Use the adjective unwitting to describe someone who doesn't know certain important information, such as unwitting computer users who don't know that an online shopping site is tracking all their activity.
Being chary is being wary or cautious. If you lost two teeth in last year’s rugby season, you should be chary of signing up again this year.
Something dilatory creates a delay. If you are a high school student, once in a while you might have used dilatory tactics if you forgot to do your homework.
Use indigenous to describe a plant, animal or person that is native or original to an area. Though Switzerland is known for its chocolates, chocolate, which comes from the cocoa plant, is indigenous to South America.
To the President, protecting our nation's security is of paramount importance — it's at the very top of his to-do list.
scold; tell off; reprimand
fussy or fastidious about one's needs or requirements.
You dine at one restaurant, and you always order the same meal. You are a finicky eater — that is, you are quite particular about food.
If your boss catches you sleeping with your head on your desk, she's likely to comment on your indolence. Indolence is another word for laziness.
1. wooden hammer
2. stick used for polo
If you find good things without looking for them, serendipity — unexpected good luck — has brought them to you.
Uproarious situations are very loud, a little out of control, and often hilarious. You might encounter an uproarious crowd at a soccer match, or even in your school cafeteria.
a book which is a collection of poems or stories
A dilettante is an amateur, often one who pretends to be very knowledgeable.
Fatuous means lacking intelligence. If you want to call somebody stupid, you can use fatuous instead.
Something parched is excessively dry and hot, in extreme need of water, like a desert, a neglected plant, or your throat after a five-kilometer run; dried up
The upshot of an action is the end result, whatever happens last as a consequence of the original action. The upshot of reading this sentence is that you will understand what the word upshot means.
putting man at the center of one's philosophy
A pariah is someone that has been soundly rejected by their community. Your constant gossiping might make you a pariah on campus.
an outcast from society
(especially of a man) charming, confident, and elegant.
bad-tempered or irritable, easily angered
If you use a shoe box and tiny toys to recreate the Battle of Normandy, you are creating a diorama, or three dimensional model, of the event.
producing or capable of producing an abundance of offspring or new growth; fertile.
a lush and fecund garden
A federal marshal knocks on your door. You panic: a marshal is a law officer. What do you do? You marshal your thoughts, that is, put them in order.
Parity refers to equality of an amount or value, and it's used most often to refer to finance.
person who records historical information
well chosen or suited to the circumstances; apt
a felicitous phrase
cannot be expressed in words
pouched mammal (like a kangaroo)
Circuitous means indirect or roundabout. If you're in a hurry to get to the hospital where your wife is having a baby, you want to take the straightest, fastest way, not a circuitous one!
strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds
person who believes in strict discipline
Working class, blue collar, plebeian and certainly not aristocratic — that's what the adjective proletarian means.
a believer in an ideal world
If you're looking to relocate to a utopia, good luck!
Circumlocution is a long, complicated word which means a long, complicated way of expressing something.
ward off; avoid
restrict (something) within limits.
their movements were strictly monitored and circumscribed
a system of society or government ruled by a woman or women.
extract (metal) from its ore by a process involving heating and melting
making or causing a harsh and irritating sound
Relentless is a good word for describing something that's harsh, unforgiving, and persistent, like the hot sun in the desert
dull; boring; ordinary
If you describe land as arable, it means that something can grow there. If you're looking to raise crops, you better find yourself a patch of arable land.
feel or express strong disapproval of (something); abhor, detest, despise; condemn, denounce
we deplore this act of violence
To exculpate means to find someone not guilty of criminal charges.
free someone from blame; pardon; acquit
To curtail something is to slow it down, put restrictions on it, or stop it entirely. If I give up cake, I am curtailing my cake-eating.
reduce, cut, cut down, decrease, lessen
We call a person who truly loves food and drink at the highest levels—an epicure.
If something is tenuous it's thin, either literally or metaphorically.
flimsy, not solid, shaky.
make or become swollen with fluid or gas.
You can describe weak, thin, and fragile things as flimsy
comparatively light and insubstantial; easily damaged
Things that are hectic tend to be happen quickly and all at once — that's why a hectic day makes people nervous.
busy, active, fast and furious, frantic
To wail is to let loose a long loud cry. If you're feeling truly miserable, take a deep breath and wail as loudly as possible.
