Lab 5

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Author:
jld15
ID:
303482
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Lab 5
Updated:
2015-05-31 19:39:54
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Lab
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Lab 5
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  1. Troponin
    • New markers for myocardial necrosis
    • Take 14 days to return to normal
    • Use to tell if have MI a few days after
  2. Urinalysis
    • Color and appearance
    • ----Dark: dehydrated
    • Specific gravity and occult blood
    • ----Greater than 1.0 concentrated
    • ----Myoglobinuria
    • ------------Excretion of myoglobin without RBC
    • ------------Seen with CO poisoning
    • Glucose and ketones
    • ----Diabetes
    • Electrolytes
    • Drug screening
  3. Microbiologic Studies
    • Gram stain
    • cultures
  4. Cultures
    • Detect the presence of bacteria
    • Used to determine appropriate antibiotic coverage
    • ----Wound cultures
    • ----Skin cultures
  5. Pulmonary function tests (PFT’s)
    ----Detect abnormalities in respiratory function
  6. Arterial blood gases (ABG’s)
    ----Assesses effectiveness of ventilation and oxygen transport
  7. Fluid Analysis
    • CSF
    • Synovial fluid analysis
    • Pleural fluid analysis
    • Peritoneal fluid analysis
  8. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
    • Lumbar puncture
    • ----CNS infections
    • ----Disease diagnosis
    • ----Normally clear
    • Synovial fluid analysis
    • Arthrocentesis
    • ----Assess for infection
    • ----Assess cause of joint effusion
    • ----Normally straw colored
  9. Pleural fluid analysis
    • Thoracentesis
    • Diagnostic
    • Therapeutic
  10. Peritoneal fluid analysis
    • (abdominal region)
    • ----Paracentesis
    • ----Diagnostic
    • ----Therapeutic

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