Reproductive System Pathologies

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  1. Identify the condition: Gradual, sudden & severe pain, increases with walking, purulent discharge, maybe dysuria, fever, nausea & vomiting (question 8)
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  2. Identify the condition: Pain on intercourse (dyspareunia), mid cycle bleeding, pain with menstruation (dismenorrhoea), heavier menstrual flow, infertility (question 8)
  3. Identify the condition: Often asymptomatic! may cause: abnormal bleeding, frequent urination, constipation, heavy sensation in lower abdomen, difficulty conceiving (question 8)
    Uterine Fibroids (Leiomyoma)
  4. **Identify the condition: Ovarian cysts, infertility, multiple follicles, few periods (ogliomenorrhoea), no periods (amenorrhoea), anovulation (no eggs), hyperinsulinaemia, raised androgens, hirsutism (question 6a & 8)
    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  5. **What might show up in a blood test for PCOS? (question 6b)
    • Raised:
    • androgens
    • oestradiol & prolactin
    • insulin & blood glucose levels
    • LH:FSH ratio

    • Decreased:
    • sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG)
  6. Identify the condition: Hard, painless, unilateral mass/lump in testes. (question 8)
    Testicular cancer
  7. Identify the condition (male): Obstructed/poor urinary flow, difficulty passing urine, dribbling, nocturnal urinating (question 8)
    Benign prostrate hyperplasia (BPH)
  8. Identify the condition: Depression, tension, hot flushes, fatigue, anxiety, aching legs, abdominal bloating, muscular tenderness, fluid retention, cravings for sugar, decreased libido, sweating, swelling of hands, feet and legs.......... (question 8)
    Pre menstrual syndrome! (PMS)
  9. **Which hormones are produced by the placenta? (question 7b)
    • Progesterone
    • Somatomammotropin
    • Oestrogen
    • Relaxin
    • Beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG)
  10. Which hormones are produced by the Corpus Luteum? (question 7b)
    • Progesterone
    • Some Oestrogen
  11. **What is the primary function of the placenta? (question 7a)
    Promote selective transport of oxygen & nutrients TO the foetus & remove waste & CO2 FROM foetus
  12. What might show up in a blood test for Benign Prostate Hyperplasia? (question 6b)
    Elevated Prostate Specific Antigen levels (PSA)
Card Set:
Reproductive System Pathologies
2015-06-26 13:31:37

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