Histology 3

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Flashcardmaker
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303604
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Histology 3
Updated:
2015-06-03 12:25:55
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Histology
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Histology
Description:
L-Male Reproductive System (419-457) M-Female Reproductive system (458-501) N-Endocrine System (502-586) O-Nervous system (587-639) P-Skin & Sensory Organs I (640-688) Q-Sensory Organs II (689-749) R-Sensory Organs III (750-766)
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  1. 419) Single highly coiled duct
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Ductus epididymidis
  2. 420) Represented by 10 to 20 canaliculi
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Ductili efferentes
  3. 421) Located in mediastinum testis
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Rete testis
  4. 422) Their ducts open into urethra
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    • Prostate gland
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Paraurethral glands
  5. 423) Contain corpora amylacea
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    Prostate gland
  6. 424) May be also taken for endocrine gland.
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    Testes
  7. 425) Which of the following is (are) a component(s) of the wall of seminiferous tubules?
    • mediastinum testis
    • rete testis
    • septula testis
    • tunica albuginea
    • lamina propria
    • tunica vaginalis
    lamina propria
  8. 426) A portion of which of the following structures is lined exclusively with Sertoli cells?
    • ductuli efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ejaculatory duct
    • membranous urethra
    • penile urethra
    • prostatic urethra
    • rete testis
    • tubuli recti
    • deferent duct
    Tubuli recti
  9. 427) Which of the following statements concerning deferent duct is (are) true?
    • its wall does not contain smooth muscle cells
    • outermost layer of its wall is adventitia covered by mesothelium
    • mucosa is composed of pseudostratified columnar epithelium and of lamina properia
    • epithelial columnar cells lining proximal portion of deferent duct are equipped with stereocilia
    • Mucosa is composed of pseudostratified columnar epithelium and of lamina properia
    • Epithelial columnar cells lining proximal portion of deferent duct are equipped with stereocilia
  10. 428) Which of the following statements concerning seminal vesicles is (are) true?
    • compound acinar glands
    • branched acinar glands
    • branched tubular glands
    • simple coiled tubular glands
    • smooth muscle cells are present in their walls
    • Simple coiled tubular glands
    • Smooth muscle cells are present in their walls
  11. 429) Contain diploid chromosome number.
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    • Spermatogonia
    • Primary spermatocytes
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
  12. 430) Cells with the shortest life-span in seminiferous epithelium.
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Secondary spermatocytes
  13. 431) Form blood-testis barrier.
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Sertoli cells
  14. 432) Intratesticular genital ducts.
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    • Tubuli recti
    • Rete testis
  15. 433) Formes ampulla near its termination.
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Ductus deferens
  16. 434) Thickest muscular wall.
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Ductus deferens
  17. 435) Secrete testosterone.
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    Testes
  18. 436) Produce spermatozoa.
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    Testes
  19. 437) Simple coiled tubular glands.
    • testes
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • paraurethral glands
    Seminal vesicles
  20. 438) Which of the following structures has (have) lining cells that exhibit apical stereocilia?
    • ductuli efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ejaculatory duct
    • membranous urethra
    • penile urethra
    • prostatic urethra
    • rete testis
    • tubuli recti
    • deferent duct
    • Ductus epididymidis
    • Deferent duct
  21. 439) Which of the following are a features of the adluminal compartment, but NOT the basal compartment, of the seminiferous tubules?
    • Is accessible to the cells of immune system
    • Contains Sertoli cells
    • Contains spermatids
    • Contains spermatogonia
    • Contains testosterone-secreting cells
    Contains spermatids
  22. 440) Which of the following statements concerning duct of epididymis are true?
    • Its wall does contain smooth muscle cells
    • Mucosa is composed of pseudostratified columnar epithelium and lamina propria
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with kinocilia
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with stereocilia
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with numerous microvilli?
    • Its wall does contain smooth muscle cells
    • Mucosa is composed of pseudostratified columnar epithelium and lamina propria
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with stereocilia
  23. 441) Which of the following structures are lined by transitional epithelium?
    • ductuli efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ejaculatory duct
    • membranous urethra
    • penile urethra
    • prostatic urethra
    • rete testis
    • tubuli recti
    Prostatic urethra
  24. 442) Final product of spermiogenesis
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Spermatozoa
  25. 443) Product of spermatocytogenesis.
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Spermatids
  26. 444) Contain haploid chromosome number
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    • Secondary spermatocytes
    • Spermatids
    • Spermatozoa
  27. 445) Product of second meiotic division
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Spermatids
  28. 446) Situated in prostate.
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    • Ejaculatory duct
    • Prostatic urethra
  29. 447) Lined by pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    • Ductus epididymidis
    • Ductus deferens
    • Membranous urethra
    • Pendulous urethra
  30. 448) Lined by transitional epithelium
    • tubuli recti
    • rete testis
    • ductili efferentes
    • ductus epididymidis
    • ductus deferens
    • ejaculatory duct
    • prostatic urethra
    • membranous urethra
    • pendulous urethra
    Prostatic urethra
  31. 449) Compound tuboalveolar glands
    • Testes
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Prostate gland
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Paraurethral glands
    Bulbourethral glands
  32. 450) Secrete mucus
    • Testes
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Prostate gland
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Paraurethral glands
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Paraurethral glands
  33. 451) Secretions empty directly into ejaculatory duct
    • Testes
    • Seminal vesicles
    • Prostate gland
    • Bulbourethral glands
    • Paraurethral glands
    Seminal vesicles
  34. 452) Which of the following statements concerning testis are true?
