Skin Things

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Author:
amanda430
ID:
304288
Filename:
Skin Things
Updated:
2015-06-21 17:18:55
Tags:
Skin
Folders:
PA
Description:
Skin
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  1. Macule
    • < 1 cm, flat , nonpalpable change in color
    • ex. freckle
  2. Patch
    • > 1cm
    • flat, nonpalpable change in color
    • ex. Senile Lentigo (liver spots)
  3. Papule
    • palpable solid massĀ 
    • <.5cm
    • epidermis
  4. Plaque
    palpable solid mass >.5cm
  5. Nodule
    • Solid, elevated firm mass <1-2cm
    • goes into Dermis
  6. Tumor
    • Solic, elevated firm mass
    • >1-2cm
    • goes into dermis
  7. Wheal
    • superficial,raised, erythematus, irregular borders due to edema
    • ex. mosquito bite
  8. Urticaria
    • superficial raised erythematus
    • intensely purutitis
    • ex. Hives
  9. Vesicle
    • superficial elevated cavity, contains fluid <=1cm
    • ex. Chicken Pox
  10. Bullae
    larger vesicle, >1cm
  11. Cyst
    • pus filled cavity
    • dermis or subcutaneous
    • >1cm
    • ex. sebaceous cyst
  12. Pustules
    acne
  13. Crust
    • thickened dry residue
    • ex. healing of herpes
  14. Scale
    • dead keratin cells peeling off
    • ex. tinea pedis-athletes foot
  15. Fissure
    linear cracks, extend into dermis
  16. Erosion
    • loss of epidermis
    • ex. burn
  17. Ulcer
    • depression into dermis
    • ex. peripheral vascular disease
  18. Excoriation
    Scratch Mark
  19. Scar
    • permanent change
    • connective tissue
  20. Atrophy
    depressed skin loss (indented scar)
  21. Lichenification
    • thickened/roughed skin
    • ex. long standing excema
  22. keloid scar
    • hypertophic scare (elevated)
    • ex. Sara
  23. Annular
    Circular
  24. Confluent
    Running together
  25. Discrete
    by itself
  26. grouped
    cluster
  27. gyrate
    twisted/coiled
  28. target
    lyme disease
  29. linear
    in a line
  30. polycyclic
    circular lesions grown together
  31. zosteriform
    • along a dermatome (spinal nerve)
    • ex. shingles
  32. Petechiae
    little red macules
  33. purpura
    • large macule or papule of blood in skin
    • .3-1cm
  34. Ecchymosis
    bruise
  35. Cherry Angioma
    • small bright red papules
    • benign
  36. Spider Angioma
    • papule with spidery veins
    • ex. liver disease if found on trunk
  37. telangiectasia
    • permanently dilated and visible vessels in skin
    • ex. basal cell carcinoma
  38. port-wine stain
    nevus flammeus
  39. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    • most common
    • local, usually doesn't metastisizeĀ 
    • translucent, dome shaped
  40. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • invasive malignancy
    • heals then reappears
    • can arise from actinic keratosis (yellow scab-like) or de novo (by itself)
  41. actinic keratosis
    yellowish scabs, usually on elderly pts

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