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Ensure that all recruits meet the requirements of NFPA ____, Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments, prior to entering the training program.
• Utilize the incident command system and a personnel accountability system for all incidents, including live ﬁre training exercises, that meet the requirements of NFPA ___, Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System.
NFPA ____, Standard on Fire Department Occupa-tional Safety and Health Program.
the United States Fire Administra-tion, the Foundation has established the objectives of reducing the fatality rate by __ percent within 5 years and by ____ percent by 2014.
What are the 16 Fireﬁghter Life Safety Initiatives
- 1. Deﬁne and advocate the need for a cultural change within the ﬁre service relating to safety, incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability, and personal responsibility.
- 2. Enhance the personal and organizational accountability for health and safety throughout the ﬁre service.
- 3. Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at all levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.
- 4. All ﬁre ﬁghters must be empowered to stop unsafe practices.
- 5. Develop and implement national standards for training, qualiﬁcations, and certiﬁcation (including regular recertiﬁcation) that are equally applicable to all ﬁre ﬁghters based on the duties they are expected to perform.
- 6. Develop and implement national medical and physical ﬁtness standards that are equally applicable to all ﬁre ﬁghters, based on the duties they are expected to perform.
- 7. Create a national research agenda and data collection system that relate to the initiatives.
- 8. Utilize available technology wherever it can produce higher levels of health and safety.
- 9. Thoroughly investigate all ﬁre ﬁghter fatalities, injuries, and near misses.
- 10. Grant programs should support the implementation of safe practices and/or mandate safe practices as an eligibility requirement.
- 11. National standards for emergency response policies and procedures should be developed and championed.
- 12. National protocols for response to violent incidents should be developed and championed.
- 13. Fire ﬁghters and their families must have access to counseling and psychological support.
- 14. Public education must receive more resources and be championed as a critical ﬁre and life safety program.
- 15. Advocacy must be strengthened for the enforcement of codes and the installation of home ﬁre sprinklers.
- 16. Safety must be a primary consideration in the design of apparatus and equipment.
The three incident priorities are:
- life safety
- incident stabilization
- property conservation
Life safety is always the number___ priority, and all operations must be developed based on this premise.
Risk assessment of the emergency scene can be based on the following philosophy:
- We will take greater risk to save a lot.
- We will take little risk to save a little.
- We will take no risk to save what is already lost.
The USFA oversees the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS). Part of the NFIRS report is data for ________.
ﬁre ﬁghter casualties.
The NFPA and the USFA estimate that on average, ___ ﬁre ﬁghters die in the line of duty each year.
A requirement or law promulgated at the federal, state, or local level with a requirement to comply is a ______.
A _________is an agreed-upon method/policy often developed through the consensus process; __________ are not mandatory unless adopted by a governmental authority.
The concept of what a reason-able person with similar training and equip-ment would do in a similar situation is called a_______.
Standard of care
The ___________ is the procedure of having a minimum of two ﬁre ﬁghters standing by completely prepared to immediately enter a structure to rescue the interior crew should a problem develop; this protocol must be in place prior to the start of interior ﬁre attack.
Two-in, two-out rule
The docu-ment that contains all of the federally pro-mulgated regulations for all federal agencies is a ________.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
NFPA ____, Life Safety Code ® . This standard has been adopted by both local and state governments as part of the ﬁre pre-vention program. Once a standard is adopted, the adopting governmental agencies have the _____________.
______________________, Respiratory Protection, requires that respirators be provided by the employer when such equipment is necessary to protect the health of the employee (including self-contained breathing apparatus [SCBA]).
OSHA’s Title 29 OSHA 1910.134 (29 CFR 1910.134)
OSHA ________ (29 CFR ________), Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, deals with hazardous material releases and was referenced as part of the two-in, two-out ruling, speciﬁcally the requirement for a buddy system.
NFPA standards that impact ﬁre-ground operations.
1. NFPA 1500 __________
2. NFPA 1521 __________
3. NFPA 1561 __________
4. NFPA 1584 __________
5. NFPA 1021 __________
6. NFPA 1041 __________
7. NFPA 1403 __________
8. NFPA 1404 __________
9. NFPA 1410 __________
10. NFPA 1710 _________
11. NFPA 1720 _________
- 1. Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
- 2. Standard for Fire Department Safety Ofﬁcer Professional Qualiﬁcations
- 3. Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System
- 4. Standard on the Rehabilita-tion Process for Members During Emergency Operations and Training Exercises
- 5. Standard for Fire Ofﬁcer Profes-sional Qualiﬁcations
- 6. Standard for Fire Service Instructor Professional Qualiﬁcations
- 7. Standard on Live Fire Training Evolutions
- 8. Standard for Fire Service Respira-tory Protection Training
- 9. Standard on Training for Initial Emergency Scene Operations
- 10. Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emer- gency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments
- 11. Standard for the Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emer- gency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Volunteer Fire Departments
The concept of standard of care is simple: Everyone has certain __________ when it comes to performance.
