gerunds-infinitives.txt

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303816
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gerunds-infinitives.txt
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2015-06-08 15:34:48
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GERUNDS INFITIVES
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GERUNDS&INFITIVES
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GERUNDS&INFITIVES
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  1. 1.)acknowledge
    ([+ doing sth])itiraf etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2. 2.)admit
    ([+ doing sth])itiraf etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  3. 3.)anticipate
    ([+ doing sth])ummak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  4. 4.)appreciate
    ([+ doing sth])takdir etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  5. 5.)avoid
    ([+ doing sth])sakýnmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  6. 6.)consider
    ([+ doing sth])deðerlendirmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  7. 7.)contemplate
    ([+ doing sth])tasarlamak
  8. 8.)defer
    ([+ doing sth])ertelemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he deferred paying the money for three months
  9. 9.)delay
    ([+ doing sth])ertelemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  10. 10.)deny
    ([+ doing sth])reddetmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  11. 11.)dislike
    ([+ doing sth])sevmemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  12. 12.)detest
    ([+ doing sth])sevmemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  13. 13.)discuss
    ([+ doing sth])tartýþmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  14. 14.)dispute
    ([+ doing sth])tartýþmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  15. 15.)endanger
    ([+ doing sth])tehlikeye atmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  16. 16.)enjoy
    ([+ doing sth])eðlenmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  17. 17.)envisage
    ([+ doing sth])kafasýnda canlandýrmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The police don't envisage killing the robber in any case
  18. 18.)escape
    ([+ doing sth])kaçmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  19. 19.)excuse
    ([+ for + doing sth])affetmek, muaf tutmak, baðýþlamak------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- She asked him to excuse her for being so rude.
  20. 20.)fancy
    ([+ doing sth])istemek, düþlemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------We fancy going to the Caribbean for our holiday.
  21. 21.)favor
    ([+ doing sth]) iyilik etmek, yardýmda bulunmak, kayýrmak, tutmak, desteklemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I generally favour travelling at night when traffic are quiet
  22. 22.)finish
    ([+ doing sth])bitirmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  23. 23.)foresee
    ([+ doing sth])önceden görmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  24. 24.)forgive
    ([+ doing sth])affetmek, muaf tutmak, baðýþlamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  25. 25.)imagine
    ([+ doing sth])hayal etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  26. 26.)include
    ([+ doing sth])dahil etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  27. 27.)involve
    ([+ doing sth])dahil olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  28. 28.)justify
    ([+ doing sth])haklý göstermek, doðrulamak, hak vermek, aklamak, ayarlamak, düzeltmek, satýr uzunluðunu ayarlamak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The fact that we are at war does not justify treating innocent people as criminals.
  29. 29.)keep
    ([+ doing sth])tutmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  30. 30.)mean*
    ([+ doing sth])anlamýna gelmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  31. 31.)mention
    ([+ doing sth])ifade etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------My wife mentioned seeing you the other day
  32. 32.)mind
    ([+ doing sth])önemsemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  33. 33.)miss
    ([+ doing sth])özlemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He misses having a room of his own.
  34. 34.)necessitate
    ([+ doing sth])gerektirmek, icap etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------New safety regulations necessitated adding a railing to the stairs.
  35. 35.)pardon
    ([+ doing sth])affetmek, baðýþlamak, hayatýný baðýþlamak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------pardon me interrupting you
  36. 36.)postpone
    ([+ doing sth])ertelemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  37. 37.)practice
    ([+ doing sth])pratik yapmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  38. 38.)prevent
    ([+ doing sth])engellemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  39. 39.)prohibit
    ([+ doing sth])yasaklamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  40. 40.)propose*
    ([+ doing sth])önermek, teklif etmek, evlenme teklif etmek, sormak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Several senators have proposed raising the tax.
  41. 41.)recall
    ([+ doing sth])hatýrlamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  42. 42.)recollect
    ([+ doing sth])hatýrlamak, anýmsamak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I didn't recollect having seen him
  43. 43.)repent
    ([+ doing sth])piþman olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he didn't repent stealing the money
  44. 44.)report
    ([+ doing sth])rapor etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  45. 45.)resent
    ([+ doing sth])alýnmak, içerlemek, gücenmek, gücüne gitmek -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I resent having to work late.
