vocab 7

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vocab 7
2015-05-20 20:35:06
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  1. inquisitor
    • one who inquires, especially in a hostile manner
    • The inquisitor was instructed to knock on every door in town in order to find the fugitive.
  2. fugitive
    • a person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution.
    • fugitives from justice
    • escapee, runaway, deserter, absconder; refugee
  3. integral
    Something that is integral is very important or necessary. If you are an integral part of the team, it means that the team cannot function without you.
  4. interject
    • to insert between other things
    • During our conversation, the cab driver occasionally interjected his opinion
  5. interminable
    • without possibility of end
    • The fact that biology lectures came just before lunch made them seem interminable
  6. intimation
    • an indirect suggestion
    • Mr. Brinford’s intimation that he would soon pass away occurred when he began to discuss how to distribute his belongings among his children.
  7. iridescent
    • showing rainbow colors
    • The bride’s large diamond ring was iridescent in the afternoon sun.
  8. knell
    • the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death
    • Echoing throughout our village, the funeral knell made the stormy day even more grim
  9. kudos
    If you're really good at judo, you will get kudos, or praise and congratulations, for your speed and strength
  10. larceny
    • obtaining another’s property by theft or trickery
    • When my car was not where I had left it, I realized that I was a victim of larceny.
  11. legerdemain
    When a magician waves his hands over a hat and pulls out a rabbit, he is performing an act of legerdemain or trickery; deception
  12. lenient
    If you're not overly strict, and you show tolerance and mercy when someone does something wrong, you're being lenient.
  13. lethargic
    When you feel lethargic, you're sluggish or lacking energy. Being sleepy or hungry can make anyone lethargic
  14. licentious
    • Someone who is licentious behaves or speaks inappropriately, usually in regards to sex.
    • displaying a lack of moral or legal restraints
    • Marilee has always been fascinated by the licentious private lives of politicians
  15. limpid
    • clear, transparent
    • Mr. Johnson’s limpid writing style greatly pleased readers who disliked complicated novels
    • Nature calendars often feature glamour shots of a limpid stream or a limpid lake.
  16. litigant
    A litigant is someone involved in a lawsuit. The person who sues and the person who gets sued are both litigants.
  17. manifold
    Manifold is a smarty-pants way to say "varied," "many," or "multiple." There are many good reasons to expand your vocabulary, so you could say the benefits of learning new words are manifold.
  18. meritorious
    • worthy of esteem or reward
    • Manfred was given the congressional medal of honor for his meritorious actions
  19. mitigate
    • to make less violent, alleviate
    • When I had an awful sore throat, only warm tea would mitigate the pain
  20. modulate
    • To modulate is to change the pitch of something
    • to pass from one state to another
    • The composer wrote a piece that modulated between minor and major keys
  21. morass
    • a wet swampy bog; figuratively, something that traps and confuses
    • When Theresa lost her job, she could not get out of her financial morass
  22. mutable
    Something or someone that is mutable is subject to change. Mutable weather can go from sunny, to rainy and windy, and back to sunny again.
  23. nascent
    in the process of being born or coming into existence for example a civilization, a trend, an idea, or an action
  24. nocturnal
    • relating to or occurring during the night
    • Jackie was a nocturnal person; she would study until dawn and sleep until the evening
  25. nondescript
    • lacking a distinctive character
    • I was surprised when I saw the moviestar in person because she looked nondescript
  26. nurture
    • to assist the development of
    • Although Serena had never watered the plant,which was about to die, Javier was able to nurture it back to life
  27. ostensible
    • appearing as such, seemingly
    • Jack’s ostensible reason for driving was that airfare was too expensive, but in reality, he was afraid of flying.
  28. palette
    A palette is a range of colors. It is also the board that artists use to hold and mix paint. Picture Picasso in his blue period: He is holding a palette on which you see a limited palette of blue tones.
  29. pallid
    • lacking color
    • Dr. Van Helsing feared that Lucy’s pallid complexion was due to an unexplained loss of blood.
  30. pathos
    • an emotion of sympathy
    • Martha filled with pathos upon discovering the scrawny, shivering kitten at her door
  31. scrawny
    Scrawny is an insulting way to describe someone who's very thin and weak. You might be surprised by how lifting weights transformed your scrawny teammate to a muscular athlete by the end of the season.