the varied respon-sibilities of the incident safety ofﬁcer:
• Form a strategy to match the situation, and ensure that all operating members know the strategy • Analyze ﬁre and smoke conditions • Ensure crew intactness • Ensure that an incident management system (IMS) is in place • Maintain an accountability system • Ensure a proper level of protective equipment • Assess building or vehicle structure status • Establish a collapse zone • Oversee rehabilitation setup • Assess the physical condition of personnel • Ensure proper scene lighting • Communicate unsafe locations—for exam-ple, holes in ﬂoors, wires down, backyard swimming pools—to operating teams • Ensure a means of egress for crews • Develop a risk assessment • Ensure that rapid intervention crews are ready • Secure utilities • Ensure that trafﬁc is controlled
Fire ground accountability system must meet the following objectives:
- • Account for the exact location of all individuals at the ﬁre scene at any given moment
- • Provide for expansion to meet the needs of the incident
- • Be adaptable to the IMS in use
- • Ensure that all individuals are checked into the system at the outset of the incident
- • Provide for visual recognition of participation
- • Provide for points of entry into the hazard zone
personnel accountability (PAR) benchmarks include:
• At a ﬁxed time, as deﬁned in local SOGs • After primary search • After ﬁre is under control • After a switch in strategic modes (offensive to defensive) • After a signiﬁcant event such as a collapse, ﬂashover, or backdraft • After any report of a missing ﬁre ﬁghter
Once assigned to rapid intervention, the companies should ______________ that would render them unavailable, and they should have direct ___________ or operations.
- generally not be assigned other tasks
- communication with the IC
Rehabilitation basic plan should provide for the following:.
- • Establishment of a rehabilitation group within the IMS
- • Hydration
- • Nourishment
- • Rest and recovery
- • Medical evaluation
- • Accountability while in the rehabilitation
The _____ Sector/Group is an incident function to provide rest, nourishment, comfort, and medical assessment to on-scene personnel.
Purpose of rehabilitation is to ensure that the _______ and ______ of personnel operating at an emergency incident or training exercise does not _____ to a point that affects the safety of the individual, crew, or the integrity of the operation.
- physical and mental
Scope of rehabilitation shall apply to
_______ and training exercises of ______where strenuous physical activity or exposure to extreme heat or cold exists.
- emergency operations
- extended duration
There are two types of Rehab Resources that can be implemented:
- a. Initial Rehab where the incident will be concluded within a 6- to 8-hour period. Initial Rehab is generally accomplished with ﬁre/rescue resources (such as on-scene equipment or the request for a system Rehab Unit)
- b. Long-Term Rehab where the incident is expected to take more than 6 to 8 hours to complete. Long-Term Rehab will require the assistance of external resources requested through dispatch.
The supplies for rehab should include the following:
- • Fluids—water, activity beverage, and ice.
- • Food—high energy, i.e., bars, crackers, granola.
- • Medical—blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, thermometers, transport unit.
- • Tracking—status board, make-up (blank, white) Passports, pencils, notepads or white boards, markers or grease pencils, tracking worksheets.
- • Other—awnings, fans, and barricade tape. (Use barricade tape to identify single ingress/egress point.)
Hydration in rehab-is a critical factor in the prevention of heat injury is the maintenance of water and _______. During heat stress, personnel should consume at least ____of water per hour. The rehydration solution should be a ______ of water and a commercially prepared activity beverage and be administered at about____.
- 1 quart
- 50/50 mixture
Rehab Nourishment food should consist of ___________ should be provided to personnel on extended incidents, but is not to be used in lieu of ______.
- (high-energy bars, crackers, or granola)
when considering Rest in rehab —The “two air bottle rule,” or________, is recommended as an acceptable level of exertion prior to mandatory rehab. Personnel should try to rehydrate during SCBA bottle replacement.
45 minutes of work time
Rehab time shall never be less than _______. Fresh crews and crews released from rehab shall be available in the ______.
When performing Medical Evaluation in rehab you should consider that— Heart rate should be monitored for _____. If the rate is above _____, the person’s temperature shall be taken. If the temperature is above ___, all protective clothing shall be removed.
- 30 seconds
- 110 beats per minute (bpm)
If the temperature is below ____ and the heart rate remains above ___, rehab time should be ______.
Tracking and control of ingress and egress of personnel from the Rehab area is facilitated by the use of ________.