Humanities Exam 2

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Humanities Exam 2
2015-10-28 13:32:49
Form of music, elements and form of visual art, photography, literature and theater, and Macbeth.
Show Answers:

  1. What is program music?
    Music that tells has a subject/tells a story
  2. What is absolute music?
    Music for music sake. Doesn't have a subject/story.
  3. What is binary music?
    • AB format 
    • Example: I am a child of God
  4. What is ternary music?
    • ABA format
    • Example: Now let us rejoice, Israel Israel God is calling
  5. What is a movement?
    A part of a large musical work
  6. What does fugue mean?
    • -Flee or flight
    • -The melody flies from one voice to another throughout the piece
    • -Binary
  7. What is a Canon?
    • -A round
    • -Most simple Fugue
    • -Voices imitate one another
    • Example: Row row row your boat
  8. What are somethings that happens in a movement?
    Fugue, Canon, Theme and Variation, and Sonata Form
  9. What are the types of movement forms?
    Suite, Sonata, Concerto, Quartet, Symphony
  10. What is theme and variation?
    A variation is a complete playing of the melody in different ways
  11. What is sonata form?
    • -Also called sonata allegro or first movement
    • -Granddaddy form
  12. What does sonata 1st movement form look like?
    Exposition, development, recapitulation, and then coda
  13. What is exposition?
    • -Contains two main themes (a, b)
    • -Usually is repeated
  14. What is development?
    • -The two melodies are developed
    • -No rules
    • -Bits and pieces can be used, upside down, backwards, ect.
  15. What is recapitulation?
    • -Return to the original theme
    • -No repeat
  16. What is a coda?
    • -Latin for tail
    • -Short
    • -Composer drives home his theme
    • -Definitie closing
  17. What is a suite?
    • -A collection of small pieces, grouped by a central theme
    • -Often highlights parts of ballets
  18. Who's playing in a sonata? What's it like?
    • -Piano
    •     or
    • -Solo instrument with piano accompaniment 

    3 movement: fast, slow, fast (first movement in sonata form)
  19. Who's playing in a concerto? What's it like?
    • -Multiple movement work for solo instrument with orchestral accompaniment
    • -3 movements: fast, slow, fast
  20. Who's playing in quartet? What is it like?
    • -2 Violins
    • -1 Viola
    • -1 Cello
    • -4 movements (first in sonata), then slow, then minuet, then rondo
  21. Who's playing in a symphony? What's it like?
    • -Sonata for orchestra
    • -4 movements, same structure as quartet
  22. What are the vocal forms?
    Art song, opera, aria, recitative, and chorus
  23. What is an art song? What's it like?
    • -AKA lieder
    • -For solo voice with piano accompaniment
    • -They are designed to show off the virtuoso talent of both the singer and the pianist

    • -Strophic: Uses the same music for each verse
    • -Through composed: Opposite approach
  24. What's an opera? What's it like?
    • -One of the most powerful and most important parts of classical music
    • -A story set entirely to singing
  25. What's an aria? What's it like?
    -Soloist with orchestral accompaniment with repetition
  26. What is recitative? What's it like?
    • -Soloist is singing with imitative speech accompanied by chords
    • -Lots of words little music
  27. What is a chorus? What's it like?
    • -Chorus written about common folk
    • -Everyone is singing together
  28. How does a 2D artist create the illusion of depth and distance?
    • -Depth is done by shadows 
    • -Distance is done by perspective
  29. What does chairoscuro mean?
    • -Italian word
    • -Light and shadow
  30. What is song form?
    Verse chorus/binary
  31. What is a cadence?
    Break or pause in the music
  32. What is the theme of music?
    The melody
  33. What are the patterns of arrangement in visual art?
    Horizontal, vertical, pyramidal, symmetrical, and radial
  34. What is horizontal pattern?
    -Puts an emphasis on lines running left to right
  35. What is vertical pattern?
    -Emphasis on an upright figure
  36. What is pyramidal pattern?
    -Emphasis on a single triangular shape
  37. What is symmetrical pattern?
    • -Emphasizes balance
    • -Two main parts are not identical, but are in balance
  38. What is radial pattern?
    -All major lines point to one central point
  39. What is golden section?
    -A is to B as B is to AB
  40. What is the rule of thirds?
    • -Like the golden section 
    • -Cut your picture into thirds
  41. What are the two types of lines?
    Straight ad curved
  42. What does horizontal lines portray?
  43. What does vertical lines portray?
  44. What does diagonal lines portray?
    -Potential energy
  45. What does value mean?
    • -It is the brightness (medium) 
    • -Also cost
  46. What are the value measurements?
    • -High (white)
    • -Medium (gray)
    • -Low (black)
  47. What are the primary colors?
    Red, yellow, and blue
  48. What can create the most colors and textures?
  49. What color is all the colors? What color is the absence of color?
    • -Black
    • -White
  50. What is texture?
    -Visual appearance of a surface
  51. What is perspective and what are the types of perspective?
    • -The way in which artists are able to depict distance
    • -Linear and aerial
  52. What is linear perspective?
    • -Lines recede together toward vanishing point
    • -Objects appear smaller over distance
  53. What is aerial perspective?
    • -Changes in color
    • -Objects in the distance appear lighter in color
  54. What is foreshortening?
    • -Our mind fills the gap
    • -Portray an object having less depth than it really does
  55. What are the type of lenses?
    • -50mm
    • -20mm
    • -200mm
  56. Describe 50mm lens
  57. Describe 20mm lens
    Wide angle
  58. Describe 200mm lens
  59. What is depth of field?
    • -Refers to how much of your photo is in focus from front to back
    • -Ability to selectively focus on just one area
  60. What do most digitals set as "normal" view?
    33mm medium wide angle
  61. How does the longer the lens affect the perspective?
    It flattens it
  62. What is aperture?
    It is the hole that lets in light
  63. When do you have more focus with a camera?
    Lower aperture
  64. What does bigger aperture focus better on?
    A sigle thing
  65. What is plot?
    The storyline or chain of events
  66. What is irony?
    When you say one thing, but mean something else
  67. What is the theme of literature?
    Underling message or moral of the story
  68. What is reversal of the situation?
    -A change by which the action veers round to its opposite
  69. What is recognition?
    A change from ignorance to knowledge producing love or hate
  70. What is thought?
    The theme
  71. What is diction?
    Word choice
  72. What is spectacle?
    -Costumes, make up, sets, special effects
  73. What is a comedy?
    Hero overs their opposition
  74. What is a tragedy?
    The hero doesn't overcome their opposition
  75. What is a tragic flaw?
    Someone in high position that falls due to a character deficiency
  76. What is the exposition of literature?
    Explaining or introducing two characters and setting
  77. What is complication in literature?
  78. What is the climax in literature?
    • -Where all the conflict comes to a single point
    • -Where things couldn't possible get worse
  79. What is comic relief?
    Where the author releases some tension
  80. What is denouement?
    The resolution
  81. How is literature written?
    Exposition, complication, climax, comic relief, then denouement
  82. What happens in Macbeth?
    Macbeth listens to witches who says he will be king and ends up killing the king and a whole bunch of people until someone finally kills him
  83. Who are the witches in Macbeth?
    They are evil
  84. Who is Macbeth?
    Brave, ambition is his weakness
  85. Who is Duncan?
    Macbeth's cousin, great king
  86. Who is Lady Macbeth?
    A hypocrite, crazy
  87. Who is Banquo?
    Macbeth's best friend and voice of reason
  88. Who is Malcom?
    Duncan's son
  89. Who is Macduff?
    The guy who kills Macbeth in the story.