vocab 12

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vocab 12
2015-05-20 21:45:50
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  1. exemplary
    • commendable; worthy of imitation 
    • Your positive attitude is exemplary.
  2. expedient
    • lucrative; practical, convenient
    • It would be expedient to take the tollway at this hour.
  3. extol
    • to praise; glorify 
    • We extol the virtues of those we love most.
  4. virtues /ˈvərCHo͞o/
    • behavior showing high moral standards
    • We extol the virtues of those we love most.
  5. extraneous
    • irrelevant or unrelated to the subject being dealt with
    • One is obliged to wade through many pages of extraneous material.
  6. wade
    • walk through water or another liquid or soft substance
    • One is obliged to wade through many pages of extraneous material.
  7. exuberance
    • the quality of being full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness
    • Puppies have a natural exuberance.
  8. fallacious
    • false; misleading; intended to deceive 
    • His fallacious testimony landed him in jail.
  9. fervor
    • intense and passionate feeling
    • Young men have fervor about defending their homelands.
  10. fledgling
    • young and inexperienced
    • Many fledgling real estate agents do not survive in the field.
  11. formidable
    • fear inspiring; difficult to overcome
    • Cancer is formidable adversary of modern medicine.
  12. adversary
    • ne's opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute
    • Cancer is formidable adversary of modern medicine.
  13. frivolous
    • not having any serious purpose or value, carefree
    • She has frivolous attitude about money.
  14. garble
    • mixed up; reproduce (a message, sound, or transmission) in a confused and distorted way
    • Your message was garble. Was your cell breaking up ?
  15. gauche
    • lacking ease or grace; unsophisticated and socially awkward
    • Rose was embarrassed by her gauche relatives.
  16. gravity
    • seriousness
    • The gravity of his illness worried the whole family.
  17. grueling
    • physically or mentally exhausting
    • Driving a truck is a grueling job.
  18. guile
    • sly or cunning intelligence; deceit; duplicity
    • A confidence man is full of guile.
  19. hackneyed
    • phrase or idea that have been overused
    • Hackneyed old sayings.
  20. haphazard
    • something that is done without care.
    • Hurriedly, we packed our bags in haphazard way.
  21. hardy
    • robust; capable of enduring difficult conditions
    • Our tiny frail baby has grown into a strapping hardy man.
  22. strapping
    • big and strong
    • Our tiny frail baby has grown into a strapping hardy man.
  23. heed
    • pay attention to; take notice of; consider
    • It is crucial to heed tornado warnings in the Midwest.
  24. heist
    • robbery at gunpoint
    • Jewel heists are a favorite theme of action movies.
  25. heretic
    • one who is dissents from accepted dogma
    • Heretics were banished or put to death.
  26. banished
    • send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment.
    • Heretics were banished or put to death.
  27. hindrance
    • block; obstacle
    • Having no good education is a huge hindrance today.
  28. hyperbole
    • exaggeration; overstatement
    • The media hyperbole that accompanied their championship series.
  29. iconoclast
    • a person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions
    • A political revolution is first an iconoclast.
  30. immutable
    • unchangeable
    • Nothing, not even the ocean is immutable.
  31. impassive
    • without feeling; stoical
    • The best poker player wear an impassive expression.
  32. incessant
    • uninterrupted; unceasing; continuing without pause or interruption
    • The incessant beat of the music
  33. unceasing
    • uninterrupted; continuing without pause or interruption
    • The unceasing efforts of the staff.
  34. incipient
    • in an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop
    • We seemed more like friends than incipient lovers.
  35. incisive
    • cutting; sharp
    • His incisive review showed his contempt of the novel.
  36. incite
    • to arouse to action; to motivate
    • One purpose of revolutionaries is to incite riots.
  37. riots
    • a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd
    • One purpose of revolutionaries is to incite riots.
  38. indigent
    • poor; needy; destitute
    • Indigent people with tin cups sat on every street corner.
  39. incontrovertible
    • not able to be denied or disputed.
    • The evidence against him was incontrovertible.
  40. incorrigible
    • not able to be corrected, improved, or reformed
    • Many criminals are incorrigible.
  41. indefatigable
    • tireless
    • An indefatigable defender of human rights.
  42. indict
    • to charge, especially  with a crime
    • Ex-Governor Ryan was indicted for racketeering.
  43. destitute
    • without the basic necessities of life
    • He charity cares for destitute children.
  44. indoctrinate
    • teach (a person or group) to accept a set of beliefs uncritically; brainwash, propagandize
    • He indoctrinated them in systematic theology.
  45. induce
    • persuade; to bring about
    • Nothing could induce Miriam to leave her sick baby.
  46. inexorable
    • relentless; unyielding; impossible to stop or prevent
    • The aging of the human body is inexorable process.
  47. infraction
    • violation of a rule or regulation
    • Minor infraction are tolerated; big one are fined.
  48. ingratiate
    • to gain the favor of another by effort.
    • He quickly ingratiated himself with his new boss.
  49. colloquial
    • informal, conversational language 
    • She just loved the colloquial expressions of her Southern in-laws.
  50. commiserate
    • express or feel sympathy or pity; sympathize
    • We commiserate over the lost of their home.
  51. intermittent
    • Reach for the adjective intermittent to describe periodic movement and stopping and starting over a period of time.
    • irregular, fitful,
  52. impede
    To impede something is to delay or block its progress or movement. Carrying a heavy backpack will impede your progress in trying to reach your final destination.
  53. bifurcate
    When you're walking through the woods, you sometimes see the path bifurcate, or split in two directions, and have to choose which way to continue. Bifurcate means to "divide into two branches."
  54. coincide
    When things happen at the same time, they are said to coincide.
  55. laden
    Something that is laden is weighted down by something heavy, like an apple tree that's laden with fruit.
