Pharm-Intro

Card Set Information

Author:
amanda430
ID:
304330
Filename:
Pharm-Intro
Updated:
2015-06-22 19:58:19
Tags:
pharm
Folders:
Pharm
Description:
Intro
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  1. What is the nursing Process?
    • Assessment
    • Diagnosis
    • Goals/Outcomes
    • Interventions
    • Evaluations
  2. What do you need to know about medication?
    • Class
    • Method of administration
    • expected therapeutic effect
    • adverse effect
  3. What is the nurse's role?
    • Assess pt
    • store meds
    • administer
    • reassess pt
    • Document (affects)
  4. What are the categories of controlled substances?
    • I- not approved for medicinal use
    • II-Narcotic Analgesic (opiates/barbituates)
    • III- Sedatives, Anabolic steroids)
    • IV-Sedative, Hypnotic
    • V-Partially Controlled
  5. What can nomenclature for medications be based on?
    • Body system if affects
    • Therapeutic Use
    • Chemical Characteristics
  6. What is "off label" use?
    using a medication for something other than what it was initially intending for
  7. What are examples of therapeutic effects?
    • Palliative
    • curative
    • supportive
    • substitute
    • chemotherapeutic
    • restorative
  8. Define what tolerance is
    when a body becomes more effective at breaking down the medicine by releasing certain enzymes
  9. Define Cross-Tolerance
    Having a tolerance for a different drug that is broken down by the same enzymes that break down a drug that you have tolerance
  10. Define some characteristics of adverse drug effects (ADE)
    • common/rare
    • local/systemic
    • mild
    • severe (allergic reaction)
  11. What is an ADE for CNS
    stimulation/depression
  12. What is an ADE for GI tract
    • N/V/D
    • GI Bleeding
  13. What is an ADE for hematological
    • bleeding
    • leukopenia
  14. What is an ADE for hepatotoxicity
    hepatic necrosis
  15. What is an ADE for nephrotoxicity
    renal failure
  16. What is an ADE for allergic reaction
    skin Rash --> Anaphylactic Shcok
  17. What is an ADE for Drug Fever
    low or high fever
  18. What is an ADE for Paradoxical/Idiosyncratic
    unexpected reaction
  19. What is an ADE for Carcinogenic
    increased cancer risk
  20. What is an ADE for teratogenicity
    Abnormal fetal development
  21. What is an ADE for Toxicity
    Harmful Dose
  22. What are the levels for Teratogenicity Drug Categories
    • A- no risk: studies on pregnant women
    • B- no risk: studies done on animals
    • C- Potential Risk: animal studies
    • D- Evidence of risk
    • X- DO NOT GIVE
  23. What do you need to check during your assessment
    • Allergies
    • Recreational Drugs
    • OTC Drugs
    • Age
    • Body Size
    • Sex-Teratogenicity
    • Ethnicity
    • Genetics
    • Dose
  24. What should you look for with doses?
    • how much?
    • when?
    • how long?

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