Histology 2

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Flashcardmaker
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303509
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Histology 2
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2015-06-02 06:20:17
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Histology
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Histology
Description:
G-Circulatory system (214-237) H-Lymphoid System (238-263) I-Respiratory system (264-308) J-Digestive System I (309-350) K-Digestive System II (351-418)
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  1. 214) Which of the following statements concerning tunica intima are true?
    • includes a layer of dense connective tissue
    • contains some small capillaries
    • is separated from the tunica media of arteries by the external elastic lamina
    • includes a layer of endothelial cells
    • is a fenestrated sheet of elastin cells
    • is homologous to the pericardium
    • is absent in large elastic arteries
    • smooth muscle cells may be present?
    • Includes a layer of endothelial cells
    • Smooth muscle cells may be present?
  2. 215) Which of the following vessels contains the most developed vasa vasorum in its tunica media?
    • aorta
    • arteriole
    • blood capillary
    • medium-sized artery
    • thoracic duct
    • large vein
    • venule
    Large vein
  3. 216) Which of the following vessels contains the most distinctive internal elastic lamina?
    • aorta
    • arteriole
    • blood capillary
    • medium-sized artery
    • thoracic duct
    • large vein
    • venule
    Aorta
  4. 217) Which of the following vessels contains the most numerous smooth muscle cells arranged in longitudinal pattern in its tunica adventitia?
    • aorta
    • arteriole
    • blood capillary
    • medium-sized artery
    • thoracic duct
    • large vein
    • venule


    Large vein
  5. 218) Which of the following statements concerning muscular arteries are false?
    • contain more elastic fibers than smooth muscle cells
    • tunica media contains smooth muscle cells
    • lumen is lined by endothelium
    • external elastic lamina is developed
    • tunica media contains elastic fibers
    Contain more elastic fibers than smooth muscle cells
  6. 219) Which of the following statements concerning large veins are true?
    • valves are developed
    • well-developed internal and external elastic laminae
    • adventitia contains smooth muscle cells
    • tunica media does not contain elastic fibers
    • tunica media contains type I collagen fibers
    Adventitia contains smooth muscle cells
  7. 220) Which of the following are true of lymphatic vessels?
    • resemble arteries more than veins
    • typically lack valves
    • resemble veins more than arteries
    • distinct borders are between their tunics
    • smooth muscle cells may be present in their tunica media
    Resemble veins more than arteries

    Smooth muscle cells may be present in their tunica media
  8. 221) Which of the following statements concerning blood capillaries are false?
    • carry lymphocytes
    • are blind-ended tubes
    • contain valves
    • occluding junctions are developed between the endothelial cells
    • basal lamina under the endothelial lining is not always continunous
    • Are blind-ended tubes
    • Contain valves
  9. 222) Which of the following are true of pericytes?
    • are specialized cardiac muscle cells
    • are attached to the outside of endothelial cells
    • are specialized smooth muscle cells
    • actin, myosin and tropomyosin are contained in their cytoplasm
    • are multinucleated
    Are attached to the outside of endothelial cells

    Actin, myosin and tropomyosin are contained in their cytoplasm
  10. 223) Which of the following statements concerning continuous capillaries are true?
    • endothelial cells rest on a well-developed basal lamina
    • occluding junctions are developed between individual endothelial cells
    • abundant in red bone marrow
    • endothelial cells contain pinocytic vesicles
    • are numerous in striated skeletal muscle tissues
    Endothelial cells rest on a well-developed basal lamina

    Occluding junctions are developed between individual endothelial cells

    Endothelial cells contain pinocytic vesicles

    Are numerous in striated skeletal muscle tissues
  11. 224) Which of the following are true of fenestrated capillaries?
    • posses usually wide lumens
    • endothelial cells contain pinocytotic vesicles
    • typically follow a tortuous twisting course
    • are common muscle tissue
    • often have phagocytic cells in their lining
    • numerous occluding junctions are developed between endothelial cells
    Endothelial cells contain pinocytotic vesicles

    Numerous occluding junctions are developed between endothelial cells
  12. 225) How are impulses passed from cells of Purkyne fibers to ventricular cardiac muscle cells?
    • chemical synapses
    • diffusion through the endomysium
    • gap junctions
    • saltatory conduction
    • through tight junctions
    Gap junctions
  13. 226) Which of the following statements concerning cardiomyocytes are true?
    • contain less sarcoplasmic reticulum than skeletal muscle fibers
    • situated in walls of ventricles and atria
    • abundant in epicardium
    • gap junctions facilitate communication between them
    Contain less sarcoplasmic reticulum than skeletal muscle fibers

    Situated in walls of ventricles and atria

    Gap junctions facilitate communication between them
  14. 227) Which of the following statements concerning T tubules are true?
    • are evaginations of the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    • sequester calcium ions during muscle relaxation
    • carry depolarization to the muscle fiber interior
    • are found overlying the A-I band junction in cardiac muscle cells
    • contain material of the superficial lamina
    • Carry depolarization to the muscle fiber interior
    • Contain material of the superficial lamina
  15. 228) Which of the following statements concerning intercalated disks are true?
    • are found only in smooth muscle
    • are autonomic myoneural junctions
    • consists of desmosomes, fasciae adherentes and gap junctions
    • are located at the M line
    • are the middle components of the triads
    • represent specialized junctional complexes
    • Consists of desmosomes, fasciae adherentes and gap junctions
    • Represent specialized junctional complexes
  16. 229) Which of the following tissues contains the most numerous capillaries?
    • Articular cartilage
    • Cardiac muscle
    • Dense regular connective tissue
    • Elastic cartilage
    • stratified squamous epithelium
    Cardiac muscle
  17. 230) Which of the following statements concerning muscular arteries are true?
    • contain more elastic fibers than smooth muscle cells
    • tunica media contains smooth muscle cells
    • lumen is lined by endothelium
    • external elastic lamina is developed
    • tunica media contains elastic fibers
    Tunica media contains smooth muscle cells

