Ma Chapter 53

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gailhart
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30306
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Ma Chapter 53
Updated:
2010-08-18 12:22:15
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Ma Chapter
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Medical
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  1. What procedures X-ray images?
    Its a noninvasive procedure, the standard X-ray is on of the most frequently performed radiologic tests
  2. What test does a person have to be in an enclosed space?
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  3. What can be done for people who are not able to tolerate enclosed spaces during an MRI?
    Physicians commonly order sedation for patients who are claustrophobic or cannot lie still for a long period of time
  4. Know the side effects of radiation therapy...
    Nausea, vomiting, hair loss, ulceration of mucous membrane, weakness, and malasie
  5. What is a contrast medium?
    A subtance that makes internal organs denser and blocks the passage of x-rays to the photographic film. introducing contrast media into certain structures or areas of the body can provide a clearer image of organs and tisue and indications of how well they are functioning.
  6. Is it common to repeat X-rays to ensure accurate results?
    Yes
  7. Who should use a lead apron?
    Physician and the person assisting
  8. When should you hve a baseline mammogram?
    between ages 35 and 40
  9. What type of procedure would be considered to be invasive?
    Angiography; invasive requires a radiologist to insert a catherter, wire, or other testing device into a petient's blood vessel or organ through the skin or body orifice
  10. What is a common ingredient ina contrast medium?
    iodine
  11. If you are allergic to iodine you most likely will be allergic to what?
    Shell fish
  12. Before a chest x-ray, what question should you ask your patient?
    if they are or could be pregnant
  13. What does a cholangiography diagnose?
    evaluate the function of the bile ducts
  14. How do you diagnose a CVA?
    CT Scan (tomograms) and MRI
  15. What does a KUB diagnose?
    is an X-ray of the abdomen ised to assess the size, shape, and position of the urinary organs; to evaluate urinary system diseases or disorders;a dn to determine the presence of kidnet stones
  16. What does a barium swallow help to diagnose?
    Obstructions, ulcers, polyps, diverticulosis, tumor, and motlilty problems of esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and small intestine
  17. Colon and rectum problems are often diagnosed with what test?
    Barium enema
  18. Whar dies a gastrintestinal angiography diagnose?
    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
  19. A procedure includes nonionnizing radiation and a strong magnetic field allows viewing of soft tissue?
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  20. What is a Barium enema?
    A radiologic procedure preformed by a radiologist who administers barium sufate through the anus, into the rectum, and then into the colon to help diagnose and evaluate obstructions, ulcers, polyps, diverticulosis, tumors or motility problems of the colon or the rectum; also called a lower GI series
  21. What is a Barium swallow?
    A radiologic procedure that involves oral administration of a barium sulfate drink to help diganose and evaluate obstructions, ulers, polyps, diverticulosis, tumors or motility problems of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum and smaller intestine also called the upper GI series
  22. What is a flat plate of the abdomen also called?
    Adominal films are x-ray images of the abdomen
  23. Why would you ask if a patient is a metal worker?
    when instructing a patient about preparing for an MRI ask if he is a metal worker because he may carry metal slivers, chips or filing under his nails or skin, this is especiallin important because strong magnetic field is involved in creating the image
  24. What is Mammography?
    The X-ray exam of the intrernal breast tissues, helps diagnose breast abnormalities. Types include film-screen, thermography and ultrasonography
  25. What kind of patient teaching should you give to someone who is going to have an MRI?
    • 1. Ask about allergies to contrast media, iodine, or shellfish
    • 2. Determine whether the patient has any metal present in the ody due to high magnectic field. Suc as pacemaker, brain aneurysm clips, brain or heart surgery, shunts, or heart valves, Shrapnel or metal fragments in the eye
    • 3. Describe the procedure to patient, make sure they know it takes between 45 mins and 2 hours
    • 4. Fasting is not necessary unless the patient is having the an MRI of the pelvis, then no food for 6 hours and no liquid 4 hours defore the exam
  26. What kind of instructions would you give to someone who id having a mammogram?
    • 1. should be schuduled for the first week after the patients period
    • 2. no special diet but patient should avoid caffeine 7-10 days before exam
    • 3. patient should shower just before the exam, wear lose clothing
    • 4. patient should not use deodorants, powders or perfumes on the breast or underarms
    • 5. procedure should take 15-20 mins
  27. For what test should a woman not wear eye makeup and why?
    MRI, because some makeup contains metallic ingredients
  28. What test uses high frequency sound waves?
    Ultrasound
  29. What is a dosimeter?
    it is a radiation exposure badge that meical staff must always wear to monitor the amount of radition they are exposed to
  30. What procedure is safe to use in obstetrics and why?
    an ultrsound is safe to use in obstetrics because it does not expose the fetus to radiation
  31. When would you tell a patient to drink three of fours glasses of water within an hour and not void 1 hours before the test?
    when a petient is pregnant and is going to have an unltrsound

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