vocab 21

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vocab 21
2015-05-20 22:33:47
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  1. abhor
    • regard with disgust and
    • hatred hate, detest, loathe, despise, execrate
  2. counterfeit
    • A counterfeit is a fake or a forgery. If you painted an uncanny copy of the "Mona Lisa" and tried to pass it off as the original, you'd have a counterfeit on your hands.
    • fake; false
  3. enfranchise
    • The verb enfranchise is used when a group of people are given voting rights or freedoms they didn't have before. Many people under the age of 18 would like lawmakers to enfranchise their peer group so they can vote. 
    • give voting rights
  4. hamper
    • Use the verb hamper to describe an action that slows progress or makes it difficult to do something
    • hinder; obstruct
  5. noxious
    • harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant.
    • they were overcome by the noxious fumes (gas, smoke, or vapor)
  6. remuneration
    • payment for work done
    • When you politely refuse your neighbor’s offer of remuneration for your efforts with the lawn, you may have made a mistake. Remuneration refers to payment for a service, so the neighbor was basically offering you cash.
  7. bilk
    • cheat; defraud
    • Ever paid a restaurant bill only to discover they charged you for stuff you never had? What they did was bilk you — cheat you out of money that was justly yours. Shady companies are forever bilking their investors.
  8. covert
    • hidden; undercover
    • Think soldiers in masks secretly infiltrating an enemy stronghold, a covert operation is one that no one but the president and a few generals know is happening.
  9. knotty
    • complex; difficult to solve
    • Whether it’s pine or problems, sometimes the word knotty can apply to both. Knotty can describe something that has a lot of knots, either literally or figuratively.
  10. tangent
    • going off the main subject
    • A tangent is an entirely different topic or direction. When you want a break from geometry class, you might ask your teacher about his hobby of woodworking, a topic that's always good for a ten-minute tangent.
  11. abasement
    • humiliation; degradation
    • Abasement means humiliation or disgrace. Losing an important football game because of several stupid mistakes might result in abasement for the whole team.
  12. billowing
    • swelling; fluttering; waving
    • stormy(especially of weather) affected or characterized by storms or commotion
  13. enhance
    • improve; make better or clearer
    • his refusal does nothing to enhance his reputation
  14. harangue
    noisy, attacking speech
  15. plaintiff
    • petitioner (in court of law)
    • a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
  16. replete
    • full
    • This is a big and ambitious book, replete with witty aphorisms, vividly told anecdotes, and sweeping conclusions about power and politics.
  17. tangible
    • can be touched
    • When you can touch something, it's tangible: "I need tangible proof that aliens exist — I want to shake their little green hands!"
  18. abrogate
    • cancel; deny; repeal; repeal, revoke, rescind
    • a proposal to abrogate temporarily the right to vote
  19. harbingers
    • indicators; bringers of warnings
    • A harbinger is something that comes before and that shows what will follow in the future. The robin is a harbinger of spring––its presence means spring is coming soon
  20. nuzzle
    • cuddle; snuggle
    • rub or push against gently with the nose and mouth.
  21. plaudit
    As its sound might suggest, plaudit is indeed related to "applaud" and "applause." In fact it's really just a fancy way of saying "praise" or "acclamation."
  22. reprehensible
    Reprehensible means deserving of blame or strong criticism. It is a strong word––your mother might forgive you for doing something bad, but something reprehensible? That's worse.
  23. tardy
    • slow; late; overdue; delayed
    • When you're tardy, you're late. If you've ever been late for school, you know about tardy, and you may have a stash of notes your teacher has sent home to your parents, informing them of your tardiness.
  24. absolution
    forgiveness; pardon; release
  25. ensconce
    • establish firmly in a position
    • If you ensconce yourself somewhere, you settle in for quite a while, such as when you're home with the flu and ensconce yourself on the couch with the remote control, tissues, your phone, and a big glass of orange juice.
  26. hasten
    • hurry; accelerate; rush
    • we hastened back to Chicago
  27. laceration
    A laceration is a tear, cut, or gash. Your heart can also get a more figurative laceration when you see your love kissing another. Either way, ouch.
  28. plausible
    • be believed; reasonable
    • If something is plausible, it's reasonable or believable. Things that are plausible could easily happen. A woman becoming President is very plausible. A giraffe becoming President is not.
  29. reprieve
    • A reprieve is a break in or cancellation of a painful or otherwise lousy situation. If you're being tortured, a reprieve is a break from whatever's tormenting you.
    • a respite; postponement of a sentence
  30. blighted
    • Use the adjective blighted to describe something that has a condition that makes it weak or unable to grow, like a blighted lawn with more brown patches than green.
