Orange Book 001 patient assessment part 1 #1
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What do MOI and NOI mean?
To care for trauma patients properly, you must understand how traumatic injuries occur, or the mechanism of injury (MOI). E.g., shooting, knifing, motor vehicle crash.
For medical patients, you must examine the general type of illness the patient is experiencing, or nature of illness (NOI). E.g., seizures, diabetic problems, and heart attacks.
What are standard precautions or universal precautions?
they are protective measures that help protect EMTs and patients against possible exposure to communicable diseases.
What are the four vital signs that you must examine in the patient during patient assessment?
Level of consciousness; airway, breathing, and circulation (ABCs)
What is the difference between clammy and diaphoretic?
Skin that is only slightly moist but not covered excessively with sweat is described as clammy.
When the skin is bathed in sweat, the skin is described as diaphoretic
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