  46. 46.)resist
    ([+ doing sth])direnmek, göðüs germek, dayanmak, -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  47. 47.)resume
    ([+ doing sth])devam etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he stopped to take a sip of water and resumed speaking
  48. 48.)risk
    ([+ doing sth])riske atmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He risked breaking his neck.
  49. 49.)stop*
    ([+ doing sth])durdurmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  50. 50.)suffer
    ([+ doing sth])acý çekmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  51. 51.)suggest
    ([+ doing sth])tavsiye etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  52. 52.)it's no use
    ([+ doing sth])yararý yok-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  53. 53.)it's no good
    ([+ doing sth])yararý yok-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  54. 54.)it's worth
    ([+ doing sth])deðer-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  55. 55.)can't help
    ([+ doing sth])elinde deðil-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  56. 56.)be used to
    ([+ doing sth])alýþkýn olmak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  57. 57.)get used to
    ([+ doing sth])alýþmak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  58. 58.)there is no point in
    ([+ doing sth])anlamý yok, sebep yok -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  59. 59.)feel like
    ([+ doing sth]) caný istemek -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  60. 60.)be accustomed to
    ([+ doing sth])__a alýþýk olmak, ---meye alýþmak, -ya tanýdýk olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  61. 61.)get accustomed to
    ([+ doing sth])alýþmak, alýþýk olmak -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  62. 62.)look forward to
    ([+ doing sth])sabýrsýzlýkla beklemek, beklemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  63. 63.)be supposed to
    ([V1])gerekmek, beklenmek
  64. 64.)used to
    ([V1])alýþýk olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I used to smoke a lot
  65. 65.)be about to
    ([V1])_mak üzere olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He is about to finish his work
  66. 66.)agree
    ([+ to do sth] )kabul etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------They agreed to meet on Sunday.
  67. 67.)cause
    ([Obj + to do sth)sebep olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The bright light cause her to blink
  68. 68.)aim
    ([+ to do sth] )hedeflemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I aim to be a millionaire by the time I'm 35.
  69. 69.)appear
    ([+ to do sth] )görünmek, gözükmek, ortaya çýkmak, belirmek, gibi gelmek,-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------She appeared to be crying.
  70. 70.)arrange
    ([+ to do sth]////[for sth to do])düzenlemek, planlamak, hazýrlýk yapmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------We've arranged to visit the house on Saturday afternoon//////////I'll arrange for a car to come and pick you up.
  71. 71.)bother
    ([+ to do sth]////[+ doing sth] )uðraþmak, didinmek, çaba sarfetmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Don't bother making the bed - I'll do it later.////////////////// He didn't even bother to call.
  72. 72.)can afford
    ([+ to do sth] )altýndan kalkabilmek, üstesinden gelebilmek, alabilmek------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Can we afford to go away?
  73. 73.)care
    ([+ to do sth]//// [for sth]//////[about sth])ilgilenmek, ihtimam göstermek,-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Your parents are only doing this because they care about you./////////////Would you care for a drink?///////////////Would you care to join us for dinner?
  74. 74.)claim
    ([+ to do sth] )iddia etmek, ileri sürmek------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- He claims to have seen a ghost.
  75. 75.)consent
    ([+ to do sth] )izin vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I have consented to lend her my car
  76. 76.)decide
    ([+ to do sth] )karar vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------She's decided to take the job.
  77. 77.)demand
    ([+ to do sth]////[of sb])istemek, talep etmek
  78. 78.)deserve
    ([+ to do sth] )haketmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He deserves to be locked up for life.
  79. 79.)endeavor
    ([+ to do sth] )çaba sarfetmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I endeavoured to help her, but she wouldn't let me.
  80. 80.)fail
    ([+ to do sth]//////[in sth])baþarýsýz olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------She keeps failing in her attempt to lose weight.////////////John failed to turn up for football practice yesterday.
  81. 81.)happen
    ([+ to do sth] )olmak, baþýna gelmek, yaþamak, tecrübe etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Did you hear what happened to Jamie last night?
  82. 82.)hesitate
    ([+ to do sth] )Tereddüt etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------They would not hesitate to call the police at the first sign of trouble.
