vocab 23

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vocab 23
2015-06-24 20:05:06
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  1. predicament
    If you're engaged to get married, but suddenly fall in love with someone else, you have got yourself in quite a predicament. A predicament is a difficult, confusing, and unpleasant situation.
  2. sanguine
    If you're sanguine about a situation, that means you're optimistic that everything's going to work out fine.
  3. amorphous
    lacking in shape
  4. deter
    Deter means to discourage. Many believe that the use of capital punishment deters people from committing murder. Others think that is hogwash( bullshit, crap).
  5. incarceration
    Incarceration is the state of being in prison. If you don't fancy(imagine) incarceration, don't go through with that bank heist.
  6. machinations
    a scheming or crafty action or artful design intended to accomplish some usually evil end
  7. villain
    A villain is a bad person — real or made up. In books, movies, current events, or history, the villain is the character who does mean, evil things on purpose.
  8. overwrought
    High on drama and lacking any emotional restraint, overwrought is an adjective that means deeply, excessively agitated or nervous.
  9. preeminent
    Calling someone preeminent means they're truly outstanding or better than everyone else — not in general, but in a specific field or specialty. Such as a preeminent physician.
  10. sardonic
    • If someone is being scornful and mocking in a humorous way, call her sardonic. If you want to write comic sketches for late-night talk shows, work on being sardonic.
    • sarcastic
  11. mocking
    When you talk to or about someone in a mocking tone, you're making fun of them in a nasty, mean way.
  12. unalloyed
    • (of metal) not alloyed; pure
    • unalloyed copper
  13. alloyed
    • combined with extraneous elements
    • impure
  14. analgesic
    • An analgesic is a medicine that takes away physical pain. 
    • anodyne, pain pill, painkiller
  15. caucus
    type of private political meeting
  16. exposition
    • An exposition takes place when you "expose" something — like at a fair or convention for showing off goods, art, or similar wares. An exposition can also be the section of a story that explains the basics of the tale.
    • clear explanation
  17. maelstrom
    whirlpool; storm in the ocean
  18. palatable
    Something that is palatable is acceptable to one’s sense of taste—literally or figuratively.
  19. mediocre
    Mediocre is an adjective that means "merely adequate" or "of only ordinary quality." A "C" is a mediocre grade for students who are fair to middling.
  20. savant
    You know that guy in your school with a GPA over 100?(me) He is a savant in the making. A savant is someone over-the-top smart, a scholar. It might take a savant only five minutes to do an entire math test.
  21. magnanimous
    A magnanimous person has a generous spirit. Letting your little sister have the last of the cookies, even though you hadn't eaten since breakfast, would be considered a magnanimous act.
  22. palisade
    A palisade is a heavy-duty fence that's strong enough to keep out intruders, like one you might see around a military camp.
  23. prescient
    • having or showing knowledge of events before they take place.
    • prophetic, predictive
  24. undermined
    damaged; attacked
  25. devoured
    • eat (food or prey) hungrily or quickly.
    • he devoured half of his burger in one bite
  26. presentiment
    Do you ever have the feeling that something bad is about to happen? That’s called a presentiment.
  27. celerity
    • When you see the word celerity, think accelerate, like a car when you step on the gas. You may want to study for exams with celerity, but using a slower, more methodical approach will often yield better results.
    • fast moving; swiftness of movement; speed
  28. dexterous
    If you're dexterous, you're good with your hands. To be dexterous is an essential trait for knitters(needleworker) and sleight-of-hand magicians
  29. maladroit
    • If you are clumsy, you are maladroit. But the word can mean all kinds of clumsy. Trip over your words? You are verbally maladroit. Stumble in social situations? You're socially maladroit.
    • clumsy; unskillful
  30. unequivocal
    If there is no doubt about it, it's unequivocal. An unequivocal response to a marriage proposal? "Yes. Yes! A thousand times yes!"
  31. dichotomy
    A dichotomy is an idea or classification split in two. When you point out a dichotomy, you draw a clear distinction between two things.
  32. malady
    A malady is an illness, like a malady that keeps you home, sick in bed for days, or something that causes you to have trouble or to suffer, like jet lag — a malady that affects travelers.
  33. palpable
    easily felt; easily perceived
  34. unfetter
    • release from restraint or inhibition; set free
    • his imagination is unfettered by the laws of logic
  35. annex(n)
    An annex is an extension of, or an addition to a building. A small room off of a main room is an annex, and attics are another type of annex.
  36. inconsequential
    unimportant; insignificant; negligible
  37. panacea
    a solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases.
  38. remedy
    A remedy is something that relieves or cures a problem or illness. Aloe vera is a common remedy for sunburn.
  39. prevaricate
    When you prevaricate, you lie or mislead. Now, go ahead and tell me whether you already knew that meaning, and don’t prevaricate about it — give me the story straight!
  40. scuttle
    To run or move with short hurried movements; scurry.
