Parasitology - External parasites flies

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Parasitology - External parasites flies
2015-06-28 11:56:52
para flies
External Parasites
Parasitology, flies
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  1. All true flies belong to the order
    Diptera "Two winged"
  2. What is the one family of flies that doesn't fall into the order Diptera
  3. The family Diptera have a pair of well developed wings located on midway on the body at the
    Mesothoracic area
  4. What are the three groups associated with the Sub-Order Orthorrhapha
    • Nematocera
    • Brachycera
    • Cyclorrhapha
  5. Distal segment on the antennae, its like a hand at the end of the antennae, of the Group Cyclorrhapha.
  6. This group is the most primitive of the sub-order Orthorrhapha, antennae are long, have many segments, and are hair. Made up of gnats and mosquitoes
    Group Nematocera
  7. This Group is somewhat more advanced than the primitive nematocera, they are stout and heavy built.
    Group Brachycera
  8. What fly is considered the "face fly"
    Musca autumnalis
  9. what fly is considered the "stable fly"
    Stomoxys calcitrans
  10. What fly is considered the "horn/back fly"
    Haematobia irritans
  11. What fly is considered the "common housefly"
    Musca domestica
  12. This Group is the primary pathological transport artist of the Sub-group Orthorrhaphas. Has a Arista at the end of the antennae.
    Group Cyclorrhapha
  13. What are the Genus and species under the Family Muscidae
    • Musca autumnalis (face fly)
    • Musca domestica (house fly)
    • Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly)
    • Haematobia irritans (horn fly/back fly)
    • Glossina (Tsetse fly)
  14. The Tsetse fly is said to transmit this in horses, what is it called in humans?
    • Dourine
    • Sleeping sickness
  15. What is the mechanical vector for Thelazia sp.
    Musca autumnalis (face fly)
  16. What are the Thelazia (Nematodes) in these species
    Cattle/horses (There's two of these)
    Dog, Sheep, wild mammals
    • Thelazia lacrymalis, T. skrjabini
    • T. gulosa
    • T. californiensis
  17. What percent of horses surveyed in Kentucky were found to be infected with T. lacrymalis
    Less then 50%
  18. What is an adult fly referred to as
  19. What are 4 things that mosquitoes are vectors for
    • Yellow fever (protozoan)
    • Malaria (protozoan)
    • Eastern equine encephalitis (virus)
    • Dirofilaria immitis (blood filarid)
  20. Who were the two people that made the corralation for Texas fever and a tick
    Smith and Killborn
  21. What does the 3 in one vaccine for horses contain
    • Easter Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
    • Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (WEE)
    • Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE)
  22. Haematobia irritans is know to transmit "heartworm disease" to cattle and horses. What is the Genus and species
    • Onchocerca gutterosa - bovine
    • Onchocerca cervicalis - horse
  23. What is species of fly is commonly used for medical research
  24. What is the first and second most common term used for sickness in animals
    • Red water - blood in urine
    • Sleeping sickness - Trypanosomiasis
  25. What does WHO stand for
    World Health Organization
  26. Of the Group Orthorrhapha what 3 families are considered "Bots"
    • Oestridae
    • Cuterebridae
    • Gasterophilidae
  27. What is the family for "Flesh Flies"
  28. What two families from the order Orthorrhaphas are considered "flesh eaters"
    • Sarcopagidae
    • Calliphoridae
  29. This family from the Order Orthorrhapha is composed of "bots and heel flies"
  30. These two familes from the order Orthorrhapha, are considered to have extended life cycles
    • Hypoderma
    • Gastrophilus
  31. What are the two types of cuterebra seen in veterinary medicine
    • Cuterebra palpebrae
    • Cuterebra maculata
  32. What is the family for "Blow Flies"
  33. How quickly can the Tsetse fly produce offspring
    10 - 12 days
  34. What is the genus and species for "American Screwworm"
    Cochliomyia hominovorax
  35. What is the Genus and species for the "Old World Screw Worm"
    Chrysomya bezzian
  36. What is the family for "Bots and heel flies"
  37. What family is considered to have the most advanced parasitic larvae of all teh parasitic bot flies
  38. Term for non-functional mouth parts
    vestigial mouthparts
  39. Cow hide damage caused by the grubs of these two parasites
    • Hypoderma lineatum
    • Hypoderma bovis
  40. What is the common name for the damage done to the back of cow hides caused by grubs
    grubby back
  41. If a grub is ruptured on accident what is released
    • Histamine
    • This causes vascular collapse, shock and death of the animal
  42. What are the 3 genus and species of "Horse bots"
    • Gasterophilus intestinalis
    • Gasterophilus nasalis
    • Gasterophilus haemorrhoidalis
  43. What is considered the "Sheep Nasal Fly"
    Oestrus ovis
  44. Cuterebra imagos are said to lay their eggs on
    rabbit trails.
  45. In the order Diptera what two forms exist
    • Aquatic - primitive
    • Terrestrial - highly adaptive, most important for the transmission of disease
  46. What is the ouline and derivation of flies
    3 groups and 3 families in these groups
    • Class: Insecta
    • Order: Diptera
    • Sub-order: Orthorrhapha
    • Group: Nematocera
    • Family: Clicidae - mosquitoes, sandflies, blackflies, midgies
    • Group: Brachycera
    • Family: Tabanidae - horse flies, deerflies
    • Group: Cyclorrhapa
  47. What are the families in the Group Cyclorrhapha
    • Oestridae ( sheep bots)
    • Cuterebridae (dog/cat bots)
    • Calliphoridae (Blow flies)
    • Sarcophagidae (flesh flies)
    • Hypodermatidae (bots/heel flies/grubs)
    • Gasterophilidae (horse bots)
    • Hyppoboscidae (lacks two pairs of wings)
    • Muscidae (house/stable flies)
  48. term for 4 stage development (egg, larvae, pupae, adult)
    Complete metamorphosis
  49. Term for an insect that emerges but looks exactly like the adult form
    incomplete metamorphosis