Path 2 midterm ?'s

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nakomarose
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Path 2 midterm ?'s
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2010-08-19 12:22:54
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Path 2 midterm questions from ameripress
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  1. Hernia could be defined as?
    A. Herniation of part of small intestine through weak point in anterior abdominal wall
    B. Ulceration of esophageal wall
    C. Communicating fistula b/w stomach & jejunum
    D. Partial displacement of stomach into throax
    E. Partial displacement of esophagus into abdomen
    D. Partial displacement of stomach into thoraxq
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Hydronephrosis is?
    A. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    B. Perinephric abcess
    C. Dilation of renal pelvis & calyces
    D. Thrombosis of renal artery which leads to infarction
    E. Necrosis of ureter
    A. Inflammation of renal pelvis & kidney tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. On examining stomach in post-mortem specimen, single round small lesion w/ sloping distal end & raised proximal, floor is necrotic, & base indurated & deep. This is charateristic lesion indicating infection by?
    A. Stomach cancer
    B. Acute gastritis
    C. Gastritis ulcer
    D. Stomach carcinoma
    E. Chronic gastritis
    C. Gastritis ulcer
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Left atrial hypertrophy, chronic vascular congestion of lung, & pulmonary hypertension could be possible effects & complications of which condition?
    A. Pulmonic valve stenosis
    B. Mitral valve stenosis
    C. Aortic valve stenosis
    D. Tricuspid valve stenosis
    E. Aortic valve incompetence
    B. Mitral valve stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Rheumatic fever is predisposed to by all of following EXCEPT?
    A. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    B. Inherited abnormal body response to strep infections
    C. Ischemia of myocardium
    D. Repeated group A hemolytic strep infections of upper respiratory tract
    A. Damp climate & poor socioeconomic conditions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which type of necrosis is associated w/ brain infarction?
    A. Fat
    B. Liquefactive
    C. Zenker's
    D. Coagulative
    B. Liquefactive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Achalasia of pyloris of newborn infant is associated w/?
    A. Pernicious anemia
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of pyloric sphincter
    C. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    D. Achylia gastrica
    C. Inability to store sugar as glycogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. All of following are mechanisms involved in development of GMN EXCEPT?
    A. Anyphalactic type
    B. Circulating immune complex mediated type
    C. Formation of antibodies against fixed antigens of glomerular basement membrane
    D. Formation of antibodies against antigens of visceral epithelial cells & podocyte antigens
    A. Anyphalactic type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of following microscopic lesions is charateristic of rheumatic fever?
    A. Erythema annulare
    B. Chorea
    C. Migratory arthritis
    D. Aschoffs nodules
    D. Aschoffs nodules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following groups are at risk of developing rheumatic fever?
    A. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    B. Individuals w/ RA
    C. Children w/ chronic tonsilitis
    D. Adults w/ joint problems
    A. Children born w/ recessive gene predisposition to group A beta hemolytic strep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Rheumatic fever is allergic condition commonly manifesting inflammation in which location in adults?
    A. Brain
    B. Big joints
    C. Endothelium
    D. Epithelium
    B. Big joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following valvular lesions immediately initiates ischemic reaction?
    A. Mitral incompetence
    B. Tricuspid stenosis
    C. Pulmonic incompetence
    D. Aortic stenosis
    D. Aortic stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Left atrial hypertrophy is associated w/ which of following valvular conditions?
    A. Mitral stenosis
    B. Aortic incompetence
    C. Hypertension
    D. Coronary stenosis
    A. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Coronary & cerebral insufficiency, ischemic pains, & pulmonary hypertension could be associated w/ following valve lesions?
    A. Mitral stenosis
    B. Tetralogy of fallot
    C. Tricuspid stenosis
    D. Pulmonic stenosis
    A. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is the most common valve lesion?
    A. Aortic regurgitation
    B. Pulmonic regurgitation
    C. Mitral stenosis
    D. Aortic stenosis
    C. Mitral stenosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Megaloblastic anemia is due to?
    A. Deficiency of enzyme glucose phosphate dehydrogenase
    B. Deficiency of vit C & ascorbic acid
    C. Replacement of adult hemoglobin w/ fetal hemoglobin
    D. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    D. Absence or decrease of maturation factor released at stomach affecting vit B12 absorption in small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All of following are effects of stomach cancer EXCEPT?
    A. Perforation
    B. Dysphagia
    C. Anorexia, anemia, & asthenia
    D. Hematemesis & melena
    B. Dysphagia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. MC location of active myocardial infarction is?
    A. Posterior portion of septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    B. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    C. Midpoint of interventricular septum
    D. Lateral wall of right ventricle
    E. Lateral wall of left ventricle
    B. Anterior portion of interventricular septum & adjacent left ventricular wall
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. From which of the following would one most likely culture group A beta hemolytic strep?
    A. Mitral valve
    B. Kidney
    C. Throat infection
    D. Blood
    e. None of the above
    A. Mitral valve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of following represents MC location of stomach cancer?
    A. Lesser curvature
    B. Greater curvature
    C. Lower end of esophagus
    D. Fundus
    E. Pylorus
    E. Pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. All of following could be complications of gastric ulcer EXCEPT?
    A. Hypochlorydria
    B. Penetration or perforation
    C. Malignant change
    D. Hematemesis & melena
    E. Hour glass stomach
    A. Hypochlorydria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Nephrotic syndrome is manifested by?
    A. Hematuria, RBC casts in urine, edema, uremia, & hypertension
    B. Anuria, oliguria & may end in acute renal failure
    C. Pyonephrosis
    D. Low nephron nephrosis
    E. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    E. Heavy albuminurea, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of albumin/globulin ratio
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. All of following provide logical good explanations for pathogenesis in chronic peptic ulcer formation EXCEPT?
    A. Neurogenic theory-> nerve damage leads to overstimulation
    B. Endocrinal theory-> hypersecretion
    C. Mechanical theory-> irritation & damage by food
    D. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    D. Constitutional theory-> age, size, blood type
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Acute cystitis generally is more common among which of following groups?
    A. Males w/ prostatic enlargement
    B. Neither group
    C. Pregnant females
    D. Both groups
    C. Pregnant females
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Herniation of stomach into thorax accompanied by esophageal reflux, bleeding, & anemia could be resulting from which of following?
    A. Ectopic pancreatic tissue in stomach
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    C. Carcinoma of stomach
    D. Chronic alcoholism
    E. Chronic gastritis due to autoimmune reaction or acute attack
    B. Neuromuscular incoordination of esophageal opening in diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Group of kidney diseases affecting glomeruli causing thickening of basement membrane & loss of foot processes manifesting heavy albuminuria, hypoproteinemia w/ reversion of A/G ratio are classified clinicophysiologically into which of following?
    A. Poststreptococcal GMN
    B. Membranous glomerulopathy
    C. Acute nephritis
    D. Nephrotic syndrome
    E. Nephiritic syndrome
    D. Nephrotic syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Newborn infant w/ frequent projectile vomiting & manifestations of severe electrolyte & nutritional disturbances should be examined & investigated for possibilites of which of following conditions?
    A. Achalasia of pylorus
    B. Hemorrhagic blood disease
    C. Hydrocephalus
    D. Stenosis of cardia
    E. Congenital short esophagus
    A. Achalasia of pylorus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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