  32. penitent
    • remorseful, regretful
    • The jury’s verdict may have been more lenient ifthe criminal had appeared penitent for his gruesome crimes
  33. penultimate
    • next to last
    • Having smoked the penultimate cigarette remaining in the pack, Cybil discarded the last cigarette and resolved to quit smoking
  34. perfidious
    • disloyal, unfaithful
    • After the official was caught selling government secrets to enemy agents, he was executed for his perfidious ways
  35. pert
    • flippant, bold
    • My parents forgave Sandra’s pert humor at the dinner table because it had been so long since they had last seen her
  36. pertinacious
    • stubbornly persistent
    • Harry’s parents were frustrated with his pertinacious insistence that a monster lived in his closet. Then they opened the closet door and were eaten
  37. perusal
    • a careful examination, review
    • The actor agreed to accept the role after a two-month perusal of the movie script.
  38. plunder
    • steal goods from (a place or person), typically using force and in a time of war or civil disorder
    • pillage, loot, rob, raid, ransack, despoil
  39. pittance
    • a very small amount, especially relating to money
    • Josh complained that he was paid a pittance for the great amount of work he did at the firm.
  40. reimbursement
    Reimbursement is an act of compensating someone for an expense
  41. plenitude
    • an abundance
    • My grandmother was overwhelmed by the plenitude of tomatoes her garden yielded this season
  42. pliable
    • flexible
    • Aircraft wings are designed to be somewhat pliable so they do not break in heavy turbulence.
  43. polemic
    • an aggressive argument against a specific opinion
    • My brother launched into a polemic against my arguments that capitalism was an unjust economic system
  44. preponderance
    • superiority in importance or quantity
    • Britain’s preponderance of naval might secured the nation’s role as a military power
  45. prepossessing
    • creating a favorable impression; attractive, beautiful, pretty
    • Her prepossessing appearance made it impossible for me to think of anything else.
  46. prescribe
    To prescribe is make orders or give directions for something to be done. These days, the word is mainly used by doctors who prescribe medications to take.
  47. primeval
    • original, ancient
    • The first primates to walk on two legs, called Australopithecus, were the primeval descendants of modern man
  48. privation
    • lacking basic necessities
    • After decades of rule by an oppressive government that saw nothing wrong with stealing from its citizens, the recent drought only increased the people’s privation.
  49. promulgate
    • to proclaim, make known
    •  Your state may announce a plan to promulgate a new traffic law on January 1st.
  50. prowess
    • extraordinary ability
    • The musician had never taken a guitar lesson in his life, making his prowess with the instrument even more incredible
  51. petty
    • of little importance; trivial
    • If you host world leaders and spend more time picking napkins than memorizing names, you're focused on petty things.
  52. obsolete
    • something that is out of date
    • downloadable digital music files made compact discs obsolete
  53. imply
    • to express, suggest, or show something without stating it directly
    •  A friend’s gruff manner would imply that she’s in a foul mood.
  54. legible
    • (of handwriting or print) clear enough to read
    • the original typescript is scarcely legible
  55. impertinent
    • not showing proper respect; rude
    • kid in the back row of class quietly heckling his teacher, you can call him impertinent
  56. heckle
    • interrupt (a public speaker) with derisive or aggressive comments or abuse
    • give someone a hard time
    • he was heckled by the drunk in the back of the room
  57. limbo
    an uncertain period of awaiting a decision or resolution; an intermediate state or condition
  58. malinger
    exaggerate or feign illness in order to escape duty or work
  59. avarice
    • extreme greed for wealth or material gain
    • It's one of what some call "the seven deadly sins."
  60. admonition
    • authoritative counsel or warning
    • the old judge's admonition to the jury on this point was particularly weighty
  61. contemptible
    • deserving contempt; despicable
    • Your desire to bring to justice the contemptible coward who stole your last chocolate bar seemed noble, until you realized you'd eaten it the night before :)
  62. degrading
    • humiliating
    • cruel or degrading treatment
  63. menial
    • A menial task is anything that takes very little training, skill, or talent.
    • Some people find it relaxing to do the menial chore of folding laundry. Go figure.