    Lumen is lined by endothelium

    External elastic lamina is developed

    Tunica media contains elastic fibers
  18. 231) Which of the following statements concerning cardiomyocytes are false?
    • contain less sarcoplasmic reticulum than skeletal muscle fibers
    • situated in walls of ventricles and atria
    • abundant in epicardium
    • gap junctions facilitate communication between them
    Abundant in epicardium
  19. 232) Which of the following structures contains the most elastin in its tunica media?
    • aorta
    • arteriole
    • blood capillary
    • medium-sized artery
    • thoracic duct
    • large vein
    • venule
    Aorta
  20. 233) Which of the following is the thickest layer in the walls of veins?
    • internal elastic lamina
    • subendothelial layer
    • tunica adventitia
    • tunica intima
    • tunica media
    • external elastic lamina
    Tunica adventitia
  21. 234) Which of the following are true of blood capillaries?
    • carry lymphocytes
    • are blind-ended tubes
    • contain valves
    • occluding junctions are developed between the endothelial cells
    • basal lamina is not always continuous
    Carry lymphocytes

    Occluding junctions are developed between the endothelial cells

    Basal lamina is not always continuous
  22. 235) Which description is true of continuous capillaries?
    • unusually wide lumens
    • abundant fenestrations
    • tortuous twisting course
    • common in brain and muscle
    • phagocytic cells inserted between lining epithelial cells
    Common in brain and muscle
  23. 236) Which basis tissue type predominates in tunica media?
    • connective tissue
    • epithelium
    • muscle
    • nerve
    Muscle
  24. 237) Which of the following is true for cardiomyocytes?
    • centrally located nucleus
    • mitochondria represent up to 40% of their volume
    • are striated
    • multinucleated
    • lack t-tubules
    • contain distinct myofibrils
    • contain diads
    • contain sacroplasmic reticulum
    • contain traids
    Centrally located nucleus

