vocab 8

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Teodor
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303053
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vocab 8
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2015-05-20 20:40:30
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  1. punitive
    • involving punishment
    • If caught smoking in the boys’ room, the punitive result is immediate expulsion from school
  2. expulsion
    • the action of depriving someone of membership in an organization.
    • expulsion from school
  3. putrid
    • rotten, foul
    • Those rotten eggs smell putrid
  4. quell
    • Meaning to suppress or overcome, quell is what you have to do with nerves before a big test and fears before going skydiving.
    • The skilled leader deftly quelled the rebellion
  5. rail
    • to scold, protest
    • The professor railed against the injustice of the college’s tenure policy
  6. rapport
    • mutual understanding and harmony
    • If you have good rapport with your neighbors, they won't mind if you kick your ball onto their property every now and then.
  7. rash
    A rash is something that spreads like wild fire — red itchy skin or a series of unfortunate events. It can also describe an impulsive, wild decision.
  8. rebuked
    • to scold, criticize
    • When the cops showed up at Sarah’s party, they rebuked her for disturbing the peace
  9. defiant
    recalcitrant, intransigent, resistant, obstinate, uncooperative
  10. reciprocate
    • respond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.
    • the favor was reciprocated
  11. rectitude
    morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness
  12. regurgitate
    • 1. to vomit
    • 2. to throw back exactly
    • Margaret rushed through the test, regurgitating all of the facts she’d memorized an hour earlier
  13. relish
    • to enjoy
    • Pete always relished his bedtime snack
  14. remedial
    • If you know that a remedy is a type of medicine, then you have a clue to the meaning of remedial
    • tending or intended to rectify or improve
  15. remiss
    • negligent, failing to take care
    • The burglar gained entrance because the security guard, remiss in his duties, forgot to lock the door
  16. renunciation
    • to reject
    • Fiona’s renunciation of red meat resulted in weight loss, but confused those people who thought she’d been a vegetarian for years
  17. repentant
    • penitent, sorry
    • The repentant Dennis apologized profusely for breaking his mother’s vase
  18. repose
    • to rest, lie down
    • The cat, after eating an entire can of tuna fish, reposed in the sun and took a long nap
  19. reprieve
    • cancel or postpone the punishment
    • Because the governor woke up in a particularly good mood, he granted hundreds of reprieves to prisoners
  20. repulse
    • 1. to disgust; cause aversion in
    • 2. to push back
    • With a deft movement of her wrist and a punch to the stomach, Lacy repulsed Jack’s attempt to kiss her.)
  21. reputable
    having a good reputation
  22. restitution
    • restoration to the rightful owner
    • Many people feel that descendants of slaves should receive restitution for the sufferings of their ancestors
  23. descendants
    all of the offspring of a given progenitor
  24. revoke
    • to take back
    • After missing the curfew set by the court for eight nights in a row, Marcel’s freedom of movement was revoked.
  25. curfew
    Curfew is a rule or law that sets a time that certain people have to be off the streets. A town may set a curfew for teenagers, for example, although many parents impose a stricter curfew for their own kids
  26. rhapsodize
    • something spoken about with extreme enthusiasm
    • The critic rhapsodized about the movie, calling it an instant classic
  27. salve
    semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
  28. scathing
    • sharp, critical, hurtful
    • Two hours after breaking up with Russell, Suzanne thought of the perfect scathing retort to his accusations.
  29. retort
    • What's a retort? It's a reply that's short. 
    • "Why did the monkey fall out of the tree; please give me a report?" I said "The monkey's dead," with a dry retort.
  30. withering
    • intended to make someone feel mortified or humiliated
    • scornful, contemptuous, scathing, stinging
  31. scintillating
    Something scintillating is flashing briefly and sharply with light. Scintillating conversations are smart and captivating
  32. semaphore
    • a visual signal
    • Anne and Diana communicated with a semaphore involving candles and window shades
  33. seminal
    • original, important, creating a field
    • Picasso probably produced more than a few seminal works of art, for example.
  34. sobriety
    • Sobriety is the state of being sober, which can mean either not intoxicated or being solemn
    • sedate, calm
    • Jason believed that maintaining his sobriety in times of crisis was the key to success in life
  35. solipsistic
    • believing that oneself is all that exists
    • extreme egocentrism
    • Colette’s solipsistic attitude completely ignored the plight of the homeless people on the street
  36. speculative
    • not based in fact
    • Sadly, Tessa was convicted on merely speculative evidence
  37. sublime
    In common use, sublime is an adjective meaning "awe-inspiringly grand, excellent, or impressive," like the best chocolate fudge sundae you've ever had.
