Lab 2

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Author:
jld15
ID:
303476
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Lab 2
Updated:
2015-05-31 17:42:29
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Lab
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Lab 2
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  1. Glucose
    • Indicator of carbohydrate metabolism
    • 70-100mg/dL
    • 100-120 pre diabetic
    • Over 120 used to diagnose diabetes
  2. HbA1C
    • Percentage of Glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood
    • Long term glycemic control: how well control diabetes
    • Looks at last 120 days bc life span of RBC
    • ----Good control 2.5-5.9%
    • ----Fair control 6.0-7.0%
    • ----Poor control >7.0%
  3. Renal Function tests
    • Creatine
    • BUN
  4. Creatine
    • (muscle metabolism- bc byproduct of kidney)
    • ----Increase in Creatine directly related to renal impairment
  5. BUN
    • (blood urea nitrogen) (protein metabolism)
    • Altered caused by
    • ----Altered kidney function
    • ----Dehydration
    • ----Some medications
  6. Hepatic Function Panel
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
    • Blood ammonia levels
  7. Liver enzymes
    • Liver is a filter so if not working greater chance of infection
    • Used to monitor cirrhosis
  8. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
    Sensitive to hepatocellular damage
  9. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
    Increased related to alcohol or medication that can inflame the liver
  10. Blood ammonia levels
    • Immediate product of amino acid breakdown
    • Can be due to hepatic encephalopathy, GI bleed
    • AMS (altered mental status)
  11. CBC
    • WBC
    • RBC
    • ----Hgb
    • ----Hct
    • Platelets
  12. WBC
    Measures circulating leukocytes
  13. WBC Differential
    • Neutrophils
    • ----Bacterial
    • Lymphocytes
    • ----T-cells and B-cells
    • ----Viral
    • Monocytes
    • ----Chronic infection
    • Eosinophils
    • ----Allergic reaction
    • Basophils
    • ----Allergic reaction
  14. RBC
    • Carries oxygen from the lungs to body tissues
    • Erythrocyte count
    • Hb
    • Hct

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