    Mitochondria represent up to 40% of their volume

    Are striated

    Multinucleated

    Contain distinct myofibrils

    Contain diads

    Contain sacroplasmic reticulum
  25. 238) True for thymus cortex.
    • site of blood-thymus-barrier
    • among blood vessels contains only sinusoids
    • contains Hassels corpuscles
    • lacks reticular epithelial cells
    • contains plasma cells
    • contains macrophages
    • Site of blood-thymus-barrier
    • Contains macrophages
  26. 239) Statements concerning lymph nodes that are false?
    • B-lymphocytes present in 2ndary lymphoid nodules
    • T-Lymphocyte predominate in in paracortical region of lymphnodes
    • secondary lymphnoid nodules lack macrophages
    • subcapsular sinus directly connected to medullary ones
    • reticular fibers present in stroma of lymphnodes
    Secondary lymphnoid nodules lack macrophages
  27. 240) Statements concerning B-lymphocytes that are true?
    • plasma cells are their effector cells
    • become immunocompetent in bone marrow
    • abundant in secondary lymphoid nodules
    • do not transform into memory cells
    • Plasma cells are their effector cells
    • Become immunocompetent in bone marrow
    • Abundant in secondary lymphoid nodules
  28. 241) statements concerning palatine tonsils that are false?
    • lack secondary lymphoid nodules
    • contain primary lymphoid nodules
    • contain more T-lymphocyte than B-lymphocytes
    • antigenprestenig cells present here
    • covered by stratified squamous epithelium
    • Lack secondary lymphoid nodules
    • Contain primary lymphoid nodules
    • Contain more T-lymphocyte than B-lymphocytes
  29. 242) Central lymphoid organ.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Thymus
  30. 243) Peripheral lymphoid organ.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    • Spleen
    • Lymphnode
  31. 244) Myofibrils in capsule.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Spleen
  32. 245) Contains cords of lymphoid tissue and lymphatic sinuses.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Lymphnode
  33. 246) Contain subcapsular lymphatic sinus.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Lymphnode
  34. 247) Contain Hassells corpuscles.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Thymus
  35. 248) Has afferent lymphatic vessels.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Lymphnode
  36. 249) Contain periatrial lymphatic sheaths.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Spleen
  37. 250) Primary immunologic filter of blood.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Spleen
  38. 251) Primary immunologic filter of lymph.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Lymphnode
  39. 252) Contains lymphoid nodules.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    • Spleen
    • Lymphnode
  40. 253) Encapsulated organ.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    • Thymus
    • Spleen
    • Lymphnode
  41. 254) Exhibits cortex and medulla.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    • Thymus
    • Lymphnode
  42. 255) Contains B-lymphocytes.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    • Spleen
    • Lymphnode
  43. 256) Contains numerous T-lymphocytes.
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • lymphnode
    Thymus
  44. 257) Statements concerning peripheral lymphoid organs that are false?
    • include thymus
    • all contain lymphoid nodules
    • some of them are encapsulated
    • all contain reticular epithelial cells
    • Include thymus
    • All contain reticular epithelial cells
  45. 258) Which of the following thymus cells contain tiny granules which contain thymus hormones?
    • B-lymphocytes
    • epithelial reticular cells
    • helper T-lymphocytes
    • Langerhans cells
    • mast cells
    • plasma cells
    Epithelial reticular cells
  46. 259) Cellular components of stroma of splenic lymphoid nodules?
    • B-lymphocytes
    • dendritic cells
    • erythrocytes
    • macrophages
    • reticular cells
    • T-lymphocytes
    Reticular cells
  47. 260) Effector cells of B-lymphocytes?
    • macrophages
    • mast cells
    • NK cells
    • plasma cells
    • reticular cells
    Plasma cells
  48. 261) Partly encapsulated and covered with nonkeratinzed stratified squamous epithelium.
    • lymph node
    • palatine tonsil
    • Peyers patch
    • spleen
    Palatine tonsil
  49. 262) Which of the following gives rise to both memory and effector cells and is primarly associated with humoral immunity?
    • B-lymphocyte
    • NK cell
    • macrophage
    • plasma cell
    • T-lymphocyte
    B-lymphocyte
  50. 263) Which of the following receives afferent lymphatic vessels?
    • Payers patch
    • lymph node
    • palatine tonsile
    • spleen
    • thymus
    Lymph node
  51. 264) Which of these are from the first part of the respiratory portion of the respiratory system?
    • Bronchioles
    • Epiglottis
    • Nasopharynx
    • Small bronchi
    • Respiratory Bronchioles
    • Large Bronchi
    • Alveolar Ducts
    Respiratory Bronchioles
  52. 265) Is/are partly lined by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Nasopharynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    Larynx
  53. 266) Has epithelial lining with cilial cells but no goblet cells
    • Alveolar Ducts
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
  54. 267) Are false for Clara cells.
    • Found in small bronchi
    • Ciliated
    • Shorter than surrounding epithelium
    • Contain secretory granules
    • SER developed in apical portions
    • Contain tubular mitochondria
    • Bronchioles contain Clara cells
    • Found in small bronchi
    • Ciliated
    • Shorter than surrounding epithelium
    • Contain tubular mitochondria
    • Bronchioles contain Clara cells
  55. 268) Contain hyaline cartilage in their walls.
    • Alveolar Ducts
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
  56. 269) Are present in bronchioles but not in terminal bronchioles.
    • Alveoli
    • Cilia
    • Clara cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Mucous glands in lamina propria
    • Smooth muscle cells
    Goblet cells
  57. 270) Are false for alveolar epithelium.
    • type I and II cells joined by junctional complexes
    • ciliated cells present in alveoli
    • type II cells play role in blood-air barrier formation
    • type I and II cells rest on well developed basal lamina
    • type I cells contain lamellar bodies in the cytoplasm
    • Ciliated cells present in alveoli
    • Type II cells play role in blood-air barrier formation
    • Type I cells contain lamellar bodies in the cytoplasm
  58. 271) Are false for visceral pleura
    • Contain seromucous glands
    • contain lymphatic vessels
    • Include layer of simple squamous epithelia
    • Contain elastic fibers
    • Covers outer wall of pleural cavity
    • Contain seromucous glands
    • Covers outer wall of pleural cavity
  59. 272) Contain smooth muscle cells in their walls.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
  60. 273) Contain cartilage in their wall.
    • Bronchi
    • Broncioles
    • Neither
    Bronchi
  61. 274) Ciliated cells present in their lining epithelium.
    • Bronchi
    • Broncioles
    • Neither
    • Bronchi
    • Broncioles
  62. 275) Contain some elastic cartilage.
    • Nasal Cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Larynx
  63. 276) Part of respiratory system producing pulmonary surfactant.
    • Nasal Cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Alveoli
  64. 277) Contain abundant venous plexus 
    • Nasal Cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Nasal Cavity
  65. 278) Contain C-shaped rings of hyaline cartilage.
    • Nasal Cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Trachea
  66. 279) Which of the following components of the respiratory tract wall relatively increase in amount from trachea to terminal bronchioles?
    • Cilia
    • Elastic fibers
    • Smooth muscle cells
    • Cartilages
    • Goblet cells
    • Elastic fibers
    • Smooth muscle cells
  67. 280) In which of the following structures we cannot normally find nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Nasopharynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Nasopharynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
  68. 281) In which epithelium lining following portions of respiratory system, are ciliated cells present?
    • Epithelium lining nasal cavity
    • Epithelium lining trachea
    • Epithelium lining terminal bronchioles
    • Epithelium lining alveoli
    • Epithelium lining nasal cavity
    • Epithelium lining trachea
    • Epithelium lining terminal bronchioles
  69. 282) Which of the following are true of Clara cells?
    • Are found in small bronchi
    • Are ciliated
    • Are typically shorter than surrounding epithelial cells
    • Contain secretory granules
    • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is developed in their apical portions
    • Contain mitochondria of the tubular type
    • Contain secretory granules
    • Smooth endoplasmic reticulum is developed in their apical portions
  70. 283) Which of the following statements concerning large bronchi are false?
    • Their lining epithelium is simple columnar ciliated
    • Numerous goblet cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Irregular plates of hyaline cartilage are present in their walls
    • Rings of elastic cartilage are present in their walls
    • Numerous ciliated cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Basal cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Their lining epithelium is simple columnar ciliated
    • Irregular plates of hyaline cartilage are present in their walls
    • Rings of elastic cartilage are present in their walls
  71. 284) Which of the following structures are not present in bronchioles, but appear in terminal bronchioles?
    • Alveoli
    • Cilia
    • Clara cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Mucous glands in the lamina propria
    • Smooth muscle cells
    Clara cells
  72. 285) Which of the following statements concerning type I alveolar cells is/are true?
    • Squamous cells with numerous cytoplasmic processes
    • Present in terminal bronchioles
    • Contain tiny secretory granules
    • Their cytoplasmic processes are sometimes situated in vicinity of endothelial cells lining capillaries in interalveolar
    septum
    • Squamous cells with numerous cytoplasmic processes
    • Their cytoplasmic processes are sometimes situated in vicinity of endothelial cells lining
    • capillaries in interalveolar
    • septum 
  73. 286) Ciliated cells are present in their lining epithelium.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
  74. 287) Alveoli project from their walls.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    Neither
  75. 288) Lining epithelium is pseudostratified columnar ciliated.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
  76. 289) Walls contain C-shaped rings of hyaline cartilage.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Trachea
  77. 290) Walls contain irregular rings and plates of hyaline cartilage.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Bronchi
  78. 291) Distal part(s) of respiratory system without ciliated cells.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
  79. 292) Distal part(s) of respiratory passages without cartilage.

