A&P 1 Study Guide.txt

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Author:
royaleann
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303601
Filename:
A&P 1 Study Guide.txt
Updated:
2015-06-03 04:35:38
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chap1
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chap1
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  1. Level of organization
    Chemicals, Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems.
  2. Bilateral Symmetry
    • Dividing the body into the middle.
    • So each side is a mirror image of the other.
  3. Ipsilateral
    Same Side
  4. Contralateral
    Opposite side.

    Left Arm, Right Leg. ETC
  5. Anatomical Position
    Observer facing the Patient. Palms forward and feet spread
  6. Planes
    transverse sagittalĀ coronal
  7. Transverse
    Superior, Arterior position
  8. Sagittal
    Mirror Image
  9. Coronal
    Back side to the front, down the middle. Middle of the head,
  10. Abdominal
    Anterior Torso Below Diaphragm
  11. Acromial
    Shoulder
  12. Antebrachial
    Forearm
  13. Antecubital
    Depressed area in front of the elbo
  14. Axillary
    Armpit
  15. Brachial
    Arm
  16. Buccal
    Cheek
  17. Calcaneal
    Heel of the foot
  18. Carpal
    Wrist
  19. Cephalic
    Head
  20. Cervical
    Neck
  21. Coxal
    Hip
  22. Cranial
    Skull
  23. Crural
    Leg
  24. Cubital
    Elbow
  25. Cutaneous
    Skin
  26. Digital
    Fingers, or Toes
  27. Facial
    Face
  28. Femoral
    Thigh
  29. Frontal
    Forehead
  30. Gluteal
    Buttock
  31. Hallux
    • Great Toe,
    • Big Toe
  32. Inguinal
    Groin
  33. Lumbar
    Lower Parts of the back Between the Ribs and Pelvis
  34. Mammary
    Breast
  35. Manual
    Hand
  36. Mental
    Chin
  37. Nasal
    Nose
  38. Navel
    Area around the navel, or umbillicus
  39. Occipital
    Back of lower part of skull
  40. Olecranal
    Back of Elbow
  41. Oral
    Mouth
  42. Otic
    Ear
  43. Palmer
    Palm of the hand
  44. Patellar
    Front of Knee
  45. Pedal
    Feet
  46. Pelvic
    Lower portion of torso
  47. Perineal
    Area between anus and genitals
  48. Plantar
    Sole Of the Foot
  49. Pollex
    Thumb
  50. Popliteal
    Area Behind the Knee
  51. Pubic
    Pubis
  52. Supraclavicular
    Area above clavicle
  53. Sural
    Calf
  54. Tarsal
    Ankle
  55. Temporal
    Side of Skull
  56. Thoracic
    Chest
  57. Zygomatic
    Cheek
  58. Integumentary
    • Skin
    • Protection, Temperature regulation, sensation
  59. Skeletal
    • Bones, Ligaments
    • Support, protection, movement, mineral, and fat storage, blood production
  60. Muscular
    • Skeletal muscles, tendons
    • Movement, Posture, heat production
  61. Nervious
    • Brain, Spinal Cord, Nerves, Sensory organs
    • Control, regulation, and coordination of other systems, sensation, memory
  62. Endocrine
    • Pituitary gland, adrenals, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroids, and other glands.
    • Control and regulation

    Effects are slow to act but are long lasting
  63. Cardiovascular
    Heart, arteries, veins, capillaries

    Exchange and transport of materials
  64. Lymphatic
    Lymph Nodes, Lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus, tonsils

    Immunity, fluid balance
  65. Respiratory System
    Lungs, Bronchial tree, trachea, larynx, nasal cavity

    Gas Exchange, acid base balance
  66. Digestive
    Stomach, small and large intestines, esophagus, liver, mouth, pancreas

    • Breakdown and absorption of nutrients,
    • elimination of waste
  67. Urinary
    Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra

    Excretion of waiste, fluid and electrolyte balance, acid base balance
  68. Reproductive System
    The only system we can live without

    Male- Testes, vas deferens, prostate, seminal vesicles, penis

    Female, overies, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, breasts

    Reproduction continuity of genetic information, nurturing of offspring
  69. Signs
    Objective abnormalities that can be seen or measured by someone other than the patient
  70. Symptoms
    Subjective abnormalities that are felt only by the patient
  71. Acute
    Signs and symptoms appear suddenly, Persist for a short time, and than disappear
  72. Syndrome
    Collection of different signs and symptoms that occur together
  73. Chronic
    Disease that develop slowly and last for a long time
  74. Idiopathic
    Diseases with undetermined causes
  75. Communicable
    Diseases that can be transmitted from one person to another
  76. Remission
    Reversal of a chronic disease
  77. Epidemiology
    The study of the occurrence, distribution and transmission of diseases in human populations
  78. Epidemic
    A disease that spreads to many individuals in a relatively short time
  79. Pandemics
    Epidemics that affect large geographic regions, perhaps world wide

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