A continuous process characterized by open-mindedness, continual inquiry, and perseverance, combined with a willingness to look at each unique patient situation and determine which identified assumptions are true and relevant
Recognizing that an issue exists, analyzing information, evaluating information, and making conclusions
It is an active, organized, cognitive process used to carefully examine ones own thinking and the thinking of others. It involves recognizing that a problem exists, analyzing the issue, evaluating info and making conclusions. Pg 216
What skills are involved in the process of critical thinking and how can they be applied to nursing practice?
Interpretation: be orderly, categorize, look for patterns, clarify data
Analysis: be open minded, no careless assumptions.
Inference: look at meaning/significance of findings.
Evaluation: look objectively, use criteria to determine results of actions, reflect on self.
Explanation: support findings & conclusions, use knowledge/experience to choose strategies.
Self-regulation: reflect on experiences, identify ways to self-improve, define success. Pg 193 table 15-1
What concepts are important for the critical thinker and what critical thinking behavior is demonstrated by these concepts?
Truth seeking: true meaning of situation, be courageous/honest & objective when asking questions.
Open-mindness: tolerant of diff views, sensitive to own prejudices, respect diff opinions.
Analyticity: analize problematic situations, anticipate results/consequences, value reason, use evidence based knowledge.
Systematicity: organized, focused, work hard
Self-confidence: trust own reasoning process.
Inquisitiveness: eager to acquire knowledge & learn explanations even when applications are not clear, value learning for learnings sake.
Maturity: multiple solutions acceptable, reflect upon own judgements, have cognitive maturity. Pg 217
What are three levels of critical thinking and how would a person demonstrate their thinking ability within each of the levels?
Basic: the nurse trusts experts, has concrete thinking, lack of experience = follows each step of procedure with no deviation.