    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
  80. 293) Part(s) of respiratory passages without goblet cells.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Terminal bronchioles
  81. 294) Which of the following components of the respiratory tract wall relatively decrease in amount from trachea to terminal bronchioles?
    • Cilia
    • Elastic fibers
    • Smooth muscle cells
    • Cartilages
    • Goblet cells
    • Cilia
    • Cartilages
    • Goblet cells
  82. 295) Which of the following has/have an epithelial lining in which ciliated and goblet cells are typically present?
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Trachea
  83. 296) In which epithelium lining following portions of respiratory are not present ciliated cells?
    • Epithelium lining nasal cavity
    • Epithelium lining trachea
    • Epithelium lining terminal bronchioles
    • Epithelium lining alveoli
    Epithelium lining alveoli
  84. 297) Which of the following structures does (do) not contain hyaline cartilages in its (their) wall(s)?
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Larynx
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Trachea
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
  85. 298) Which of the following statements concerning large bronchi is/are true?
    • Their lining epithelium is simple columnar ciliated
    • Numerous goblet cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Irregular plates of hyaline cartilage are present in their walls
    • Rings of elastic cartilage are present in their walls
    • Numerous ciliated cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Basal cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Numerous goblet cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Numerous ciliated cells are present in lining epithelium
    • Basal cells are present in lining epithelium
  86. 299) Which of the following statements concerning alveolar epithelium is/are true?
    • Type I and II alveolar cells are joined by junctional complexes
    • Ciliated cells are present in alveoli
    • Type I and II alveolar cells rest on a well-developed basal lamina
    • Type II alveolar cells play role in formation of blood-air barrier
    • Type I cells contain lamellar bodies in their cytoplasm
    • Type I and II alveolar cells are joined by junctional complexes
    • Type I and II alveolar cells rest on a well-developed basal lamina
  87. 300) Which of the following is/are true of the visceral pleura?
    • Contains seromucous glands
    • Contains lymphatic vessels
    • Includes a layer of simple squamous epithelium
    • Contains elastic fibers
    • Covers the outer wall of the pleural cavity
    • Contains lymphatic vessels
    • Includes a layer of simple squamous epithelium
    • Contains elastic fibers
  88. 301) Contain cartilage in their walls.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    Bronchi
  89. 302) Ciliated cells are present in their lining epithelium.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
  90. 303) Alveoli project from their walls.
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Neither
    Neither
  91. 304) Distal part(s) of respiratory passages without cartilage.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
  92. 305) Part(s) of respiratory passages without goblet cells.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Terminal bronchioles
  93. 306) Part(s) of respiratory portion of respiratory system without smooth muscle cells.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Alveoli
  94. 307) Contain(s) vibrissae.
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli
    Nasal cavity
  95. 308) Site(s) of pulmonary surfactant production. 
    • Nasal cavity
    • Nasopharynx
    • Larynx
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Terminal bronchioles
    • Respiratory bronchioles
    • Alveolar ducts
    • Alveoli n.
    Alveoli
  96. 309) Which of the following are responsible for the production of intrinsic factor necessary for erythropoiesis?
    • Reticular cells of bone narrow
    • Reticulocytes
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Polichromatophilic erythroblasts
    • Parietal cells
    Parietal cells
  97. 310) Which of the following statements concerning oesophagus is/are false?
    • Its upper part contains skeletal muscle
    • Mucous glands are present everywhere in lamina propria
    • Mucous glands are developed in submucosa
    • Lamina muscularis mucosae is developed in the distal portion of eosophagus
    Mucous glands are present everywhere in lamina propria
  98. 311) Which of the following statements concerning the mucosal glands of the pylorus is/are false?
    • Resemble those in the body of the stomach
    • Contain abundant parietal cells in their basal portions
    • Secrete more pepsinogen than do fundic glands
    • Have shallower pits than those in the fundic region
    • Secrete mainly mucus
    • Resemble those in the body of the stomach
    • Contain abundant parietal cells in their basal portions
    • Secrete more pepsinogen than do fundic glands
    • Have shallower pits than those in the fundic region
  99. 312) Which of the following statements concerning the wall of the stomach is/are false?
    • Simple squamous epithelium covers its outer surface
    • Forms temporary folds called plicae circulares when the stomach is empty
    • Stratified squamous epithelium covers its inner surface
    • Three layers of skeletal muscle comprise its tunica muscularis externa
    • Submucosa is a component of its wall
    • Forms temporary folds called plicae circulares when the stomach is empty
    • Stratified squamous epithelium covers its inner surface
    • Three layers of skeletal muscle comprise its tunica muscularis externa
  100. 313) Which of the following statements concerning lining epithelium of small intestine is/are true?
    • Epithelial cells are connected by prominent apical junctional complexes
    • Epithelium rests on a discontinuous basal lamina
    • Goblet cells are present
    • Paneth cells are present
    • Enteroendocrine cells are present
    • Basal cells are present
    Epithelial cells are connected by prominent apical junctional complexes