    • Special junctional complexes are developed between Sertoli cells
    • Seminiferous epithelium is composed only of developing spermatozoa
    • Seminiferous epithelium contains numerous capillaries
    • Leydig cells are situated in seminiferous epithelium
    • Intestinal tissue does not contain capillaries
    • Sertoli cells prevail in the epithelium of terminal portions of seminiferous tubules
    • Special junctional complexes are developed between Sertoli cells
    • Sertoli cells prevail in the epithelium of terminal portions of seminiferous tubules
  35. 453) Which of the following statements concerning ductuli efferentes are true?
    • Wall does contain smooth muscle cells
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with kinocilia
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with stereocilia
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with microvilli
    • Wall does contain smooth muscle cells
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with kinocilia
    • Some epithelial cells are equipped with microvilli
  36. 454) Which of the following statements concerning seminiferous epithelium are false?
    • Contains spermatids before puberty
    • Consists of Sertoli cells and spermatogenic cells
    • Basal compartment contains spermatogonia
    • Is surrounded by myoid cells
    Some epithelial cells are equipped with microvilli
  37. 455) Not a component of seminiferous epithelium
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Secondary spermatocytes
  38. 456) Product of first meiotic division
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Secondary spermatocytes
  39. 457) Largest spermatogenic cell type
    • spermatogonia
    • primary spermatocytes
    • secondary spermatocytes
    • spermatids
    • spermatozoa
    • Sertoli cells
    • Leydig cells
    Primary spermatocytes
  40. 458)Which of the following structural changes accompanies follicle development?
    • reduction in size of the antrum
    • increase in size of the follicle
    • reduction in size of the ovum
    • reduction in thickness of the granulosa layer
    • reduction of thickness of the zona pellucida
    • replacement of theca externa by theca interna
    • Increase in size of the follicle
    • Reduction in thickness of the granulosa layer
  41. 459) Which of the following are true of the stratum basale but not of the stratum functionale?
    • includes the uterine surface epithelium
    • includes connective tissue
    • contains cells that are highly responsive to ovarian hormones
    • is a layer that undergoes cyclic thickening and shedding
    • contains cells that replace surface epithelium after menstruation
    • is supplied by coiled arterioles
    • is supplied by straight arterioles
    • Contains cells that replace surface epithelium after menstruation
    • Is supplied by straight arterioles
  42. 460) Which of the following are true of the uterine tube’s ampulla but not its isthmus?
    • contains mucus-secreting cells
    • contains ciliated cells
    • is covered by serosa
    • contains large mucosal folds that are extensively branched
    • contains smooth muscle in its walls
    Contains large mucosal folds that are extensively branched
  43. 461) Can transform into collagenous scar
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    • Atretic follicles
    • Corpora albicantia
  44. 462) Occur in larger numbers in ovary
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Atretic follicles
  45. 463) Appear also before puberty
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Atretic follicles
  46. 464) Contains elastic fibers.
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Neither
  47. 465) Changes little during menstruation cycle
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Neither
  48. 466) More responsive to ovarian hormones
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  49. 467) Contains more fibroblasts and reticular fibers.
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum basale of endometrium
  50. 468) Which of the following are true of the corpora albucantia but not of atretic follicles?
    • may leave hormone-secreting interstitial cells after degeneration
    • can occur only after puberty
    • eventually may be removed by macrophages and replaced by stroma
    • are remnants of follicles that degenerate before ovulation
    • may contain degenerating oocytes
    • often enlarge during pregnancy
    • may contain degenerating granulosa cells floating in remnants the follicular liquor
    Can occur only after puberty
  51. 469) Which of the following remain a part of the ovary after ovulation?
    • Corona radiate
    • first polar body
    • follicular liquor
    • theca interna
    • zona pellilucida
    • theca externa
    • Theca interna
    • Theca externa
  52. 470) Which of the following is the primary cause of the normally acidic pH of the vaginal lumen?
    • bacterial conversion of mucus secreted by vaginal glands
    • bacterial conversion of glycogen from exfoliated cells
    • secretion of acidic mucopolysaccharides by glands in the vaginal wall
    • secretion of HCl by the lining epithelium of the vagina
    • acidic secretion of the uterine glands
    Bacterial conversion of glycogen from exfoliated cells
  53. 471) Elastic fibers are not contained in the loose connective tissue sitiuated below epithelium.
    • Uterus
    • Oviduct
    • neither
    • Uterus
    • Oviduct
  54. 472) Glands are situated in the loose connective tissue situated below its epithelium.
    • Uterus
    • Oviduct
    • neither
    Uterus
  55. 473) Secrete estrogen
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Neither
  56. 474) Occur in larger number in ovary
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Atretic follicles
  57. 475) Appear also before puberty
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Atretic follicles
  58. 476) More responsive to ovarian hormones.
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  59. 477) Contains more fibroblasts and reticular fibers
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum basale of endometrium
  60. 488) Undergoes cyclic thickening and shedding during menstruation cycle
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  61. 489) Is supplied by coiled arterioles
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  62. 490) Which of the following are true of granulosa lutein cells?
    • are a minor cell type in the corpus luteum
    • derive from theca interna
    • contain abundant granular endoplasmic reticulum
    • are small and dark staining
    • secrete progesterone
    • are steroid-producing cells
    • Secrete progesterone
    • Are steroid-producing cells
  63. 491) Which stage of ovarian follicle development immediately follows the multilaminar primary follicle stage?
    • corpus albicans
    • corpus luteum
    • Graafian follicle
    • primordial follicle
    • secondary follicle
    • unilaminar primary follicle
    Secondary follicle
  64. 492) The blood that supplies the nutrients used to rebuiled the endometrium after menstruation is continued in which of the following?
