vocab 18

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vocab 18
2015-05-20 22:17:52
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  1. bland
    • lacking strong features or characteristics and therefore uninteresting
    • rebelling against the bland uniformity
  2. wit
    Wit is brainpower or mental ability, or the person who possesses such ability, especially when it's used humorously
  3. malediction
    a magical word or phrase uttered with the intention of bringing about evil or destruction; a curse
  4. nincompoop
    fool, idiot, bonehead, or dope
  5. fond
    • having an affection or liking for
    • I'm very fond of Sarah
  6. barb
    mean remark someone said about you, barbs can hurt
  7. heckler
    A heckler is a person who harasses and tries to disconcert others with questions, challenges, or gibes
  8. constellation
    A constellation is a group of stars that form a pattern and have been given a name based on its shape
  9. acquaint
    • to familiarize yourself with something.
    • When you visit a new city, you should acquaint yourself with the layout of the streets so you don’t get lost.
  10. susceptible
    • likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing
    • patients with liver disease may be susceptible to infection
  11. atone
    • to do something "right" to make up for doing something wrong.
    • Religious believers are known to atone for their sins, but even students can atone for a past failure by acing a quiz or two.
  12. eradicate
    • to get rid of something, to destroy it, and to kiss it goodbye
    • eliminate, get rid of, remove, obliterate
  13. calamity
    event that causes great harm and misery, or a general state of distress or misery: the calamity of war.
  14. commotion
    • noisy disturbance
    • If you're trying to quietly concentrate on reading this, you wouldn't want the person next to you to cause a commotion, or it would distract you.
  15. impetuous
    • someone that acts too hastily or carelessly.
    • Hotheaded, impulsive folks are impetuous.
  16. martyr
    Someone who suffers, or is even killed, for his or her political or religious beliefs is called a martyr.
  17. scapegoat
    mean any individual punished for the misdeeds of others
  18. interloper
    • If you intrude on people without their permission, you are an interloper.
    • An interloper crashes parties and laughs at "No Trespassing" signs.
  19. indomitable
    People described as having indomitable spirits don't need pep talks or protein shakes; their strength comes from within
  20. unconquerable
    not capable of being conquered or vanquished or overcome
  21. vanquish
    • defeat thoroughly
    • Mexican forces vanquished the French army in a battle in Puebla
  22. reprove
    • reprimand or censure (someone)
    • he was reproved for obscenity/impropriety
  23. reprimand
    • a rebuke, especially an official one 
    • you might reprimand your dog if he steals your hot dog
  24. conversant
    familiar with or knowledgeable about something
  25. infer
    • deduce or conclude (information) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements
    • from these facts we can infer that crime has been increasing
  26. allusion
    • an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference
    • It’s meant to bring to mind a particular subject, but it always avoids getting into it in great depth.
  27. ecstatic
    • feeling or expressing overwhelming happiness or joyful excitement
    • ecstatic fans filled the stadium
  28. incredulous
    • person that is unwilling or unable to believe something
    • If you tell people about those aliens you met the other night, they'll probably give you an incredulous look
  29. furtive
    • sly or secret, sneak
    • Let's hope the teacher doesn't see your furtive attempts to pass notes in class!
  30. impartial
    • treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just
    • If you're in a contest you'd better hope the judges are impartial, that is, that they aren't biased toward one competitor over another
  31. inconsolable
    • not able to be comforted or alleviated
    • Some people are inconsolable after losing their jobs or suffering disappointments. If you're depressed, you could be inconsolable
    • heartbroken, grief-stricken,miserable, unhappy, sad
  32. abstemious
    • someone who exercises restraint, especially with regard to alcohol
    • A rock musician may sing about enjoying wine and women, but in his private life he may be abstemious
  33. bedlam
    • scene of madness, chaos or great confusion
    • If you allow football fans onto the field after the big game, it will be pure bedlam
  34. demeanor
    • manner, attitude;outward behavior or bearing
    • When playing poker, don't let your demeanor give away how good your cards are
  35. sinister
    • giving the impression that something harmful or evil is happening or will happen
    • People who are left-handed might feel unlucky having to use a desk designed for right-handers, but there probably wasn't any sinister, or evil, intent behind the design. Or was there?