    • Goblet cells are present
    • Enteroendocrine cells are present
  101. 314) Which of the following statements concerning Brunner’s glands is/are false?
    • Are characteristics components of the jejunal wall
    • Produce a serous secretion that is rich in digestive enzymes
    • Lie in the submucosal layer
    • Empty their secretions into the lymphatic capillaries
    • Their secretory portions are composed of goblet cells
    • Produce alkaline secretion
    • Are characteristics components of the jejunal wall
    • Produce a serous secretion that is rich in digestive enzymes
    • Empty their secretions into the lymphatic capillaries
    • Their secretory portions are composed of goblet cells
  102. 315) Which of the following statements is/are true of the absorptive cells of the small intestine?
    • Are also called enteroendocrine cells (-->called enterocytes)
    • Many microvilli cover their basal surfaces
    • Contain basal labyrinth
    • Many microvilli cover their apical surfaces
    • Undergo mitosis at the tips of the villi and are sloughed into the crypts
    Many microvilli cover their apical surfaces
  103. 316) Secrete pepsinogen.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Chief cells
  104. 317) Take part in HCL production.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Parietal cells
  105. 318) Contain eosinophilic granules in their apical portions.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Paneth cells
  106. 319) Represent unicellular mucous glands.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Goblet cells
  107. 320) Secrete lysozyme.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Paneth cells
  108. 321) Secrete mucus.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Goblet cells
  109. 322) Are paracrine cells.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocytes
    Enteroendocrine cells
  110. 323) In which organ is absent the plicae circulares?
    • Anal canal
    • Cecum
    • Colon
    • Esophagus
    • Pharynx
    • Small intestine
    • Stomach
    • Anal canal
    • Cecum
    • Colon
    • Esophagus
    • Pharynx
    • Stomach
  111. 324) In which location can we find mitotic figure?
    • in the glands in the neck of gastric fundus
    • in the the tips of the villi in ileum (in walls of crypts, move towards base of crypts or tips of villi)
    • in the surface layer of the epithelium covering the Esophagus
    • in the submucosus plexus in the wall of the colon
    In the glands in the neck of gastric fundus
  112. 325) Chief cells in glandulae gastricae.
    • Secretory – protein cells
    • Produce mucus
    • Produce steroids
    • Produce polypeptides
    Secretory – protein cells
  113. 326) Which statements relating to Parietal cells are correct:
    • Forms the intracellular protein 
    • Are acidophilics
    • Contain numerous mitochondria
    • Produce intrinsic factor
    • Contain electron dense secretory granules
    • Are acidophilics
    • Contain numerous mitochondria
    • Produce intrinsic factor
  114. 327) Which statements relating to the constitution of the stomach are correct:
    • simple squamous epithelium covers Outer surface layer
    • On an empty stomach forming a temporary race called plicae circulares (rugae)
    • Inner surface of the layer covered by squamous epithelium (columnar)
    • Outer musculature consists of three layers of skeletal muscle
    • Part of the gastric wall is submucosa
    Simple squamous epithelium covers Outer surface layer

    Part of the gastric wall is submucosa
  115. 328) Which statements relating to the small intestine are correct:
    • villi in the jejunum intestinales forms the tunica mucosa and submucosa
    • Brunner glands are most developed in the jejunum (duodenum)
    • Brunner glands are only in the tunica mucosa of duodenum (submucosa)
    • Peyer's patches are the most developed in the ileum
    • Tunica muscularis externa of duodenum consists of 2 layers
    Peyer's patches are the most developed in the ileum