  83. 83.)hope
    ([+ to do sth] //////[for sth])ummak, yapmayý planlamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------We had hoped for better weather than this./////////////Dad hopes to retire next year.
  84. 84.)learn
    ([+ to do sth] )öðrenmek------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I'm learning to play the piano.
  85. 85.)know
    ([+ to do sth] )bilmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------even small amounts of these substances are known to cause skin problem
  86. 86.)manage
    ([+ to do sth]//////[on sth]) baþarmak////geçinmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Anyway, we managed to get there on time.//////////How can anyone manage on such a low income?
  87. 87.)offer
    ([+ to do sth] )önermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He offered to get me a cab.
  88. 88.)pledge
    ([+ to do sth] )söz vermek, vâât etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The chefs are pledged to keep the restaurant's special recipe a secret.
  89. 89.)plan
    ([+ to do sth]/////[ for sth])planlamak, tasarlamak, plan yapmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I am not planning to stay here much longer//////We only planned for six guest, but then somenone brought a friend
  90. 90.)prepare
    ([+ to do sth]/////[ for sth])hazýrlamak------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I was busy preparing to go on holiday.///////They're preparing for the big match.
  91. 91.)pretend
    ([+ to do sth] )numarasý yapmak, yapar gibi görünmek,-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Were you just pretending to be interested?
  92. 92.)proceed
    ([+ to do sth]//////[with sth])ilerlemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case./////////She sat down and proceeded to tell me about her skiing trip.
  93. 93.)promise
    ([+ to do sth] )söz vermek, vâât etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Paul promised me that he'd cook dinner tonight.
  94. 94.)refuse
    ([+ to do sth] )reddetmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Cathy refuses to admit that she was wrong.
  95. 95.)resolve
    ([+ to do sth] )karar vermek, azmetmek, aklýna koymak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I have resolved to keep my bedroom tidy.
  96. 96.)seek
    ([+ to do sth] )yapmaya çalýþmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------They are seeking to change the rules.
  97. 97.)seem
    ([+ to do sth] )...gibi görünmek
  98. 98.)tend
    ([+ to do sth] )eðiliminde olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I tend to wear dark colours.
  99. 99.)threaten
    ([+ to do sth] )korkutmak, gözdaðý vermek, tehdit etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He threatened to report her to the police.
  100. 100.)undertake
    ([+ to do sth] )üstlenmek, yüklenmek, giriþmek, söz vermek, garanti etmek -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------she undertook not to publish the names of the people involved
  101. 101.)venture
    ([+ to do sth] )riske atmak, tehlikeye atmak, cüret etmek, cesaret etmek, göze almak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  102. 102.)volunteer
    ([+ to do sth]/////[ for sth])gönüllü yapmak/olmak////orduya gönüllü yazýlmak------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Rob volunteered to look after the kids./////In 1939 he volunteered for active service.
  103. 103.)allow*
    ([Obj + to do sth----(object yok ise)+ doing sth])izin vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------You are not allowed to use calculators in the exam.**********They don't allow smoking in this hotel.
  104. 104.)believe
    ([Obj + to do sth])inanmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I believe her to be the finest violinist in the world
  105. 105.)challenge
    ([Obj + to do sth])-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  106. 106.)command
    ([Obj + to do sth])emir vermek, emretmek
  107. 107.)compel
    ([Obj + to do sth])zorlamak, cebir uygulamak, zorla yaptýrmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The school compels him to wear uniform
  108. 108.)dare
    ([Obj + to do sth])tehlikeli birþeyi yapmaya zorlamak, cesaretlendirmek, teþvik etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------She dared her friend to climb onto the roof.
  109. 109.)drive
    ([Obj + to do sth])zorlamak, itmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The arguments and violence drove her to leave home.
  110. 110.)enable
    ([Obj + to do sth])olanak saðlamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------This money has enabled me to buy a new computer.
  111. 111.)encourage
    ([Obj + to do sth])cesaretlendirmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------My parents encouraged me to try new things.
  112. 112.)find
    ([Obj + to do sth])bir þeyi yapmak için enerji/para/zaman bulmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Where do you find the energy to do all these things?
