botany test 1

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Mazie
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botany test 1
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2015-06-23 15:49:17
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plants
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  1. study of plants
    Botany -
  2. how many plants are used by humans?
     
    2k
    3k
    10k
    4k
    3k
  3. how many plants are domesticated?

    200
    500
    300
    100
    200
  4. humans depend on how many plants?
    1000
    10,000
    15
    20
    15
  5. two reasons plants are important?
    • Economic importance 
    • How plants support all other forms of life.
  6. How plants provide the 3 great necessities of life.
    . (food, clothing, shelter)
  7. How plants change the environment for which they live and make it suitable for other organisms?  defnition of what?
    Ecology
  8. Plant parts: 
    list the 5
    • Flower 
    • Stems 
    • Leaves 
    • Fruits, seeds, etc. 
    • Roots
  9. Groups of organisms:  groups
    • Animal kingdom - eukaryotic [nucleus, chromosomes, cellular organelles] 
    • Plant kingdom- eukaryotic 
    • Fungi kingdom- eukaryotic. 
    • Protista [protozoa, algae, slime, mold] - eukaryotic, group was made from the other three because they are all single celled organisms[identical cells] 
    • Monera [bacteria] - unique In that it has prokaryotic cells- unspecialized primitive cells such as cyanobacteria
  10. Plants vs. animals characteristics:

    pigment (chlorophyll) in plants, autotrophic [make own food], non-mobile, plant movement is due to loss of water,]no nervous system, ell division is restricted to regions called meristems- are located where there is new growth, cell walls made of cellulose.
    plants
  11. Scientific names have two parts :
    [Genus and species]
  12. Revised the binomial system of describing things. . Example: Magnolia grandiflora, homo sapiens
    Linneaus
  13. Reason to come up with system ?
    was for better communication throughout the world. " Latin description is important to be universal.
  14. Species is used to identify a one of a kind and to explain a ___________________.
    genus
  15. What are the rank of catergories of animals?

    kingdom, phylum, order, class, genus, family, species

    species, genus, family, order, class, phylum, kingdom

    phylum, kingdom, order, class, family, genus, species
    kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
  16. Terms in latin possibly on test: 
    alba
    white
  17. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    nigra
    black
  18. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    lutea
    yellow
  19. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    virdis
    green
  20. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    rubra
    red
  21. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    minor
    small
  22. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    vulgaris
    common
  23. Terms in latin possibly on test:

    maritimus
    ocean
  24. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    esculentus
    edible
  25. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    palutris
    of the marsh
  26. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    arvensis
    of the meadow
  27. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    silverestris
    of the woods
  28. Terms in latin possibly on test: 

    arboreus
    tree
  29. [smallest living things on planet often considered to be the earliest life forms to occur on planet, have a primitive cell structure, prokaryotic, no sexual reproduction]
    cyanobacteria
  30. are considered the major agents of decomposition on planet.
    Monera with fungi
  31. these three belong to the protista:
    protozoa[animal kingdom] - 

    algae (singular form alga)[plant]- 

    slime-molds[fungi]
  32. t / f

    slime-molds[fungi] are:

    These are all single celled colonial organisms. Eukaryotic cell structure. 
    Many are aquatic in nature 
    Play a major role in food chain 
    Bulk of plankton in water 
    Bottom of food chain
    t
  33. Can meet criteria for being aliens on this planet ?
    Fungi kingdom
  34. Study of fungi
    mycology
  35. fungi lack this?  ________
    Lack chlorophyll
  36. what is the term meaning to ingest other organisms?
    Heterotrophic
  37. Body of fungi is mycelium made of tiny filaments called ___________.
    hyphae
  38. fungi have cell walls composed of ____________.
    chitin
  39. the 2 broad classes or catergories of fungi:

    Aspergillus 
    Parasite
    Yeast 
    Saprophyte
    Saprophyte - feeds off of dead things 

    Parasite- feeds off of living things
  40. name 2 good fungus:
    yeast and penicillium
  41. microbiologist growing bacteria found penicillin?
    Alexander Fleming
  42. found in king tut's tomb and killed the first discoverers. Common in bird populations. Used in wines and cheeses.
    Aspergillus
  43. is one of the few fungi that does not have mycelium?

    hint:  consumes sugar and gives off co2 and ethyl alcohol.
    Yeast
  44. made from fungus in medieval times people believed they were made from _______.  hence the name _____________   ________
    Fairies


    Fairy rings
  45. organism composed of fungus and alga [test question]
    Lichen
  46. [test question] One of earliest sources of natural dyes was subjecting lichens to ________.
    heat
  47. Plant kingdom has 2 broad categories:
    Non-vascular [bryophyte] 

    Vascular [tracheophyte]
  48. what category of plant does this:

    Absorb water through capillary action [paper towel effect] 

    Non-vascular [bryophyte] 
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
  49. First plants to come into a disturbed habitat. Their growth provides for other plant growth. 

