How does the planning step of the nursing process relate to nurse-patient communications?
Once you have identified the nature of a patient's communication dysfunction, consider several factors when designing the care plan. Meet basic comfort and safety needs before introducing new communication methods and techniques. When the focus is on practicing communication, arrange for a quiet, private place that is free of distractions such as television or visitors. Communication aids such as a writing or picture board for a patient with a tracheostomy or a special call system for a paralyzed patient enhance communication.