Path 2 midterm ?'s

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  1. Hernia could be defined as?
    A. Partial displacement of esophagus into abdomen
    B. Ulceration of esophageal wall
    C. Partial displacement of stomach into throax
    D. Herniation of part of small intestine through weak point in anterior abdominal wall
    E. Communicating fistula b/w stomach & jejunum
    C. Partial displacement of stomach into thoraxq
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Hydronephrosis is?
    A. Necrosis of ureter
    B. Thrombosis of renal artery which leads to infarction
    C. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    D. Dilation of renal pelvis & calyces
    E. Perinephric abcess
    C. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. On examining stomach in post-mortem specimen, single round small lesion w/ sloping distal end & raised proximal, floor is necrotic, & base indurated & deep. This is charateristic lesion indicating infection by?
    A. Chronic gastritis
    B. Stomach cancer
    C. Stomach carcinoma
    D. Gastritis ulcer
    E. Acute gastritis
    D. Gastritis ulcer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Left atrial hypertrophy, chronic vascular congestion of lung, & pulmonary hypertension could be possible effects & complications of which condition?
    A. Pulmonic valve stenosis
    B. Mitral valve stenosis
    C. Aortic valve incompetence
    D. Tricuspid valve stenosis
    E. Aortic valve stenosis
    B. Mitral valve stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Rheumatic fever is predisposed to by all of following EXCEPT?
    A. Ischemia of myocardium
    B. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    C. Inherited abnormal body response to strep infections
    D. Repeated group A hemolytic strep infections of upper respiratory tract
    B. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which type of necrosis is associated w/ brain infarction?
    A. Zenker's
    B. Fat
    C. Liquefactive
    D. Coagulative
    C. Liquefactive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Achalasia of pyloris of newborn infant is associated w/?
    A. Neuromuscular incoordination of pyloric sphincter
    B. Pernicious anemia
    C. Achylia gastrica
    D. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    D. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. All of following are mechanisms involved in development of GMN EXCEPT?
    A. Anyphalactic type
    B. Formation of antibodies against fixed antigens of glomerular basement membrane
    C. Formation of antibodies against antigens of visceral epithelial cells & podocyte antigens
    D. Circulating immune complex mediated type
    A. Anyphalactic type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of following microscopic lesions is charateristic of rheumatic fever?
    A. Migratory arthritis
    B. Aschoffs nodules
    C. Erythema annulare
    D. Chorea
    B. Aschoffs nodules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following groups are at risk of developing rheumatic fever?
    A. Children w/ chronic tonsilitis
    B. Adults w/ joint problems
    C. Individuals w/ RA
    D. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    D. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Rheumatic fever is allergic condition commonly manifesting inflammation in which location in adults?
    A. Endothelium
    B. Brain
    C. Big joints
    D. Epithelium
    C. Big joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following valvular lesions immediately initiates ischemic reaction?
    A. Aortic stenosis
    B. Pulmonic incompetence
    C. Tricuspid stenosis
    D. Mitral incompetence
    A. Aortic stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Left atrial hypertrophy is associated w/ which of following valvular conditions?
    A. Hypertension
    B. Aortic incompetence
    C. Mitral stenosis
    D. Coronary stenosis
    C. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Coronary & cerebral insufficiency, ischemic pains, & pulmonary hypertension could be associated w/ following valve lesions?
    A. Tricuspid stenosis
    B. Tetralogy of fallot
    C. Mitral stenosis
    D. Pulmonic stenosis
    C. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is the most common valve lesion?
    A. Aortic stenosis
    B. Aortic regurgitation
    C. Mitral stenosis
    D. Pulmonic regurgitation
    C. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Megaloblastic anemia is due to?
    A. Replacement of adult hemoglobin w/ fetal hemoglobin
    B. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    C. Deficiency of enzyme glucose phosphate dehydrogenase
    D. Deficiency of vit C & ascorbic acid
    B. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All of following are effects of stomach cancer EXCEPT?
    A. Anorexia, anemia, & asthenia
    B. Hematemesis & melena
    C. Dysphagia
    D. Perforation
    C. Dysphagia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. MC location of active myocardial infarction is?
    A. Lateral wall of left ventricle
    B. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    C. Midpoint of interventricular septum
    D. Posterior portion of septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    E. Lateral wall of right ventricle
    B. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. From which of the following would one most likely culture group A beta hemolytic strep?
    A. Blood
    B. Mitral valve
    C. Throat infection
    D. Kidney
    e. None of the above
    B. Mitral valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of following represents MC location of stomach cancer?
    A. Pylorus
    B. Lower end of esophagus
    C. Fundus
    D. Lesser curvature
    E. Greater curvature
    A. Pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. All of following could be complications of gastric ulcer EXCEPT?
    A. Hematemesis & melena
    B. Malignant change
    C. Penetration or perforation
    D. Hour glass stomach
    E. Hypochlorydria
    E. Hypochlorydria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Nephrotic syndrome is manifested by?
    A. Low nephron nephrosis
    B. Anuria, oliguria & may end in acute renal failure
    C. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    D. Hematuria, RBC casts in urine, edema, uremia, & hypertension
    E. Pyonephrosis
    C. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. All of following provide logical good explanations for pathogenesis in chronic peptic ulcer formation EXCEPT?
    A. Mechanical theory-> irritation & damage by food
    B. Endocrinal theory-> hypersecretion
    C. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    D. Neurogenic theory-> nerve damage leads to overstimulation
    C. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Acute cystitis generally is more common among which of following groups?
    A. Pregnant females
    B. Both groups
    C. Neither group
    D. Males w/ prostatic enlargement
    A. Pregnant females
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Herniation of stomach into thorax accompanied by esophageal reflux, bleeding, & anemia could be resulting from which of following?
    A. Ectopic pancreatic tissue in stomach
    B. Chronic gastritis due to autoimmune reaction or acute attack
    C. Chronic alcoholism
    D. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    E. Carcinoma of stomach
    D. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Group of kidney diseases affecting glomeruli causing thickening of basement membrane & loss of foot processes manifesting heavy albuminuria, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of A/G ratio are classified clinicophysiologically into which of following?
    A. Membranous glomerulopathy
    B. Nephiritic syndrome
    C. Nephrotic syndrome
    D. Acute nephritis
    E. Poststreptococcal GMN
    C. Nephrotic syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Newborn infant w/ frequent projectile vomiting & manifestations of severe electrolyte & nutritional disturbances should be examined & investigated for possibilites of which of following conditions?
    A. Hydrocephalus
    B. Congenital short esophagus
    C. Stenosis of cardia
    D. Hemorrhagic blood disease
    E. Achalasia of pylorus
    E. Achalasia of pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
nakomarose
ID:
30402
Card Set:
Path 2 midterm ?'s
Updated:
2010-08-19 16:22:54
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Path 2 midterm questions from ameripress
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