what are the components of a mental state examination?
AMS TPI: Appearance + Behaviour, mood + affect, Speech, Thought process + content, Perceptions, Cognition + insight
what are the diagnostic criteriae for schizophrenia?
at least 1 first rank symptom or first rank symptom, present for at least 1 month, without other explanatory factors (drugs, brain disease, affective symptoms)
what are schneider's first rank symptoms for schizophrenia?
3 Ts + 2 Ps: thought echo, thought insertion/withdrawal/broadcasting, Third person auditory hallucination, Passivity, delusional Perceptions
what are schneider's second rank symptoms of schizophrenia?
catatonia, second person auditory hallucinations
what are the cardinal symptoms of depression?
low mood, anhedonia, low energy, every day for 2 weeks.
what are the secondary symptoms of depression?
concentration, self esteem, guilt and worthlessness, self-harm, sleep and appetite, pschosis (always means severe)
what is a diganosis for bipolar type I?
one or more of each manic and depressive episodes
what is the diagnosis for bipolar type II?
recurrent major depressive and hypomanic episodes
what is the diagnosis for cyclothymic disorder?
chronic mood fluctuation over 2 years at least.
what is the time duration of manic and depressive episodes in BP?
manic (4 months), depressive (6 months)
what are symptoms of a manic episode?
somatic (psychomotor activity, sexual overactivity), speech (pressured), mood (mood-congruent delusions, self esteem, optimism, spending, dangerous driving, religious convictions, political or business initiatives)
what is the accepted sequence of acute stress reaction?