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What is Congress's role in the governing process?
Legislative, law making
If the US house of Representatives chooses to impeach a president, who conducts the trial?
Senate, Chief Justice Preceding
What is the size of the current House and senate?
- House = 435 (based on population)
- Senate = 100 (2 from each state)
How long are members of the senate elected for?
6 years, 1/3 up for reelection every 2 years.
What are the enumerated powers of the congress as listed in Article I, section 8?
- Lay and collect taxes
- borrow money on the credit of the USA
- Regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes
- Uniform rule of naturalization
- Uniform laws on bankruptcy
- Punishment of counterfeiting the securities
- Establish post offices and post roads
- promote the progress of science and other useful arts
- Constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court
- Punish piracies
- declare war
- raise and support armies
- maintain a navy
- mae rules for the Gov and regulation of the land and naval forces
- Militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions
What are the different communities?
- Standing committee- A permanent committee in congress
- Select committee - a temporary committee
- Joint Committee - made up of house and senate
- Conference committee- a joint committee. Purpose is to merge two different versions of a bill into one.
The idea that representatives ought to "do what I tell them to do" is an example of what kind of model?
Delegate theory of representation
How can the senate end a filibuster?
A bill has been approved in the House and Senate, albeit in slightly different versions, goes to what committee?
The trading of votes between members of congress so that each gets the legislation he or she wants is called what?
Which president first made use of vetoes on policy grounds?
What does the Whig theory of the presidency hold?
Restrained president powers. Idea that president should only use the powers explicitly granted by constitution. Congress not the president would lead the policy process.
Congress authorized the formal impeachment of what president in the 1800s?
Andrew Johnson (Bill clinton impeached but never removed)
What is Heclo's "the illusion of the presidential government?"
the perception that the president is in charge of the national government
How did Theodore roosevelt change the way we think about presidency?
Stewardship theory - a strong president is in charge of the national government
What is the rally-round-the-flag-effect
SHort - run popular support of the president during periods of a unit to the candidate who wins state popular vote.
What is the unit rule?
All states except Maine and Nebraska grant their electoral votes as a unit to the candidate who wins the state popular vote
What are the constitutional war powers granted to the president?
Commander in chief, power to use military power in defense of the nation
The war powers act (1973) was enacted in order to do what?
Curb presidential power
What are the formal qualification to become president
35 years old, 14 year resident, natural born citizen
What are the duties performed by the bureaucracy ?
- Help to interpret and implement laws
- Make rules
- Provide expert advice
- Resolve disputes
Which Article of the constitution overly mention the bureaucracy?
None (falls under executive)
Amtrak is an example of what type of bureaucratic organization?
What is the administrative concept of neutral competence?
The theory that employees are hired and retained based on their skills, and is neutral in the sense that employees are not partisan appointees and are expected to be at service to everyone
How is the spoils system different from the merit system?
- Spoils = based on who you know, political patronage
- merit = employment in public institution will be based on merit
What was the pendleton act?
Act in 1883 that changed from the spoils system to make jobs in public institutions based on merit
What methods can congress use to reign in the bureaucracy ?
Power of the purse. Funding.
What are whistleblowers?
The act of reporting instances of official mismanagement
Legally, where does the bureaucracy derive general authority for its programs?
Delegated by congress
What is the "rule of four"
It takes 4 justices to agree that a case has merit to b heard before the supreme court
the supreme court invoked what clause of the constitution rendering a decision for Bush v Gore ?
14th amendment equal protection clause
What is judicial review?
THe power to review the constituionality of a law or decision made by the government
In what case was judicial review established?
Marbury v Madison
What is precedent?
judicial decision that serves as a rule for setting subsequent cases similar in nature.
what are the three main levels of the federal court system?
- Federal district courts
- Appellatte courts (circuit courts)
A strict constructionist interprets the constitution based on what?
Using the meaning of the original constitution
What is the term for a party appealing a holding in a case?
the supreme court has original jurisdiction in legal disputes involving what/who?
diplomats, disputes between 2 or more states
What are the term limits for state legislators??
- Assembly = 3 terms (terms are 2 years so a total of 6 years)
- Senate = 2 terms (4 year terms so total of 8 years)
What are the three tiers of the bureaucracy /
What is the current number of state senators / assembly members we have in california?
What is the independent state doctrine of the california supreme court?
state constitution can provide for rights that a peson may not have in the Us federal court
The lowest tier of the cali state court system is called what?
Which elected official in california has a role in the state senate similar to the vice president's role in the Us senate?
President Pro Tem
The ability for individuals and groups to initiate policy proposals that will be put on the ballot is called what?
the sales tax can be considered what kind of tax?
How may individuals does a single california state senator represent?
what is the non-delegation doctrine?
No branches of government can give its powers away.
The Judiciary is mentioned in which article?
Original jurisdiction vs appellate jursidictoin?
- OJ = heard directly from supreme court
- A = smaller courts have heard already .
Who impeaches and who removes?
house impeaches senate removes
Andrew Johnson was impeached because of
Tenure of office act
What is a censure?
Informal punishment of someone in congress
What are the three views of congress?
- Representational = votes based on what peers want
- organizational = votes based on what peers want cuz nigga doesn't understand
- Attitudanal = uses own views to vote
What do committees do?
Hold hearings on policy issues related to their areas
What is a conduct oversight hearing?
Someone looking over government operations making sure there is no corruption
What is a line item veto?
Ability to veto parts of a bill
After how long does a president need congressional approval to sent out troops?
After 90 days.
Main niggas in Cali executive branch
Lieutenant gov, attorney general (legal matters) sec of state (paper work in order, chief elections officer)
Congress can propose amendments to the constitution with... (how much of the chamber has to agree?)
2/3 vote each chamber
Defining the conditions and scheduling a bill for floor debate in the H o R is the responsibility of which committee?
There are currently ____ voting members of the H o R and ________ voting members of the senate
The idea that representatives ought to "do what i tell them to do" is an example of what kind of model?
Presidents can explain their own interpretation of a bill and tell executive officials how to carry it out by issuing a what?
The honeymoon period occurs during which period of the president's term?
First part of the president's term
The president was created by Article __ of the US constitution
The formal staff structure of the white house is called the
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
The Presidential advisory unit that, as a whole has declined significantly as an advisory resource for the president in the twenieth century is the
Cabinet (as a whole)
How many justices are in the supreme court today?
The burden of proof in civil cases is
A preponderance of the evidence or a majority of the evidence
What determines the original jurisdiction of the supreme court?
Senatorial courtesy refers to the tradition whereby
Nominees for federal judeships are treated with respect during senate confirmation
_____ refers to the authority to be the first court to hear a case
The _________ established a merit system for certain federal positions
Government employees who have the physical task of carrying out public policy and interacting with citizens in the field are called?
Field staff/ frontline workers
The administrative concept of neutral competence holds that the bureaucracy should
be staffed by people chosen on the basis of ability and do its work fairly on behalf of all
How many judges sit on the california's state supreme court?
The chief elections officer in California and the official custodian of California's public records is called
Secretary of state
What is the indepenedent state grounds doctrine of the california supreme court?
the state constitution can provide for rights that a person may not have in the US federal court