    • coiled arteries in the stratum functionale
    • straight arteries in the stratum functionale
    • straight arteries in the stratum basale
    • menstrual fluid in the uterine lumen
    • Coiled arteries in the stratum functionale
    • Straight arteries in the stratum basale
  65. 493) Which of the following organs are lined by the epithelium containing more ciliated cells than secretory ones?
    • uterus
    • oviduct
    • neither
    Oviduct
  66. 494) Remnants of degenerating ovarian follicles
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Atretic follicles
  67. 495) Remnants of degenerating corpora lutea
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Corpora albicantia
  68. 496) Can transform into collagenous scars
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    • Atretic follicles
    • Corpora albicantia
  69. 497) secretes estrogens
    • atretic follicles
    • corpora albicantia
    • neither
    Neither
  70. 498) Includes uterine epithelium
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  71. 499) Includes connective tissue
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    • Stratum functionale of endometrium
    • Stratum basale of endometrium
  72. 500) Undergoes cyclic thickening and shedding during menstruation cycle
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum functionale of endometrium
  73. 501) Changes little during menstruation cycle
    • stratum functionale of endometrium
    • stratum basale of endometrium
    • neither
    Stratum basale of endometrium
  74. 502) Which ovarian hormone/s inhibits pituitary hormone secretion?
    • estrogen
    • follicle-stimulating hormone
    • luteinizing hormone
    • progesterone
    • prolactin
    • testosterone
    Progesterone
  75. 503) Which of the following is/are true of pituicytes?
    • contain neurosecreting granules
    • are specific glial cells
    • contain Herring bodies
    • myelinate the axon of hypothalamic neurons
    Are specific glial cells
  76. 504) Which of the following are true of hypophysotropic hormones?
    • are produced only in supraoptic & paraventricular nuclei
    • are realized by axon terminals of neurosecretory neurons located near the primary capillary plexus
    • stimulate the synthesis and release of antidiuretic hormone and ….
    • are produced by glial cells in the hypothalamus
    • are produced by neurosecretory neurons located in preoptic and … portion of hypothalamus
    • are stored in Hering bodies
    • Are realized by axon terminals of neurosecretory neurons located near the
    • primary capillary plexus
    • Are produced by neurosecretory neurons located in preoptic and … portion of hypothalamus
  77. 505) Which cell types typically produce glucagon?
    • A (alpha) cell
    • B (beta) cell
    • C (parafollicular) cell
    • D (delta) cell
    • F Cell
    A (alpha) cell
  78. 506) Which of the following are false of oxyphil cells?
    • are typically larger than parathyroid chief cells
    • contain abundant mitochondria
    • cytoplasm is characteristically basophilic
    • are predominat type cell in parathyroid gland
    • secrete calcitonin
    • Cytoplasm is characteristically basophilic
    • Are predominat type cell in parathyroid gland
    • Secrete calcitonin
  79. 507) Which of the following statements concerning thyroid gland are true?
    • follicular cells are surrounded by anastomosing network of continuous capillaries
    • follicular cells produce thyroglobin
    • follicular cells produce thyroidperoxidase
    • it is a compound acinar gland
    • thyroid follicular cells are connected with ducts
    • Follicular cells produce thyroglobin
    • Follicular cells produce thyroidperoxidase
  80. 508) Which of the following hormones play a role in calcium ions balance maintenance in the peripheral blood? 
    • calcitonin
    • parathyroid hormone
    • neither
    • Calcitonin
    • Parathyroid hormone
  81. 509) Secrete hormones which induces production somatomedins.
    • corticotopic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Somatotropic cells
  82. 510) Contain the smallest secretory granules in adenohypophysis.
    • corticotopic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Thyrotropic cells
  83. 511) Secrete somatomedin.
    • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Neither
  84. 512) Secrete antidiuretic hormones.
    • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Neither
  85. 513) Secrete luteinizing hormones
    • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  86. 514) What is the name of the area, which contains end-portion of axons of neurosecretory neurons producing hypophysotropic hormones?
    • pars nervosa
    • pars intermedia
    • pars tuberalis
    • pars distalis
    Pars tuberalis
  87. 515) Produce pancreatic polypeptide.
    • A cells
    • B cells
    • parafollicular cells
    • D cells
    • F cells
    • none of the above
    F cells
  88. 516) Located in thyroid gland
     • A cells
    • B cells
    • parafollicular cells
    • D cells
    • F cells
    • none of the above
    Parafollicular cells
  89. 517) Which of the following directly target the renal collecting tubules and ducts? 
    • antidiuretic hormone
    • corticotropin
    • follicle stimulating hormone
    • thyrotropin
    • luteinizing hormone
    Antidiuretic hormone
  90. 518) Which of the following are true of the adenohypophysis?
    • contains also blood sinusoids
    • acidophils and basophils are distinguished using standard techniques (e.g. H&E)
    • contains pituicytes
    • contains Herring bodies
    • produces oxytocin
    • includes pars nervosa
    • contains follicular cells
    • Contains also blood sinusoids
    • Acidophils and basophils are distinguished using standard techniques (e.g. H&E)
  91. 519) Which of the following are produced mainly in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus?
     • antidiuretic hormones
    • cholecystokinin
    • oxytocin
    • prolactin
    • somatostatin
    • somatotropin
    Oxytocin
  92. 520) Which of the following is true of corticotropin?
    • is a steroid hormone
    • inhibits the production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal cortex
    • enhances the production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal cortex
    • enhances the production ofcorticotropin-releasing hormone by hypothalamus
    • is produced by acidophils in the adenohypophysis
    • its target cells include those that line the renal collecting ducts
    Ehances the production of glucocorticoids by the adrenal cortex
  93. 521) Which of the following statements concerning cells forming zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex are true?