  113. 113.)force
    ([Obj + to do sth])-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  114. 114.)hire
    ([Obj + to do sth])kiralamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------We ought to hire a public relations consultant to help improve image
  115. 115.)invite
    ([Obj + to do sth])davet etmek, çaðýrmak, istemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------They've invited us to the wedding.
  116. 116.)advise*
    ([Obj + to do sth----(object yok ise)+ doing sth])tavsiye etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The doctor advised me to rest********The doctor advised resting
  117. 117.)notify
    ([Obj + to do sth]/////[of sth]) bildirmek, haber vermek, ihtar etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Has everyone been notified the decision
  118. 118.)oblige
    ([Obj + to do sth]) mecbur olmak, mecbur etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sellers are not legally obliged to accept the highest offer.
  119. 119.)order
    ([Obj + to do sth])emir vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The judge ordered the charges to be dismissed.
  120. 120.)permit*
    ([Obj + to do sth----(object yok ise)+ doing sth])izin vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------You are not permitted to use calculators in the exam.**********They don't permit smoking in this hotel.
  121. 121.)remind
    ([Obj + to do sth])hatýrlatmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Will you remind me to buy some eggs?
  122. 122.)recommend
    ([Obj + to do sth----(object yok ise)+ doing sth])tavsiye etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The headmistress agreed to recommend the teachers' proposals to the school governors******** I recommend writing your feelings
  123. 123.)require
    ([Obj + to do sth])resmen talep etmek/istemek/zorunda olmak/mecbur olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------You are required by law to produce a valid passport.
  124. 124.)select
    ([Obj + to do sth])-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he was selected to play for Ýtaly
  125. 125.)teach
    ([Obj + to do sth])öðretmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------My dad taught me to drive.
  126. 126.)tell
    ([Obj + to do sth])söylemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  127. 127.)tempt
    ([Obj + to do sth])baþtan çýkarmak, ayartmak, özendirmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------She's trying to tempt me to go shopping with her.
  128. 128.)trouble
    ([Obj + to do sth])rahatsýz etmek, zahmet vermek,-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Could I TROUBLE you to open that window
  129. 129.)trust
    ([Obj + to do sth])inanmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I trust them to make the right decision.
  130. 130.)urge
    ([Obj + to do sth])ikna etmek, ýsrar etmek, zorlamak, sýkýþtýrmak, üstelemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------His parents urged him to go to university.
  131. 131.)warn
    ([Obj + to do sth])uyarmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I warned you not to tell her.
  132. 132.)make
    ([sb do sth])birþeyi yaptýrmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------You can't make me go.
  133. 133.)ask
    ([+ to do sth] )sormak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he asked Ali to come to party
  134. 134.)have
    ([sb do sth])birþeyi yaptýrmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I have you bring it back
  135. 135.)let
    ([sb do sth])izin vermek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Let me go
  136. 136.)help
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)yardým etmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Shall I help you (to) set the table?
  137. 137.)beg
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)yalvarmak, rica etmek, dilenmek
  138. 138.)choose
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)seçmek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manuela chose to take a job in Paris.
  139. 139.)desire
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)arzu etmek, istemek, arzulamak, dilemek
  140. 140.)expect
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)ummak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------He didn't expect to see me.///// you are expected to bring it back
  141. 141.)intend
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var/////[+doing sth])niyet etmek, niyeti olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------How long are you intending to stay in Paris?///////I don't intend seeing him again.
  142. 142.)request
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)rica etmek, istemek, resmen istemek-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Gentlemen are requested to wear a jacket and tie.
  143. 143.)want
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)istemek, talep etmek
  144. 144.)wish
    ([(Obj)+ to do sth]2'si de var)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I wish to speak to the manager.
  145. 145.)Forget
    ([+ to do sth]////[+ doing sth])unutmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I will never forget calling Ali for this time////// I forgot to call Ali YESTERDAy
  146. 146.)remember
    ([+ to do sth]////[+ doing sth])hatýrlamak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I remembered posting the letter //// I WÝLL remember to invite Ali to the party
  147. 147.)regret
    ([+ to do sth]////[+ doing sth])piþman olmak-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I regret telling you that your father is ill////// I regret to tell you that your father is ill.

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