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What is broadening?
A word keeps its original meaning but gains new meanings also.
eg. dog now means the whole species not a selected breed.
what can also be known as generalisation?
What is Narrowing?
When a words meaning is reduced and becomes more specific.
eg. Meat used to mean any food and now only means flesh of an animal.
What can also be known as Specialisation ?
What is Amelioration?
A words meaning changes over time and takes on a more positive meaning.
eg. pretty used to mean sly but now means attractive.
What is pejoration?
The meaning of a word deteriorates and becomes more negative.
eg. Idiot used to mean privet citizen and now means stupid.
What makes a word loose status?
What makes a word gain status?
What is weakening?
The strength of a word is reduced from its original meaning.
eg. Soon now means in the near future but used to mean immediately.
What is a metaphor ?
Words gain meanings as they are used metaphorically.
eg. bug can mean 'to bug someone' or 'a computer virus' or 'a creature with lots of legs'
What are idioms?
speech forms or expressions that only make sense in context and not as individuals.
eg. raining cats and dogs
What are euphemisms?
Describing something unpleasant in a mild inoffensive way.
eg. collateral damage (surveillant deaths)
What is the semantic shift?
Words changing in lots of different ways over time and ending up completely differently.
What is political correctness?
What has PC done to semantic change?
It has reduced linguistic biased.
eg. manmade is now artificial
eg. maiden name is now birth name