     • contain fewer lipid droplets than cells situated in zona fasciculata
    • contain mitochondria of tubular type
    • their nuclei are elongated
    • contain abundant granular endoplasmic reticulum
    • contain less lipofuscin than cells situated in zona reticularis
    • Contain fewer lipid droplets than cells situated in zona fasciculata
    • Contain mitochondria of tubular type
    • Contain less lipofuscin than cells situated in zona reticularis
  94. 522) Which of the following are true of the colloid within a thyroid follicle?
     • contains the storage form of the thyroid hormone
    • is produced by the adenohypophysis and stored in the thyroid
    • consists of numerous thyroglobulin-containing membrane-limited vesicles
    • molecules of thyroglobin are cleaved there
    • is pinocytosed and digested by follicular cells in response to increased circulating circulating levels of thyroxine
    • normally contains significant concentration of iodine
    • Contains the storage form of the thyroid hormone
    • Normally contains significant concentration of iodine
  95. 523) Which of the following hormones are polypeptide/ secreted by chief cells in parathyroid gland? 
    • calcitonin
    • parathyroid hormone
    • neither
    Parathyroid hormone
  96. 524) Secrete prolactin 
    • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  97. 525) Secrete glycoprotein
     • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  98. 526) Secrete somatotropin
     • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  99. 527) Secrete hormone that plays a role in basal metabolic rate control
     • corticotropic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Thyrotropic cells
  100. 528) Secrete hormone that plays a role in electrolyte and acid base balance control
     • corticotropic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Corticotropic cells
  101. 529) What is the name of the area, which contains end-portion of axons of neurosecretory neurons producing hypophysotropic hormones?
    • pars nervosa
    • pars intermedia
    • pars tuberalis
    • pars distalis
    Pars tuberalis
  102. 560) Produce calcitonin 
    • A cells
    • B cells
    • parafollicular cells
    • D cells
    • F cells
    • none of the above
    Parafollicular cells
  103. 561) Produce somatostatin
     • A cells
    • B cells
    • parafollicular cells
    • D cells
    • F cells
    • none of the above
    D cells
  104. 562) Which of the following is gonadotropin? 
    • ADH
    • ACTH
    • FSH
    • TRH
    • LH
    • FSH
    • LH
  105. 563) Which of the following are true of hypothalamic primary capillary plexus?
     • empties directly into secondary capillary plexus
    • carries hypophysotropic hormones to pars nervosa
    • is located in the tuberal portion of the adenohypophysis
    • is located in the distal portion of the adenohypophysis
    • is responsible for the transport of primary hormones to the general circulation
    • carries hypophysotropic hormones to the distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • is an important component of the hypopheaseal portal system
    • Is located in the tuberal portion of the adenohypophysis
    • Is an important component of the hypopheaseal portal system
  106. 564) Which of the following is produced by cells whose cell bodies in hypothalamic nuclei?
     • ADH
    • ACTH
    • FSH
    • LH/ ICSH
    • TSH
    • oxytocin
    • ADH
    • Oxytocin
  107. 565) Which of the following are produced by pituitary acidophils?
     • luteinizing hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone
    • luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone
    • adrenocorticotropin and thyroid stimulating hormone
    • growth hormone and prolactin
    • growth hormone and thyroid stimulating hormone
    Growth hormone and prolactin
  108. 566) Following statement concerning zona fasciculata are true except:
     • cells contain only few tubules of smooth endoplasmic reticulum
    • cells contain mitochondria of tubular type
    • cells contain numerous lipid droplets
    • cells are sensitive to ACTH stimulation
    Cells contain only few tubules of smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  109. 577) Which of the following are true of brain sand? 
    • is found in diseased pineal bodies
    • becomes decalcified by age
    • is typically intensively basophilic
    • serves as a storage depot for melatonin
    • has usually a lamellar structure
    • Is typically intensively basophilic
    • Has usually a lamellar structure
  110. 578) Steroid hormones by parafollicular cells in thyroid gland
     • calcitonin
    • parathyroid hormone
    • neither
    Calcitonin
  111. 579) Polypeptide hormone secreted by chief cells in parathyroid gland
     • calcitonin
    • parathyroid hormone
    • neither
    Parathyroid hormone
  112. 580) Stain with PAS technique
     • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  113. 581) Secrete gonadotropin
     • acidophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
    • neither
    Basophilic cells of distal portion of adenohypophysis
  114. 582) Secrete hormone controlling spermatogenesis and ovulation
     • corticotopic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Gonadotropic cells
  115. 583) Secrete prolactin
    • corticotopic cells
    • gonadotropic cells
    • somatotropic cells
    • thyrotropic cells
    • mammotropic cells
    Mammotropic cells
  116. 584) Largest portion of adenohypophysis
     • pars nervosa
    • pars intermedia
    • pars tuberalis
    • pars distalis
    Pars distalis
  117. 585) The name of the area, which contains end-portion of axons of neurosecretory neurons producing hypophysotropic hormones
     • pars nervosa
    • pars intermedia
    • pars tuberalis
    • pars distalis
    Pars tuberalis
  118. 586) The name of the area, which contains end of numerous unmyelinated axons of neurosecretory neurons forming supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in hypothalamus
    • pars nervosa
    • pars intermedia
    • pars tuberalis
    • pars distalis
    Pars nervosa
  119. 587) Which of the following terms are applied to collections of neuron cell bodies of the central nervous system?
