vocab 16

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  1. fastidious
    If you want to describe a person who insists on perfection or pays much attention to food, clothing and cleanliness, the right word is fastidious.
  2. admonitory
    Something that's admonitory is meant to correct or scold. If you're caught throwing paper airplanes in class, your teacher will probably give you an admonitory lecture.
  3. bolster
    When you cheer up a friend who's feeling down, you bolster them. To bolster is to offer support or strengthen.
  4. exultation
    "Woohoo!" That's an expression you might shout in exultation or extreme happiness. On New Year's Eve, Times Square is bursting with exultation as people shout and sing joyfully to ring in the new year.
  5. acquisition
    An acquisition is something you acquire—a book, a skill or if you are a mogul, a company. It describes things you have purchased, things you have learned, or things you have got.
  6. mogul
    If you’re the type of person who likes to be in charge, you may have dreams of becoming a mogul — that is, a powerful businessperson
  7. raconteur
    Raconteurs are gifted storytellers, able to spin amusing tales from everyday life. Who is the biggest raconteur in your group? He or she's the one who always tells the best stories — or jumps in when another storyteller isn't being vivid enough.
  8. jubilation
    Jubilation is a happy word. Where there is jubilation, there are laughter, smiles, laughs, joy, and gladness.
  9. elation
    • If you experience sudden very high spirits, possibly even a feeling of lightness, you are feeling great elation.
    • euphoria, ecstasy, happiness, delight
  10. rapture
    Rapture is a feeling of emotional ecstasy so magical it's almost as if you've been transported to some other world.
  11. bauble
    Baubles are trinkets or novelty items that cost little and aren't very important or valuable, such as a plastic ring in the shape of a daisy that covers half of your finger in hot-pink plastic.
  12. trinket
    The word trinket refers to an inexpensive, flashy ornament or piece of jewelry. A rhinestone brooch to pin to your jacket is a showy trinket that won't break the bank
  13. aggregate
    To aggregate is to collect many units into one. If you're writing a novel, you might create a character who is an aggregate of five or six real people
  14. allocate
    To allocate is to set aside a certain amount of money for an expense. You usually hear about the government allocating funds for education or the military, but you may personally allocate some of your allowance to buying comic books.
  15. stinging
    (of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character; bite, cutting
  16. gauntlet
    A gauntlet is a glove covered in steel that was worn in suits of armor, but it also means punishment or, when "throwing down the gauntlet," a challenge
  17. zenith
    Zenith means the high point–it comes from astronomy, where it describes the highest point in an arc traveled by a star or a planet or another celestial body. The sun reaches its zenith when it is as high in the sky as it is going to go on that day.
  18. epilogue
    If you like to read the end of a book first, then maybe the epilogue is for you. The epilogue is a short piece that wraps up the end of a story.
  19. audacity
    • If you have audacity then you're one daring — and perhaps reckless — character
    •  “Success is the child of audacity.”
  20. penchant
    A penchant is a strong preference or tendency. If you have a penchant for pizza, you either eat it daily, or wish you did.
  21. partiality
    Partiality is the habit of favoring something — taking its part. If your parents always seem to let your little sister off the hook while you get grounded, you could accuse them of partiality in their parenting. They favor your sister over you.
  22. antediluvian
    Antediluvian means "before the flood" — that is, the Biblical flood with Noah's ark. Generally, though, the word is used — often humorously — to describe something really, really old.
  23. reticulated
    To reticulate is to form a type of net or network.
  24. complacent
    • showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements
    • I can't afford to be complacent about the important things in my life
    • smug, self-satisfied
  25. smug
    A smug person is self-satisfied. You can usually recognize someone who is pleased with himself by his smug little smile and self-righteous remarks.
  26. impostor
    • a person who pretends to be someone else in order to deceive others, especially for fraudulent gain
    • someone who pretends that famous people are his/her friends
  27. vivacious
    A vivacious person is lively and spirited: a vivacious dancer might do a back-flip off the wall and then jump into the arms of her partner.
  28. fetish
    an inanimate object worshiped for its supposed magical powers or because it is considered to be inhabited by a spirit.
  29. recondite
    • (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse.
    • the book is full of recondite information
  30. rapacious
    Something rapacious is out to devour — anything, and little can stand in its way. A rapacious landlord is out for more rent, and a rapacious eater is only satisfied at the all-you-can-eat buffet.
  31. omniscient
    • To be omniscient is to know everything. This often refers to a special power of God.