    Non-vascular [bryophyte] 
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
    non-vascular [bryophyte]
  50. Reproduce by spore 

    Non-vascular [bryophyte] 
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
  51. Moss- peat moss [decayed remains of living moss called sphagnum] - creates a high acidic nature. bacteria and fungi do not thrive in this environment. 

    Non-vascular [briophyte] 
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
  52. Specialized cells that conducts operations 

    Vascular [tracheophyte] 
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
    vascular [tracheophyte]
  53. Has Xylem & Phloem ?

    Vascular [tracheophyte] 
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
  54. Xylem conducts _______ upward & is a:


    water or food
    Vascular [tracheophyte] 
    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
    water

    Vascular [tracheophyte]
  55. Phloem conducts ______ downward & is a : 

    water or food


    Non-vascular [bryophyte]
    Vascular [tracheophyte]
    food

    Vascular [tracheophyte]
  56. scientific name for seed plant?

    [pteridophyte] 
    [spermatophyte] 
    [tracheophyte] 
    [bryophyte]
    [spermatophyte]
  57. Reproductive [seed] 
    Embryo, stored food, seed coat 
    Reproduction occurs on parent 

    what am I?
    Seed plants [spermatophyte]
  58. scientific name for fern?

    pteridophyte
    spermatophyte
    tracheophyte
    bryophyte
    [pteridophyte]
  59. i reproduce by reproductive [spore] 
    single cell 
    reproduction occurs away from parent 

    what am i?
    ferns / fernallies [pteridophyte]
  60. scientific name for cone bearing plants ?

    pteridophyte
    spermatophyte
    Gymnosperm
    Gymnosperm
  61. Means naked seed exposed on a scale of the plant ?
    Gymnosperm
  62. the 3 groups of gymnosperms?
    • Cycad 
    • Gingko
    • Conifers
  63. these trees belong to gynosperms or angiosperms?

    Pine 
    Cypress 
    Fir 
    Spruce 
    Cedar 
    Juniper 
    Red woods
    Gymnosperm
  64. [test question] Most prosperous in Jurassic period , Oldest living seed plants , 200 mil years ago, Leaves, stems, & roots are filled with powerful neurotoxin
    Cycad
  65. Sexes are separate on separate plants ?

    [test question]
    [dioecious plant]
  66. [test question] Both sexes on one plant
    [monoeciuos plant]
  67. Have largest swimming sperm cells of any organism on the planet ?

    Cycad 
    Gingko 
    Conifers
    Cycad
  68. Only group that show the process of reproduction. 
    Living fossils by botanist 
    Secondary leaf is used not for food but for reproduction 

    Conifers 
    Gingko 
    Cycad
    Cycad
  69. Only known by cultivation, not nature. 
    Revered as a sacred tree by monks in central china. 
    Ginkgo
    Conifers 
    cycad
    Gingko
  70. have swimming sperm cells Widely planted in US as ornamental trees for fall colors, & is dioecious 

    Conifers 
    Cycad 
    Gingko
    Gingko
  71. are a major source of lumber for building. 

    Gingko 
    Cycad 
    Conifers
    Conifers
  72. Both sexes on one plant [monoeciuos plant] 
    Will produce seed cones and pollen cones [pollen are male] 

    Conifers 
    Gingko 
    cycad
    Conifers
  73. commonly referred to as Naval stores. King of England chose this tree as a royal tree. Could not cut it down. what type is it as well?
    • Northern white pine
    • conifer
  74. [test question]bald cypress is a ________
    deciduous conifers
  75. flowering plants ?

