botany test 2

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botany test 2
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  1. The nature of variations in plants are brought about by those individuals that survive an environment that pass on genes is _______.

    Natural selection 
    Artificial selection
    Natural selection
  2. Nature of variations in plants brought about by humans  to determine what survives and what doesn’t is __________.

    Artificial selection
    Natural selection
    Artificial selection
  3. many sets of chromosomes [test question]

    haploid
    diploid
    android
    polyploid
    polyploid
  4. egg and sperm in humans (N) 23 chromosomes


    diploid
    polyploid
    haploid
    haploid
  5. 2 sets of chromosomes (2N) 46 chromosomes

    haploid
    diploid
    android
    r2d2
    polyploid
    diploid
  6. a molecule composed of DNA.  Distinct unit of heredity found on the DNA
    molecule.


    chromosome
    gene
    jeans
    allele
    gene
  7. plants were  ______ by these 3 methods:
    Ability of plants to inbreed.
    Ability of plants to reproduce asexually.
    Ability of plants to produce individuals with multiple numbers of chromosomes.


    domesticated
    grown in wild
    manufactured
    domesticated
  8. were both sets of genes are identical

    homozygous
    heterozygous
    homozygous
  9. were the set of genes are different.


    homozygous
    heterozygous
    heterozygous
  10. The main purpose is used to establish uniform varieties of plants. [test question]

    outcrossing
    inbreeding
    hybrid vigor
    inbreeding
  11. Promotes homozygous plants.       
    Self-incompatibility promotes genetic diversity.
    Refers to fusion of gametes within a single flower.
    Fusion of gametes from different but genetically similar plants. [cross pollenating a
    tomato seed from one source]


    hybrid vigor
    outcrossing
    inbreeding
    inbreeding
  12. Opposite of inbreeding, pollen came from a genetically different plant to produce offspring. 

    inbreeding
    hybrid vigor
    outcrossing
    outcrossing
  13. crossing genes from 2 plants with some bad genes were the dominant gene is the good gene. Backbone of agriculture industry.

    inbreeding
    outcrossing
    hybrid vigor
    hybrid vigor
  14. The origin of agriculture was where?   [test question]
    Mesopotamia [fertile crescent
  15. theory of sudden discovery [the dump heap hypothesis]

    Proposed that over the course of gathering food, refuse was collected, and over course
    of several years the refuse produced the plant that you ate.  This made us initially create piles of refuse to see what happened.  By observing plants coming from refuse we figured out that this was how the plants we ate were formed. 
    who propagated this theory?

    Edgar Anderson 
    Andrew Jackson
    Edgar Allen Poe
    Carl Sauer
    Edgar Anderson
  16. What are found at archeological sites to determine if agriculture was used.
    [test question]  (best answer)

    Pottery
    Pollen grains
    roots
    refuse
    pollen grains
  17. people turned to agriculture when it best suited a change in their lifestyle.

    Who proposed this theory?

    Edgar Anderson
    Carl Sauer
    De Canndolle
    George Bush
    Carl Sauer
  18. [test question] First person who tried to decipher the mystery around plants whose
    origins were lost.

    Carl Sauer
    Edgar Anderson
    De Canndolle
    De Candolle
  19. Who hypothesized that by finding wild relatives of a plant or crop is likely the place of its
    origin?  

    De Canndolle
    Edgar Anderson
    Vavilov
    Carl Sauer
    Vavilov
  20. Where you find the greatest variety of _____ would likely be its place of origin because
    that’s where there is the most diversity. 
    High genetic diversity represents a likely source of origin. This product is only known to be from the Americas.  [test question]

    coconut
    corn
    rice
    soybean
    corn
  21. tobacco, irish potato, & tomato come from the same _____.

