Provide the definition and an example of each of the following ego-defense 4 mechanisms: compensation, conversion, denial, displacement, identification, regression?
- Ego-defense mechanisms regulate emotional distress and thus give a person protection from anxiety and stress.
- Compensation is making up for a deficiency in one aspect of self- image by strongly emphasizing a feature considered an asset. (Example, A person who is a poor communicator relies on organizational skills.)
- Conversion is unconsciously repressing an anxiety-producing emotional conflict and transforming it into nonorganic symptoms (e.g., difficulty sleeping, loss of appetite).
- Denial is avoiding emotional conflicts by refusing to consciously acknowledge anything that causes intolerable emotional pain. (Example, A person refuses to discuss or acknowledge a personal loss.)
- Displacement is transferring emotions, ideas, or wishes from a stressful situation to a less anxiety-producing substitute. (Example, A person transfers anger over an interpersonal conflict to a malfunctioning computer.)
- Identification is patterning behavior after that of another person and assuming that person's qualities, characteristics, and actions.
- Dissociation is experiencing a subjective sense of numbing and a reduced awareness of one's surroundings.
- Regression is coping with a stressor through actions and behaviors associated with an earlier developmental period.