    • damaged; destroyed; ruined
  31. enshroud
  32. haughtiness
    • arrogance; pride
    • If you are shy and have a hard time talking to others, people might wrongly interpret your quietness as haughtiness. Haughtiness is thinking a lot of yourself and not much of others.
  33. lachrymose
    • tearful; sad
    • the root of this word derives from lacrimal gland
  34. plethora
    • Plethora means an abundance or excess of something. If you have 15 different girls who wait for you to invite them on a date, you have a plethora of romantic possibilities
    • an excess
  35. repudiate
    • To repudiate something is to reject it, or to refuse to accept or support it.
    • reject, renounce, abandon, eschew
  36. shun
    • If you purposely stay away from someone, you shun that person. A sensitive baker may ask why you are shunning her cookies.
    • avoid, evade, eschew
  37. eschew
    • If you eschew something, you deliberately avoid it. If you live the bohemian life in the city, then most likely you eschew the suburbs.
    • abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, shun, renounce
  38. crepuscular
    • The adjective crepuscular describes anything that's related to twilight, like the crepuscular glow of the dimming light on a lake as darkness falls.
    • active at dawn and dusk
  39. enunciation
    • Enunciation is the act of pronouncing words. Make sure your enunciation is clear when ordering in a restaurant so you don’t get French flies instead of French fries.
    • clear pronunciation; accent; articulation
  40. headstrong
    • Headstrong describes something that's disobedient or willful. If you're headstrong, you want to do what you want to do. When you refuse to complete your homework because you want to watch a football game, you're being headstrong.
    • stubborn; willful
  41. lackluster
    Lackluster is a compound adjective that means what it sounds like: if something is lackluster it lacks luster; in other words, it is without brilliance, shine, or vitality. Think dull; monotonous; bland
  42. blunderbuss
    • 1. ancient weapon (type of gun)
    • 2. a clumsy person
  43. cringe
    • When you cringe, your body language shows you don't like what you see and hear. You close your eyes and grimace. You may even jerk your body away from the offensive sight or sound, like the old picture of you in an "awkward stage" that makes you cringe whenever you see it.
    • recoil; flinch; shy away
  44. envenom
    to cause bitterness and bad feeling; makes you resentful
  45. hedonism
    • Strictly speaking, hedonism is the belief that pursuing pleasure leads to the greatest ethical good. In practice, though, the ethical part sometimes gets lost in the pleasure part.
    • self indulgence; pleasure-seeking
  46. plumage
    feathers of a bird
  47. tenacious
    • Use tenacious to mean "not easily letting go or giving up," like a clingy child who has a tenacious grip on his mother's hand.
    • stubborn; resolute; holding firm to a purpose
  48. bolster
    • When you cheer up a friend who's feeling down, you bolster them. To bolster is to offer support or strengthen.
    • support; prop up
  49. lamentation
    • Lamentation usually occurs when someone dies or a tragedy occurs. At the funeral, you could hardly hear the speaker above the wails of lamentation.
    • expression of regret or sorrow
  50. plummet
    This verb describes something that drops sharply or quickly, like a roller coaster that plummets down a hill, temperatures that plummet overnight, or sales of roses and candy that plummet after Valentine's Day.
  51. lobbyist
    person who tries to persuade someone to support a particular cause
  52. onus
    • Take the noun, onus, as a formal word for responsibility or obligation. If your teacher assigns onus as a vocabulary word, it puts the onus on you to find out what it means.
    • burden, responsibility, liability, obligation, duty
  53. amass
    gather together or accumulate (a large amount or number of valuable material or things) over a period of time.
  54. execrable
    If something's execrable it's really and truly, unbelievably, absolutely the worst.
  55. immoderate
    Something that goes way overboard or is excessive is immoderate. Immoderate exercise can lead to pulled muscles and sprains.
  56. lofty
    • Lofty is a good word for describing something that's high above the ground, or someone who acts like she's high above everyone else.
    • snooty; arrogant; haughty
  57. precedent
    • a previous occurrence used as a guide
    • there are substantial precedents for using interactive media in training
  58. sage
    Use the word sage for someone or something wise and judicious. Thanks to the sage thought of myself to start a school, I will achieve my goals for fulfillment in personal and professional aspect.
  59. deprecate
    • To deprecate is to show disapproval or to make someone feel unimportant by speaking to them disrespectfully, like seniors who deprecate younger students just for fun
    • belittle, disparage
  60. exegesis
    scholarly explanation or interpretation
  61. precept
    A precept is a rule or direction, often with some religious basis, dictating a way you should act or behave.
