Drug antidotes/misc.

Card Set Information

Author:
jam11007
ID:
304222
Filename:
Drug antidotes/misc.
Updated:
2015-06-19 19:46:44
Tags:
PHARM
Folders:
NCLEX
Description:
PHARM
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  1. IM site for ages under 2
    Vastus lateralis
  2. Drug peak level
    reflects the highest concentration
  3. trough levels
    • reflects the lowest concentration or residual level.
    • usually obtained 15 min prior to administration.
    • do not give next dose until trough level is confirmed
  4. blood culture and sensitivity
    obtained to detect the presence of pathogens within specimen collected
  5. Infiltration treatment
    • stop infusion
    • remove peripheral catheter
    • apply cold compress
    • elevated extremity 
    • initiate new line in other extremity
  6. extravasation treatment
    • stop infusion
    • discontinue administration set
    • aspirate drug if possible
    • apply cold compress
    • document condition of site
  7. phlebitis/thrombophlebitis treatment
    • stop infusion
    • remove peripheral catheters 
    • apply heat compress
    • initiate new line in other extremity
  8. hematoma (iv complication) treatmemt
    • remove iv device
    • apply light pressure
    • monitor for signs of phlebitis and tx
  9. venous spasm (IV complication) treatment
    • temporarily slow infusion rate
    • apply warm compress 
  10. what do you do if TPN solution is temporarily unavailable?
    administer dextrose 10% in water to prevent hypoglycemia
  11. Acetaminophen antidote
    Acetylcysteine
  12. Benzodiazepine antidote
    Flumazenil
  13. Curare antidote
    Edrophonium
  14. Cyanide poisoning antidote
    methelyne blue
  15. Digitalis antidote
    Digoxin immune FAB (digibind)
  16. Ethylene poisoning antidote
    Fomepizole
  17. Heparin and Enoxaparin antidote
    Protamine sulfate
  18. Iron antidote
    Deferoxamine
  19. Lead antidote
    Succimer
  20. Magnesium sulfate antidote
    Calcium gluconate 10%
  21. Narcotic antidote
    Naloxone (narcan)
  22. Warfarin antidote
    Phytonadione (Vit K)

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