  36. scurrilous
    • making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation
    • defamatory, slanderous
  37. diligent
    • having or showing care and conscientiousness in one's work or duties
    • many caves are located only after a diligent search
  38. sedulous
    • (of a person or action) showing dedication and diligence
    • If you make repeated and sedulous attempts to fix a leaky pipe and it only makes things worse, it might be time to go online and find the number of a plumber
  39. sloppy
    • careless and unsystematic; excessively casual
    • your speech has always been sloppy and it's time to change it!
  40. render
    • 1. provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
    • give, provide, supply, furnish, contribute
    • 2. cause to be or become; make
    • the rains rendered his escape impossible
  41. blemish
    A blemish is a small flaw. If you borrow your brother's brand new bicycle, you'd better be careful — what might seem like the tiniest blemish to you might be a horribly ruined paint job to him.
  42. irrepressible
    Something that’s irrepressible can’t be restrained. If you find yourself constantly looking up the definitions of interesting words, you have an irrepressible desire to expand your vocabulary. You just can’t stop!
  43. indelible
    If something is indelible, you better hope you never regret it, like the indelible tattoo of the name of your favorite band or the indelible first impression it might give people you meet years from now, especially if your taste in music changes.
  44. inevitable
    • If something is inevitable, it will definitely happen, like death or tax season
    • If you say something is inevitable, you give the sense that no matter what scheme you come with to get around it, it's going to happen sooner or later
  45. vicissitude
    When you talk of the vicissitudes of life, you're referring to the difficult times that we all go through: sickness, job loss, and other unwelcome episodes. No one can escape the vicissitudes of life
  46. enticement
    • something used to attract or to tempt someone; a lure
    • the offer has financial enticements
  47. seduce
    attract (someone) to a belief or into a course of action that is inadvisable or foolhardy.
  48. pensive
    See that person staring out the window who looks so sad and lost in thought? He is pensive, the opposite of cheery and carefree
  49. flock
    • flock means to gather together as a flock or to move together in a group
    • You and your friends might flock to the mall when you learn that your favorite singer will be there signing autographs.
  50. alimony
    When a couple gets divorced, the court might order the one spouse to pay alimony to the other, which is like an allowance for basic expenses like food and shelter.
  51. tingle
    • experience or cause to experience a slight prickling or stinging sensation
    • She was tingling with excitement.
  52. prickle
    • (of a person's skin or a part of the body) experience a tingling sensation, especially as a result of strong emotion
    • The sound made her skin prickle with horror.
  53. twitch
    • give or cause to give a short, sudden jerking or convulsive movement
    • He saw her lips twitch and her eyelids flutter.
  54. retention
    • the action of absorbing and continuing to hold a substance
    • The soil's retention of moisture.
    • the continued possession, use, or control of something
    • The retention of direct control by central government
  55. deliberate
    • engage in long and careful consideration
    • She deliberated over the menu.
  56. tactile
    • designed to be perceived by touch
    • Tactile exhibitions help blind people enjoy the magic of sculpture.
  57. spatial /spāSHəl/
    • of or relating to space
    • The spatial distribution of population.
  58. yawn
    • involuntarily open one's mouth wide and inhale deeply due to tiredness or boredom
    • He began yawning and looking at his watch.
  59. slit
    • make a long, narrow cut in (something)
    • Give me the truth or I will slit your throat.
  60. perspiration
    • the process of sweating
    • Perspiration ran down his forehead.
  61. descent
    • an action of moving downward, dropping, or falling
    • The plane had gone into a steep descent.
    • the origin or background of a person in terms of family or nationality
    • American families of Hungarian descent.
  62. bulge
    • a rounded swelling or protuberance that distorts a flat surface
    • The veins in his neck bulged.
  63. protrude
    • extend beyond or above a surface
    • Something like a fin protruded from the water.
