Card Set Information
Revision on Nervous System Biomedical Science
Which area(s) of the vertebral column does the Sympathetic nervous response stimulate?
Which area(s) of the vertebral column does the Parasympathetic nervous response stimulate?
True or False: the Sympathetic (Fight or Flight) nervous response DILATES the eye pupils.
What effect does the Parasympathetic (Rest and Digest) nervous response have on the bronchi?
CONSTRICTS the bronchi.
Breathing is thus more controlled.
What happens to the bronchi in a sympathetic response?
Bronchi are DILATED. This ensures high intake of oxygen in a fast-paced breathing response to stress.
What is the cause of Gullain Barre Syndrome (i.e Neuritis)?
Give ONE cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
Genetic (a risk factor)
Give ONE main cause of Motor Neuron Disease (ALS)
Genetic (risk factor has been found)
Give one main cause of Alzheimer's Disease
What is one possible cause of Parkinsons Disease?
Give ONE cause of Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP)
Give ONE cause of meningitis
Give one common cause of headaches
Give ONE cause of a Migraine
Give one cause of Epilepsy
‘Sciatica’ is the term given to pain down the
leg caused by irritation of the sciatic nerve.
Give ONE cause.
Give 6 symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
Lack of Movement
What part of the body does Parkinson's Disease affect?
Neurons in the
What is the allopathic treatment for Parkinson's Disease?
Give 6 symptoms of Meningitis
Petechiae (purple/red spots on skin)
Give the allopathic treatment of Meningitis
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles
or other cavities of the brain caused by blocked circulation or absorption
Give 6 symptoms.
What is the allopathic treatment for Hydrocephalus?
Give 6 Symptoms of ICP (Increased intracranial pressure)
Impaired Eye Movement
What is the allopathic treatment of ICP (Increased Intracranial Pressure)?
What function does the Hypoglossal cranial nerve have?
Is it sensory or motor?
12 (XII) -
The Hypoglossal nerve seves
What function does the Vagus nerve have?
Cranial Nerve 10 (X) - the vagus nerve aids in
Senses from the epiglottis
both MOTOR AND SENSORY
What does the Accessory/Spinal nerve do?
The 11th Nerve (XI).
Neck and Shoulder
The glossopharyngeal nerve assists in.....
It is the 9th Cranial Nerve (IX).
BOTH Motor AND Sensory.
The Vestibulochochlear nerve assists with...
Hearing and Balance.
This is the 8th Nerve (VIII).
The Facial Nerve is Sensory in function. True or False.
The Facial nerve (7th/VII) is
BOTH Motor AND Sensory.
It helps with Taste (sensory) and Facial Expressions (motor)
The Abducens nerve helps with
. True or False.
This is the 6th (VI) Nerve.
The Trigeminal nerve aids in Facial Sensations and Chewing. True or False.
This is the 5th (V) nerve.
It has BOTH
Motor AND Sensory
What does the Trochlear nerve do?
It assists in Eye movements and Proprioception.
It is the 4th (IV) cranial nerve.
What does the Oculomotor nerve do?
It assists in Eye movements, Eyelid blinking, Proprioception, Pupil Size
It is the 3rd (III) cranial nerve.
What does the Optic nerve do?
It is the second (II) cranial nerve.
What does the Olfactory nerve do?
Governs sense of
It is the 1st cranial nerve.
Give 4 symptoms of a MIGRAINE.
Incredibly painful head
What are 2 Differential Diagnosis of MIGRAINES?
Give 4 signs and symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Give 2 Differential Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS).
Motor Neuron Disease (ALS)
What is the definition of Ganglia?
A cluster or group of nerve
What is depolarisation?
A shift from a resting membrane potential (-70mv) becoming less negative, reaching zero, and becoming more positive.
What is repolarisation?
The membrane is restored back to its resting potential of -70 mv
What does the Refractory Period refer to?
The period of time after repolarisation in
which a nerve cannot generate
another action potential because Na+
and K+ are on the wrong sides of the
During this period the Na-K pump
pumps Na+ out and some K+ back into
the cell to restore the resting potential.
What is the definition of a Neurotransmitter?
A neurotransmitter is a chemical messenger (nerve messengers) used to create
synaptic transmission – transmission of a nerve impulse from one nerve to
Give a definition for a Nerve
A bundle of one or more