Parasitology Review: Lecture

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  1. Parasites of different species parasitize a single host
    Multiple parasitism
  2. Excessive infection by the same species
  3. Another name for zoonotic diseases
    Public health
  4. Stage after morula in egg development, larvae forming
    Vermiform embryo
  5. 2 parasites commonly seen in feces with unaided eye
    • Ascarids (roundworms)- spaghetti
    • Cestodes (tapeworms)- rice
  6. CAPC
    Companion animal parasite council, made up of vets, LVTS, health care professionals and create guidelines for optimal control of internal/external parasites that threaten health of humans/animals
  7. Most common worm worldwide
  8. Cestode classified as a nematode?
    Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus, due to having a pseduocoelom
  9. Cause dark tarry stool
    • Ancylostoma
    • Physaloptera
  10. Cause bright red blood
    • Trichuris
    • Strongyloides
  11. Parasite seen in fresh feces for the dog
    Strongyloides stercoralis
  12. Parasite that causes big issue for respiratory symptoms
    Protostrongylus rufescens
  13. Ancylostoma transmitted mainly by
  14. Ascarids transmitted mainly by
    • In Dogs: Transplacental 
    • In Cats: Transmammary
  15. Ascarids that eat contents on the stomach
    • Ascaris suum
    • Ascaris lumbricoides
  16. Largest ascarid
    Parascaris equorum
  17. What do we give all of our new dogs at school?
    Drontal Plus
  18. Pyrantel pamoate proprietary name
  19. Most devastating parasite for ruminants live where?
  20. MP3 strain of HW
    Dr. Byron Blagburn at Auburn in 2006
  21. What takes care of the MP3 strain?
    Advantage multi
  22. Adulticide HW treaments:
    • Melarsomine dihydrochloride (Immiticide)
    • Thiacetarsamide sodium (Caparsolate)
  23. Thumps
    Coughing in pigs due to Ascaris suum
  24. Hush nickname for...
    Dictyocaulus viviparous
  25. Toxascaris leonina migrates how?
    Mucosal migration, only need to deworm once
  26. 3 parasites that are opercal
    • Eucoleus aerophila
    • Trichuris
    • Paragonimus kellicotti
  27. Rhabditoids
    • Dog: Strongyloides stercoralis
    • Cat: Strongyloides tumefaciens
    • Horse: Strongyloides westeri
  28. Parasites that are transmissible between swine, horse and ruminants
    • Trichostrongylus axei 
    • Strongyloides westeri
  29. Intermediate host for Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus
    Maybeetle, dung beetle, water beetle
  30. Viviparous
    No egg stage
  31. What region has the most parasites?
  32. Average life span for HW in dogs
    Up to 7 years
  33. Average life span for HW in cats
    2-5 years
  34. 2 things HW usually mistaken for in the cat
    • Asthma
    • Bronchitis
  35. HW first discovered when and where
    Hennepin county, Minnesota in 1937
  36. Best test used in dogs for detecting HW
    Occult antibody test
  37. % of cats positive for HW with necropsy
  38. How to convert C to F
    1.8 X C + 32
  39. Another name for caval syndrome
    Dirofilarial Hemoglobinuria
  40. Cosmopolitan distribution for HW
    • Gulf coast 
    • East coast
    • Great lakes
  41. Ancylostoma taxonomy
    • Phylum: Nematoda 
    • Class: Secernentea
    • Order: Strongylina
    • Family: Ancylostomatidae
  42. Ascarid taxonomy
    • Order: Ascarida 
    • Family: Ascaridoidea
  43. Strongyloides taxonomy
    • Order: Rhabditida
    • Family: Rhabdiasoidea
  44. Wolbachia
    • Rickettsia
    • Contribute to pulmonary and renal inflammation through surface protein (WSP) producing endotoxins
    • Doxycycline
  45. Final stage of shock symptom
    Dilated pupils
  46. 3 stages of shock
    • Non progressive (compensated)
    • Progressive
    • Irreversible
  47. Natural disaster that caused an increase of HW
    Hurricane Katrina
  48. Strongylus vulgaris
    • Large strongyle
    • Most dangerous
    • Prepatent period 6 months
    • In horses
  49. What transmits tapes to horses
  50. Stomach worms in ruminants
    • Haemonchus placei (barberpole)
    • Ostertagia ostertagi (brown stomach worm)
    • Trichostrongylus axei ( small stomach worm)
    • Haemonchus contortus (twisted stomach worm)
  51. Hookworm for sheeps and goats
    Bunostomum trigonocephalum
  52. Nodular worm that causes black nodules
    Oesophagostomum radiatum
  53. Super family for Protostrongylus rufescens
  54. Respiratory disease in cattle no matter the speices
  55. Common kidney worm in swine
    Stephanurus dentatus
  56. Infective stage for ancylostoma
  57. Infective stage for ascarids
  58. Macrocyclic lactones
    • Ivermectin
    • Milbemycin oxime
    • Selamectin
    • Moxidectin
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Parasitology Review: Lecture
2015-07-11 22:39:07

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