     • ganglia
    • neuroglia
    • nodes
    • nuclei
    • white matter
    Nuclei
  120. 588) May provide myelin for several axons
     • microglial cells
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • Schwann cells
    • satellite cells
    • ependymal cells
    • none of the above
    Oligodendrocytes
  121. 589) Provide myelin for only one axon
     • microglial cells
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • Schwann cells
    • satellite cells
    • ependymal cells
    • none of the above
    Schwann cells
  122. 639) Their end-portions form terminal arborization
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Axons
  123. 601) Derived from monocytes
     • microglial cells
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • Schwann cells
    • satellite cells
    • ependymal cells
    • none of the above
    Microglial cells
  124. 602) Line cavities of central nervous system 
    • microglial cells
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • Schwann cells
    • satellite cells
    • ependymal cells
    • none of the above
    Ependymal cells
  125. 603) Which of the following forms trabeculae through which cerebrospinal fluid flows?
     • arachnoid mater
    • dura mater
    • gray matter
    • pia mater
    • white matter
    Arachnoid mater
  126. 604) Which of the following are firmly attached to the periosteum of the skull?
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Dura mater
  127. 605) Which of the following cell types surrounds neuronal perikaryons located in ganglia?
     • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Satellite cells
  128. 606) Which of the following are true of unmyelinated axons of the central nervous system?
     • may be covered by Schwann cells
    • several may be covered by a single oligodendrocyte
    • may have nodes of Ranvier
    • occur in both gray matter and white matter
    • have a faster conduction velocity than myelinated axons
    Occur in both gray matter and white matter
  129. 607) Which of the following are false of dendrites?
     • each has a constant diameter along its entire length
    • each neuron has only one
    • each ends with a typical terminal dilatation
    • are found only in white matter
    • may contain ribosomes
    • do not contain synaptic vesicles
    • are typically myelinated
    • Each has a constant diameter along its entire length
    • Each neuron has only one
    • Each ends with a typical terminal dilatation
    • Are found only in white matter
    • Are typically myelinated
  130. 608) Equipped with thorny spines
     • Nissl substance
    • neurotubules
    • synaptic vesicles
    • axons
    • dendrites
    Dendrites
  131. 609) Aggregates of granular endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes
     • Nissl substance
    • neurotubules
    • synaptic vesicles
    • axons
    • dendrites
    Nissl substance
  132. 610) Contain neurotransmitters
     • Nissl substance
    • neurotubules
    • synaptic vesicles
    • axons
    • dendrites
    Synaptic vesicles
  133. 611) Involved in cytoplasmic transport
     • Nissl substance
    • neurotubules
    • synaptic vesicles
    • axons
    • dendrites
    Neurotubules
  134. 612) Can be myelinated
     • Nissl substance
    • neurotubules
    • synaptic vesicles
    • axons
    • dendrites
    Axons
  135. 613) Some of them are able to form myelin sheaths
     • neurons
    • glial cells
    • neither
    Glial cells
  136. 614) Form synapses
     • neurons
    • glial cells
    • neither
    Neurons
  137. 615) Some of them line ventricles of brain
     • neurons
    • glial cells
    • neither
    Glial cells
  138. 616) Some of them belong to mononuclear phagocyte system
     • neurons
    • glial cells
    • neither
    Glial cells
  139. 617) Which of the following cell types surround neuronal perikaryons located in ganglia? 
    • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Satellite cells
  140. 618) Which of the following is most tightly attached to the periosteum of the skull?
     • arachnoid mater
    • dura mater
    • gray matter
    • pia mater
    • white matter
    Dura mater
  141. 619) Forms trabeculae, through which the cerebrospinal fluid flows
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Arachnoid
  142. 620) Contains numerous blood vessels
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Pia mater
  143. 621) Covers capillaries in the gray matter and forms the blood-brain barrier
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Neither
  144. 622) Which of the following cell types derive from blood monocytes?
     • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Cells of microglia
  145. 623) Which of the following cell types are found only in white matter?
     • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Fibrous astrocytes
  146. 624) Which of the following cells are glial cells of peripheral nervous system?
     • Schwann cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • ependymal cells
    • oligodendrocytes
    • Purkinje cells
    Schwann cells
  147. 625) Which of the following are true of synaptic vesicles?
     • are found in terminal dilated portions of terminal branches of axons
    • are found in the synaptic cleft
    • contain lysosomal enzymes
    • bud directly from the granular endoplasmic reticulum
    • are found in dendrites near the postsynaptic membrane
    Are found in terminal dilated portions of terminal branches of axons
  148. 626) Which of the following cell types myelinate axons in the central nervous system?
     • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Oligodendrocytes
  149. 627) Which of the following consist mainly of axons and neuroglial cells? 
    • arachnoid mater
    • dura mater
    • gray matter
    • pia mater
    • white matter
    White matter
  150. 628) Covers capillaries in the gray matter and forms the blood-brain barrier
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Neither
  151. 629) Is avascular
     • dura mater
    • arachnoid
    • pia mater
    • neither
    Arachnoid
  152. 630) Which of the following are true of the thorny spines those project from dendrites?
     • often have a larger diameter than the dendrites themselves
    • typically contain numerous synaptic vesicles
    • represent the sites of synaptic contact with terminal dilated portions of terminal branches of axons
    • are found mainly at the nodes of Ranvier
    • are also called neurites
    Represent the sites of synaptic contact with terminal dilated portions of terminal branches of axons
  153. 631) Which of the following are false of synapses?
     • permit transmission of a nerve impulse in either direction
    • can occur between a dendrite and a neuron cell body
    • can contain some superficial lamina in the synaptic cleft
    • postsynaptic membrane is in contact with the synaptic vesicles
    • Permit transmission of a nerve impulse in either direction
    • Can occur between a dendrite and a neuron cell body
    • Postsynaptic membrane is in contact with the synaptic vesicles
  154. 632) Which of the following cell types can myelinate several axons?
