interim
    Time between acts or periods
  74. intransigent
    • unwilling or refusing to change one's views or to agree about something
    • uncompromising, inflexible, unbending
  75. inundate
    • overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with. 
    • To fill with an overflowing abundance; flood
  76. inure
    To harden or toughen by use, exercise, or exposure
  77. inveigh
    To utter vehement censure or invective.
  78. inveterate
    having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change.
  79. invincible
    • Not to be conquered, subdued, or overcome
    • too powerful to be defeated or overcome
  80. iota
    • an extremely small amount.
    • A small or insignificant mark or part
  81. irate
    • On the anger scale, first comes annoyed, then cross, then furious, then irate. When cartoon characters are irate smoke comes out of their ears. Use this word only when someone is so mad they scare you.
    • Moved to anger.
  82. junta
    a military or political group that rules a country after taking power by force
  83. lackadaisical
    lacking in spirit or liveliness; Listless
  84. lascivious
    Use lascivious to describe a person's behavior that is driven by thoughts of sex. If someone gives you a lascivious smile, they've got only one thing in mind; Lustful
  85. laudatory
    (of speech or writing) expressing praise and commendation.
  86. legacy
    • A bequest, inheritance, heritage
    • an amount of money or property left to someone in a will.
  87. levee
    A levee is an embankment, like a dam, constructed to prevent the overflow of a body of water.
  88. licentious
    • Someone who is licentious behaves or speaks inappropriately, usually in regards to sex.
    • wanton, dissolute, dissipated, debauched, degenerate, immoral
  89. promiscuous
    • having or characterized by many transient sexual relationships
    • she's a wild, promiscuous girl
  90. listless
    • Inattentive
    • (of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm
  91. supple
    • bending and moving easily and gracefully; flexible
    • her supple fingers
    • lithe, limber, lissome, willowy, flexible
  92. lugubrious
    • Funerals are lugubrious. So are rainy days and Mondays. Anything that makes you sad, gloomy, or mournful can be called lugubrious.
    • sorrowful
  93. lustrous
    • In shampoo commercials, the hair you see swinging is lustrous. It is brilliant, in the shiny sense.
    • Shining
  94. malaise
    • A condition of uneasiness or ill-being
    • unhappiness, uneasiness, unease, discomfort
  95. malcontent
    One who is dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs.
  96. massacre
    The unnecessary and indiscriminate killing of human beings.
  97. mawkish
    • sentimental in a feeble or sickly way
    • sentimental, over sentimental, maudlin
  98. mellifluous
    (of a voice or words) sweet or smoothly flowing; pleasant to hear.
  99. mendicant
    A beggar.
  100. meretricious
    • apparently attractive but having in reality no value or integrity
    • Alluring by false or gaudy show.
    • cheap, tawdry, trashy

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