    Kingdom
    family
    species
    order
    family
  22. longest day of the year june 21

    summer solstice
    autumnal solstice
    vernal equinox
    summer solstice
  23. sept 23 12 hrs of daylight and 12 hrs of night time.

    summer solstice
    autumnal solstice
    winter solstice
    vernal equinox
    autumnal solstice
  24. Shorter days until dec 21. Shortest day and longest night.

    summer solstice
    winter solstice 
    vernal equinox
    winter solstice
  25. March 20  12 & 12 again.

    vernal equinox
    winter solstice
    summer solstice
    doesn't exist
    vernal equinox
  26. ceae indicates:

    kingdom
    family 
    genus
    variety
    family
  27. Rosa is type
    genus for family. This group does not tolerate combo of heat and humidity and
    succumb to a disease named ______    _______.

    fire flight
    fire bugs
    fire blight
    fire blight
  28. Malus makes up 50% of the world fruit tree production.  What is malus?

    apple 
    peach
    pear
    apple
  29. most common way apples are consumed?

    raw
    cooked
    cider
    cider
  30. what type of cells make up the body of fruit in a pear?

    stone 
    rock
    multicellular
    stone
  31. Pyrus

    what type of fruit is this?
    pear
  32. prunus persica is a what?
    peach
  33. freestone and cling are 2 types of what?

    peach
    pear
    apple
    grape
    peach
  34. prunus domestica
    plum
  35. rubus are what type of fruit?

    apricots
    plums
    rasp / blackberry
    rasp / blackberry
  36. fragaria
    strawberries
  37. Another name for the heath family is ?

    ericaceae
    chocolate
    vaccinium
    ericaceae
  38. Olea europea are what fruit they come from the Oleaceae family?

    Pecan
    cranberries
    huckleberries
    olives
    olives [vaccinium] genus
  39. True / False

    olives were palatable in ancient times?
    • false
    • not until the1900's in California
  40. These are part of the Juglandacea family in the genus carya?

    hint:  we have them in LA and make pies with them.
    Pecan & hickory
  41. True / False

    the less oil a nut has the shorter the shelf life.
    [test question]
    • false
    • the oilier the nut is the shorter the shelf life.
  42. juglands are what type of nut?

    acorn
    beech 
    pecan
    walnuts
    walnuts
  43. pecan, walnut, beech, acorn, chest all belong to what family?
    juglandacea
  44. Chestnut blight came from Europe and destroyed the US chestnut tree what genus is the chestnut in?

    Carya
    juglands
    fagus
    castanea
    castanea
  45. nutella is made of what nut and what is the genus name?

    castanea - chestnut
    fagus - acorn
    quercus - hazel
    corylus - hazel
    corylus - hazel
  46. is the almond a seed or nut?
    • seed 
    • prunus armeniacea
  47. pecans, hazel, walnut, hickory, and chest nuts come from what type of region?

    tropical
    temperate
    temperate
  48. What was the first domesticated fruit?

    banana
    orange 
    apple
    orange
  49. family name for citrus fruits?

    ericeae
    rutaceae
    navalceae
    rutaceae
  50. name the 3 categories of oranges?
    • naval
    • blood
    • valencia
  51. which category of orange is sterile?
    naval
  52. true / false

    the reason for grafting trees is to assure uniformity of fruits produced?  [test question]
    true
  53. lemons are cultivated mostly for the oil in the rinds?

    true / false
    true
  54. what is the most distinct variety of citrus?

    orange
    lime 
    lemon
    lime
  55. which has highest vitamin C and is used in cosmetics?

    orange
    lime 
    lemon
    lime
  56. true / false

    grapefruits claim to fame is it originated in the Americas?
    true
  57. the family of cucurbitaceae have members called ________.

    kermits
    curts
    curbs
    cucurbits
    cucurbits
  58. called the faithful wife of corn?
    bean
  59. called the unfaithful wife of corn?
    pumpkin
  60. The solanacea family are tomato, potato, red & green peppers, egg plants, & tobacco and are commonly called the _____ _____ family because the flower is shaped like a lamp shade.
    nightshade
  61. lycopersicon esculentum
    transcribed:  wolf peach edible
    what fruit is this?
    tomato
  62. tomato 
    new world / old world?
    new world
  63. flowers of tomato plant are said to be _____ pollinated.

    self
    buzz
    rattled
    vibrated
    buzz
  64. capsicum annum
    used as medicine
    red pepper
  65. Musa ripen when exposed to ethylene gas.
    what is a musa?
    banana
  66. the movie Mutany on the Bounty was a story about this family and genus? 