     • ependymal cells
    • fibrous astrocytes
    • cells of microglia
    • oligodendrocytes
    • protoplasmic astrocytes
    • satellite cells
    • Schwann cells
    Oligodendrocytes
  155. 633) May contain rough endoplasmic reticulum
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Dendrites
  156. 634) Contain Golgi complex
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Neither
  157. 635) Contain neurofilaments and neurotubules
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    • Axons
    • Dendrites
  158. 636) constant diameter along their entire length 
    • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Axons
  159. 637) May be myelinated
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Axons
  160. 638) Contain synaptic vesicles
     • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    Axons
  161. 639) Their end-portions form terminal arborization.
    • axons
    • dendrites
    • neither
    • Axons
    • 640) In which of the following epidermal layers are abundant keratohyaline granules?
    • • stratum basale
    • • stratum corneum
    • • stratum granulosum
    • • stratum lucidum
    • • stratum spinosum
    • Stratum granulosum
  162. 641) Which of the following are stellate cells that contain rod-like Birbeck's granules in their cytoplasm?
     • keratinocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • melanocytes
    • Merkel's cells
    Langerhans' cells
  163. 642) Which of the following are true of the arrector pili muscle?
     • are composed of bundles of myoepithelial cells
    • help push sebum onto the skin surface
    • effect hair position in humans
    • are directly attached to the external root sheath by desmosomes
    • contain capillary networks that nourish growing hairs
    • Help push sebum onto the skin surface
    • Effect hair position in humans
  164. 643) Which of the following receptors are unencapsulated?
     • free nerve endings
    • Krause's end-bulbs
    • Meissner's corpuscles
    • Pacinian corpuscles
    • Ruffini's corpuscles
    • Merkel's corpuscles
    • Free nerve endings
    • Merkel's corpuscles
  165. 644) Coiled tubular secretory parts
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    Eccrine sweat glands
  166. 645) acinar secretory parts
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    Sebaceous glands
  167. 646) Exocrine glands
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    • Eccrine sweat glands
    • Sebaceous glands
  168. 647) Ducts usually empty into hair follicles
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    Sebaceous glands
  169. 648) Release the apical cytoplasm of their secretory cells during secretion
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    Neither
  170. 649) Holocrine secretion
     • eccrine sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
    • neither
    Sebaceous glands
  171. 650) Contain melanosomes
     • keratinocytes
    • melanocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • Merkel's cells
    • Keratinocytes
    • Melanocytes
  172. 651) Antigen-presenting cells
     • keratinocytes
    • melanocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • Merkel's cells
    Langerhans' cells
  173. 652) Contain Birbeck's granules
     • keratinocytes
    • melanocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • Merkel's cells
    Langerhans' cells
  174. 653) Which of the following are characteristic of sweat glands but not of sebaceous glands?
     • secretory portions are acinar in shape
    • secretory portions contain clear cells and dark cells
    • ducts empty mainly into hair follicles
    • mode of secretion is holocrine
    • rate of secretion is controlled by circulating androgens
    • secretory product is oily to wazy in nature
    Secretory portions contain clear cells and dark cells
  175. 654) Milk is produced by which of the following mechanisms?
     • apocrine secretion
    • autocrine secretion
    • cytocrine secretion
    • holocrine secretion
    • merocrine secretion
    • paracrine secretion
    • Apocrine secretion
    • Merocrine secretion
  176. 655) Contains keratinocytes
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    • Stratum corneum
    • Stratum spinosum
    • Stratum lucidum
    • Stratum basale
    • Stratum granulosum
  177. 656) Site of keratinocytes proliferation
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    • Stratum spinosum
    • stratum basale
  178. 657) Contains keratohyaline granules
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    Stratum granulosum
  179. 658) Keratinocyte organelles and nuclei are not evident
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    • Stratum corneum
    • Stratum lucidum
  180. 659) Surrounded by limiting membrane
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Lamellar granules
  181. 670) Contain histidine rich proteins
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Keratohyaline granules
  182. 671) Contents released to extracellular spaces
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Lamellar granules
  183. 672) Exhibit intense tyrosinase activity 
    • keratinocytes
    • melanocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • Merkel's cells
    Melanocytes
  184. 673) Are parts of mechanoreceptors
     • keratinocytes
    • melanocytes
    • Langerhans' cells
    • Merkel's cells
    Merkel's cells
  185. 674) Which of the following epidermal layers contains completely keratinized(?) cells?
     • stratum basale
    • stratum corneum
    • stratum granulosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum spinosum
    Stratum corneum
  186. 675) Which of the following are typically of the reticular layer of dermis but not of the papillary one?
     • capillaries that nourish the epidermis
    • dense irregular connective tissue
    • loose connective tissue
    • Meissner's corpuscles
    • sweat gland ducts
    • type I collagen
    • arteriovenous anastomoses
    Dense irregular connective tissue
  187. 676) Which of the statements concerning eccrine sweat glands are false?
     • abundant in skin of palms
    • simple tubular coiled glands
    • branched tubular coiled glands
    • compound tubular glands
    • their ducts are lined by stratified cuboidal epithelium
    • Branched tubular coiled glands
    • Compound tubular glands
  188. 677) The secretory cells of the mammary glands are the primary targets of which of the substances?
