Path 2 midterm ?'s

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  1. Hernia could be defined as?
    A. Partial displacement of stomach into throax
    B. Herniation of part of small intestine through weak point in anterior abdominal wall
    C. Partial displacement of esophagus into abdomen
    D. Communicating fistula b/w stomach & jejunum
    E. Ulceration of esophageal wall
    A. Partial displacement of stomach into thoraxq
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Hydronephrosis is?
    A. Necrosis of ureter
    B. Dilation of renal pelvis & calyces
    C. Thrombosis of renal artery which leads to infarction
    D. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    E. Perinephric abcess
    D. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. On examining stomach in post-mortem specimen, single round small lesion w/ sloping distal end & raised proximal, floor is necrotic, & base indurated & deep. This is charateristic lesion indicating infection by?
    A. Stomach cancer
    B. Acute gastritis
    C. Stomach carcinoma
    D. Gastritis ulcer
    E. Chronic gastritis
    D. Gastritis ulcer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Left atrial hypertrophy, chronic vascular congestion of lung, & pulmonary hypertension could be possible effects & complications of which condition?
    A. Aortic valve stenosis
    B. Aortic valve incompetence
    C. Tricuspid valve stenosis
    D. Mitral valve stenosis
    E. Pulmonic valve stenosis
    D. Mitral valve stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Rheumatic fever is predisposed to by all of following EXCEPT?
    A. Inherited abnormal body response to strep infections
    B. Ischemia of myocardium
    C. Repeated group A hemolytic strep infections of upper respiratory tract
    D. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    D. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which type of necrosis is associated w/ brain infarction?
    A. Liquefactive
    B. Coagulative
    C. Fat
    D. Zenker's
    A. Liquefactive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Achalasia of pyloris of newborn infant is associated w/?
    A. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of pyloric sphincter
    C. Achylia gastrica
    D. Pernicious anemia
    A. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. All of following are mechanisms involved in development of GMN EXCEPT?
    A. Formation of antibodies against antigens of visceral epithelial cells & podocyte antigens
    B. Anyphalactic type
    C. Circulating immune complex mediated type
    D. Formation of antibodies against fixed antigens of glomerular basement membrane
    B. Anyphalactic type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of following microscopic lesions is charateristic of rheumatic fever?
    A. Aschoffs nodules
    B. Erythema annulare
    C. Chorea
    D. Migratory arthritis
    A. Aschoffs nodules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following groups are at risk of developing rheumatic fever?
    A. Adults w/ joint problems
    B. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    C. Individuals w/ RA
    D. Children w/ chronic tonsilitis
    B. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Rheumatic fever is allergic condition commonly manifesting inflammation in which location in adults?
    A. Big joints
    B. Epithelium
    C. Endothelium
    D. Brain
    A. Big joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following valvular lesions immediately initiates ischemic reaction?
    A. Tricuspid stenosis
    B. Mitral incompetence
    C. Aortic stenosis
    D. Pulmonic incompetence
    C. Aortic stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Left atrial hypertrophy is associated w/ which of following valvular conditions?
    A. Coronary stenosis
    B. Hypertension
    C. Aortic incompetence
    D. Mitral stenosis
    D. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Coronary & cerebral insufficiency, ischemic pains, & pulmonary hypertension could be associated w/ following valve lesions?
    A. Tetralogy of fallot
    B. Tricuspid stenosis
    C. Pulmonic stenosis
    D. Mitral stenosis
    D. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is the most common valve lesion?
    A. Pulmonic regurgitation
    B. Aortic stenosis
    C. Mitral stenosis
    D. Aortic regurgitation
    C. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Megaloblastic anemia is due to?
    A. Replacement of adult hemoglobin w/ fetal hemoglobin
    B. Deficiency of vit C & ascorbic acid
    C. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    D. Deficiency of enzyme glucose phosphate dehydrogenase
    C. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All of following are effects of stomach cancer EXCEPT?
    A. Perforation
    B. Anorexia, anemia, & asthenia
    C. Hematemesis & melena
    D. Dysphagia
    D. Dysphagia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. MC location of active myocardial infarction is?
    A. Lateral wall of right ventricle
    B. Posterior portion of septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    C. Lateral wall of left ventricle
    D. Midpoint of interventricular septum
    E. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    E. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. From which of the following would one most likely culture group A beta hemolytic strep?
    A. Blood
    B. Throat infection
    C. Kidney
    D. Mitral valve
    e. None of the above
    D. Mitral valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of following represents MC location of stomach cancer?
    A. Fundus
    B. Lesser curvature
    C. Pylorus
    D. Lower end of esophagus
    E. Greater curvature
    C. Pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. All of following could be complications of gastric ulcer EXCEPT?
    A. Hematemesis & melena
    B. Hour glass stomach
    C. Penetration or perforation
    D. Hypochlorydria
    E. Malignant change
    D. Hypochlorydria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Nephrotic syndrome is manifested by?
    A. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    B. Low nephron nephrosis
    C. Anuria, oliguria & may end in acute renal failure
    D. Hematuria, RBC casts in urine, edema, uremia, & hypertension
    E. Pyonephrosis
    A. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. All of following provide logical good explanations for pathogenesis in chronic peptic ulcer formation EXCEPT?
    A. Mechanical theory-> irritation & damage by food
    B. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    C. Neurogenic theory-> nerve damage leads to overstimulation
    D. Endocrinal theory-> hypersecretion
    B. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Acute cystitis generally is more common among which of following groups?
    A. Males w/ prostatic enlargement
    B. Pregnant females
    C. Both groups
    D. Neither group
    B. Pregnant females
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Herniation of stomach into thorax accompanied by esophageal reflux, bleeding, & anemia could be resulting from which of following?
    A. Ectopic pancreatic tissue in stomach
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    C. Carcinoma of stomach
    D. Chronic alcoholism
    E. Chronic gastritis due to autoimmune reaction or acute attack
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Group of kidney diseases affecting glomeruli causing thickening of basement membrane & loss of foot processes manifesting heavy albuminuria, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of A/G ratio are classified clinicophysiologically into which of following?
    A. Acute nephritis
    B. Poststreptococcal GMN
    C. Nephiritic syndrome
    D. Membranous glomerulopathy
    E. Nephrotic syndrome
    E. Nephrotic syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Newborn infant w/ frequent projectile vomiting & manifestations of severe electrolyte & nutritional disturbances should be examined & investigated for possibilites of which of following conditions?
    A. Hemorrhagic blood disease
    B. Stenosis of cardia
    C. Achalasia of pylorus
    D. Congenital short esophagus
    E. Hydrocephalus
    C. Achalasia of pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
nakomarose
ID:
30402
Card Set:
Path 2 midterm ?'s
Updated:
2010-08-19 16:22:54
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Path 2 midterm questions from ameripress
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