    Angiosperm 
    Gymnosperm
    Angiosperm
  76. [test question] Worldwide success is due to flowers, fruits, and seeds 
    250k species There's both in this class Herbaceous plants to woody trees. 

    angiosperms
    gymnosperms
    Angiosperm
  77. [test question] Means it will live for 2 growing seasons?

    perennial 
    Annual 
    Biennial
    Biennial
  78. Amorphphalus titanium means?
    giant flower
  79. [test question] A mature ovary with seeds is a  _____.
    fruit
  80. Complete flower contains all the parts name the parts: 9 parts 
    female reproductive parts has 3 of them
    • stalk 
    • Receptacle 
    • sepals [leaf like structures] 
    • Petals 
    • stamen male reproductive part 
    • pistil [female reproductive parts] 
    • divided into 3 parts: 
    • Stigma 
    • style 
    • Ovary - contains eggs
  81. has both sex organs. Can still be an incomplete flower 

    Staminante 
    Pistilate 
    Perfect flower 
    Imperfect flower
    Perfect flower
  82. only has one sex organ always incomplete. 
    Perfect flower 
    Imperfect flower
    Staminante 
    Pistilate
    imperfect flower
  83. only female parts
    Pistilate
  84. only male parts [know all this for test]
    Staminante
  85. Angiosperms classes
    Monocots  & Dicots
  86. Cot is _______vhich is the stored food within a seed, [know for test]
    cotyledon
  87. Flowering parts in 3's or multiples of 3's 
    Leaves with parallel veins 
    Fibrous roots [ roots are generally the same length] 
    Scattered vascular bundles 

    Monocots or Dicots
    Monocots
  88. 2 cotyledon 
    Flowering parts in 4's or 5's 
    Leaves with netted veins 
    Primary root system [one main root with smaller roots coming off of it] 
    Vascular tissue in rings around the stem 
    Both herbaceous & woody 

    Dicots or  Monocots
    Dicots
  89. the study of tree rings
    Dendrochronology
  90. ________ire classified by: 
    Dry or succulent [fleshy have a lot of water in them] at maturity 
    Simple- one ovary 
    Compound - many ovary that will combine 
    plans to release the seeds inside.
    Fruits
  91. split open and spit out seeds [beans] How the fruit plans to release the seeds inside?
    Dehiscent
  92. Dry fruits that split open on 2 opposite sides :

    legume
    Follicle
    Schizocarp 
    Capsule
    legume
  93. splits on 1 side only :

    Schizocarp  
    Capsule  
    legume 
    Follicle
    Follicle
  94. splits on 3 or more sides, [okra] :

    Capsule- 
    legume 
    Follicle- 
    Schizocarp -
    Schizocarp -
  95. splits with circle opening at top of fruit, [brazil nuts] :

    Schizocarp - 
    legume- 
    Follicle- 
    Capsule-
    Capsule-
  96. has no plan for releasing seed, [coconut]
    Indehiscent
  97. a large dry fruit with a hard pericarp :

    Caryopsis 
    Achene- 
    Nut-
    Nut
  98. small dry fruit with a thin pericarp, seed falls freely out [sunflower seeds] :

    Caryopsis or grain 
    Nut- 
    Achene-
    Achene -
  99. pericarp is hard and it is completely fused to the seed so that it cannot be separated from ovary wall, [corn] :

    Achene - 
    Caryopsis or grain- 
    Nut-
    Caryopsis or grain
  100. [know for test] The ovary wall is called ____
    Endocarp - 
    Mesocarp - 
    Exocarp 
    pericarp
    pericarp
  101. [test questions] [peach] fleshy fruit with a hard stone like endocarp:

    Pepo- 
    Hesperidium - 
    Drupe - 
    Berry-
    Drupe
  102. [orange] fleshly fruit where the endocarp is divisible into sections and the exocarp is leathery. Exclusive to citrus family :

    Pepo- 
    Berry- 
    Drupe 
    Hesperidium -
    Hesperidium
  103. [watermelon] succulent fruit with hard outer covering and succulent moist inside that is not divisible. :

    Berry 
    Pepo 
    Hesperidium
    Pepo
  104. [grape or tomato or blueberry] all three layers is soft:

    Hesperidium 
    Berry
    Berry
  105. more than one ovary 

    compound or simple?
    Compound fruits
  106. Fruit with many ovaries within one flower [blackberry] 

    Aggregate 
    Multiple
    Aggregate
  107. Fruit with many ovaries from many flowers [pineapple] 

    Aggregate 
    Multiple
    Multiple

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