  38. swarthy
    Swarthy means dark skinned. If you like tall, dark and handsome girls, you find a swarthy complexion attractive.
  39. tangential
    • Tangential refers to something that's not part of the whole. If you make a comment that is tangential to the story you're telling, it's a digression. The story could still be understood without it.
    • of superficial relevance if any
  40. tantamount
    When something is tantamount to another thing it is essentially its equivalent. For some animal activists, wearing fur is tantamount to murder
  41. tenable
    • able to be defended or maintained
    • To be tenable is to be evidence-based and well-founded.
  42. toady
    one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors
  43. tremulous
    • fearful, shaky and quivering
    • If you're nervous at your first big job interview, your hands might be a little tremulous.
  44. unctuous
    You might know the idea of the adjective unctuous by other words like "oily," "smarmy," or overly "flattering." When a person is unctuous, you can't trust their kindness, because they usually want something in return.
  45. vicarious
    • If something is vicarious, it delivers a feeling or experience from someone else. If your child becomes a big star, you might have a vicarious experience of celebrity.
    • experiencing through another
  46. vindictive
    • vengeful
    • The vindictive madman seeks to exact vengeance for any insult that he perceives is directed at him, no matter how small
  47. wallow
    To wallow is to roll about in something, as a pig wallows in mud or a billionaire wallows in money.
  48. wizened
    • "You're looking quite wizened today," is a something you should never, ever say to your grandmother, no matter how shriveled with age she might be.
    • dry, shrunken, wrinkled
  49. yoke
    • to join, link
    • We yoked together the logs by tying a string around them
  50. zephyr
    • a gentle breeze
    • If not for the zephyrs that were blowing and cooling us, our room would’ve been unbearably hot.)
  51. flippant
    • not showing a serious or respectful attitude;
    • when one of your guests spill a glass of red wine on your new carpet and say "Whatever," you could say the person is being flippant
  52. appease
    Appease means to make or preserve peace with a nation, group, or person by giving in to their demands, or to relieve a problem, as in "the cold drink appeased his thirst."
  53. console
    Perhaps you avoid babysitting your baby brother because you're worried that if he starts to cry, you won’t be able to console him or make him feel better. Or maybe you just hate changing diapers
  54. zealot
    fanatic; a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals
  55. itinerant
    An itinerant is a person who moves from place to place, typically for work, like the itinerant preacher who moves to a new community every few years
  56. obdurate
    Obdurate is a formal word meaning stubborn. If you want to major in English, but your parents are obdurate that you should go premed, they might go so far as to threaten not to pay your tuition
  57. sorcery
    Using spells, believing in evil spirits, and other examples of witchcraft are all part of sorcery. Sorcery is popular with wizards and witches and anyone else with a bubbling caldron.
  58. necromancy
    Spooky, sneaky, powerful and strange,necromancy is the art of raising the spirits of the dead, either for their predictions about the future, or their ghostly help in making something happen.
  59. oblivious
    If you don't notice or aren't aware, it means that the adjective oblivious applies to you!
  60. obsequious
    If you disapprove of the overly submissive way someone is acting — like the teacher's pet or a celebrity's assistant — call them by the formal adjective obsequious.
  61. obstreperous
    Obstreperous means boisterous, noisy, aggressive, defiant. You've probably seen an obstreperous child in the grocery store, pulling away from her mother, screaming at the top of her lungs.
  62. obsolescent
    Recycling bins, garbage dumps, and junkyards are filled with obsolescent stuff — computers, televisions, cars, and everything else that's discarded because it's not the latest thing anymore.
  63. litter
    If everyone decided to litter, or drop trash on the ground, the world would be covered in garbage. Litter doesn't always have to be trashy though. When a cat has kittens, they are born as a litter.
  64. ravage
    The word ravage can be used as a noun or a verb meaning destruction or to destroy. In a war, bombs and the attacking army will ravage the country under siege( surrounded on all sides); devastate, ruin, destroy
  65. surplus
    A surplus is something extra or left over. If your tree produces more apples than you can eat, you can make apple-sauce with the surplus of apples.
  66. hastily
    When you do something hastily you rush through it in a hurried manner. If you write an essay hastily, don't expect an A.
