Hemo 3

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Author:
jld15
ID:
304018
Filename:
Hemo 3
Updated:
2015-06-14 12:33:52
Tags:
Hemo
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Description:
Hemo 3
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  1. Neutropenia
    • Reduction in neutrophils
    • No first line of defense
  2. Lymphocytosis
    • Acute viral infections
    • Seen with endocrine disorders
  3. Lymphocytopenia
    • Low number lymphocytes
    • Seen in systemic illness (TB/AIDS)
  4. Monocytosis
    • Increase in monocytes
    • Chronic infection (TB)
  5. Thrombocytosis
    • Increased production in the bone marrow due to injury
    • Higher risk of clot , 13 clotting factors
    • Primary
    • ----Cause is unknown
    • Secondary thrombocytosis
    • ----Seen with inflammation, infection, splenectomy (bc spleen gets rid of platelets)
  6. Thrombocytopenia
    • 1. Inadequate production
    • 2. Increased destruction
    • ----Mechanical heart value
    • 3. Splenic sequestration
    • 4. Mucosal bleeding
    • ----Easily bleed, bruise, bleed when brush teeth
    • 5. Prognosis dependent on underlying cause
    • Increased risk of bleeding
    • Common in chemotherapy bc turns over cells quickly
  7. Guidelines for Exercise
    • Institutionally driven
    • Oncology settings may be more liberal
    • Check with MD
    • APTA Lab Values Update 2013
    • ----<20,000
    • be on the look out for excessive bleeding
  8. Medications and Platelets
    • Aspirin
    • ----Permanent destruction for the life of the platelet
    • NSAIDS
    • ----temporary
    • Antiplatelet agents
    • ----Prevent platelet aggregation (clot)
    • ----May see GI bleed
    • ----May cause thrombocytopenia

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