pcol 23 thyroid.txt

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Anonymous
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304251
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pcol 23 thyroid.txt
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2015-06-20 20:11:49
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    • author "me"
    • tags ""
    • folders "pcol"
    • description ""
    • fileName "pcol 23 thyroid"
    • coordinates body functions by transmitting messages between individual cells and tissues
    • neuroendocrine system
  1. communicates locally by electrical impulses and neurotransmitters directed through neurons to other neurons or to specific organ (muscles or glands)
    nervous system
  2. GHRH and other name
    growth hormone-releasing hormone

    sermorelin
  3. CRH
    corticostropin releasing hormone
  4. GnRH & other name
    gomadotropin releasing hormone

    gonadorelin
  5. TRH & othr name
    tjryotropin releasing hormone

    protirelin
  6. PIH
    prolactin inhibiting hormone
  7. TSH
    thyrotropin stimulating hormone
  8. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  9. FSH
    follicle stimulating hormone
  10. PRH
    prolactin releasing hormone
  11. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  12. are primarily used for diagnostic purposes
    hypothalamic releasing hormone
  13. is responsible for synthesis and release of the peptide POMC by the hypothalamus
    CRH
  14. POMC
    proopiomelanocortin
  15. is a product of the posttranslational processing of the precursor polypeptide
    ACTH or coticotropin
  16. other products of POMC
    y-melanocyte stimulating hormone

    b-lipotropin
  17. precursor of the endorphins
    b-lipotropin
  18. used mainly to serve as a diagnostic tool for differentiating between primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency
    corticotropin
  19. consists of amino terminal 24 amino acids of the hormone and is preferred for the diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency
    cosyntropin
  20. is used in the treatment of infantile spasm (west syndrome)
    ACTH
  21. other name of growth hormone
    somatotropin
  22. is released in a pulsatile manner with the highest levels occuring during sleep
    GH
  23. other name of IGF-I and IGF-II
    somatomedins
  24. is used in the tx of GH deficiency in children
    somatotropin
  25. contains an extra terminal methionyl residue not found in somatotropin
    somatrem
  26. formerly known as somatomedins C
    IGF-I
  27. should not be used in individuals with closed epiphyses or an enlarging intracranial mass
    somatotropin and somatrem
  28. growth hormone inhibiting hormone
    somastatin
  29. suppresses GH and thyroid stimulating hormone release
    somastatin
  30. is a small polypeptide that is also found in neurons throughout the body as well as in the intestine and pancreas
    somastatin
  31. somstatin not only inhibit GH but also
    insulin glucagon and gastrin
  32. is a synthetic octapeptide analog of somastatin
    octreotide
  33. they have found use in tx of acromegaly caused by hormone secreting tumors and in secretory diarrhea associated wth tumors producing VIPomas
    somastatin and octreotide
  34. adverse effect of octreotide
    flatulence, nausea and steatorrhea
  35. analog of human GH that has polyethylene glycol
    pegvisomant
  36. is being employed in the tx of acromegaly that is refractory to other modes of surgical, radiologic or pharmacologic interventipn
    pegvisomant
  37. other name of gonadotropin releasing hormone
    gonadorelin
  38. pulsatile secretion og GnHR is essential for the release of
    LH and FSH
  39. is employed to stimulate gonadal hormone production in hypogonadism
    GnRH
  40. synthetic analog that act as agonists at GnRH (4)
    • leuprolide
    • goserelin
    • nafarelin
    • histrelin

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