    Musaceae - musa
    moraceae - ficus
    arecaceae - sabal
    palmae - cocos
    • moraceae - ficus or figs
    • particularly the bread fruit
  67. The family of Palmae was renamed by linnius to ?
    arecaceae
  68. what is the world's most extensive cultivated nut? [test question]
    coconut
  69. coconut's husk fiber is called _____.
    coir
  70. true / false
    the water inside coconuts was used for medicinal purposes in WWII.
    • true 
    • to kill intestinal worms and as glucose for soldiers
  71. This plant is a bird pollinated plant?
    [test question]
    ananas
    bromeliad
    hibiscus esculintis
    bromeliad
  72. established pineapple industry in Hawaii?
    JD Dole
  73. who is the leader in pineapple production?
    hawaii
  74. Okra is in the _____ family

    Malvaceae
    Hibiscus
    bromeileaceae
    hibiscus
  75. African name for okra?
    gumbo
  76. What family has toxic plants in them?

    Malvaceae
    Bromeiliaceae
    anacardiaceae
    anacardiaceae
  77. this toxic plant is native to southeast Asia and has become naturalized in the wild due to animals leaving the seed behind?
    hint:  could develop allergy to fruit
    • mango
    • mangifera
  78. native to brazil and cultivated throughout the tropics.  Natives will eat the fruit and discard the nut.  this nut is toxic until it is roasted.  What nut is this?
    • cashew
    • anacardia
  79. toxicodendron
    poison ivy
  80. worn on the heads of romans? part of the Laurel family
    laurus nobilus
  81. what is a chinese goose berry?
    kiwi
  82. from what and where is the kiwi named after?
    New Zealand and it's native bird
  83. Persea Americana is an alligator pear or ______.
    avocado
  84. the oils in this make up 30% of its weight?
    avocado
  85. This nut is hand picked from nature not cultivated.  What nut and genus is this?
    • brazil
    • passiflora
  86. Graminae family is also called the _____ family.
    poacea
  87. there are 6 species of poa that are important to us match the common name with genus:  [test question]

    avena                          rice
    zea mays                     wheat
    triticum                        rye
    secale                          corn
    oryza                           oat
    hordeum                      barley
    • corn - zea mays
    • oat - avena
    • barley - hordeum
    • rice - oryza
    • rye - secale
    • wheat - triticum
  88. which of the 6 species of poa come from southern mexico?
    [test question]
    oat
    corn
    wheat
    rye
    barley
    rice
    corn
  89. most distinctive plant of the 6 poa, most recently cultivated, grown 1st as animal feed?

    corn
    oat
    rice
    wheat
    rye 
    barley
    oat
  90. from northern india, out ranks wheat in the number of tons produced, it is a sacred plant and symbol of fertility in the orient?

    corn
    oat
    rye
    barley
    rice
    wheat
    rice
  91. originated in the fertile crescent, will germinate at almost freezing temps, penetrate soil upto 6 ft. with roots?

    wheat
    rye
    barley
    rice
    corn
    oat
    rye
  92. 1st grown bhy the Menonites in PA but the credit is given to the russians for establishing this crops industry?

    corn
    barley
    wheat
    oat 
    rye
    rice
    wheat
  93. 2 types are dents and flints for animal feed?

    avena
    zea mays
    hordeum
    secale
    triticum
    oryza
    zea mays
  94. what is zizania aquatic?
    wild rice
  95. True / False

    Indians would bring a canoe to harvest the rice by bending the plant over the boat with a cane and tapping the flower to
    harvest seeds. [test question]
    true
  96. Planting a single grain of all of the 6 important species of poa, except corn, would produce many stems that will produce flowers. 
    Each stem is referred to as a _______.

    filler
    tiller
    killer
    stiller
    tiller
  97. how many species of the graminae or poa family are edible?