  56. abut
    When something borders something else, it is said to abut it. The term is often used in real estate to refer to a lot line. Wouldn't it be nice to have your back yard abut a forest preserve or park?
  57. expectorate
    Looking for a fancy way to say "cough up phlegm"? Try expectorate.
  58. phlegm
    Phlegm is a thick secretion of mucous. It's hard to sleep when you have a bad cold and your throat is full of phlegm.
  59. bulge
    • a rounded swelling or protuberance that distorts a flat surface.
    • swelling, bump, lump, protuberance, prominence
  60. caveat
    A caveat is a warning. When someone adds a caveat to something they’re telling you to beware — maybe what they’re telling you comes with certain conditions or maybe there’s something dangerous lurking.
  61. deplete
    To deplete is to use up or consume a limited resource. Visiting relatives might deplete your refrigerator of food, or a pestering friend might deplete your patience.
  62. pester
    To pester someone is to annoyingly nag them about something. Pestering is repetitive and bothersome.
  63. unadorned
    Something unadorned has no decorations or frills. It's plain, like a room with nothing on the walls or a person wearing purely functional clothes and no accessories.
  64. ebb
    When something ebbs, it is declining, falling, or flowing away. The best time to look for sea creatures in tidal pools is when the tide is on the ebb — meaning it has receded from the shore.
  65. recede
    • go or move back or further away from a previous position
    • the flood waters had receded
  66. tatter
    a small piece of cloth or paper
  67. knead
    To knead is to massage, as you might knead a sore muscle to relieve the pain or knead bread dough before baking it.
  68. pucker
    Pucker is a verb for what happens when something smooth or flat gets folded up into little wrinkles, like how you pucker your lips when you go to kiss someone — you, wild flirt, you!
  69. bridle
    When you're riding a horse and scream "Whoa!" to make it stop, you're pulling on the reins, which are attached to a thing called the bridle, the buckled straps around a horse's head that help you control its movements.
  70. distensible
    capable of being distended; able to stretch and expand
  71. reflux
    • 1. the outward flow of the tide
    • flux and reflux - прилив и ��тлив
    • 1. an abnormal backward flow of body fluids
  72. tide
    The tide is the daily rise and fall of the sea level.
  73. intermingle
    mix or mingle together; blend
  74. sluggish
    • slow-moving or inactive
    • the economy is sluggish
  75. dreg
    a small amount of residue; a small remnant
  76. residue
    Residue is anything that's left over when a substance has been removed, like the grease left over on a frying pan. It can also mean, simply, "remainder."
  77. vestibule
    A vestibule is a little area just inside the main door of a building, but before a second door. You often find vestibules in churches, because they help keep heat from escaping every time someone enters or exits.
  78. clasp
    A bracelet is held together by a clasp. A girl who gets a nice one from her boyfriend might clasp her arms around him. A clasp is a fastener. To clasp is to hold tightly.
  79. buoyancy
    Buoyancy is a quality that makes things float in water. It's also a type of happiness: if you're full of buoyancy, you're mood is light and happy.
  80. commissure
    • 1. the joint between two bones.
    • 2. a band of nerve tissue connecting the hemispheres of the brain, the two sides of the spinal cord, etc.
  81. rendezvous
    Rendezvous is a very French way to say "meeting" or "date." So go ahead and call your next dentist appointment or lunch date with friends a rendezvous.
  82. convoluted
    If something is convoluted, it's intricate and hard to understand. You'll need to read over your brother's convoluted investment scheme a few times before deciding whether or not to go in on it.
  83. disparity
    • a great difference
    • economic disparities between different regions of the country
  84. oscillation
    Oscillation is the process of moving back and forth regularly, like the oscillation of a fan that cools off the whole room, or the oscillation of a movie plot that makes you laugh and cry.
  85. lurk
    To lurk is to creep around, hide out, and wait to attack. Your team’s strategy for winning capture the flag might be to lurk in the bushes for an hour until the opposing side thinks you gave up and went home
  86. subside
    • become less intense, violent, or severe.
    • I'll wait a few minutes until the storm subsides
  87. volatile
    • 1. (of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures
    • 2. liable to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
  88. swirl
    turn in a twisting or spinning motion
  89. gritty
    sandy, gravelly
  90. slough
    When you slough, you get rid of the rough. To slough is to remove an outer layer, like filing dry skin from feet. You can slough away emotions too, like the heebie-jeebies(feeling of anxiety) you get thinking about dead skin from people's feet. Ew.
  91. fasting
    abstaining from food
  92. unabashed
    To be unabashed is to be unembarrassed. When you're unabashed, you're confident and proud. You're letting it all hang out.
  93. abreast
    There's nothing worse than being stuck on a narrow path between two people walking abreast of one another. If they only knew you were there, they'd walk single file so you could pass them. Abreast means side by side.
  94. intimidation
    Intimidation is when you try to frighten a weaker person into doing what you want. You might use intimidation to get your brother to mow the lawn for you.
  95. retribution
    • Retribution is the act of taking revenge. If you pull a prank on someone, expect retribution.
    • payback, vengeance, revenge
  96. turbidity
    • muddiness created by stirring up sediment or having foreign particles suspended
    • cloudiness, muddiness, murkiness
  97. exquisite
    Exquisite describes something that is lovely, beautiful, or excellent. Exquisite pain or agony is very sharp and intense
  98. mending
    the act of putting something in working order again; fixing
  99. pejorative
    • expressing contempt or disapproval.
    • his remarks were considered too pejorative for daytime radio
    • disparaging, slanderous, libelous
  100. deride
    The verb deride means to make fun of someone or something. The jerk would deride the other kids on the bus by calling them names or pulling their hair until the driver decided to deride him by kicking him off the bus.