  62. salacious
    (of writing, pictures, or talk) treating sexual matters in an indecent, improper way and typically conveying undue interest in or enjoyment of the subject.
  63. precinct
    district of a city
  64. sallow
  65. derogatory
    • Something that's derogatory is insulting or disrespectful. If you make derogatory comments, that means you say things that are unflattering, unkind, or demeaning.
    • disparaging, denigratory, deprecatory, disrespectful
  66. impecunious
    If you are hard up, broke, penniless, or strapped for cash, you could describe yourself as impecunious. Then maybe you could make some money teaching vocabulary words.
  67. lucid
    Something that's lucid is clear and understandable. Lucid writing is important in journalism, so that readers easily get the point of the article they're reading.
  68. precipice
    Cartoon characters often end up on a precipice, the edge of a steep cliff, where their chubby toes curl and cling as they totter and eventually fall, making a hole in the ground below and getting up again. Most real people avoid precipices.
  69. salubrious
    health-giving; healthy
  70. truant
    • A truant is a student who is out of school without permission. If you skip school to go shopping with your friends, you are a truant.
    • shirker; someone absent without permission
  71. shirk
    To shirk your responsibilities is to avoid dealing with them — like when you watch four consecutive hours of movies instead of facing your homework.
  72. exhaustive
    Exhaustive means performed comprehensively and completely. When you recruit a new employee (or spouse), you undertake an exhaustive search for the best talent.
  73. impious
    not showing respect or reverence, especially for a god
  74. precipitous
    • done suddenly and without careful consideration
    • precipitous intervention
  75. truncate
    shorten (something) by cutting off the top or the end.
  76. exonerate
    • To exonerate someone is to declare him not guilty of criminal charges. This word is pretty much only used in reference to proceedings in a court of law.
    • acquits; absolves; removes blame
  77. sanctimonious
    • The sanctimonious person sounds like a hypocrite when he preaches to a friend about the evils of drugs, while he drinks one beer after another.
    • hypocritically holy
  78. tumult
    • a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people.
    • a tumult of shouting and screaming broke out
  79. carping
    Carping is petty and unjustified criticism that just won’t stop. People who find fault with you at every turn, who appreciate nothing and complain, complain, complain, are carping. Enough already!
  80. desist
    You can use the verb desist as a way to say "stop" or "cease." Instead of yelling "Cut it out!" the new neighbor asked the tween girls to desist from playing any more loud, screeching music from that long-haired boy-band.
  81. exorcism
    getting free/rid of; eliminating (especially demons)
  82. impromptu
    • done without being planned, organized, or rehearsed; unrehearsed;
    • an impromptu press conference
  83. unrehearsed
    with little or no preparation or forethought
  84. lummox
    A lummox is an awkward,or goofy person. You might fondly refer to your clumsy best friend as a big old lummox.
  85. ostentatious
    • characterized by vulgar or pretentious display; designed to impress or attract notice; flashy showy
    • books that people buy and display ostentatiously but never actually finish
  86. turpitude
    depravity; wickedness.
  87. despondent
    If you are despondent, you are discouraged, very sad, and without hope. If you are depressed, you might describe your mood as despondent.
  88. expatriate
    refugee; emigrant; someone living away from his own country
  89. inadvertent
    When something happens by accident, it's inadvertent, or unintentional. The gas company assured you that the error in your bill was inadvertent and that they would fix it
  90. luscious
    Calling something luscious means it's juicy, delicious and otherwise incredibly pleasing to the senses. That goes for good looking people as well as a fine piece of chocolate cake.
  91. oust
    • drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.
    • he ousted a long-term incumbent by only 500 votes
  92. sanguinary
    • When something is sanguinary it involves a lot of blood or, at least, the pursuit of blood. Vampire movies are sanguinary
    • bloodthirsty; bloody
  93. tyro
    A tyro is a beginner, a new recruit, or someone who is just learning something. If you are the new guy at the job and you're wearing a big dorky badge that says "Trainee" on it, you are a tyro.
  94. amity
  95. castigate
    Use castigate when you mean reprimand but in an especially harsh way
  96. destitution
    Destitution is an unfortunate state in which a person lacks something important — like money, food, companionship, or even hope
  97. incantation
    a series of words said as a magic spell or charm.
  98. overt
    obvious; not hidden
  99. cusp
    • a pointed end where two curves meet, in particular
    • He was Aries on the cusp with Taurus
  100. trivial
    • of little value or importance
    • Huge fines were imposed for trivial offenses