     • ADH
    • cholecystokinin
    • oxytocin
    • prolactin
    • somastotatin
    • STH
    Prolactin
  189. 678) Content released in extracellular spaces
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Lamellar granules
  190. 679) Content includes glycolipids
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Lamellar granules
  191. 680) Intensely basophilic
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Keratohyaline granules
  192. 681) Found in stratum granulosum of epidermis
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    • Keratohyaline granules
    • Lamellar granules
  193. 682) Their content helps to form cementing substance preventing water evaporation
     • keratohyaline granules
    • lamellar granules
    • neither
    Lamellar granules
  194. 683) Main site of Langerhans' cells
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    Stratum spinosum
  195. 684) Contains fully keratinized cells
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    Stratum corneum
  196. 685) Translucent layer
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    Stratum lucidum
  197. 686) Contains macrophages
     • stratum corneum
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum basale
    • stratum granulosum
    • none of the above
    None of the above
  198. 687) Which of the following statements concerning melanocytes are true?
     • are phagocytic cells
    • are antigen-presenting cells
    • produce collagen
    • contain melanosomes in their cytoplasm
    • produce tyrosinase
    • Contain melanosomes in their cytoplasm
    • Produce tyrosinase
  199. 688) Which of the following statements concerning dermis are true? 
    • contains blood vessels
    • contains dermatan sulphate
    • contains keratinocytes
    • composed of regular dense connective tissue
    • contains numerous Merkel's cells
    • Contains blood vessels
    • Contains dermatan sulphate
  200. Q689) Which of following cells send sight signals?
     • amakrine
    • bipolar
    • cones
    • ganglion cells
    • horizontal cells
    • Muller cells
    • rods
    • Bipolar
    • Cones
    • Ganglion cells
    • Rods
  201. 690) Which structure forms border between anterior and posterior compartment of eye?
     • corpus ciliare
    • cornea
    • iris
    • lens
    • ora serrata
    • vitreous
    • zonula
    Iris
  202. 691) Conjuctiva bulbi
     • tunica fibrosa
    • tunica vasculosa
    • tunica nervosa
    • none of the above
    None of the above
  203. 692) Lamina choriocapillaris
     • tunica fibrosa
    • tunica vasculosa
    • tunica nervosa
    • none of the above
    Tunica vasculosa
  204. 693) iris
     • tunica fibrosa
    • tunica vasculosa
    • tunica nervosa
    • none of the above
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
  205. 694) Part of tunica fibrosa
     • Bowman membrane
    • descemets membrane
    • lamina vitrea
    • none of the above
    • Bowman membrane
    • Descemets membrane
  206. 695) Anterior epithelium of cornea • Bowman membrane
    • descemets membrane
    • lamina vitrea
    • none of the above
    None of the above
  207. 696) Contain iodopsin
     • rods
    • cones
    • none of the above
    Cones
  208. 697) Responsible for vision in dim light (night vision)
     • rods
    • cones
    • none of the above
    Rods
  209. 698) Responsible for sharp vision 
    • rods
    • cones
    • none of the above
    Cones
  210. 699) Contain modified cilia 
    • rods
    • cones
    • none of the above
    • Rods
    • Cones
  211. 700) Which of the following is the junction between the cornea and the sclera?
     • Ciliary body
    • Episclera
    • Iris
    • Lamina fusca
    • Limbus corneae
    • Macula lutea
    • Ora serrata
    Limbus corneae
  212. 701) Which of the following produces the aqueous humor of the eye?
     • Cells of the ciliary portion of the non-photosensitive retina
    • Choriocapillary layer
    • Corneal endothelium
    • Endolymphatic sac
    • Schlemm’s canal
    • Stria vascularis
    • Substantia propria
    Cells of the ciliary portion of the non-photosensitive retina
  213. 702) Following statements concerning ciliary body are true except:
     • Covered with non-photosensitive portion of retina
    • Non-photosensitive portion of retina contains cones
    • Composed of dense connective tissue
    • Contains ciliary muscle
    • Non-photosensitive portion of retina contains cones
    • Composed of dense connective tissue
  214. 703) Which of the following statements concerning sclera are true?
     • Covered by an epithelium
    • Contains more blood vessels than choroid
    • Richly pigmented
    • Composed of dense connective tissue
    Composed of dense connective tissue
  215. 704) Which of the following is true of the fovea centralis of the retina?
     • Is also known as the blind spot
    • Is the region in which the axons of ganglion cells converge and leave the eye as the optic nerve
    • Is the region in which retinal veins converge before leaving the eye
    • Is the thinest part of the neural retina
    • Does not contain photoreceptive cells
    • Contain numerous cones
    • Is the thinest part of the neural retina
    • Contain numerous cones
  216. 705) Following statements concerning cornea are true except:
     • Anterior and posterior epithelia are stratified squamous
    • Its stroma is acellular
    • Collagen fibrils are contained in its stroma
    • Posterior epithelium is simple squamous
    • Anterior epithelium rests on Descemet’s membrane
    • Anterior and posterior epithelia are stratified squamous
    • Its stroma is acellular
    • Anterior epithelium rests on Descemet’s membrane
  217. 706) Which of the following cells span the entire width of the neural retina?
     • Amacrine cells
    • Bipolar cells
    • Cone cells
    • Ganglion cells
    • Horizontal cells
    • Muller cells
    • Rod cells
    Muller cells
  218. 707) Which of the following cells transmit visual signals?
     • Amacrine cells
    • Bipolar cells
    • Cone cells
    • Ganglion cells
    • Horizontal cells
    • Muller cells
    • Rod cells
    • Bipolar cells
    • Cone cells
    • Ganglion cells
    • Rod cells
  219. 708) Which of the following structures is the most anterior extension of the eye’s tunica vasculosa? • Anterior epithelium
    • Bruch’s membrane
    • Ciliary body
    • Cornes
    • Iris
    • Lens
    • Pigmented epithelium
    Iris
  220. 709) Which of the following is true of the pigmented epithelium of the retina?
