Parasitology - External parasites flies
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All true flies belong to the order
Diptera "Two winged"
What is the one family of flies that doesn't fall into the order Diptera
The family Diptera have a pair of well developed wings located on midway on the body at the
What are the three groups associated with the Sub-Order Orthorrhapha
Distal segment on the antennae, its like a hand at the end of the antennae, of the Group Cyclorrhapha.
This group is the most primitive of the sub-order Orthorrhapha, antennae are long, have many segments, and are hair. Made up of gnats and mosquitoes
This Group is somewhat more advanced than the primitive nematocera, they are stout and heavy built.
What fly is considered the "face fly"
what fly is considered the "stable fly"
What fly is considered the "horn/back fly"
What fly is considered the "common housefly"
This Group is the primary pathological transport artist of the Sub-group Orthorrhaphas. Has a Arista at the end of the antennae.
What are the Genus and species under the Family Muscidae
- Musca autumnalis (face fly)
- Musca domestica (house fly)
- Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly)
- Haematobia irritans (horn fly/back fly)
- Glossina (Tsetse fly)
The Tsetse fly is said to transmit this in horses, what is it called in humans?
- Sleeping sickness
What is the mechanical vector for Thelazia sp.
Musca autumnalis (face fly)
What are the Thelazia (Nematodes) in these species
Cattle/horses (There's two of these)
Dog, Sheep, wild mammals
- Thelazia lacrymalis, T. skrjabini
- T. gulosa
- T. californiensis
What percent of horses surveyed in Kentucky were found to be infected with T. lacrymalis
Less then 50%
What is an adult fly referred to as
What are 4 things that mosquitoes are vectors for
- Yellow fever (protozoan)
- Malaria (protozoan)
- Eastern equine encephalitis (virus)
- Dirofilaria immitis (blood filarid)
Who were the two people that made the corralation for Texas fever and a tick
Smith and Killborn
What does the 3 in one vaccine for horses contain
- Easter Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE)
- Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (WEE)
- Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE)
Haematobia irritans is know to transmit "heartworm disease" to cattle and horses. What is the Genus and species
- Onchocerca gutterosa - bovine
- Onchocerca cervicalis - horse
What is species of fly is commonly used for medical research
What is the first and second most common term used for sickness in animals
- Red water - blood in urine
- Sleeping sickness - Trypanosomiasis
What does WHO stand for
World Health Organization
Of the Group Orthorrhapha what 3 families are considered "Bots"
What is the family for "Flesh Flies"
What two families from the order Orthorrhaphas are considered "flesh eaters"
This family from the Order Orthorrhapha is composed of "bots and heel flies"
These two familes from the order Orthorrhapha, are considered to have extended life cycles
What are the two types of cuterebra seen in veterinary medicine
- Cuterebra palpebrae
- Cuterebra maculata
What is the family for "Blow Flies"
How quickly can the Tsetse fly produce offspring
10 - 12 days
What is the genus and species for "American Screwworm"
What is the Genus and species for the "Old World Screw Worm"
What is the family for "Bots and heel flies"
What family is considered to have the most advanced parasitic larvae of all teh parasitic bot flies
Term for non-functional mouth parts
Cow hide damage caused by the grubs of these two parasites
- Hypoderma lineatum
- Hypoderma bovis
What is the common name for the damage done to the back of cow hides caused by grubs
If a grub is ruptured on accident what is released
- This causes vascular collapse, shock and death of the animal
What are the 3 genus and species of "Horse bots"
- Gasterophilus intestinalis
- Gasterophilus nasalis
- Gasterophilus haemorrhoidalis
What is considered the "Sheep Nasal Fly"
Cuterebra imagos are said to lay their eggs on
In the order Diptera what two forms exist
- Aquatic - primitive
- Terrestrial - highly adaptive, most important for the transmission of disease
What is the ouline and derivation of flies
3 groups and 3 families in these groups
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Diptera
- Sub-order: Orthorrhapha
- Group: Nematocera
- Family: Clicidae - mosquitoes, sandflies, blackflies, midgies
- Group: Brachycera
- Family: Tabanidae - horse flies, deerflies
- Group: Cyclorrhapa
What are the families in the Group Cyclorrhapha
- Oestridae ( sheep bots)
- Cuterebridae (dog/cat bots)
- Calliphoridae (Blow flies)
- Sarcophagidae (flesh flies)
- Hypodermatidae (bots/heel flies/grubs)
- Gasterophilidae (horse bots)
- Hyppoboscidae (lacks two pairs of wings)
- Muscidae (house/stable flies)
term for 4 stage development (egg, larvae, pupae, adult)
Term for an insect that emerges but looks exactly like the adult form
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