  64. fin
    • a flattened appendage on various parts of the body of many aquatic vertebrates and some invertebrates, including fish and cetaceans, used for propelling, steering, and balancing
    • Something like a fin protruded from the water.
  65. groin
    the area between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the body
  66. indigestion
    pain or discomfort in the stomach associated with difficulty in digesting food; dyspepsia
  67. slender
    • (of a person or part of the body) gracefully thin
    • Her slender neck.
  68. flaccid
    • (of part of the body) soft and hanging loosely or limply, especially so as to look or feel unpleasant; without energy 
    • She took his flaccid hand in hers.
  69. drib
    A small, negligible amount (especially of a liquid)
  70. negligible
    • so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering; insignificant
    • Sound could at last be recorded with incredible ease and at negligible cost.
  71. gauze /gôz/
    a thin translucent fabric of silk, linen, or cotton
  72. instill
    • gradually but firmly establish (an idea or attitude) in a person's mind
    • How do we instill a sense of rightness in today's youth?
    • put (a substance) into something in the form of liquid drops
    • She was told how to instill eye drops.
  73. suture /so͞oCHər/
    a stitch or row of stitches holding together the edges of a wound or surgical incision
  74. cease
    • bring or come to an end
    • The hostilities had ceased and normal life was resumed.
  75. ripe
    • (of fruit or grain) developed to the point of readiness for harvesting and eating.synonyms:mature, ripened, full grown, ready to eat
    • Rich, ripe flavors emanate from this wine.
  76. emanate
    • (of something abstract but perceptible) issue or spread out from (a source)
    • Warmth emanated from the fireplace.
  77. cyst
    in the body, a membranous sac or cavity of abnormal character containing fluid
  78. fibroid; myoma
    a benign tumor of muscular and fibrous tissues, typically developing in the wall of the uterus.
  79. prolapse
    • (of a part or organ of the body) slip forward or down
    • A prolapsed uterus.
  80. swab
    an absorbent pad or piece of material used in surgery and medicine for cleaning wounds, applying medication, or taking specimens
  81. latent
    • (of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden; concealed
    • Discovering her latent talent for diplomacy.
  82. splint
    • a strip of rigid material used for supporting and immobilizing a broken bone when it has been set
    • She had to wear splints on her legs.
  83. palsy
    • paralysis, especially that which is accompanied by involuntary tremors
    • A kind of palsy had seized him.
  84. seize
    • take hold of suddenly and forcibly
    • She jumped up and seized his arm.
  85. pity
    • the feeling of sorrow and compassion caused by the suffering and misfortunes of others
    • Her voice was full of pity.
  86. tantrum
    • an uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child
    • He has temper tantrums if he can't get his own way.
  87. squinting
    have eyes that look in different directions
  88. tuft
    • a bunch or collection of something, typically threads, grass, or hair, held or growing together at the base
    • Scrubby tufts of grass.
  89. paltry
    • (of an amount) small or meager
    • She would earn a paltry $33 more each month.
  90. scrubby
    • wretched; shabby
    • Scrubby tufts of grass.
  91. wretched
    • of poor quality; very bad
    • The wretched conditions of the slums
    • (of a person) in a very unhappy or unfortunate state; miserable, unhappy
    • I felt so wretched because I thought I might never see you again
  92. shabby
    • in poor condition through long or hard use or lack of care
    • A conscript in a shabby uniform saluted the car.
  93. conscripted
    • enlist (someone) compulsorily, typically into the armed services
    • They were conscripted into the army.
  94. compulsorily
    • Obligatory; required
    • A compulsory examination
  95. compulsion
    • the action or state of forcing or being forced to do something; constraint
    • The payment was made under compulsion.
  96. intense
    • of extreme force, degree, or strength
    • The job demands intense concentration.
  97. bulimia
    constant hunger; an eating disorder in which a large quantity of food is consumed in a short period of time, often followed by feelings of guilt or shame
  98. anorexia
    a lack or loss of appetite for food (as a medical condition).
  99. senile
    • (of a person) having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties
    • She couldn't cope with her senile husband.
  100. scaly
    • (of skin) dry and flaking
    • Scaly patches of dead skin.