  64. obscure
    • not discovered or known about; uncertain
    • his origins and parentage are obscure
  65. pandemonium
    • chaos, total and utter craziness
    • like the stampede after your team won the championship, when everyone spilled onto the field at once, bouncing off each other
  66. stampede
    • a sudden panicked rush of a number of horses, cattle, or other animals
    • During the holidays, desperate parents might stampede the mall, especially the toy stores
  67. presumptuous
    • used of temperament or behavior; lacking restraint or modesty; arrogant
    • I hope I won't be considered presumptuous if I offer some advice
  68. bogus
    • fake
    • a bogus dollar bill is counterfeit
  69. counterfeit
    • A counterfeit is a fake or a forgery
    • If you painted an uncanny copy of the "Mona Lisa" and tried to pass it off as the original, you'd have a counterfeit on your hands.
  70. uncanny
    • mysterious, strange, or unfamiliar that it seems supernatural
    • If you hear strange music echoing through your attic, you might refer to it as positively uncanny
  71. vacillate
    • to waver back and forth, unable to decide
    • You might vacillate between the blonde or brunette girl to ask for a date
  72. transgress
    • When you go beyond the boundaries, either physically or morally, you transgress
    • A river will transgress its banks as it floods, and students who cheat transgress school rules.
  73. indulgent
    • lenient, or overly generous
    • parents are often indulgent to their kids
  74. dissident
    • a person who opposes official policy, especially that of an authoritarian state
    • a dissident who had been jailed by a military regime
  75. leisurely
    something that is unhurried and easygoing, like the leisurely bike ride you may take home when you know have a lot of work waiting for you there.
  76. saunter
    walk in a slow, relaxed manner, without hurry or effort
  77. falter
    • start to lose strength or momentum
    • So if you want to keep your bride or groom happy, it's best not to falter when it's your turn to say "I do."
  78. tentative
    • not certain or fixed; provisional
    • On Monday, you can make tentative plans for the weekend, but it's too early to commit to one party or another.
  79. redundant
    • not or no longer needed or useful; superfluous
    • Teachers often tell students to avoid being redundant — meaning avoid saying something twice or more
  80. garrulous
    • person just won’t stop talking 
    • and talking, and talking, and talking...
  81. voluble
    • The word voluble describes talking continuously, fluently, at great length, in a steady flow. 
    • You'll know it when you meet voluble talkers: they just keep rolling on and on
  82. mundane
    • An ordinary, unexciting thing can be called mundane
    • I'm seeking a way out of my mundane, humdrum existence
  83. scrupulous
    very careful to do things properly and correctly, such as paying friends back for money borrowed right away, or not returning a pair of shoes after they've been worn outdoors.
  84. disdainful
    • scornful and arrogant
    • To be disdainful is to act mean and superior
  85. depraved
    • way to describe perverse behavior lacking moral decency
    • Some rock stars seek out a depraved reputation, but it's mostly for show — they can be as dull as the rest of us.
  86. reluctantly
    • with hesitation, doubt or dread
    • You might reluctantly walk into the dentist's office for your appointment, knowing that your mouth would soon be in pain
  87. fetch
    • To fetch something is to go and get it.
    • "Go fetch!" you might shout after your dog while throwing a stick into the yard.
  88. amble
    • An amble is a leisurely, pleasurable walk.
    • Care to take an amble down a pleasant country road instead of reading the rest of this word description? That would certainly be understandable.
  89. perch
    • temporary resting place.
    • In the middle of climbing a tree, you might find a good perch on a high branch. Bet some birds will be perching there too
  90. woozy
    Dizzy; having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling
  91. squalid
    • extremely dirty and unpleasant, especially as a result of poverty or neglect
    • like a frat house (college housing) after a semester of hard partying and zero cleanup
  92. solicitous
    • attentive, caring and concerned
    • Use this word if you or someone else is eager to do something
  93. obfuscate
    • something is darkened, less clear, or more obscure
    • Politicians often obfuscate the truth about the issues to win support for their positions so they can win elections.
  94. lurid
    sensational; presented in vividly shocking or sensational terms, especially giving explicit details of crimes or sexual matters
  95. quiescent
    • The adjective quiescent means "being quiet and still,"
    • like the quiescent moments lying in a hammock on a beautiful summer Sunday.
  96. pity
    feel sympathy for someone else's suffering
  97. evoke
    • arouse, elicit; bring or recall to the conscious mind; call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
    • No matter how many different ways the detective questioned the suspect, he could not elicit/evoke any response.
  98. explicit
    • stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
    • the speaker's intentions were not made explicit
  99. deem
    • regard or consider in a specified way
    • the event was deemed a great success
  100. intrinsic
    • belonging naturally; essential
    • An intrinsic quality of dogs is that they're loyal