     • Rests on Descemet’s membrane
    • Contributes anteriorly to the lens
    • Derives from the outer wall of the embryonic optic cup
    • Phagocytoses portions of cytoplasm (shed) by photoreceptors
    • Is classified as a photoreceptor
    • Derives from the outer wall of the embryonic optic cup
    • Phagocytoses portions of cytoplasm (shed) by photoreceptors
  221. 710) Which of the following forms the border between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye?
     • Ciliary body
    • Cornea
    • Iris
    • Lens
    • Ora serrata
    • Vitreous body
    • Zonula
    Iris
  222. 711) Which of the following is true of tears?
    • Are secreted by meibomiam glands
    • Contain lysozyme
    • Are secreted by the glands of Moll
    • Are secreted by the glands of Zeiss
    • Enter the eye through the lacrimal puncta
    • Are secreted by the conjunctiva
    Contain lysozyme
  223. 712) Photoreceptors
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
  224. 713) Lacks an outer segment
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Neither
  225. 714) Contain narrow portion of cytoplasm rich in neurofilaments
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
  226. 715) Contains iodopsin
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Cone cells
  227. 716) Responsible for night vision
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Rod cells
  228. 717) Greatest visual acuity
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Cone cells
  229. 718) Absent from fovea centralis
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Rod cells
  230. 719) Contains intracytoplasmic changed cilia
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
  231. 720) Most abundant in retina
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Rod cells
  232. 721) Located in retina adjacent to pigment epithelium
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
  233. 722) Contains rhodopsin
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Rod cells
  234. 723) Responsible for colour vision
     • Rod cells
    • Cone cells
    • Neither
    Cone cells
  235. 724) Layer of choroid 
    • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
    • Lamina vitrea
    • None of the above
    Lamina vitrea
  236. 725) Posterior epithelium of cornea 
    • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
    • Lamina vitrea
    • None of the above
    None of the above
  237. 726) Contains elastic fibers
     • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
    • Lamina vitrea
    • None of the above
    Lamina vitrea
  238. 727) Component of tunica fibrosa
     • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
    • Lamina vitrea
    • None of the above
    • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
  239. 728) Anterior epithelium of cornea
     • Bowman's membrane
    • Descemet's membrane
    • Lamina vitrea
    • None of the above
    None of the above
  240. 729) Retina
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica nervosa
  241. 739) Choroid
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica vasculosa
  242. 740) Lens
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    None of the above
  243. 741) Cornea
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica fibrosa
  244. 742) Limbus corneae
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica fibrosa
  245. 743) Ciliary body 
    • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica vasculosa
  246. 744) Vitreous body
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    None of the above
  247. 745) Rods and cones
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica nervosa
  248. 746) Fovea centralis 
    • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica nervosa
  249. 747) Conjunctiva bulbi 
    • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    None of the above
  250. 748) Choriocapillary layer
     • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    Tunica vasculosa
  251. 749) Iris 
    • Tunica fibrosa
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
    • None of the above
    • Tunica vasculosa
    • Tunica nervosa
  252. R750) Which of the following structures are located outside the muscle spindle capsule?
     • extrafusal fibers
    • flower spray endings
    • intrafusal fibers
    • nuclear bag fibers
    • nuclear chain fibers
    Extrafusal fibers
  253. 751) True concerning taste buds
     • over much of tongue surface
    • abundant on circumvallate papillae
    • equipped with microvilli
    • Over much of tongue surface
    • Abundant on circumvallate papillae
    • Equipped with microvilli
  254. 752) Which of the following statements concerning taste receptors are true?
     • are equipped with cilia
    • they phagocytose neuromediators in response to chemical stimuli
    • in the vicinity of the basal portions of cells are situated terminal endings of afferent neurons
    • using common staining methods they appear light
    • basal cells develop from them
    • are primary receptor cells
    • are secondary receptor cells
    • In the vicinity of the basal portions of cells are situated terminal endings of afferent neurons
    • Using common staining methods they appear light
    • Are secondary receptor cells
  255. 753) Which of the following statements concerning middle ear are false?
     • contains the endolymph
    • contains the labyrinth
    • contains the modiolus
    • contains the ossicles
    • contains the perilymph
    • contains the semicircular canals
    • contains the vestibular apparatus
    • Contains the endolymph
    • Contains the labyrinth
    • Contains the modiolus
    • Contains the perilymph
    • Contains the semicircular canals
    • Contains the vestibular apparatus
  256. 754) Muscle spindle
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Proprioceptor
  257. 755) Free nerve endings
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
  258. 756) Contained in organ of Corti
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
  259. 757) Pain receptor
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Nociceptor
  260. 758) Golgi tendon organ
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Proprioceptor
  261. 759) Contained in olfactory epithelium
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Chemoreceptor
  262. 760) Macula of saccule
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Proprioceptor
  263. 761) Ruffini's endings
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Mechanoreceptor
  264. 762) Meissner's corpuscle
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Mechanoreceptor
  265. 763) Pacinian corpuscle
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Mechanoreceptor
  266. 763) Pacinian corpuscle
     • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Mechanoreceptor
  267. 765) Contained in neural retina 
    • Mechanoreceptor
    • Thermoreceptor
    • Nociceptor
    • Proprioceptor
    • Photoreceptor
    • Chemoreceptor
    • Audioreceptor
    Mechanoreceptor
  268. 766) Which statements concerning Golgi tendon organs are false?
     • are encapsulated
    • are thermoreceptors
    • possess both sensory and motor innervation
    • occur at muscle tendon junctions
    • contain muscle fiber bundles
    • Are thermoreceptors
    • Possess both sensory and motor innervation
    • Contain muscle fiber bundles

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