    Tunica muscularis externa of duodenum consists of 2 layers 
  116. 329) Which statements relating to the epithelium lumen of the small intestine is not correct:
    • Epithelial cells are well connected with joining apical complexes
    • Epithelium lies on discontinuous basal lamina
    • At the moment are epithelial goblet cells
    • At the moment are epithelial Paneth cells
    • At the moment are epithelial enteroendocrine cells
    • At the moment are epithelial basal cells
    • Epithelium lies on discontinuous basal lamina
    • At the moment are epithelial Paneth cells
    • At the moment are epithelial basal cells
  117. 330) Which statements relating to Brunner glands are correct:
    • Occurs in the wall of jejunum
    • Produce serous secretions rich in digestive enzymes
    • “nachadzaju sa” in submucosa
    • empty their secretion into the lymphatic capillaries
    • Secretory section composed of goblet cells
    • Their secretions is alkaline
    • “nachadzaju sa” in submucosa
    • Their secretions is alkaline
  118. 331) Generate intracellular canals.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Parietal cells
  119. 332) Are paracrine.
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Enteroendocrine cells
  120. 333) Secretes mucus
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Goblet cells
  121. 334) Secretes lysosyme
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Paneth cells
  122. 335) Represents a single-celled mucous glands
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Goblet cells
  123. 336) In the apical part of cytoplasm contain eosinophilic granules
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Paneth cells
  124. 337) In which organ can we find plicae circulares?
    • Anal canal
    • Cecum
    • Colon
    • Esophagus
    • Pharynx
    • Small intestine
    • Stomach
    Small intestine
  125. 338) Which statements relating to esophagus is not true:
    • In the wall located to the upper third of striated muscle
    • The lamina propria mucosa are everywhere developed mucous glands
    • Submucosa are found in minor?? mucous glands
    • Lamina muscularis mucosae is developed only in the distal portion
    • Small intestine
    • Lamina muscularis mucosae is developed only in the distal portion
  126. 339) Which statements is not true about Parietal cells:
    • Forms intracellular canal
    • Are acidophilic
    • Contain numerous mitochondria
    • Produce intrinsic factor
    • Contain electron dense secretory granules
    Contain electron dense secretory granules
  127. 340) Which data relating to pyloric mucous glands are correct?
    • Are similar in calf stomach “zlazkam”
    • Part of the basal cells contain numerous cover
    • Secretes more pepsinogen than fundus glands
    • Flow into the shallower wells than glands in the fundus
    • Mostly secreted mucus
    Mostly secreted mucus
  128. 341) Which data relating to the small intestine are not true:
    • Villi intestinales forms the tunica mucosa of jejunum and submucosa
    • Brunner glands are developed in the jejunum
    • Brunner glands are only in tunica mucosa of duodenum
    • Peyer’s patches are most developed in the ileum
    • Tunica muscularis externa of duedorum is composed of 3 layers
    • Villi intestinales forms the tunica mucosa of jejunum and submucosa
    • Brunner glands are developed in the jejunum
    • Brunner glands are only in tunica mucosa of duodenum
    • Tunica muscularis externa of duedorum is composed of 3 layers
  129. 342) Which statements concerning the absorption cell (about colon cancer or ?) are not correct:
    • They are called also enteroendocrine cells (enerocytes)
    • The basal surface of the cover reads microvilli (apical)
    • Have created basal labyrinth
    • They have to create numerous apical microvilli
    • Undergo mitosis at the tips of the villi and are sloughed into the crypts?
    They are called also enteroendocrine cells (enerocytes)

    The basal surface of the cover reads microvilli (apical)