    • the story is told by an omniscient narrator
  32. pristine
    If something is pristine it's immaculately clean or has never been used. So please check your shoes before walking on a pristine white carpet
  33. immaculate
    Immaculate means spotless, pure, and clean as fresh snow on a far-off mountain. Only obsessive cleaners can keep immaculate homes, but it’s a goal we can strive for, like that far-off mountain.
  34. exacerbate
    For a formal-sounding verb that means to make worse, try exacerbate. If you're in trouble, complaining about it will only exacerbate the problem.
  35. jocund
    You know that teacher who always has a goofy smile on his face and a bad pun for the kids? He's got a jocund personality, meaning he's merry and cheerful.
  36. remorseful
    The adjective remorseful is good for describing someone who is really, really sorry — like a teenager who borrows his parents' car without asking and drives it into a tree
  37. mirthful
    • full of mirth; merry or amusing
    • mirthful laughter
  38. cavalcade
    If you are traveling with a procession of people on horseback, you are part of a cavalcade.
  39. unmanned
    • not having or needing a crew or staff
    • an unmanned space flight
  40. derelict
    If something has been abandoned, you can call it derelict. Even if a person has abandoned his responsibilities, you can say that he is derelict in his duties. But don't call a lost child derelict — unless, of course, he has neglected his chores.
  41. hoax
    If you put on big fake feet, stomp through your muddy backyard and tell everyone you saw Big foot fixing a steak on your grill, you are playing a hoax on your friends.
  42. strew
    When you strew something, you scatter it all over the place. At a wedding, for example, the flower child's job is to strew the path with petals.
  43. encrust
    • cover (something) with a hard surface layer
    • the mussels encrust navigation buoys
  44. excavate
    To excavate is to remove or find by digging. If you have rocky soil in your garden, you may have to excavate it to remove the rocks and replace them with additional soil.
  45. lam
    flee; take to one's heels; cut and run; run (away/off)
  46. flee
    If you bolt, scram, skedaddle, or get the heck of out Dodge, you flee. You run away fast. Don’t confuse flee with "flea." They sound alike, but the second kind is an insect whose bites make you itch.
  47. stint
    • limitation of supply or effort; skimp
    • A habit that is intrinsic to parsimonious type of people
  48. wrath
    Wrath is great anger that expresses itself in a desire to punish someone: Noah saw the flood as a sign of the wrath of God.
  49. nebulous
    Something that's nebulous is clouded or hazy. When you walk through the woods on a foggy morning, the trees may all have a mysterious, nebulous look to them.
  50. haggard
    Someone who is haggard looks exhausted and worn out, exactly how you'd expect someone who's been lost at sea for days to look.
  51. wig
    a covering for the head made of real or artificial hair
  52. calf
    The word calf can mean either a baby cow or bull, or the area of the back of your leg between your ankle and knee.
  53. suave
    • (especially of a man) charming, confident, and elegant
    • All the waiters were suave and deferential.
  54. deferential
    • showing deference; respectful
    • All the waiters were suave and deferential.
  55. dispel
    • make (a doubt, feeling, or belief) disappear
    • The brightness of the day did nothing to dispel Elaine's dejection.
  56. dejection
    • a sad and depressed state low spirits
    • He was slumped in deep dejection.
  57. slump
    • sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply, especially with a bent back
    • He was slumped in deep dejection.
  58. stodgy
    • dull and uninspired
    • Some of the material is rather stodgy and top-heavy with facts.
    • (of food) heavy, filling, and high in carbohydrates
    • A stodgy pudding.
  59. uninspired
    • lacking in imagination or originality
    • He writes repetitive and uninspired poetry.
  60. cue
    • a thing said or done that serves as a signal to an actor or other performer to enter or to begin their speech or performance
    • The blinking blue light is my cue to lower the volume.
  61. anticipation
    • the action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction
    • Her eyes sparkled with anticipation.
  62. miscarriage
    • an unsuccessful outcome of something planned
    • The miscarriage of the project.
  63. snug
    • (especially of clothing) very tight or close-fitting
    • A well-shaped hood for a snug fit.
  64. cuddle
    • a prolonged and affectionate hug
    • He cuddles the baby close.
  65. tinge
    • color slightly
    • A mass of white blossom tinged with pink.
  66. ointment
    • a smooth oily preparation that is rubbed on the skin for medicinal purposes or as a cosmetic; lotion
    • Apply the ointment twice a day.
