Psych Brain Regions

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Psych Brain Regions
2015-05-21 08:59:29
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  1. amygdala
    attention and emotion
  2. thalamus
    relay center
  3. hypothalamus
    homeostatic functions
  4. hippocampus
    creating long term memories
  5. prefrontal cortex
    planning intricate cognitive funcions, expressing personality, and making decisions
  6. dorsal prefrontal cortex
    attention and cognition
  7. ventral prefrontal cortex
    connects with regions of the brain responsible for experiencing emotion
  8. ventromedial prefrontal cortex
    decision making and controlling emotional responses from the amydala
  9. cognitive appraisal
    subjective evaluation of a situation that induces stress

    aka: you have an emotional response to it
  10. fixations of the oral stage
    excessive dependence
  11. fixations of the anal stage
    excessive orderliness or sloppiness
  12. fixation of the genital stage
    • asexuality
    • homosexuality
    • fetishism
  13. Businesses have a right to profit from their businesses is what stage in Kohlberg?
  14. Preconventional stages:
    • obedience
    • self-interest
  15. Conventional Stages
    • conformity
    • social order
  16. Postconventional stages
    • social contract
    • universal human ethics
  17. sublimation
    channeling unacceptable impulse into socially acceptable one
  18. Prodromal phase of schizophrenia
    exemplified by clear evidence of deterioration, social withdrawal, role funcitoning impairment, peculiar behavior, inappropriate affect, and unusual experiences
  19. Major depressive episodes last
    two weeks
  20. bipolar I
    manic with or without depression
  21. bipolar II
    hypomania with at least one depressive episode

    hypomania: does not significantly impair functioning, nor are there psychotic features
  22. cyclothymic
    hypomanic and periods of dysthymia, which are not severe enough to qualify as major depressive episodes
  23. social facilitation
    people normally exhibit a behavior when they know they are being watched
  24. mores
    widely observed social norms
  25. labeling theory
    posits that the labels given to people affect not only how others respond to that person, but also the person's self-image
  26. internalization
    changing one's behavior to fit with a group while also privateyl agreeing with the ideas of the group
  27. identification
    acceptance of others' ideas without questioning them
  28. theories of attitudes
    1) functional attitudes theory: attitude serves four functons, which are knowledge, ego expression, adaptation, and ego defense

    2) learning theory: attitudes are developed through different forms of learning

    3) social cognitive thoery: people learn how to behave and shape their attitudes by observing the behaviors of others
  29. networks
    describe observable pattern of social relationships among individuals or groups
  30. organizations
    entities that are set up to acheive specific goals and are characterized by having a structure and a culture
  31. characteristic institution
    basic organization of society
  32. bureaucracy
    rational system of political organization, administration, disciple, and control
  33. mere exposure effect/ familiarity effect
    people prefer stimuli that they have been exposed to more frequently
  34. esteem support
    affirming the qualities and skills of a person
  35. materia support
    financial or material contribution
  36. informational supprot
    providing info that will help someone
  37. network support
    gives a person a sense of belonging
  38. primacy effect in regards to impression bias
    idea that first impressions are more imprtant than subsequent impressions
  39. recency effect in regards to impression bias
    most recent info about a person is the most important
  40. self-serving bias
    individuals view success based on internal factors, while viewing failures based on external factors
  41. functionalism
    function refers to beneficial consequences of people's actions
  42. symbolic interactionism
    study of the ways individuals interact through a shared understanding of words, gestures, and other symbols
  43. social institutions


    government/ economy

    healthcare and medicine
  44. common demographic categories


    race and ethnicity

    sexual orientation

    immigration status
  45. intragenerational mobility
    changes in social status happen within a person's lifestime
  46. intergenerational changes
    from parent to child