Acrid is almost always used to describe a smell, and it ain't a pretty one. Acrid is the nasty sting that you feel in your nose when you walk by a building that just burned down––it's sulfur mixed with smoke.
If your cousin tells revolting jokes, belches, and smells like he spent the winter in a cave, he could be described as boorish — an adjective used for people with bad manners and a sloppy appearance.
Something revolting is disgusting or distasteful; it turns your stomach and can offend your senses.
An epistle is a long, formal letter
A heresy is a belief that doesn't agree with the official tenets of a particular religion
against orthodox opinion
A warrior during the Middle Ages most often carried a lance, or a long, pointed spear, as a weapon.
spear; spike; javelin
evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret.
a poignant reminder of the passing of time
The adjective bourgeois means relating to or typical of the middle class. If someone says, "Oh, how bourgeois!" it's probably an insult, meaning you're preoccupied with middle class small mindedness.
Any correspondence or communication written in the form of a letter or series of letters is said to be epistolary.
(of a person, manner, or gesture) displaying or having a disinclination for physical exertion or effort; slow and relaxed.
they turned with languid movements from back to front so as to tan evenly
If you're poised you're self-possessed and in full control of your faculties. You're balanced, grounded, and ready for action.
Someone or something that is resplendent has great beauty and is a pleasure to behold. "She was there, at the base of the stairs,resplendent in her flowing gown and jewels."
splendid, magnificent, brilliant
If you know someone who is a real show off and is always bragging about how great they are, then you might call this boaster a braggart.
expose the falseness or hollowness of (a myth, idea, or belief).
the magazine that debunks claims of the paranormal
be a perfect example of something
stubbornly conservative and narrow-minded
causing debate or argument
Someone brawny is bulky and muscular. Most football players are brawny.
If your written language consists of pictures rather than letters and words, your written communication would be hieroglyphic in nature. Ancient Egyptian writing was hieroglyphic.
A timorous person is timid or shy, like your timorous friend who likes to hang out with close pals but gets nervous around big groups of new people.
Someone who is adroit is clever and skillful. An adroit leader will be able to persuade people to go with his ideas. An adroit sculptor can turn a lump of clay into an object of great beauty.
Decorum is proper and polite behavior. If you let out a big belch at a fancy dinner party, you're not showing much decorum.
dignified, correct behavior
generosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others.
generosity, liberality, munificence, bounty
When you present an honor or gift to someone, you bestow it, which is the same as giving it, but often classier and more respectful.
To pontificate is to talk in a dogmatic and pompous manner. To pontificate properly, you need to be a know-it-all with very strong opinions and the urge to share them.
Reticent means either quiet or restrained. If you're reticent about your feelings, you like to keep them to yourself, and you're probably quiet in rowdy groups where everyone is talking over each other.
obsequious flattery; excessive admiration or praise
he found it difficult to cope with the adulation of the fans
to get angry
lure; trap; trick
Anything that has to do with actors or acting can be called histrionic, like a Broadway actor's histrionic voice projection that would sound strange in everyday life but is perfect for the stage.
To laud someone mean to praise him extravagantly — usually in a very public manner.
Portend means to show a sign that something calamitous is about to happen
foretell, omen, predict, prefigure
resilience in the face of adversity
As a verb, broach means to bring up or introduce a sensitive issue. As a noun, a broach is one of those dowdy pins your Great Aunt Edna wears. Telling her not to wear it is a subject you should probably not broach.
(of a person, typically a woman, or their clothes) unfashionable and without style in appearance
she could achieve the kind of casual chic that made every other woman around her look dowdy
Use the adjective hoary to describe something that is old and worn out — like the hoary jokes your great uncle Albert clings to
To cling is to tightly grasp something or to stick closely to something, like how wet clothes cling to the wearer.
a sign or warning that something, especially something momentous or calamitous, is likely to happen.
omen, sign, signal, token, forewarning
To worship is to show a lot of love and adoration for something. Religious believers worship gods, and people can worship other people and things too.
reverence, veneration, adoration
Revere means that to respect someone so deeply that you almost worship them. American people revere peacemakers like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi. Rock stars are revered by throngs of devoted fans.