  67. rite
    • a religious or other solemn ceremony or act
    • The rite of communion.
  68. communion
    • the sharing or exchanging of intimate thoughts and feelings, especially when the exchange is on a mental or spiritual level
    • The rite of communion.
  69. thrive
    • (of a child, animal, or plant) grow or develop well or vigorously
    • The new baby thrived.
  70. wriggle
    • twist and turn with quick writhing movements
    • He kicked and wriggled but she held him firmly.
  71. wean
    • To wean yourself from something is to gradually eliminate that thing from your life. You may want to wean yourself from watching too much TV, drinking two pots of coffee every morning, or obsessively reading the celebrity columns.
    • disengage
  72. confine
    Confine is all about setting limits. If you are confined to the house, it means you can't leave it. If you're really sick, you might be confined to your bed.
  73. spurt
    • gush out in a sudden and forceful stream
    • squirt, shoot, jet, erupt, gush
  74. proxy
    • a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations
    • deputy, representative, substitute
  75. inflict
    When you force an undesirable or harmful event on someone, you inflict it on them. You might prefer that someone inflict some physical pain on you rather than inflict you with the boredom of another trip to the annual flower show.
  76. potty
  77. pacifier
    a rubber or plastic nipple for a baby to suck on
  78. spite
    • When your sister told you that you looked terrible in your new tube top, she may have been saying it out of spite, or in a deliberately mean or offensive way.
    • malice, malevolence, ill will
  79. clutter
    • The word clutter can mean a messy jumble of objects. The unorganized clutter of shoes, hats, shirts, belts, jackets, and pants makes it impossible to find a thing in your closet!
    • litter, mess up, disarrange
  80. infliction
    • Infliction is when you subject someone to a difficult or unpleasant experience.
    • You might describe a bully's actions against a smaller child as including both the infliction of pain and the infliction of fear.
  81. undignified
    • appearing foolish and unseemly; lacking in dignity.
    • unseemly, demeaning, degrading, shameful, dishonorable
  82. perpetrator
    • A perpetrator is someone who has committed a crime — or at least done something pretty bad. You've probably seen cops on TV trying to get a description of the perpetrator of a bank heist.
    • culprit
  83. turmoil
    • a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty
    • confusion, upheaval, turbulence, tumult
  84. fondling
    affectionate play (or foreplay without contact with the genital organs)
  85. burrow
    Rabbits live in a burrow or a set of tunnels under the earth. They make these tunnels by burrowing, or digging holes with their bodies.
  86. helminth
    worm that is parasitic on the intestines of vertebrates especially roundworms and tapeworms and flukes
  87. bifocals
    a pair of eyeglasses having lenses with two parts with different focal lengths.
  88. contortion
    If you twist your body into a contortion, you might put one leg behind your ear, and clasp your arms behind your back. A contortion is a twisted position.
  89. irremediable
    impossible to cure or put right.
  90. mutilate
    • inflict a violent and disfiguring injury on.
    • the leg was badly mutilated
  91. prong
    • each of two or more projecting pointed parts at the end of a fork
    • tine, spike, point, tip, projection
  92. anguish
    The noun anguish refers to severe physical or emotional pain or distress. A trip to the dentist might cause a cavity-prone person a lot of anguish.
  93. palliative 
    That which is palliative relieves and soothes, but isn’t expected to cure. A heating pack is a commonly employed palliative for temporarily reducing the pain of strained muscles.
  94. strive
    To strive is to endeavor, reach, or strain for something above or beyond. We strive for self-improvement, a better world, or success in general.
  95. rattle
    make short successive sounds
  96. rummage
    Rummage means to search for something, but in a scattered, disorganized manner. You can rummage through your drawer looking for a lost sock, or you could even hold "a rummage sale" to sell off all your socks that are missing their mates.
  97. instill
    Parents work hard to develop, or instill, positive beliefs and values in their children. Interestingly, there's no corresponding word for when parents pass down their bad habits
  98. confinement
    If you're dealing with confinement to a jail cell, or your classroom, or the broom closet, you're stuck there and you can't leave. Confinement means you're being held and you can't move freely.
  99. seclusion
    Seclusion means being separate, and apart from others, in a quiet kind of way. If you want seclusion, try a private island.
  100. hunch
    When you pose for pictures with short friends, you hunch over so you don't tower above them — you scrunch up your shoulders, bend your knees, and try to look smaller.
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vocab 16
2015-05-21 02:07:50
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