    Have created basal labyrinth
  130. 343) Secrete lysozyme
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Paneth cells
  131. 344) Secrete mucus
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Goblet cells
  132. 345) Are paracrine
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Enteroendocrine cells
  133. 346) ... glands associated with intracellular canal
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Parietal cells
  134. 347) In glandulae gastricae propriae and basophilic
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Chief cells
  135. 348) Represents a cellular mucous glands
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Goblet cells
  136. 349) In the apical part of cytoplasm contain eosinophilic granules
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Paneth cells
  137. 350) Take part in HCL production
    • Parietal cells
    • Chief cells
    • Enteroendocrine cells
    • Paneth cells
    • Goblet cells
    • Enterocyte
    Parietal cells
  138. 351) Which of the following cell types exhibits both exocrine and endocrine secretory activity?
    • enterocyte
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • gastric chief cell
    • hepatocyte
    • myoepithelial cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • parietal cell
    Hepatocyte
  139. 352) Which of the following is/are true of serous demilunes of salivary glands?
    • produce IgA
    • border directly on intercalated ducts
    • produce mucus
    • produce lysozyme
    • occur in parotid glands
    • produce amylase
    • occur in submandibular glands
    • Produce lysozyme
    • produce amylase
    • occur in submandibular glands
  140. 353) Which of the following is/are true of pancreatic zymogens?
    • are stored in secretory granules
    • are synthesized on free polyribosomes (ONLY - No, ALSO - Yes)
    • are synthesized on polyribosomes of rough endoplasmic reticulum
    • are stored in the basal cytoplasm of pancreatic acinar cells
    • are produced by the pancreatic duct-lining cells
    Are stored in secretory granules
  141. 354) Produce glucagon.
    • A-cells
    • B-cells
    • D-cells
    • PP(F)-cells
    • none of the above
    A-cells
  142. 355) Produce somatostatin.
    • A-cells
    • B-cells
    • D-cells
    • PP(F)-cells
    • none of the above
    D-cells
  143. 356) Produce insulin
    • A-cells
    • B-cells
    • D-cells
    • PP(F)-cells
    • none of the above
    B-cells
  144. 357) produce pancreatic polypeptide
    • A-cells
    • B-cells
    • D-cells
    • PP(F)-cells
    • none of the above
    PP(F)-cells
  145. 358) Which of the following is/are typically found in the portal space?
    • interlobular bile duct
    • branch of the central vein
    • branch of the hepatic artery
    • hepatic acinus
    • lymphatic vessel
    • Interlobular bile duct
    • Branch of the hepatic artery
    • Lymphatic vessel
  146. 359) Situated between hepatocytes and sinusoids
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Spaces of Disse
  147. 360) contain Ito cells.
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Spaces of Disse
  148. 361) Open into central vein
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Hepatic sinusoids
  149. 362) Epithelial cell found on surface of Peyer's patch
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
  150. 362) Secretes intrinsic factor
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    parietal cell
  151. 363) Situated in lumen of pancreatic acinus
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Centroacinar cell
  152. 364) Produces proteins of blood plasma
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Hepatocyte
  153. 365) Which of the following glands contains both mucous and serous cells in its secretory portions?
    • liver
    • parotid gland
    • pancreas
    • sublingual gland
    • submandibular gland
    • Sublingual gland
    • Submandibular gland
  154. 366) Which of the following is/are true of myoepithelial cells?
    • contain cytokeratin intermediate filaments in their cytoplasm
    • can't contract
    • contain actin and myosin in their cytoplasm
    • are found around the bile canaliculi
    • are responsible for emptying the gallbladder
    • Contain cytokeratin intermediate filaments in their cytoplasm
    • Contain actin and myosin in their cytoplasm
  155. 367) Which of the following types of lingual papillae lack taste buds?
    • circumvallate
    • filiform
    • foliate
    • fungiform
    Filiform
  156. 368) Which of the following is/are true of the cells lining striated ducts of the salivary glands?
    • contain basal labyrinth
    • are characterized by a paucity of mitochondria
    • are characterized by basally located nuclei
    • are characterized by abundant, long apical microvilli
    • are surrounded by smooth muscle cells
    Contain basal labyrinth
  157. 369) Which of the following is/are true of the space of Disse?
    • is bordered directly by hepatocytes
    • contents flow toward the central vein
    • surrounds hepatic sinusoid
    • lumen is entirely sealed by desmosomes
    • content empty into interlobular bile duct ?
    • contains cells of Ito
    • Is bordered directly by hepatocytes
    • Contains cells of Ito
  158. 370) Contain Kupffer cells.
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    • Hepatic sinusoids
    • Spaces of Disse
  159. 371) Connect into canals of Herring.
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Intercellular bile canaliculi
  160. 372) lumen is sealed by junctional complexes
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Intercellular bile canaliculi
  161. 373) lines interlobular bile ducts.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Neither
  162. 374) Unicellular mucous glands.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Goblet cell
  163. 375) Produces enamel.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Ameloblast
  164. 376) is able to phagocytose.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)?
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Kupffer cell
  165. 377) Which of the following statements concerning teeth are true?
    • ameloblasts secrete dentin and enamel
    • dentin is softer than enamel
    • odontoblasts secrete an extracellular matrix
    • enamel does not contain cell bodies, only their processes
    • secretory surfaces of ameloblasts are apical ones
    • Dentin is softer than enamel
    • Odontoblasts secrete an extracellular matrix
    • Enamel does not contain cell bodies, only their processes
  166. 378) Which of the following glands contain serous demilunes?
    • liver
    • parotid gland
    • pancreas
    • sublingual gland
    • submandibular gland
    • Sublingual gland
    • Submandibular gland
  167. 379) Which of the following statements concerning papillae of tongue are true?
    • fungiform papillae are predominant papillae of tongue
    • fungiform papillae are concentrated on root of tongue
    • circumvallate papillae are located all over dorsal surface of tongue
    • circumvallate papillae are richly supplied with taste buds
    • filiform papillae are richly supplied with taste buds
    Circumvallate papillae are richly supplied with taste buds
  168. 380) Which of the following are true of Kupffer cells?
    • are non-phagocytic
    • contain lysosomes
    • derive from circulating neutrophils
    • appear in the vicinity of hepatic sinusoids
    • border on the bile canaliculi
    • Contain lysosomes
    • Appear in the vicinity of hepatic sinusoids
  169. 381) Which of the following are true of the bile canaliculi (bile capillaries)?
    • are bordered directly by endothelial cells
    • constricts flow toward the central vein
    • are surrounded by the hepatic sinusoids
    • lumens are entirely sealed by junctional complexes
    • normally contain blood plasma
    Lumens are entirely sealed by junctional complexes
  170. 382) Walls are formed only by hepatocytes.
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Intercellular bile canaliculi
  171. 383) Walls are formed only by endothelial cells.
    • hepatic sinusoids
    • spaces of Disse
    • intercellular bile canaliculi
    Hepatic sinusoids
  172. 384) Produces mucus.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Goblet cell
  173. 385) secretes digestive enzymes.
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    • Chief cell of gastric gland
    • Pancreatic acinar cell
  174. 386) Secretes lysozyme
    • ameloblast
    • parietal cell
    • centroacinar cell
    • odontoblast
    • enteroendocrine cell
    • chief cell of gastric gland
    • goblet cell
    • hepatocyte
    • M cell (membrane epithelial cell)
    • Paneth cell
    • Kupffer cell
    • pancreatic acinar cell
    • neither
    Paneth cell
  175. L387) Which of the following statement concerning the ureter is/ are false?
    • is lined by transitional epithelium
    • several layers of smooth muscle are satiated in its wall
    • is covered by a thin layer of serosa
    Is covered by a thin layer of serosa
  176. 388) Which of the following types of epithelium lines the thick segment of ascending limb of the loop of Henle?
    • pseudostratified columnar
    • simple columnar
    • simple cuboidal
    • simple squamous
    • stratified cuboidal
    • stratified squamous
    • transitional
    Simple cuboidal
  177. 389) Which of the following is/ are characteristics of cortical, but not juxtamedullary nephrons?
    • associated efferent arterioles supply the vasa recta
    • have long thin segments of loop of Henle that penetrate deep into renal medulla
    • have proximal convoluted tubules located in the renal cortex
    • have distal convoluted tubules located in the renal medulla
    • loops of Henle have longer thick segments of descending limbs
    • are primarily responsible for establishing the medullas hypertonic gradient
    Loops of Henle have longer thick segments of descending limbs
  178. 390) Which of the following vessels are located at the border between the renal cortex and medulla?
    • Arcuate artery and veins
    • interlobar arteries and veins
    • interlobular arteries and veins
    • stellate veins
    • vasa recta
    Arcuate artery and veins
  179. 391) Forms macula densa.
    • proximal tubules
    • distal tubules
    • neither
    Distal tubules
  180. 392) Lining is similar to thin segments of loop of Henle.
    • proximal tubules
    • distal tubules
    • neither
    Neither
  181. 393) Brush border on apical surfaces of lining cells.
    • proximal tubules
    • distal tubules
    • neither
    Proximal tubules
  182. 394) Convoluted portion lies in cortex.
    • proximal tubules
    • distal tubules
    • neither
    • Proximal tubules
    • Distal tubules
  183. 395) Actively removes up to 85% of sodium ions from filtrate.
    • proximal tubules
    • distal tubules
    • neither
    Proximal tubules
  184. 396) Secrete renin.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    Juxtaglomerular cells
  185. 397) Components of juxtaglomerular apparatus.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    • Extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • Juxtaglomerular cells
  186. 398) Removes small molecules of proteins from filtrate.
    • proximal tubule
    • distal tubule
    • neither
    Proximal tubule
  187. 399) Lining cells contain basal labyrinth in their cytoplasm.
    • proximal tubule
    • distal tubule
    • neither
    • Proximal tubule
    • Distal tubule
  188. 400) Lining cells are larger and more acidophilic.
    • proximal tubule
    • distal tubule
    • neither
    Proximal tubule
  189. 401) Form visceral layer of Bowmans capsule.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    Podocytes
  190. 402) Located in renal cortex.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    All of them
  191. 403) Longer thin segments of loops of Henle.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    Juxtamedullary nephrons
  192. 404) Proximal convoluted tubules located in cortex.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    • Cortical nephrons
    • Juxtamedullary nephrons
  193. 405) Which of the following of the following statement concerning juxtaglomerular apparatus is/are true?
    • contains extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • Macula densa is situated in wall of proximal tubule
    • juxtaglomerular cells are situated in wall of distal tubule
    • juxtaglomerular cells contain renin in their secretory granules
    • Contains extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • Juxtaglomerular cells contain renin in their secretory granules
  194. 406) Which of the following types of epithelium represents a portion of the parietal layer of Bowman’s capsule?
    • pseudostratified columnar
    • simple columnar
    • simple squamous
    • stratified cuboidal
    • stratified squamous
    • transitional
    Simple squamous
  195. 407) Which of the following is/are characteristic/s of the thin segment of loops of Henle but not vasa recta? 
    • ascending portions are impermeable to water
    • are components of juxtaglomeral apparatus
    • are lined by endothelium
    • are impermeable to water and this process is regulated by ADH
    • secrete angiotensinogen
    Ascending portions are impermeable to water
  196. 408) Which of the following is/ are characteristic/s of the proximal tubule but not of the distal tubules?