    25
    35
    40
    6
    35
  98. Humans choose a plant that had these 4 qualities to suit our needs.  name them?
    • Simultaneous maturation {tillers that matured at same time}  
    • Same height tillers 
    • Made stems shorter        
    • Larger seeds
  99. botanist that devoted his life to studying of corn.
    Hugh Iltis
  100. What is sorghum bicolor commonly called?

    milo
    millet
    legume
    milo
  101. starchy content variety of corn that pops.  Close to actual corn we eat.
    grain sorghum
  102. are the choices for making flatbread? {test question}

    corn and sorghum
    corn and millet
    sorghum and beans
    corn and sorghum
  103. has the longest shelf life of any grain?

    corn
    sorghum
    millet
    faba
    millet
  104. Is a type of fruit found in the bean family?
    legume
  105. 2nd most important family of plants to humans?
    fabaceae
  106. All regions of the world grew a type of these?
    legumes
  107. matching

    new world      wheat - peas
    europe           wheat - lentils
    middle east     corn   - common bean
    asia                rice    - soybeans
    • New world grew - corn - common bean
    • Europe grew - wheat – peas
    • Middle east – wheat –lentils   
    • Asia – rice – soybeans
  108. True / False

    bananas are N2 fixing bacteria?
    • false
    • beans are
  109. what is the oldest legume in history?
    we make a type of soup with these.
    lentils
  110. these are used as a rotational crop?
    legumes
  111. king of the legumes?
    soy beans
  112. glycine max
    soybean
  113. what does TVP stand for?
    textured vegetable protein
  114. what is TVP made from?
    soybean
  115. Vigna?
    hint: name of a band
    black eyed peas
  116. another name for common bean?

    lunatus
    vulgaris
    arachis hypogea
    vulgaris
  117. lunatus?


    hint: comes from Peru
    lima bean
  118. These 2 are the edible beans from the Americas [test question]
    vulgaris and lunatus
  119. what is a arachis hypogea?
    peanut
  120. True / False

    Peanut oil is used because it tolerates heat better than any other oil.
    [test question]
    true
  121. trifoliums are a genus name a common species?
    clover
  122. new or old world?

    hemp
    old
  123. new or old world?
    peanuts
    new
  124. new or old world?

    pumpkins
    new
  125. new or old world?
      tobacco
    new
  126. new or old world?

    tomato
    new
  127. new or old world?

    coffee
    old
  128. new or old world?

    melons
    old
  129. new or old world?

    okra
    old
  130. new or old world?

    olive
    old
  131. new or old world?

    wheat
    old
  132. new or old world?

    rye
    old
  133. new or old world?

    figs
    old
  134. new or old world?

    corn
    new
  135. new or old world?
    beans
    new
  136. new or old world?

    cotton
    new
  137. new or old world?

    sweet potato
    new
  138. new or old world?

    squash
    new
  139. new or old world?
    red pepper
    new
  140. new or old world?

    chocolate
    new
  141. new or old world?

    sorghum
    old
  142. new or old world?
    lettuce
    old
  143. new or old world?

    beets and turnips
    old
  144. new or old world?

    apples
    old
  145. new or old world?

    grapes
    old
  146. new or old world?

    onions
    old
  147. new or old world?

    bananas
    old
  148. new or old world?

    peas
    old
  149. new or old world?

    spinach
    old
  150. new or old world?

    black pepper
    old
  151. new or old world?

    sugar cane
    old
  152. new or old world?

    coconut
    old
  153. new or old world?

    rice
    old
  154. new or old world?

    soy beans
    old
  155. new or old world?
    tea
    old
  156. new or old world?

    oranges
    old
  157. What is a fagus nut?


    beech 
    pecan
    acorn
    walnut
    beech nut
  158. Juglands are?

    walnuts
    beech nuts
    pecans
    hazel nut
    walnuts
  159. Acorns are ?


    carya
    juglands
    fagus
    quercus
    corylus
    quercus
  160. pecans, hazel, coconuts, walnut, hickory nut, chest nut are all temperate nuts?  

    True / False
    False

    coconuts are tropical
  161. What is a prunus armeniacea?  

    beech nut
    almond
    walnut
    acorn
    almond
  162. This a a single seed cucubit found in the cucurbitaceae family native to LA?
    mirleton
  163. What family do mulberry and fig belong?

    Palmae
    arecaceae
    moraceae
    musaceae
    moraceae
  164. What is an anacardia?

    mango
    cashew
    avocado
    tomato
    cashew
  165. What is a persea americana?


    banana
    pear
    avocado
    kiwi
    avocado

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