  41. unfrock
    to remove a priest from his position
  42. annex(v)
    take possession of; seize; capture
  43. malefactor
    A malefactor has done something illegal and has been or will be convicted, such as the malefactor who was videotaped stealing money from a cash register; criminal
  44. unprecedented
    Something that is unprecedented is not known, experienced, or done before. If you've never gone on a family beach vacation but you're planning one now, you could refer to it as an unprecedented decision.
  45. certitude
    If you're absolutely convinced your team is going to the Super Bowl, you state it with certitude or confidence; certainty
  46. paradox
    • (logic) a statement that contradicts itself
    • I can resist anything except temptation
  47. proclivity
    A proclivity is a natural tendency to like something, such as your sister's proclivity for nice restaurants and traveling .
  48. sensuous
    Anything that is pleasing to the senses can be called sensuous; appealing to the senses
  49. dike
    • A dike is a structure made of earth or stone that's used to hold back water. If you visit the Netherlands, you can see their elaborate system of dikes, without which much of the country would be underwater
    • dam; embankment
  50. indifferent
    • 1. neutral
    • 2. not outstanding
  51. gambol
    • run or jump about playfully 
    • frolic; leap; bound
  52. frolic
    A frolic is a light-hearted, fun, often silly activity. To frolic is to cavort, romp, or run around — to have fun.
  53. intransigence
    • Intransigence is a stubborn refusal to change your views.
    • stubbornness
  54. modicum
    small amount
  55. perfunctory
    • (of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection.
    • superficial; cursory
  56. cursory
    hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed.
  57. concatenate
    link together
  58. momentous
    very important
  59. peripatetic
    nomadic; moving from place to place
  60. quarry
    • 1. something that is hunted
    • 2. mine for stone
  61. stoke
    add fuel to; strengthen
  62. concatenation
    • linking into chains
    • Concatenation refers to a series of things — ideas, events, animals — that are somehow interconnected, individual parts that are linked to form a single unit, like the links in a chain.
  63. dupe
    to fool someone
  64. garish
    obtrusively bright and showy; lurid; gaudy
  65. intrepid
    Intrepid is just a fancy word for describing a person or action that is bold and brave. Super heroes are intrepid in their struggle for truth, justice and the American way.
  66. stolid
    impassive; dull; indifferent
  67. balk
    • hesitate or be unwilling to accept an idea or undertaking.
    • hinder and prevent; hesitate over
  68. garner
    gather; collect
  69. inveterate
    • habitual
    • having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change.
  70. moratorium
    temporary prohibition or halt to activity
  71. perjury
    telling lies under oath
  72. quirk
    • a peculiar behavioral habit.
    • oddity, fancy
  73. ebullient
    very lively; cheerful; jovial; happy
  74. invidious
    arousing envy
  75. moribund
    • Something that is moribund is almost dead, like a moribund economy that has been stuck in a recession for years.
    • on the point of death
  76. ramble
    • wander aimlessly
    • You ramble when your talking or your walking goes on and on and on. And on. You’re in no hurry to make a point or get to your destination — if there is one at all.
  77. strident
    loud and harsh
  78. condescend
    • show feelings of superiority; be patronizing.
    • take care not to condescend to your reader
  79. gaunt
    • (of a person) lean and haggard, especially because of suffering, hunger, or age 
    • emaciated; bony and angular
  80. emaciated
    abnormally thin or weak, especially because of illness or a lack of food.
  81. inviolable
    • cannot be invaded
    • unassailable, untouchable
  82. persnickety
    placing too much emphasis on trivial or minor details; fussy
  83. fussy
    If you’re fussy, you’re all about the little details.
  84. ramifications
    branches; subdivisions of a complex system; outcomes
  85. stringent
    • (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
    • California's air pollution guidelines are stringent
  86. bane
    • troublesome influence
    • The noun bane refers to anything that is a cause of harm, ruin, or death. But we often use it for things that aren't that bad, just feel like it. You might say mosquitoes are the bane of your existence.
  87. condone
    • If you condone something, you allow it, approve of it, or at least can live with it. Some teachers condone chewing gum, and some don't.
    • tacitly support; overlook
  88. genre
    a category; type
  89. rancor
    resentment; animosity; bad feeling
  90. strut
    swagger; show off
  91. bard
  92. germane
  93. ire
    Ire is another word for "anger." So if you routinely steal your neighbor's newspaper, don't be surprised to be on the receiving end of his ire.
  94. munificent
    • (of a gift or sum of money) larger or more generous than is usual or necessary
    • generous; charitable
  95. rant
    use bombastic language
  96. bastion
    A bastion is a stronghold or fortification that remains intact.
  97. conflagration
    A conflagration isn't just a few flames; it's an especially large and destructive fire that causes devastation.
  98. efface
    wipe out; remove all trace of
  99. procrastinate
    Procrastinates means putting off doing something until a future time. When people sit down to write term papers, they can find all kinds of clever ways to procrastinate: reorganizing the paperclips, calling everyone they know, typing "I am bored" fifty times in a row.
  100. sentinel
    A sentinel is a guard, a lookout, a person keeping watch. It's often a soldier, but not always. If you're watching a pot, waiting for it to boil, you're standing sentinel over it — and incidentally, it won't boil until you leave.