    • convoluted portion lies in the renal cortex
    • epithelial lining is similar to that of the thin segment of loop of Henle
    • exhibits a brush border
    • lining cells are basophilic
    • contains a macula densa
    • is aldosterone’s site of action
    Exhibits a brush border
  197. 409) Located in renal cortex.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    All of them
  198. 410) Appear to phagocytose material trapped in filtration barrier.
    • extraglomerular mesangial cells
    • juxtaglomerular cells
    • podocytes
    • mesangial cells
    • all of them
    Mesangial cells
  199. 411) Associated efferent arterioles form two principal branches.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    Juxtamedullary nephrons
  200. 412) Associated efferent arterioles form peritubular capillary network.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    • Cortical nephrons
    • Juxtamedullary nephrons
  201. 413) More numerous.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    • Cortical nephrons
    • Juxtamedullary nephrons
  202. 414) Long loops of Henle extend deep into medulla.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    Juxtamedullary nephrons
  203. 415) Primarily responsible for establishing osmotic gradient in renal medulla.
    • cortical nephrons
    • juxtamedullary nephrons
    • neither
    Juxtamedullary nephrons
  204. 416) Which of the following is the modified smooth muscle cell responsible for the secretion of renin?
    • endothelial cell
    • juxtaglomerular cell
    • mesangial cell
    • podocyte
    • extraglomerular mesangial cell
    Juxtaglomerular cell
  205. 417) Which of the following types of epithelium lines the prostatic urethra?
    • pseudistratified columnar
    • simple columnar
    • simple cuboidal
    • simple squamous
    • stratified cuboidal
    • stratified squamous
    • transitional
    Transitional
  206. 418) Which of the following types of epithelium lines the thin segment of loop of Henle?
    • pseudostartified columnar
    • simple columnar
    • simple cuboidal
    • simple squamous
    • stratified cuboidal
    • stratified squamous
    • transitional
    Simple squamous

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