Humanities Exam 2
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What is program music?
Music that tells has a subject/tells a story
What is absolute music?
Music for music sake. Doesn't have a subject/story.
What is binary music?
- AB format
- Example: I am a child of God
What is ternary music?
- ABA format
- Example: Now let us rejoice, Israel Israel God is calling
What is a movement?
A part of a large musical work
What does fugue mean?
- -Flee or flight
- -The melody flies from one voice to another throughout the piece
What is a Canon?
- -A round
- -Most simple Fugue
- -Voices imitate one another
- Example: Row row row your boat
What are somethings that happens in a movement?
Fugue, Canon, Theme and Variation, and Sonata Form
What are the types of movement forms?
Suite, Sonata, Concerto, Quartet, Symphony
What is theme and variation?
A variation is a complete playing of the melody in different ways
What is sonata form?
- -Also called sonata allegro or first movement
- -Granddaddy form
What does sonata 1st movement form look like?
Exposition, development, recapitulation, and then coda
What is exposition?
- -Contains two main themes (a, b)
- -Usually is repeated
What is development?
- -The two melodies are developed
- -No rules
- -Bits and pieces can be used, upside down, backwards, ect.
What is recapitulation?
- -Return to the original theme
- -No repeat
What is a coda?
- -Latin for tail
- -Composer drives home his theme
- -Definitie closing
What is a suite?
- -A collection of small pieces, grouped by a central theme
- -Often highlights parts of ballets
Who's playing in a sonata? What's it like?
- -Solo instrument with piano accompaniment
3 movement: fast, slow, fast (first movement in sonata form)
Who's playing in a concerto? What's it like?
- -Multiple movement work for solo instrument with orchestral accompaniment
- -3 movements: fast, slow, fast
Who's playing in quartet? What is it like?
- -2 Violins
- -1 Viola
- -1 Cello
- -4 movements (first in sonata), then slow, then minuet, then rondo
Who's playing in a symphony? What's it like?
- -Sonata for orchestra
- -4 movements, same structure as quartet
What are the vocal forms?
Art song, opera, aria, recitative, and chorus
What is an art song? What's it like?
- -AKA lieder
- -For solo voice with piano accompaniment
- -They are designed to show off the virtuoso talent of both the singer and the pianist
- -Strophic: Uses the same music for each verse
- -Through composed: Opposite approach
What's an opera? What's it like?
- -One of the most powerful and most important parts of classical music
- -A story set entirely to singing
What's an aria? What's it like?
-Soloist with orchestral accompaniment with repetition
What is recitative? What's it like?
- -Soloist is singing with imitative speech accompanied by chords
- -Lots of words little music
What is a chorus? What's it like?
- -Chorus written about common folk
- -Everyone is singing together
How does a 2D artist create the illusion of depth and distance?
- -Depth is done by shadows
- -Distance is done by perspective
What does chairoscuro mean?
- -Italian word
- -Light and shadow
What is song form?
What is a cadence?
Break or pause in the music
What is the theme of music?
What are the patterns of arrangement in visual art?
Horizontal, vertical, pyramidal, symmetrical, and radial
What is horizontal pattern?
-Puts an emphasis on lines running left to right
What is vertical pattern?
-Emphasis on an upright figure
What is pyramidal pattern?
-Emphasis on a single triangular shape
What is symmetrical pattern?
- -Emphasizes balance
- -Two main parts are not identical, but are in balance
What is radial pattern?
-All major lines point to one central point
What is golden section?
-A is to B as B is to AB
What is the rule of thirds?
- -Like the golden section
- -Cut your picture into thirds
What are the two types of lines?
Straight ad curved
What does horizontal lines portray?
What does vertical lines portray?
What does diagonal lines portray?
What does value mean?
- -It is the brightness (medium)
- -Also cost
What are the value measurements?
- -High (white)
- -Medium (gray)
- -Low (black)
What are the primary colors?
Red, yellow, and blue
What can create the most colors and textures?
What color is all the colors? What color is the absence of color?
What is texture?
-Visual appearance of a surface
What is perspective and what are the types of perspective?
- -The way in which artists are able to depict distance
- -Linear and aerial
What is linear perspective?
- -Lines recede together toward vanishing point
- -Objects appear smaller over distance
What is aerial perspective?
- -Changes in color
- -Objects in the distance appear lighter in color
What is foreshortening?
- -Our mind fills the gap
- -Portray an object having less depth than it really does
What are the type of lenses?
Describe 50mm lens
Describe 20mm lens
Describe 200mm lens
What is depth of field?
- -Refers to how much of your photo is in focus from front to back
- -Ability to selectively focus on just one area
What do most digitals set as "normal" view?
33mm medium wide angle
How does the longer the lens affect the perspective?
It flattens it
What is aperture?
It is the hole that lets in light
When do you have more focus with a camera?
What does bigger aperture focus better on?
A sigle thing
What is plot?
The storyline or chain of events
What is irony?
When you say one thing, but mean something else
What is the theme of literature?
Underling message or moral of the story
What is reversal of the situation?
-A change by which the action veers round to its opposite
What is recognition?
A change from ignorance to knowledge producing love or hate
What is thought?
What is diction?
What is spectacle?
-Costumes, make up, sets, special effects
What is a comedy?
Hero overs their opposition
What is a tragedy?
The hero doesn't overcome their opposition
What is a tragic flaw?
Someone in high position that falls due to a character deficiency
What is the exposition of literature?
Explaining or introducing two characters and setting
What is complication in literature?
What is the climax in literature?
- -Where all the conflict comes to a single point
- -Where things couldn't possible get worse
What is comic relief?
Where the author releases some tension
What is denouement?
How is literature written?
Exposition, complication, climax, comic relief, then denouement
What happens in Macbeth?
Macbeth listens to witches who says he will be king and ends up killing the king and a whole bunch of people until someone finally kills him
Who are the witches in Macbeth?
They are evil
Who is Macbeth?
Brave, ambition is his weakness
Who is Duncan?
Macbeth's cousin, great king
Who is Lady Macbeth?
A hypocrite, crazy
Who is Banquo?
Macbeth's best friend and voice of reason
Who is Malcom?
Who is Macduff?
The guy who kills Macbeth in the story.
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