  67. irrigation
    Irrigation is the watering of land to make it ready for agriculture. If you want to start a strawberry farm in the desert, irrigation will be necessary.
  68. realm
    A realm is an area that is ruled by something. If you are a controlling cook who doesn’t like anyone to do anything else in the kitchen, then the kitchen is your realm
  69. eternal
    If something lasts forever or even it if just feels like it’s going to last forever, you could call it eternal, which means that it goes on and on and will never change or end.
  70. bustle
    • A flurry of activity and commotion is often referred to as bustle. If you want to see true bustle in action, just walk through Times Square in New York during lunch hour.
    • rush, dash, hurry
  71. foray
    • a sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something; a raid
    • the foray was met with little resistance
    • raid, attack, assault, incursion
  72. medieval
    Use the adjective medieval to describe something from the Middle Ages, or something so backwards that it might as well be from the Middle Ages. A teacher once rapped your knuckles with a ruler as punishment? That’s practically medieval!
  73. akin
    If two things are akin, then they're similar or related. A cupcake is akin to a cake and relatives are akin to each other.
  74. paroxysm
    • a sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity
    • a paroxysm of weeping
    • convulsion, seizure, outburst, eruption
  75. plague
    When the homeowner described her ant problem as a plague, the exterminator thought she was being a bit melodramatic. After all, a few bugs aren't exactly a huge calamity.
  76. nettlesome
    causing irritation or annoyance
  77. barrack
    provide (soldiers) with accommodations in a building or set of buildings.
  78. swaddle
    When you swaddle a baby, you wrap her in a blanket. Parents often swaddle a crying newborn to soothe and comfort her.
  79. coddle
    treat in an indulgent or overprotective way
  80. brink
    The brink of something is the very edge of it. If you want to give your mom a good scare, stand on the brink of a steep cliff and slowly lean forward.
  81. contrite
    We are sorry to inform you that the adjective contrite means to feel regret, remorse, or even guilt.
  82. proffer
    If you present something for acceptance or rejection, you proffer it. Say your mom is under so much stress she forgets her own birthday. You may want to proffer her some advice, like, "Quit that job."
  83. huff
    • the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
    • he was huffing under a heavy load
  84. ponder
    • think about (something) carefully, especially before making a decision or reaching a conclusion.
    • I pondered the question of what clothes to wear for the occasion
  85. inquire
    The verb inquire means "to ask for information." If you wonder about how the world began, you inquire about its origin.
  86. lament
    If you are really upset or sorry about something, you might lament it. A lament is full of regret and grief.
  87. torturous
    Torturous describes anything that involves terrible suffering. Visiting a veal farm and witnessing the torturous conditions the calves are kept in might convince you to become a vegetarian.
  88. tumultuous
    • making a loud, confused noise; uproarious.
    • tumultuous applause
  89. affirmative
    Affirmative is a word for confirming or approving things. A formal way of saying "Yes" is "Affirmative!"
  90. twig
    a slender woody shoot growing from a branch or stem of a tree or shrub
  91. wither
    Wither means to shrivel up or shrink. If you forget to water your plants for six weeks, they'll wither — they'll dry up and you probably won't be able to bring them back to life.
  92. prune
    To prune means to clip, crop, cut back, and weed out. Pruning usually happens to overgrown trees and bushes, but can also be helpful for wild eyebrows and guest lists that are too long.
  93. agenda
    An agenda is a list of things to do. If you're going to attend a meeting with a long agenda, you'll want to take your coffee mug along.
  94. cog
    • An engine needs each of its part to work. It has gears which have wheels. Each wheel has cogs, or tiny teeth that fit together, making the wheel turn, the engine run. Every cog is essential to that engine.
    • cogs to mesh
  95. inept
    • A clumsy, incompetent person — or an ineffective action — is inept. When you're inept, you don't know what you're doing or just can't get it done.
    • incompetent, unskillful, unskilled
  96. vex
    If something vexes you, it brings you trouble or difficulty. In other words, it annoys, worries, distresses, irritates, bothers, or puzzles you.
  97. beguile
    To beguile is to trick someone, either with deception or with irresistible charm and beauty. You could be beguiled by a super model or by a super con artist.
  98. gawky
    lacking grace in movement or posture
  99. alluring
    Something alluring is attractive and enticing, often in a sexual way. Alluring things are tempting.
  100. pithy
    • A pithy phrase or statement is brief but full of substance and meaning. Proverbs and sayings are pithy; newspaper columnists give pithy advice
    • terse, concise

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