Fluid 5

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Author:
jld15
ID:
303488
Filename:
Fluid 5
Updated:
2015-05-31 21:17:59
Tags:
Fluid
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Description:
Fluid 5
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  1. Respiratory Acidodis
    • INCREASED carbon dioxide
    • ----pCO2 >45
    • DECREASED pH
    • ----pH <7.35
    • Causes:
    • ----Resp failure
    • ----Neurologic depression
    • ----Inadequate RR
  2. Respiratory Alkalosis
    • DECREASED carbon dioxide
    • ----pCO2 <35
    • INCREASED pH
    • ----pH >7.45
    • Causes:
    • ----Restrictive lung diseases
    • ----Anxiety, pain
    • ----Excessive RR
  3. Metabolic Acidosis
    • DECREASED bicarbonate
    • ----HCO3- <22
    • --------CO2 usually normal, may be elevated
    • DECREASED pH
    • ----pH <7.35
    • Causes:
    • ----H+ accumulation
    • ----Lactic acid
    • ----DKA
    • ----meds
    • ----Loss of HCO3-
    • ----Diarrhea
  4. Metabolic Alkalosis
    • INCREASED bicarbonate
    • ----HCO3->26
    • INCREASED pH
    • ----pH >7.45
    • Causes:
    • ----Loss of H+
    • ----Diuretic use
    • ----Excessive vomiting or ng (nasogastric) tube drainage

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